Indigeneous religions

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    22-Nov-2014

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<ul><li> 1. Ancient Hawaaians</li></ul> <p> 2. Native American 3. Medicine Wheel 4. Inuit (Eskimo) 5. Aborigines-Austrailia 6. Maori of New Zealand 7. African Religions 8. Obstacles of AppreciationAaappreciation </p> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>scholars concentrated on written texts </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>stories, rituals, ceremonies, sandpaintings, songs </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>prayers, dance, masks, wood sculpture </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>permanence vs. impermanence </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <p> 9. Modern recovery of indigenous religions </p> <ul><li>Efforts of scholars in anthropology - experience </li></ul> <ul><li>Ecological movement-David Suzuki, Wisdom of the Elders, insightful lessons of human/nature relationship </li></ul> <ul><li>Ecologist-Paul Ehrlich-quasireligious approach </li></ul> <ul><li>Harvard biologist E.O. Wilson proposes biophilia, a love of life We must rediscover our kin, the other animals and plants with whom we share the planet. </li></ul> <p> 10. learning from patterns </p> <ul><li>Human Relationship With the Natural World </li></ul> <ul><li>Sacred Time and Sacred Space </li></ul> <ul><li>Respect for Origins, Gods, and Ancestors </li></ul> <p> 11. Human relationship with nature </p> <ul><li>Respectful relationship with nature </li></ul> <ul><li>Animism-everything is alive </li></ul> <ul><li>Life force is in every-thing--trees, plants, animals, humans </li></ul> <ul><li>One reality-wakan </li></ul> <p> 12. Sacred Time </p> <ul><li>Time of eternity; dream time (Aboringenes); distant time (Koyukon-Arctic) </li></ul> <ul><li>Sacred time is cyclical, returning to origins for renewal-ancestors and myths </li></ul> <p> 13. Sacred space </p> <ul><li>Doorway to the other world of gods, ancestors, wisdom, strength and power </li></ul> <ul><li>May encompass a great mountain, volcano, valley, lake, forest, single large tree </li></ul> <p> 14. respect for origins, gods, ancestors </p> <ul><li>ORIGINS- cosmic tales of origins </li></ul> <ul><li>GODS -in stories and nature; altars and imagery dedicated to deity are not common </li></ul> <ul><li>ANCESTORS -com-munication w/ dead </li></ul> <p> 15. Sacred Practices in Indigenous Religions </p> <ul><li>Rituals are basic way to live in harmony with each other and nature </li></ul> <ul><li>Life Cycle Ceremonies </li></ul> <ul><li>Taboo and Sacrifice </li></ul> <ul><li>Shamanism, Trance, and Spiritual Powers </li></ul> <p> 16. Threats to Indigenous Religions Today </p> <ul><li>Global spread of popular culture </li></ul> <ul><li>Loss of natural lands and environments </li></ul> <ul><li>Loss of native languages </li></ul> <ul><li>Conversion to other religions </li></ul> <p> 17. Resolution of Apology toNative People Native People </p> <ul><li>The Faith &amp; Politics Institute and the National Congress of American Indians, reps from six tribes </li></ul> <ul><li>acknowledged the wrongdoing of the Federal Government </li></ul> <ul><li>signed by President Obama, January 2009 </li></ul> <p> 18. President Obama Signs Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010 </p> <ul><li>end rape and sexual assault of Native and Alaska women </li></ul> <ul><li>more than 1 in 3 Native women will be raped; 86% by non-native perpetrators </li></ul> <ul><li>restores authority, resources, and info to Tribal governments </li></ul> <p> 19. Indigenous Communities Held Hostage in Brazil </p> <ul><li>In 2009 the Guarani Kalowa Ypoi was violently evicted from ancestral land </li></ul> <ul><li>kidnapping/murder </li></ul> <ul><li>In April 2010 the tribe members managed to reoccupy land, but immediately deprived of movement - gun threats </li></ul>