II. Geography and History. A. Themes of geography

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Text of II. Geography and History. A. Themes of geography

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  • II. Geography and History
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  • A. Themes of geography
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  • 1. Location - where a place is on Earth
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  • Absolute Location exact spot Relative Location position in relation to other places 1101 Bastogne Avenue, Ft. Campbell, KY Between Gates 2 and 3
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  • 2. Place - physical or human characteristics that make it different
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  • 3. Human-Environment Interaction humans shape/change/adapt to the environment
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  • 4. Movement - People, goods, and ideas move continuously: spatial interaction
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  • 5. Geographys role in history: Settlement patterns Resources Topography
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  • B. Themes of History
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  • 1. Economics - development of economic systems
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  • 2. Government - different forms how they affect society
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  • 3. Culture - Influence on social and political events
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  • 4. Science and Technology - effects on culture and society
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  • 5. Citizenship - Rights and responsibilities A societys ideas of citizenship
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  • 6. Belief Systems
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  • C. How Do We Know? Prehistory - time before history, before writing was invented
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  • 1. Historians examine written records and other evidence
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  • 2. Anthropology - Study origins and development of people and societies Anthropology studies all aspects of human life in all geographic regions of all time periods
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  • 3. Archaeology study artifacts of past people and cultures
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  • 4. Geologists date artifacts by age of nearby rocks
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  • 5. Botanists and zoologists examine seeds and animal bones to determine diet Animal bones dug up in an Indian trash midden
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  • 6. Climatologists determine past the weather conditions
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  • 7. Biologists analyze human bones or bloodstains on stone tools and weapons
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  • D. Historians Reconstruct the Past Study how people lived using artifacts and written records A tortoise shell from the Shang period (1766-1122 BC) inscribed with characters believed to be the first form of Chinese writing
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  • 1. Written records began as oral traditions
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  • 2. Oral tradition include: Family history Stories about heroes Events in the past
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  • 3. Oral traditions tell how a society lived and what people considered important