Huma Assignment on Psychology

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    NATURE AND IMPORTANCE OF PROFESSIONAL RELATIONSHIP

    IN COUNSELLING

    AN ASSIGNMENT SUBMITTED TO

    Dr. ASGHAR ALI SHAH

    SUBMITTED BY

    SYEDA HUMA IFTIKHAR

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    NATURE OF PROFESSIONAL HELPING RELATIONSHIP IN COUNSELLING

    Defining the differences between he!ing beh"#i$r "nd " he!ing re"ti$nshi! ies in the n"t%re $f

    the inter"cti$ns between the !"rties& At $ne ti'e $r "n$ther e#er($ne h"s !r$#ided s%!!$rt $r

    "d#ice t$ friends& A friendshi! is c"s%" in n"t%re with the t$ne $f "#"i"biit( "nd s%!!$rt&

    Friendshi!s "re n$t b$%nd b( " c$de $f ethics) b%t b( "n *%nderst"nding "nd desire t$ b%id the

    re"ti$nshi!+ ,Y$%ng) -../0& Us%"( "d#ice is free( gi#en) with itte th$%ght $f the !$tenti"

    $%tc$'e) "nd the c$n#ers"ti$n is reci!r$c"& 1h"t '"( c$'e e"si( f$r the friend with "

    s('!"thetic e"r w$%d n$t end f"#$r"b( in " !r$fessi$n" he!ing re"ti$nshi!&

    A !r$fessi$n" he!ing re"ti$nshi! in c$%nseing $r !s(ch$ther"!( h"s " f"ir( c$nsistent n"t%re&

    Deciding h$w $ne w"nts t$ !r"ctice) either !ri#"te( $r !"rt $f "n $rg"ni2"ti$n) "nd deter'ining

    the f$c%s $f the !r"ctice "s we "s the t(!e $f !$!%"ti$n $ne w"nts t$ ser#e is $n( the first ste!

    $f b%iding this !r$fessi$n" he!ing re"ti$nshi!& It h"s " !%r!$se "nd c"n be entered int$ f$r

    different re"s$ns&

    The !ers$n see3ing this re"ti$nshi! c$%d be $$3ing f$r he! with " !r$be' $r s!ecific iss%e

    needing f%rther %nderst"nding) res$%ti$n) "nd c$s%re) $r it c"n be " re"ti$nshi! th"t begins with

    " referr" fr$' "n$ther !r$#ider& 4E#er( cient is n$t the s"'e& E"ch $ne brings with the' n$t

    $n( their $wn iss%es b%t their $wn herit"ge "nd c%t%r" b"c3gr$%nd th"t inf%ence their beief

    s(ste') #"%es "nd ide"s th"t '"( be f$reign t$ the c$%nse$r $r ther"!ist& A ch"enge th"t the

    ther"!ist '"( f"ce is in %nderst"nding h$w the( fee "b$%t de"ing with " !ers$n with " beief

    s(ste' different fr$' their $wn& *Effecti#e he!ers c$'e t$ %nderst"nd the !ers$n" c%t%res $f

    cients+ ,E"gen) -..-0 "nd theref$re sh$%d s!end s$'e ti'e se"rching their $wn !ers$n"

    beiefs "nd #"%es& A c$%nse$r5s !ers$n" beiefs "nd #"%e s(ste's c"n inf%ence the

    inter"cti$ns th"t the( h"#e with their cients& E"gen ,-..-0 s!e"3s t$ this inter"cti$n "nd g$es $n

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    t$ s"( th"t *%nderst"nding cients5 different "!!r$"ches t$ de#e$!ing "nd s%st"ining

    re"ti$nshi!s is i'!$rt"nt+ 3n$wing where $ne st"nds in their !ers$n" beiefs "nd being

    sensiti#e t$ th$se differences he!s the c$%nse$r enter the re"ti$nshi! with$%t 6%dg'ent t$ #"%e

    "nd res!ect the indi#id%"&

    Characteristics of a professiona reationship

    M"r3 Y$%ng5s 7e"rning the "rt $f He!ing isted ch"r"cteristics $f " !r$fessi$n" re"ti$nshi!&

    The( "re8

    There is " i3ing $r "t e"st res!ect 9$f the cient:&

    The !%r!$se $f the re"ti$nshi! is the cient5s iss%es&

    There is " sense $f te"'w$r3 "s b$th he!er "nd cient w$r3 t$w"rd " '%t%"( "greed

    %!$n g$"&

    There is " c$ntr"ct s!ecif(ing wh"t wi be disc$sed $%tside $f the re"ti$nshi!& S"fet(

    "nd tr%st "re est"bished&

    There is "n "gree'ent "b$%t c$'!ens"ti$n f$r the he!er&

    There is "n %nderst"nding th"t the re"ti$nshi! is c$nfined t$ the c$%nseing sessi$ns "nd

    d$es n$t $#er"! int$ !ers$n" i#es&

    As " c$ntr"ct%" re"ti$nshi!; the re"ti$nshi! c"n be ter'in"ted "t "n(ti'e&

    Ee!ents of a "#ait$ professiona Reationship

    In $rder f$r "

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    Res!ect

    E'!"th(

    Underst"nding

    =e"r b$%nd"ries

    Tr%st

    O!enness

    Sef "w"reness

    Gen%ineness

    S%!!$rti#e

    1"r'th

    >r$fessi$n"is'

    =$nfidenti"it(

    G$$d r"!!$rt

    G$$d c$''%nic"ti$n

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    Acce!t"nce

    The i!portance an% &enefits of a Therape#tic Reationship

    The benefits $f " ther"!e%tic re"ti$nshi! inc%de8

    ? If the cient tr%sts the ther"!ist the( wi be f"r '$re i3e( t$ "cce!t "n( "d#ice $r g%id"nce&

    ? S%ch " re"ti$nshi! enc$%r"ges !e$!e t$ be '$re $!en "b$%t their inner th$%ghts "nd feeings&

    The cient fees s"fe s$ the( "re h"!!( t$ di#%ge s%ch inf$r'"ti$n&

    ? E'!"th("$ws the ther"!ist t$ better %nderst"nd where the cient is c$'ing fr$'

    ? A !r$fessi$n" re"ti$nshi! is e'!$wering t$ the cient& The( wi tend t$ #iew the ther"!ist

    '$re "s " res$%rce th"n "s s$'eb$d( wh$ tries t$ te the' wh"t t$ d$&

    ? The cient w"3s "w"( fr$' s%ch "n enc$%nter feeing i3e s$'eb$d( h"s re"( istened t$

    the'&

    FUNDAMENTALS OF PROFESSIONAL RELATIONSHIP'

    E!path$

    E'!"th( is " n"t%r" res!$nse t$ being with "n$ther !ers$n& *E'$ti$n" e'!"th( is res!$nding

    t$ "n$ther5s feeings+ ,Y$%ng) -..-0& E'!"th( f"ciit"tes c$nnecti$ns with " cient bec"%se it

    sh$ws th"t the ther"!ist %nderst"nds the !ers$n5s #iew!$int& It is "n i'!$rt"nt !"rt $f the

    ther"!e%tic !r$cess "nd is seen "s *" b"sic #"%e th"t inf$r's "nd dri#es " he!ing beh"#i$r+

    ,E"gen) -..-0& The %se $f e'!"th() "$ws the cient t$ %nderst"nd th"t the c$%nse$r is !resent

    "nd re"( f$c%sed $n wh"t is being s"id whie #"id"ti$n "nd n$r'"i2ing c$''%nic"tes t$ the

    http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/empathyhttp://dictionary.reference.com/browse/empathy
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    cient th"t the( "re in their $wn w"( %ni

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    Pri(ac$ an% confi%entiait$ )ith fa!i$ or *ro#p

    *>ri#"c( is the cient5s right t$ 3ee! the c$%nseing re"ti$nshi! " secret+ ,=$tt$ne C T"r#(d"s)

    -..0& Theref$re " "s!ects $f the re"ti$nshi! f" %nder this definiti$n& It is the c$%nse$r5s

    res!$nsibiit( t$ ens%re th"t " inf$r'"ti$n sh"red is hed strict c$nfidence) "nd "re g%"r"nteed

    t$ be hed in c$nfidence %ness the cient "!!r$#es the ree"se $f the inf$r'"ti$n sh"red within

    the sessi$n& *=$nfidenti"it( is the $big"ti$n $f the !r$fessi$n" t$ res!ect the !ri#"c( $f cients

    "nd the inf$r'"ti$n the( !r$#ide ,=$tt$ne C T"r#(d"s) -..0&

    At the st"rt $f the !r$fessi$n" re"ti$nshi! it sh$%d be '"de ce"r t$ cient the i'its $f

    c$nfidenti"it(& These s!ecific sit%"ti$ns inc%de8

    1hen !resenting "s " d"nger t$ sef $r $thers

    D%t( t$ w"rn "n$ther indi#id%" $f "n identifi"be thre"t

    D%t( t$ !r$tect s"id indi#id%" b( s$'e inter#enti$n $r he!

    An( disc$sed inf$r'"ti$n "b$%t chid $r eder "b%se $r negect

    1hen s(ch$$gists h"#e " !ri'"r( $big"ti$n "nd t"3e re"s$n"be !rec"%ti$ns t$ !r$tect c$nfidenti"

    inf$r'"ti$n $bt"ined thr$%gh $r st$red in "n( 'edi%'+ ,A>A) -..-0) inc%ding fies) internet $r

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    e'"i c$rres!$ndence "nd #$ice '"i& Ath$%gh ther"!ists "re h%'"n "nd s%b6ect t$ "!ses $f

    "w"reness "nd 'isg%ided 6%dg'ents there is itte r$$' f$r s%ch " grie#$%s err$r&

    F$r " !r"ctice th"t in#$#es '$re th"n $ne indi#id%" "s in the c"se f$r f"'i( $r gr$%! ther"!( it

    is i'!$rt"nt th"t " !e$!e !"rtici!"ting in the ther"!( %nderst"nd *their r$es "nd their

    re"ti$nshi!s with " !"rties+ ,Fisher -..0& Since the ther"!e%tic re"ti$nshi! is b%it $n tr%st) "

    cient th"t d$es n$t 3n$w the i'its $f the c$%nse$r5s sh"ring $f inf$r'"ti$n c"n be !%t in "

    !$tenti"( "w3w"rd $r %ns"fe sit%"ti$n& It is the c$%nse$r5s 6$b t$ e@!"in r$es ce"r( thr$%gh

    the !r$cess $f $bt"ining infor!e% consentbec"%se " *cients h"#e " right t$ 3n$w in

    "d#"nce & & & "n( i'it"ti$n $f !ri#"c( 9"nd: c$nfidenti"it( ,>$!e C "s

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    c$ns%t"ti$n $r "ssist"nce) "nd deter'ine whether the( sh$%d i'it) s%s!end $r ter'in"te

    their w$r3;re"ted d%ties&

    A si'!e f$r'%" t$ he! "chie#e b""nce inc%des !ers$n" "w"reness) the c$%nse$r

    3n$wing the i'its $f hisher s3is) !"rtici!"ting in $n g$ing tr"ining) '"int"ining

    s%!er#isi$n t$ disc%ss ethic" c$ncerns "nd cient !r$gress) "nd 3n$w "b$%t c%rrent

    rese"rch "nd findings&

    4Ther"!( re!resents " c$'!e@ !$wer re"ti$nshi!4 ,Anders$n C H"ndes'"n -..0& The

    c$%nse$r sh$%d be "w"re $f hisher $wn s(ste' $f 6%dg'ents "nd "s these "nd !ers$n"

    #"%es "re "n i'!$rt"nt !"rt $f %!h$ding ethic" !rinci!es& Heshe "s$ needs t$ be

    "w"re $f hisher cient5s #"%es re'e'bering t$ be res!ectf% "nd c"ref% n$t t$ i'!$se

    !ers$n" beiefs $nt$ the cient& The c$%nse$r h$ds " the res!$nsibiit( t$ the cient "nd

    " inter"cti$ns need t$ re'"in within th"t fr"'ew$r3&

    M"int"ining " sense $f b""nce "nd sef c"re is #it" t$ '"int"in "n integr"ted "nd

    c$hesi#e ifest(e& The ther"!ist needs t$ deter'ine $big"ti$ns "nd ife ch$ices th"t "re

    tr%e t$ the sef) $$3ing dee!( "t beiefs) #"%es "nd #irt%es hed t$ 3n$w where $ne

    st"nds& H"#ing the intern" b"tte f$r g$$d $r b"d) right $r wr$ng is n$t c$nd%ci#e t$ g$$d

    'ent" he"th& Decisi$ns '"de i'!"ct n$t 6%st the ther"!ist "nd cient) b%t f"'iies)

    s!$%ses) !"rtners "nd c$e"g%es&

    Ethica consi%erations an% responsi&iities

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    4Ethic" "w"reness is " c$ntin%$%s "cti#e !r$cess4 & As " !r"ctiti$ner stri#es f$r !ers$n" "nd

    !r$fessi$n" gr$wth the( need t$ be "w"re $f !ers$n" i'it"ti$ns) stress) "nd