Human Resources Sectorial Committee of the Maritime Industry Comité sectoriel de main-d’œuvre de l’industrie maritime Claude Mailloux, Executive Director

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  • Human Resources Sectorial Committee of the Maritime IndustryComit sectoriel de main-duvre de lindustrie maritimeClaude Mailloux, Executive DirectorPresentation at the CFOA Annual MeetingQubec City, September 2008

  • Who are we ?A marine industry toolmandated to:

    Constitute a reference and project centre for all matters related to workforce development, training, career promotion, human resources management, etc.


  • Our main goals Work with companies and labour representatives to implement genuine partnership on human resources issues

    Increase knowledge and understanding of Quebec marine industry workforce issues and employer/worker needs

    Develop new training programs

    Help increase training accessibility

    Promote careers and trade-related skills 3

  • CSMO structure & composition

    Board of directors composed of industry representativesShipowners (cargo, ferries and cruise ships)Ports and marine servicesWorker representatives Maritime associationsGovernment observersMembership: 90 companies and organizations 3 employeesResourcesOperating budget provided by Emploi-Qubec (Quebec Dept of Employment Agreement basis with E-Q: autonomy and accountability4

  • Marine human resources challengesAging workforceFast-growing skills shortagesRecruitment and retentionImage of marine careersTraining accessibilityFinancialGeographicSeasonal5

  • Ongoing activitiesAnnual survey of industrys training needs

    Financial assistance for companies and mariners: receive industry requests on behalf of Quebec government, analyse and recommend allocations - Regulated training (e.g. MED)Officers (Transports Qubec)6

  • Ongoing activitiesOrganization and development of new training programs as necessaryMaintenance techniques for applicants to 4th class engineering certificates (150 hrs)Environmental vessel management Environmental port management Tug and barge deckhands Bridge watchOn-board training for electricity students Deckhands7

  • Ongoing activitiesMarine industry information centreWebsiteMonthly newsletterMarine jobs e-mail and internet posting serviceDocumentation centre: HRM, marine human resources and activities


  • Ongoing activitiesCareer promotionParticipation in education/job fairs and promotional activitiesDevelopment of promotional tools Website DVD Brochures, etc.Frequent meetings with students in schools, guidance counsellors, employment officers, etc. 9

  • Sectorial analysis: goalsSurvey and in-depth analysis of the Quebec marine workforce (2007-2008): demography and characteristics: trade certificate age gender, etc.What will needs be 3, 5 and 10 years from now? 10

  • Sectorial analysis: highlightsQubec marine industry284 companies19 shipowners / operators14 ferry operators84 cruise ship operators15 commercial ports Qubec City27 MTMontral26 MTSept-les21 MTPort-Cartier20 MT118 million tonnes of cargo in 200711

  • Sectorial analysis: highlights Qubec marine populationShip operators:6053Cargo ships3622Cruise ships1724Ferries707Port management678Port operations2535Dockers (unions)1619Marine services (agencies)1265Pilotage213Total12 362 direct jobs18 400 direct & indirect jobs12

  • Sectorial analysis: highlightsQuebec marine population: marine personnel

  • Sectorial analysis: highlights Quebec marine population: age factor

  • Sectorial analysis: highlights Quebec marine populationUnionizationFeminization Navigation Officers55%2.6 - 8.3%Deckhands78%8.1%Marine Engineers (1st)34%0%Marine Engineers (2,3,4th)91%0 - 5.8%Engine room Ratings95%0%


  • Sectorial analysis: highlights Quebec marine populationTraining expenditures vs. total payrollShipowners and ferries1.4%Cruise ships1.9%Ports1.8%Port services2%Marine services3.8%


  • Sectorial analysis: highlights Quebec marine population: personnel requirements

  • Marine immigrants studyGoalsDescribe the population of Qubec immigrants with marine qualificationsMake recommandations to facilitate integration of immigrants into the marine industry Methodology: private and group interviews withCompaniesImmigration departments (Federal and Provincial)Community organizationsImmigrants18

  • Marine immigrants studyHighlights Between 2003 and 2005: 204 persons approached Transport Canada (Quebec City, Rimouski and Montreal offices) to request analysis and recognition of a foreign certificate

    The vast majority (92%) of declared maritime immigrants have officer certification

    Region/Country of origin (officers 2001-2006)North Africa66%Eastern Europe22%Asia12%19

  • Marine immigrants studyHighlightsFew immigrants declare their marine qualifications when applying for immigration. In fact, Transport Canada receives four times more equivalency requests from landed immigrants with marine certification.

    The marine industry is not on the list of priorities of Canadian immigration officers abroad

    Immigration officers (Department of Immigration) have no information whatsoever on the Canadian marine industry

    Before their arrival, a number of immigrants think their certificate will be fully recognized by Canadian authorities 20

  • Marine immigrants studyHighlights Immigrants are unaware of Transport Canadas requirements for documents needed to study their certificate for equivalency purposesTranslated documentsAuthentication of seatime

    According to immigrants and marine companies, Transport Canada is far too strict in establishing training and examination requirements for immigrants

    The time immigrants must undergo training and examinations before obtaining equivalency of their certificate varies between one and five years21

  • Marine immigrants studyHighlights Access to training is difficult for financial and geographic reasons

    Some companies are reluctant to offer first jobs. They oftenoffer lower level jobs even to immigrants whosecertificate has finally been recognized by TC

    Few companies have strategies to promote smoother integration of immigrantsCONCLUSIONFar too many immigrants are lost to the marine industry 22

  • What about the Federal level? The sectorial approach exists at the federal level 29 sectorial councils in Canada, but none for the marine sector

    There is a project to assess the justification and feasibility of establishing a Canadian sectorial council for the marine and ocean sector in Canada

    HRSDC has created a joint advisory group with indutry people to initiate the first step and to oversee the initial study (situational study).

    The findings and recommendations of a situational study conducted in winter 2008 is currently being analyzed and undergoing consultation in the Canadian marine industry.


  • Thank-you!CSMO industrie maritime271, rue de lEstuaireQubec, QC G1K 8S8418 694-9059www.csmoim.qc.caE-mail: