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    Part No. 819-2388-10September 2005, Revision A

    Sun Ray Server Software 3.1Installation and Configuration Guide

    for the Linux Operating System

    Sun Microsystems, Inc.www.sun.com

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    Copyright20022005, Sun Microsystems, Inc.,4150 NetworkCircle, Santa Clara, California 95054, U.S.A. All rights reserved.

    SunMicrosystems, Inc. hasintellectual property rightsrelating to technology embodiedin theproductthat is describedin this document. Inparticular, andwithoutlimitation, these intellectualproperty rightsmay include oneor more of theU.S. patents listedathttp://www.sun.com/patents,and oneor more additional patents or pending patent applications in theU.S. and in other countries.

    This document andthe productto which it pertains are distributed under licenses restricting their use, copying, distribution, anddecompilation. No part of theproductor of this document maybe reproduced in anyform by anymeans without prior written authorization ofSunand itslicensors, if any.

    Third-party software, including font technology, is copyrighted and licensed from Sun suppliers.

    Parts of theproductmay be derived from Berkeley BSDsystems,licensedfromthe University of California. UNIX is a registered trademarkinthe U.S.and other countries, exclusivelylicensed throughX/Open Company, Ltd.

    Sun, Sun Microsystems,the Sun logo, Sun Ray, Sun WebServer, Sun Enterprise, Ultra, UltraSPARC, SunFastEthernet, Sun QuadFastEthernet,Java,JDK, HotJava,and Solaris are trademarks, registered trademarks, or service marks of SunMicrosystems, Inc. in theU.S. and othercountries. AllSPARCtrademarks are used under license and are trademarks or registered trademarks of SPARCInternational, Inc. in theU.S.and other countries.Productsbearing SPARC trademarks arebased uponan architecturedevelopedby Sun Microsystems, Inc.

    Netscape is a trademark or registered trademark of NetscapeCommunications Corporation.TheOPEN LOOK andSun GraphicalUser Interfacewas developedby SunMicrosystems, Inc. forits users andlicensees. Sunacknowledgesthepioneering efforts of Xerox in researching anddevelopingtheconcept of visualor graphicaluser interfaces forthe computer industry. Sunholds a non-exclusive license from Xerox to theXerox GraphicalUser Interface, which license also coversSunslicensees who implementOPENLOOKGUIs and otherwisecomply withSunswritten license agreements.

    Federal Acquisitions: Commercial SoftwareGovernment UsersSubject to StandardLicense Terms and Conditions.

    Use, duplication,or disclosure by theU.S. Government is subject to restrictionsset forth in the SunMicrosystems,Inc. licenseagreementsand asprovidedin DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and227.7202-3(a)(1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (Oct. 1998), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, orFAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable.

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    INCLUDING ANYIMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FORA PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NON-INFRINGEMENT,ARE DISCLAIMED, EXCEPT TO THEEXTENT THAT SUCHDISCLAIMERS ARE HELD TO BE LEGALLY INVALID.

    Copyright20022005, Sun Microsystems, Inc.,4150 NetworkCircle, Santa Clara, California 95054, Etats-Unis. Tous droits rservs.

    SunMicrosystems, Inc. a les droits de proprit intellectuelsrelatants la technologie incorpore dans le produit quiestdcrit dans cedocument. En particulier, et sans la limitation, cesdroits de proprit intellectuelspeuvent inclure un ou plus desbrevetsamricains numrs http://www.sun.com/patents et un ou les brevets plus supplmentaires ou les applications de brevet en attente dans lesEtats-Unis et dansles autres pays.

    Ce produit ou documentest protgparun copyrightet distribuavec deslicences quien restreignent lutilisation, la copie, la distribution, et ladcompilation. Aucunepartie de ce produit ou document ne peut tre reproduite sous aucuneforme, parquelque moyenque ce soit,sanslautorisation pralableet critede Sunet de sesbailleursde licence, sil y ena.

    Le logiciel dtenupar destiers, et quicomprendla technologie relativeaux polices de caractres, estprotgpar un copyrightet licenci pardesfournisseurs de Sun.

    Desparties de ce produit pourronttredrivesdes systmes Berkeley BSDlicencis parlUniversit de Californie. UNIX estune marquedpose aux Etats-Unis et dansdautrespayset licencie exclusivement par X/Open Company, Ltd.

    Sun, Sun Microsystems,le logoSun, Sun Ray, Sun WebServer, Sun Enterprise, Ultra, UltraSPARC,SunFastEthernet, Sun QuadFastEthernet,Java,JDK, HotJava,et Solaris sont desmarquesde fabrique ou desmarquesdposes, ou marques de service, de SunMicrosystems, Inc. auxEtats-Unis et dansdautres pays.

    Toutes les marques SPARCsont utilisessous licence et sont desmarquesde fabrique ou desmarquesdposes de SPARCInternational,Inc.auxEtats-Uniset dans dautres pays. Lesproduits portant les marques SPARCsont bass surune architecture dveloppe parSunMicrosystems, Inc.

    Netscapeest une marque de NetscapeCommunications Corporation aux Etats-Unis et dansdautrespays.Linterface dutilisationgraphique OPEN LOOK et Sun a tdveloppe parSun Microsystems, Inc. pour sesutilisateurs et licencis. Sunreconnatles efforts de pionniersde Xerox pour la rechercheet le dveloppmentdu concept desinterfaces dutilisation visuelle ou graphiquepourlindustrie de linformatique. Sun dtient une license non exclusivedo Xerox sur linterface dutilisation graphiqueXerox, cette licencecouvrant galementles licencies de Sunqui mettent en place linterface d utilisation graphiqueOPEN LOOK et quien outre se conformentauxlicencescrites de Sun.

    LA DOCUMENTATION EST FOURNIE EN LETAT ET TOUTES AUTRES CONDITIONS, DECLARATIONS ET GARANTIES EXPRESSESOU TACITES SONTFORMELLEMENT EXCLUES,DANSLA MESURE AUTORISEEPARLA LOIAPPLICABLE, Y COMPRIS NOTAMMENTTOUTE GARANTIE IMPLICITE RELATIVE A LA QUALITE MARCHANDE, A LAPTITUDE A UNE UTILISATION PARTICULIERE OU ALABSENCE DE CONTREFAON.

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    iv Sun Ray Server Software 3.1 Installation and Configuration Guide September 2005

    Linux Operating System Versions 7

    Java Desktop System Release 2 7

    SuSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) 8.0 8

    Red Hat Enterprise Linux Advanced Server (RHEL AS) 3.0 8

    Sun Ray Administration Tool 9

    Sun Ray Port Requirements 9

    Sun Ray Data Store 10

    Web Browser Requirements 10

    3. Installation 11

    To Install Sun Ray Server Software 11

    4. Preparing to Upgrade Sun Ray Server Software 15

    Requirements 15

    Failover Groups 16

    To Disconnect the Sun Ray Server From the Interconnect 18

    Preserving Configuration Data 18

    To Preserve the Sun Ray Server Configuration 19

    Unconfiguring the Sun Ray Server 20

    To Unconfigure Sun Ray Server Software 20

    Removing the Software 21

    To Remove Sun Ray Server Software 21

    5. Upgrading 23

    Upgrading the Sun Ray Server 23

    To Upgrade the Sun Ray Server 23

    6. Preparing for Configuration 27

    Configuration Tasks 27

    Configuration Worksheets 29

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    Contents v

    Basic Network Topology 32

    7. Configuration 35

    Configuring the Sun Ray Server 35

    To Configure a Dedicated Sun Ray Interconnect Interface 35

    To Configure the Sun Ray Server on a LAN 38

    To Turn the Sun Ray LAN Connection On or Off 39

    To Configure Sun Ray Server Software 40

    To Configure the Sun Ray Server Hierarchy 41

    To Synchronize Primary and Secondary Sun Ray Servers 43

    To Synchronize the Sun Ray DTU Firmware 43

    To Configure an HTTP Server Manually 43

    To Reboot the Sun Ray Server 45

    A. Additional Information 47

    Modified System Files 47

    utinstall Error Messages 48

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    vi Sun Ray Server Software 3.1 Installation and Configuration Guide September 2005

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    vii

    Figures

    FIGURE 1-1 Installation/Upgrade Flow Chart 2

    FIGURE 1-2 Sun Ray Configuration for Various Types of Networks 4

    FIGURE 6-1 Dedicated Private Non-routed Sun Ray Network 33

    FIGURE 6-2 Shared Network with Non-routed Sun Ray DTUs 33FIGURE 6-3 Shared Routed Network 34

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    viii Sun Ray Server Software 3.1 Installation and Configuration Guide September 2005

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    ix

    Tables

    TABLE 2-1 Sun Ray Server Software Disk Space Requirements 6

    TABLE 4-1 Summary of Upgrade Requirements 16

    TABLE 6-1 Basic Parameter Worksheet for Dedicated Interconnect Configuration 29

    TABLE 6-2 Local Interface Parameter Worksheet for LAN Configuration 31TABLE 6-3 Sun Ray Server Configuration Failover Parameters 32

    TABLE 6-4 First and Last Unit Address in a Failover Group 32

    TABLE A-1 utinstall Error Messages 48

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    x Sun Ray Server Software 3.1 Installation and Configuration Guide September 2005

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    xi

    PREFACE

    Preface

    The Sun Ray Server Software 3.1 Installation and Configuration Guide for the LinuxOperating System provides instructions for installing, upgrading, and configuring asystem of Sun Ray DTUs and their server or servers. It is written for system andnetwork administrators who are already familiar with the Sun Ray computingparadigm and have substantial networking knowledge. This guide may also beuseful for those interested in customizing their Sun Ray systems.

    Before You Read This BookThis g