Indian Councils Act 1861 - General Knowledge Today

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    Utkarsh Mishra March 25, 2015 Log in to ReplyThe word Governor General used above as is correct or they should haveratherused Vice Roy?I am asking because the post of Governor General was completely replacedby Viceroy after 1858 Act.

    Indian Councils Act 1861October 17, 2011 4 Comments

    The Governments of Madras and Bombay were deprivedof their power of legislation by Charter act of 1833. The Indian Councils Act 1861restored this power to them. This act is known to have made notable changes in thecomposition of the Governor Generals council for executive & legislative Purposes.The council of the Governor General of India performed dual functions of executive andlegislature. For executive functions the notable change was that Council of the GovernorGeneral was expanded and a fifth member was added. For the purpose of Legislation,the Governor Generals Council was restructured. Now the additional new NOT less than6 and NOT more than 12 members were now to be nominated by the Governor Generaland they were to hold the office for two years. Out of these, not less than half wererequired to be Non-Official. This was a beginning towards the establishment oflegislative system by adding legislative non official members to the Council of theGovernor General. However, the functions were limited to the legislation and it had not to do any otherfunction except the consideration or enactment of legislative measures.It was laid down that without the assent of the Governor General a bill relating to thepublic revenue or debt, religion, military, naval or foreign relations cannot be passed.However, any such act might be dissolved by the crown acting through the secretary ofState of India.The Indian Councils Act 1861 restored the power of legislation to the governor-in-councils of Madras and Bombay in respective matters. The act also laid down theprovision for the formation of legislative councils in other provinces.With the Indian Councils Act for the first time Portfolio system started. Each member ofthe Council of the Governor General was allocated portfolio of a particular department.Lord Canning was the First to start a Portfolio system.The Governor General was authorized to exercise a veto and issue ordinances in asituation of emergency.


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  • K March 29, 2015The Governor-General of India was responsible for administrationof the country. The Viceroy acted as a diplomat to parley withprincely states.With the Act of 1857, the post of the Secretary of State wasgenerated who was a cabinet minister in British Govt, and hisagent in India was called Governor-General of India. That is to saythat the GGoI was a representative of the British Govt.Now another post of the Viceroy was created who was therepresentative of the Crown (Queen). But to avoid any conflict ofpowers, as had earlier been witnessed between the Governor-General and Chief Justice of India (spat between Warren Hastingsand Lord Impey), both the posts were held by the same person,which is why the terms are used interchangeably.Following the withdrawal of the British, the title of the Viceroyautomatically became defunct, hence we refer to Mountbatten asGGoI post-indepence and not as Viceroy (although he was the lastViceroy too)

    Gaurav Gupta August 15, 2015Yes, Mr. Mishra.You are Correct. The post of Governor General was replaced byViceroy in 1858 Act. Lord Canning was the Last Governor Generalas well as The First ViceroyGaurav Gupta9899221193Delhi

    Deepak April 18, 2015 Log in to ReplyThe act made the beginning of Representative Institutions by associatingIndians in the law making process!For purpose of legislation not less than 6 and more than 12 members shouldbe nominated atleast half of whom should be Indians ( non officials)The 3 nominated members were:-1) Raja of Banaras2) Maharaja of Patiala3) Sir Dinkar RaoThe legislative powers of Bombay and Madras presidencies was restored. Itwas completely de- activated in the Charter Act of 1833 and was re-activated in this act on the recommendation of Charles Wood. And also themembers of the council was increased from 8 to 20 members except NorthWest Frontier Provinces it was 15 members.A fifth member was added to the Governor General Executive Council as afinance member. James Wilson was the 1st finance member.This act also introduced Port folio system of administration which was madeby Lord Canning in 1859.This act also established Imperial Legislative Council. Provided forestablishment of new legislative council for Bengal(1862) North West

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    Frontier Provinces( 1866) and in Punjab(1897).It empowered the viceroy to make rules and regulations. Also power to issueordinances without the concerence of legislative council during emergency..

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