Ino Pfs Energy Dsm Klp

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    Draft Final Report

    PROMOTION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY, ENERGYEFFICIENCYANDGREENHOUSEGASABATEMENT(PREGA)

    Indonesia

    Energy Demand Side Management

    to Improve KLP Sinar RinjanisSustainability

    A Pre-Feasibility Study Report1

    October 2005

    1 Prepared by the National Technical Experts from P.T. Chazaro Gerbang Internasional.

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    ii

    Table of Contents

    List of Tables............................................................................................................................iv

    List of Figures ..........................................................................................................................iv

    1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY...............................................................................................1-1

    2. MAP OF THE PROJECT...............................................................................................2-1

    3. INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................3-1

    4. BACKGROUND.............................................................................................................4-2

    4.1. Sector Description.................................................................................................4-2

    4.2. Constraints and Issues Related to the Project Sector...........................................4-3

    4.3. Sustainable Development Objectives....................................................................4-4

    4.4. Government Policy and Strategy Relevant to the Project Sector..........................4-4

    4.5. Overlap of the Governments and ADBs Policies and Strategies in This Sector..4-64.6. Benefits of the Project ........................................................................................... 4-6

    5. GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE PROPOSED PROJECT ...................................... 5-7

    5.1. About the Project...................................................................................................5-7

    5.2. Project Goal...........................................................................................................5-7

    5.3. Project Objective ................................................................................................... 5-7

    5.4. Poverty Reduction.................................................................................................5-7

    5.5. Technology Transfer ............................................................................................. 5-8

    5.6. Project Partners.....................................................................................................5-8

    5.7. Product or Service Generated by the Project........................................................5-8

    6. PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION PLAN .......................................................................... 6-1

    6.1. Time of Use Tariff Discussion ...............................................................................6-1

    6.2. Target Group Identification....................................................................................6-1

    6.3. Distribution of Energy Efficient Appliances and dual tariff meters.........................6-2

    6.4. Monitoring of Energy Consumption Pattern .......................................................... 6-2

    6.5. Summarised Implementation Plan ........................................................................ 6-2

    7. CONTRIBUTION TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ............................................... 7-1

    7.1. Long-term GHG and Local Pollutants Reduction .................................................. 7-1

    7.2. Other Benefits .......................................................................................................7-1

    8. PROJECT BASELINE AND GHG ABATEMENT CALCULATION ................................ 8-1

    8.1. Current Production and Delivery Patterns.............................................................8-1

    8.2. Project Boundary and Monitoring Domain.............................................................8-3

    8.3. Baseline Methodology and Calculation of the Baseline Emission.........................8-4

    8.4. Calculation of Total Project GHG Emissions.........................................................8-4

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    iii

    8.5. GHG Emission Avoidance Monitoring and Verification ......................................... 8-5

    9. FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF THE PROJECT ................................................................. 9-1

    9.1. Estimation of Overall Cost.....................................................................................9-1

    9.2. Project Financial Analyses ....................................................................................9-1

    9.3. Financing Plan.......................................................................................................9-1

    10. ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE PROJECT .............................................................. 10-1

    10.1.Project Economic Analysis..................................................................................10-1

    10.2.Poverty Reduction Impact ...................................................................................10-1

    10.3.Social and Employment Opportunities ................................................................ 10-1

    10.4.Environment Impact ............................................................................................ 10-1

    10.5.Regional Development........................................................................................10-1

    11. STAKEHOLDERS COMMENTS.................................................................................11-2

    11.1.Invitation letters to the Stakeholders ................................................................... 11-2

    11.2.Comments on the Project by above stakeholders...............................................11-212. KEY FACTORS IMPACTING PROJECT AND BASELINE EMISSION.......................12-1

    12.1.Key Factors .........................................................................................................12-1

    12.2.Project Uncertainties ........................................................................................... 12-1

    13. CONCLUTION AND RECOMMENDATION ................................................................ 13-2

    Annexes........................................................................................................................Annex-1

    Annex 1. Electricity Tariff of KLP Sinar Rinjani.....................................................Annex-1

    Annex 2. Daily Load .............................................................................................Annex-2

    Annex 3. Pre-FS Survey Result............................................................................Annex-5

    Annex 4. Percentage of lighting and other load for domestic .............................Annex-10

    Annex 5. Load Simulation...................................................................................Annex-11

    Annex 6. Financial and Economic Feasibility Calculation...................................Annex-14

    Annex 7. Estimation of Overall Cost...................................................................Annex-16

    Annex 8. Financial Analysis................................................................................Annex-17

    Annex 9. Economic Analysis ..............................................................................Annex-18

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    1-1

    1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    Project Rationale

    Koperasi Listrik Perdesaan (KLP) Sinar Rinjani is one of the three KLPs in Indonesia. It isnow the only one that is still operating in KLP scheme. The other two KLP Sawa Bintuna in

    South Sulawesi and KLP Sinar Siwo Mego in Lampung are not operating anymore. KLPSawa Bintuna does not exist anymore. KLP Sinar Siwo Mego has been taken over byPT.PLN (Persero) although recent info showed that KLP Sinar Siwo Mego would bemanaged in KLP scheme once again. KLP Sinar Rinjani suffers from bad financial conditiondue to high diesel fuel consumption. High diesel fuel consumption is influenced by high-energy demand and high power loss (technical and non-technical). Increase of diesel fuelprice created severe financial problem to KLP. Adjusting the tariff to accommodate the fuelprice increase is hardly possible due to limited ability to pay of the customers. The conditionfurther decreases the service reliability.

    Modifying (i.e. decreasing) the demand will improve service reliability and eventually improvefinancial condition of KLP Sinar Rinjani. The benefit is not just that. The project will alsoimprove environmental performance of KLP Sinar Rinjani by decreasing the emission level,

    especially green house gasses.

    The steadily increasing commercial energy price in Indonesia further increases the need ofdemand side management programme, especially at KLP Sinar Rinjani

    Objective

    Objective of the Energy Demand Side Management at KLP Sinar Rinjani is to demonstratethe technical viability of DSM programme in Indonesia and at the same time to prove theeconomic feasibility that such an approach can be implemented under the current trend ofincreasing energy price.

    Output of the Project

    The project will be able to save energy production up to 4.906.330 kWh per year. Thenumber equals t