II. Geography and History. A. Themes of geography

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> II. Geography and History </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> A. Themes of geography </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> 1. Location - where a place is on Earth </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Absolute Location exact spot Relative Location position in relation to other places 1101 Bastogne Avenue, Ft. Campbell, KY Between Gates 2 and 3 </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> 2. Place - physical or human characteristics that make it different </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> 3. Human-Environment Interaction humans shape/change/adapt to the environment </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> 4. Movement - People, goods, and ideas move continuously: spatial interaction </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> 5. Geographys role in history: Settlement patterns Resources Topography </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> B. Themes of History </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> 1. Economics - development of economic systems </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> 2. Government - different forms how they affect society </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> 3. Culture - Influence on social and political events </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> 4. Science and Technology - effects on culture and society </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> 5. Citizenship - Rights and responsibilities A societys ideas of citizenship </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> 6. Belief Systems </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> C. How Do We Know? Prehistory - time before history, before writing was invented </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> 1. Historians examine written records and other evidence </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> 2. Anthropology - Study origins and development of people and societies Anthropology studies all aspects of human life in all geographic regions of all time periods </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> 3. Archaeology study artifacts of past people and cultures </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> 4. Geologists date artifacts by age of nearby rocks </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> 5. Botanists and zoologists examine seeds and animal bones to determine diet Animal bones dug up in an Indian trash midden </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> 6. Climatologists determine past the weather conditions </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> 7. Biologists analyze human bones or bloodstains on stone tools and weapons </li> <li> Slide 24 </li> <li> D. Historians Reconstruct the Past Study how people lived using artifacts and written records A tortoise shell from the Shang period (1766-1122 BC) inscribed with characters believed to be the first form of Chinese writing </li> <li> Slide 25 </li> <li> 1. Written records began as oral traditions </li> <li> Slide 26 </li> <li> 2. Oral tradition include: Family history Stories about heroes Events in the past </li> <li> Slide 27 </li> <li> 3. Oral traditions tell how a society lived and what people considered important </li> </ul>