Hu — in scythian

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BRIEF COMMUNICATION HU- IN SCYTHIAN B. Schlerath (Some remarks on Indo-Iranian *dus- and *su-, K. R. Cama Oriental Institute Golden Jubilee Volume, Bombay 1969, 113-20) has shown that *su- was originally an intensive to the second element. From L. Zgusta's Die Personennamen griechischer Stadte tier nbrdlichen Schwarzmeerkaste, Praha 1955, we can glean some valuable Scythian-Sarmatian examples of this element. The name Eo~3~vaxor (Zgusta 95 w 105) has been perceptively interpeted by Justi as *hu-vara na-ka- and contrasted with Avestan du~-varana- 'missgl/iubig'. It is clear then that Ev~vaxor was 'true-believer'. Xo~awor (167-8 w is then probably not Av. xV~da~na- 'die eigene Religion bekennend', but hu-da~na- 'really endowed with da~nd'. XopoaOo~ (169-70 w now fits well as hu + urvaOa- 'arnicus', with Vasmer, but is better interpreted as 'really friendly, true-friend'. Xo~vor (170-1 w is surely hu- + OPers.farnah- 'Ruhm'. However, the meaning is strictly not 'wohlberiihmt', but the intensive of the quality which is itself positively valued. Xcofap~'or (171-2 w is now best seen as containing intensive hu- to the cognate of Av. darazra- 'lest, stark'. In these names the force of the intensive is to heighten intrinsic positive qualities. University of Chicago ERIC P. HAMP Indo-lranian Journal 25 (1983) 210. 0019-.7246/83/0253 --0210 $00.10. Copyright O 1983 by D. ReMel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, Holland, and Boston, IJ:S.A.

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