I. England: The Glorious Revolutionmrstoxqui- ... Glorious Revolution. D. The Glorious Revolution E

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  • I. England:

    The Glorious

    Revolution

  • Parliament: English lawmaking body.

    House of Lords and the House of Commons

    Protestant: a Christian who is NOT Catholic

    The Church of England: EXACTLY the same

    as Catholicism except the head of the

    church is the KING (7 sacraments)

  • A. Monarchs Defy Parliament

    1. King James I (Catholic) and King

    Charles I (Catholic) both upset

    Parliament (lots of Protestants).

    2. Charles I signed the Petition of

    Right, which limited the monarchy

    and protected people’s rights.

    *agreed to get their consent to tax

  • B. The English Civil War

    1. After Charles I ignored the petition and continued to upset Parliament, the English Civil War broke out in 1642.

    2. Oliver Cromwell led the protestants against the Monarch. He won and became a dictator.

    3. Charles I was executed.

  • C. The Restoration

    1. Unhappy with a military rule, Parliament restored the monarchy with King Charles II in 1660 (after Cromwell's death).

    2. His brother, King James II’s Catholic beliefs and favoritism upset his subjects.

  • 1. A bloodless overthrow of

    James II in 1688 led to the rule

    of Protestants Mary and William

    of Orange.

    2. This was known as the

    Glorious Revolution.

    D. The Glorious Revolution

  • E. Limits on Monarch’s Power

    1. England became a

    constitutional monarchy.

    2. The English Bill of Rights

    in 1689 listed the things a

    ruler could not do and

    protected people’s rights.

  • II.

    The American

    Revolution

  • A. American Independence

    1. Britain’s American colonies

    were upset with King George III

    for taxing them.

    2. In 1776, Thomas Jefferson

    borrowed John Locke’s ideas

    and wrote the Declaration of

    Independence.

  • B. The Influence of the

    Enlightenment

    1. Americans were influenced by Enlightenment

    ideas like consent of the governed, natural

    rights, separation of powers, democracy, free

    speech, religious toleration, rights of the

    accused, etc.

  • C. The American Revolution

    1. France under King Louis XVI helped

    Americans fight their rival, Britain, in the

    American Revolutionary War.

    2. Americans shocked the world by winning

    their independence in 1783.

  • D. Americans Create a

    Republic

    1. The Constitution outlined the

    American government’s structure.

    2. Using Montesquieu’s ideas, a

    federal system of government with

    three separate branches and a

    system of checks and balances was

    created.

  • D. Americans Create a

    Republic

    3. Ten amendments known as

    the Bill of Rights were added

    to the Constitution to provide

    protections for the people.

    4. Many of these rights came

    from Voltaire, Rousseau, and

    Locke.