Ibn Hajar Haythami

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al-haythami

Text of Ibn Hajar Haythami

  • T.C.

    ANKARA NVERSTES

    SOSYAL BLMLER ENSTTS

    TEMEL SLAM BLMLER ANABLMDALI

    HADS BLM DALI

    BN HACER EL-HEYTEM (. 974/1567), HAYATI,

    ESERLER VE EL-FETV EL-HADSYYE ZELNDE HADSCL

    Yksek Lisans Tezi

    sa UYSAL

    Ankara-2015

  • T.C.

    ANKARA NVERSTES

    SOSYAL BLMLER ENSTTS

    TEMEL SLAM BLMLER ANABLMDALI

    HADS BLM DALI

    BN HACER EL-HEYTEM (. 974/1567), HAYATI,

    ESERLER VE EL-FETV EL-HADSYYE ZELNDE HADSCL

    Yksek Lisans Tezi

    sa UYSAL

    Tez Danman

    Prof. Dr. Bnyamin ERUL

    Ankara-2015

  • T.C.

    ANKARA NVERSTES

    SOSYAL BLMLER ENSTTS

    TEMEL SLAM BLMLER (HADS)

    ANABLM DALI

    BN HACER EL-HEYTEM (. 974/1567), HAYATI,

    ESERLER VE EL-FETV EL-HADSYYE ZELNDE HADSCL

    Yksek Lisans Tezi

    Tez Danman: Prof. Dr. Bnyamin ERUL

    Tez Jrisi yeleri

    Ad ve Soyad mzas

    .................................................................... ........................................

    .................................................................... ........................................

    .................................................................... ........................................

    .................................................................... ........................................

    Tez Snav Tarihi:

  • TRKYE CUMHURYET

    ANKARA NVERSTES

    SOSYAL BLMLER ENSTTS MDRLNE

    Bu belge ile bu tezdeki btn bilgilerin akademik kurallara ve etik davran

    ilkelerine uygun olarak toplanp sunulduunu beyan ederim. Bu kural ve ilkelerin

    gerei olarak, almada bana ait olmayan tm veri, dnce ve sonular andm

    ve kaynan gsterdiimi ayrca beyan ederim.(//2015)

    Tezi Hazrlayan rencinin

    Ad ve Soyad

    sa UYSAL

    mzas

  • ii

    NDEKLER

    KISALTMALAR ...................................................................................................... V

    NSZ ...................................................................................................................... V

    GR .......................................................................................................................... 1

    A. ARATIRMANIN KONUSU VE NEM ......................................................... 1

    B. ARATIRMANIN AMACI .................................................................................. 2

    C. ARATIRMANIN PLANI VE METODU .......................................................... 3

    BRNC BLM...................................................................................................... 6

    BN HACER EL-HEYTEM'NN HAYATI VE LM KL ....................... 6

    A. YAADII DNEM ............................................................................................. 6

    1. Siyas ve Sosyal Durum ....................................................................................... 7

    2. lm Durum ........................................................................................................... 9

    B. HEYTEMNN HAYATI .................................................................................. 11

    1. smi ve Knyesi ................................................................................................. 11

    2. Doduu Yer ...................................................................................................... 12

    3. Nisbesi ................................................................................................................ 13

    4. lm Seyahatleri .................................................................................................. 13

    5. Vefat .................................................................................................................. 13

    C. LM KL ................................................................................................... 14

    1. Fkh lmindeki Yeri ........................................................................................... 15

    2. Hadis lmindeki Yeri .......................................................................................... 16

    D. HOCALARI VE TALEBELER ....................................................................... 16

    1. Hocalar .............................................................................................................. 17

    2. Talebeleri............................................................................................................ 19

    E. ESERLER ........................................................................................................... 20

    a. Fkh le lgili Eserleri ........................................................................................ 20

    b. Siyer, Biyografi, Tarih Alannda Yazd Eserler .............................................. 23

    c. Hadis ile ilgili yazd eserler ............................................................................ 24

  • iii

    d. Akid-Kelam ile ilgili Eserleri ........................................................................... 25

    e. Dier Eserleri ..................................................................................................... 26

    KNC BLM ...................................................................................................... 29

    FETV LTERATR VE HEYTEMNN EL-FETV EL-HADSYYE

    ADLI ESER ............................................................................................................. 29

    A. ESERN ER ............................................................................................... 32

    1. Birinci Blm ................................................................................................. 33

    2. kinci Blm: Bed ve Men ........................................................................ 36

    3. nc Blm: Nahiv .................................................................................... 36

    4. Drdnc Blm: Usuld-Dn ...................................................................... 37

    5. Beinci Blm: Usulul-Fkh ........................................................................ 38

    6. Altnc Blm: Ulmul-Kuran, Kuran, Tefsir ve Kraat lmi .................... 40

    7. Yedinci Blm: Ulmul-Hadis ..................................................................... 42

    8. Sekizinci Blm: Tasavvuf ............................................................................ 45

    B. TASNF SEBEB VE MANTII ....................................................................... 48

    C. AYET, HADS VE KAYNAK KULLANMASI ............................................... 49

    D. SORU VE CEVAP EKLLER ....................................................................... 53

    E. MEZHEP FAKTR ......................................................................................... 56

    F. FETVA YNTEM ............................................................................................. 56

    G. ESERDE KULLANILAN KAYNAKLAR ........................................................ 57

    a. Tefsir Kaynaklar ............................................................................................ 57

    b. Hadis Kaynaklar ............................................................................................ 58

    c. Dier Kayanaklar ........................................................................................... 61

    . HEYTEMNN BN TEYMYEYE ELETRLER ................................. 65

    H. EL-FETV EL-HADSYYE LE EL-FETV EL-KUBR EL-

    FIKHIYYENN KARILATIRILMASI ........................................................... 67

    1. erik Bakmndan Karlatrlmas: ................................................................. 68

    2. Uslp Asndan Karlatrlmas...................................................................... 69

    . ESER ZERNE YAPILAN DEERLENDRMELER ................................. 72

  • iv

    1. Kaynak olarak Kullanlmas ............................................................................... 72

    2. Esere Yaplan tirazlar........................................................................................ 75

    J. EL-FETV EL-HADSYYEDE KULLANILAN UYDURMA

    RVAYETLER ......................................................................................................... 76

    1. lm Melei ve Ruhun Kabzna Dair Rivayetler .............................................. 76

    2. Mehdilikle lgili Rivayetler ................................................................................ 79

    3. Cahilin Veli Olmas le lgili Rivayet ................................................................ 82

    4. Hz. Peygamberin Fazileti ile lgili Rivayetler .................................................. 83

    5. Ebdl Konusundaki Rivayetler .......................................................................... 85

    NC BLM .................................................................................................. 90

    HEYTEMNN HADSCL ............................................................................. 90

    A. HADS VE SNNETE BAKII .....