Indefinites and negatives[1]

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  • 1. Indefinites and Negatives Also known as Affirmatives and Negatives

2. Vamos a ver. Cmo funcionan estas palabras? 3. Indefinite expressions Refer to people or things without mentioning any specific or definite example. Lets look at people first. Does someone have a piece of paper? Instead of: Does Mark have a piece of paper? 4. More examples Does anyone write stories? Instead of: Do you write stories? So the indefinite anyone replaces the definite you! HOORAH!!! Now you get it! 5. Alguien refers to people Alguien---someone/anyone Alguien quiere cinco dlares? Anyone want five dollars? Conoces a alguien que quiere trabajar este sbado? Do you know someone who wants to work this Saturday? 6. Prctica Translate to Spanish. Does someone want to buy a dog? Is there anyone here? I know someone who speaks Italian. 7. Alguien quiere comprar un perro? Hay alguien aqu? Conozco alguien que habla italiano. 8. Nadie Nadie refers to people. Nadie---no one/ anyone No conozco a nadie. I dont know anyone No queremos ver a nadie en la escuela el viernes. We dont want to see anyone in school on Friday. 9. Prctica Translate to Spanish. No one walks to school Manuel doesnt talk with anyone at home. 10. Nadie camina a la escuela. Manuel no habla con nadie en la casa. Notice the double negative. NO, NADIE 11. Lets look at thingsas in indefinite things. Do you have something to write with? Instead of: Do you have a pencil? -Pedro doesnt have anything to write with. -Instead of: Pedro doesnt have a pen. 12. Algo Algo refers to things. Algo---something. AND Nada refers to things. Nada---nothing. Busco algo para comer. vs. Busco pollo para comer. 13. Ms de algo Necesitamos algo para la clase de espaol? vs. Necesitamos los libros para la clase de espaol? 14. Nada No quiero nada para mi cumpleaos! I dont want anything for my birthday! (In Spanish it really translates to: I dont want nothing for my birthday!) 15. Prctica Escribe en espaol: 1.I want something. 2. Margaret lost something in her locker. 3. The store has something new every week. 16. 1. Yo quiero algo. 2. Margaret perdi algo en su armario. 3. La tienda tiene algo nuevo cada semana. 17. Alguno or Algunos Alguno/algunos --- some/any masculine singular/plural Alguna/algunas some/any feminine singular/plural Tienes algunos libros buenos? adjective Do you have any good books? Tengo algunos. pronoun Conoces algn profesor joven? Do you know a young teacher? Conozco alguno. 18. Ningn y Ninguno Ningn ---none, any Ninguno---none, any Ningn is used only with singular, masculine nouns. libro, carro, perro, actor 19. All singular masculine nouns Necesitas algn libro hoy? No necesito ningn libro hoy. Hay algn carro en tu casa? No hay ningn carro en mi casa. Quieres algn perro? No quiero ningn perro. Conoces algn actor famoso? No conozco ningn actor famoso. 20. Ninguno--None Conoces algunos chicos guapos? adjective noun No conozco ninguno. pronoun Necesitas algunos ejemplos nuevos? No necesito ninguno. Note that the questions state algunos in plural but the response is SINGULAR-- ninguno! 21. Alugunas and Alguna The same applies for the feminine form! Tienes algunas camisas? adjective Tenemos alguna presentacin para maana? adjective No, no tengo ninguna camisas. No, no hay ninguna. (presentacin maana) pronoun Notice that ninguna is singular even though the question is plural.