How to Use Mac OS X Keyboard shortcut settings may cause some keyboard shortcuts to not function correctly. All keyboard shortcuts included in this book are current with the latest Mac operating system, OS X 10.5 Leopard. Understanding Symbols ...
Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedKeyboard Shortcutsby Dean PireraMac OS Xfor os x leopardHow to Use Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedFirst Published in NSW, Australia 2008 by:Dean PireraPO Box 767 Byron Bay, NSW 2481 Australiawww.osxkeyboardshortcuts.comNational Library of AustraliaCataloguing-in-Publication entry:Pirera, Dean Andrew.How to Use Mac OS X Keyboard ShortcutsIncludes indexISBN 9-780646-463513 1. Mac OS - Handbooks, manuals etc. 2. Electronic data processing - Keyboarding -Handbooks, manuals, etc.I. Title.005.365Copyright Dean Pirera 20087. All rights reserved.The terms Apple, Macintosh, Mac, OS X, Leopard, Tiger, Panther, Adobe, Microsoft, Finder, Mail, iLife, iDVD, iMovie, iPhoto, iTunes, iWeb, Garageband, Safari, Mail, Windows, Windows Explorer are trademarks of their respective owners.DISCLAIMERInformation has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable. However, because of the possibility of human or mechanical error by our sources, Dean Pirera Byron IT does not guarantee the accuracy or adequacy of any information. Whilst every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this Book, Dean Pirera Byron IT is not responsible for errors or omissions, or for damages or loss resulting from the use of the information contained herein.Prepress and printing by Flawless Imaging AustraliaGraphic design and layout by Marcia Owen and Dean Pirerahttp://www.osxkeyboardshortcuts.comiiiTable of Contents | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved1-2 About This Book1 Keyboard Shortcuts1 Some Quick Theory1-2 Understanding Symbols2 Included In This Guide2 Acknowledgements3-8 Key Descriptions3 Types of Keys3-4 Character Keys4-5 Modifier Keys5-6 Arrow Keys6-8 Function Keys9 Keyboard Symbols11-16 Accents & Special Characters11 Accent Codes (for vowels)11 Other Foreign Characters12 Mathematical Symbols12 Currency Symbols13 Punctuation Symbols13 Miscellaneous Characters14 Character Palette17-18 Troubleshooting Keys19-34 OS X21-24 Getting around in OS X25-28 Special Features29-34 Finder35-40 Mail41-44 Address Book45-50 Safari51-56 iTunesIntroductionChapter 1Chapter 2Chapter 3Chapter 4Chapter 5Table of Contentsiv Table of Contents | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved57-80 iLife 0859-62 iPhoto63-68 iWeb69-72 iMovie73-76 iDVD77-80 GarageBand81-90 IndexChapter 61Introduction - About This Book | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedIntroductionKeyboard ShortcutsThis book shows you how to use the keyboard instead of your mouse to efficiently operate your Apple Macintosh computer. Different key combinations called keyboard shortcuts provide fast ways to initiate different actions. Utilising keyboard shortcuts allows you to move simply and quickly on your Mac.Some Quick TheoryThis book is written exclusively for Mac OS X. Mac OS X means Macintosh Operating System Version 10 (there were nine other versions before this one) and it is the name given to the underlying software that makes your Apple computer work.There are two basic ways to give an instruction on your Mac. One is through pressing the keys on the keyboard and the other is by moving and clicking the mouse. This book guides you through hundreds of ways to command your Mac by pressing the keys.Note: Using a non-standard Apple keyboard or altering your default keyboard shortcut settings may cause some keyboard shortcuts to not function correctly.All keyboard shortcuts included in this book are current with the latest Mac operating system, OS X 10.5 Leopard.Understanding SymbolsWhen you click the top menu bar on your screen, for example File, you will see a vertical menu drop down displaying various words and About This Book2 Introduction - About This Book | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reservedphrases. These words and phrases are commands. To the right of some of these commands are groups of symbols and characters. Two examples are O or S.This notation is Apple shorthand for keyboard shortcuts - each shortcut refers to a specific command.Its important you learn what each symbol represents so that you know which keys to press when applying a shortcut. This is further explained on later pages in this book (see Key Descriptions page 3 and Apple Keyboard Symbols table, page 9).Included In This GuideThis meticulously compiled reference guide covers core Mac OS X applications and contains over 1,000 quick shortcuts. Keyboard shortcuts have been laid out in clear and precise information tables providing a solid framework for learning.Descriptions of all keys are included and there is a section on accents, special characters and troubleshooting keys. Each keyboard shortcut in this book has been tested and checked.Using keyboard shortcuts builds fast navigation skills and helps you gain confidence on your Mac. Applying even just a few of these shortcuts can save you time and money. This book will help you understand your Mac better and harness its full potential. How to Use Mac OS X Keyboard Shortcuts is the most comprehensive shortcuts reference guide of its kind available and is highly recommended for any Mac user.AcknowledgementsMy sincere thanks to Marcia Owen, Clayton Lloyd, Mark Harris, Desiree Delaloye, Serge Benhayon, Gail Fuller, John Saunders, Cameron Bell and Phil Wallace for their input into the design, editing and proofing of this book and above of all for their honest feedback throughout the entire project.3Introduction - Key Descriptions | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedTypes of KeysThere are four kinds of keys: Character keys, Modifier keys, Arrow keys, and Function keys.The following descriptions explain these keys in detail including what the symbols marked on your Apple keyboard and within Apple file menus actually mean.Character KeysA character key sends a character to the computer. When the user holds down a modifier key, it alters the meaning of the character key being pressed.Character keys include letters, numbers, punctuation, the Space Bar, and nonprinting characters Tab, Enter, Return, Delete (or Backspace), Clear, and Esc (Escape).Space BarIn text, pressing the Space Bar enters a space between characters.When full keyboard access is turned on (see Full Keyboard Navigation with Universal Access & VoiceOver on page 22), pressing the Space Bar selects the item that currently has the keyboard navigation focus (the equivalent of clicking the mouse button). TabThe Tab key is used to insert a tab character when typing text. It can also advance you to the next item, window, box, option or menu within an application. You may need to test this one out to get the complete hang of it.Key Descriptions4 Introduction - Key Descriptions | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved EnterThe Enter key, performs almost exactly the same function as the Return key. It does have some subtle differences but these go beyond the scope of this book. See Return key. ReturnPressing the Return key moves the cursor to the next line when using any sort of text editor or processor like Mail or Word. It is also used to select the highlighted button in a dialog box menu. DeleteThis is the Backward Delete or Backspace key and on some keyboards is marked as a left pointing arrow or just delete. This key moves the cursor one position backwards, deleting the preceding character.ClearPressing the Clear button in some applications will remove the selected data. For example, in Excel, it clears the data within a cell. This button is rarely used and is not found on laptops. EscapeThe Escape key, which is marked esc on most keyboards, can be used to dismiss pop up windows. In many cases, pressing it does nothing. However, it can sometimes get you out of trouble by making the computer go back or escape to a previous screen.Modifier KeysModifier keys alter the way other keystrokes or mouse clicks are interpreted. When the user holds down a modifier key, it alters the meaning of the character key being pressed or what the mouse does when clicked.8 Introduction - Key Descriptions | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved Back-TabThis is not a key. Back-tab is accessed by holding down Shift whilst pressing the Tab key. It reverses the direction of normal tabbing. See also Tab key. Mouse ClickThis is not a key. Mouse click in this book refers to the mouse button (or left button on a standard 2 button mouse).Num LockThe num lock key pertains only to laptops. This key is a toggle key and is also labelled F6.When num lock is on, the embedded keypad is activated. If you look closely at the laptop keyboard you will see small numbers and symbols painted on corners of 17 of the middle-right keys.Picture 1: laptop keyboardToggling A KeyA toggle key is any key which turns a specific function on or off by pressing it once. num lock and caps lock are examples of toggle keys. When a toggle key is pressed on, a green light called a led usually appears on or near that key indicating that its function is active. When pressed again the led switches off and that keys function is deactivated.9Introduction - Keyboard Symbols | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedSymbol Key Name Keyboard Label Command or Option option or alt Shift shift Control control or ctrl Backward Delete delete or Forward Delete delete or del or Escape esc Eject fn Fn Key fnF1, F2, F3 ... F16 Function F1, F2, F3 ... F16 Return return Enter enter Power button Left Arrow Right Arrow Up Arrow Down Arrow Page Up page up or pg up Page Down page down or pg dn Home home End end Tab tab Back-Tab no key Help help (or ins) Mouse click no key - mouse click button (left click on a two-button mouse)(not applicable) Clear clear(not applicable) Caps Lock caps lock(not applicable) Number Lock num lockspace Space bar (no label)Keyboard Symbols11Introduction - Accents & Special Characters | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedAccents &Special CharactersFrom time to time you may need to use more uncommon characters or symbols, for example , , , and . The following tables list all special, foreign, mathematical and miscellaneous characters and symbols available through the keyboard.Accent Codes (for vowels)Letter Accent Type Shortcut Acute E let go then press any vowel Circumflex I let go then press any vowel Grave ` let go then press any vowel Tilde N let go then press a, n or o(only works with a, n & o) Umlaut U let go then press any vowelExamples:To type hold down then the I key. Release both keys, then type the lower case e.To type hold down then the N key. Release both keys, then type the upper case O.Other Foreign CharactersCharacter Explanation Shortcut Spanish/Frenchquotation marks\ Upside-down exclamation mark1 German Sharp/Double S S Spanish/Frenchquotation marks\ Upside-down question mark / AE ligature(caps / lower case) or Nordic A ring(caps / lower case)A or A French C cedile(caps / lower case)C or C17Introduction - Troubleshooting Keys | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedThe table below lists shortcut keys for troubleshooting your Mac or accessing it in different ways. Keep this table handy.On StartupStart up from a bootable CD Press and hold C during startupEject a CD or DVD Hold Mouse button downimmediately after startupForce the internal hard disk (or first partition) to be the startup devicePress and hold D during startupAttempt to start up from a compatible network server(NetBoot)Press and hold N during startupForce PowerBook to reset the screen Press and hold R during startupStart up in FireWire Target Disk mode Press and hold T during startupForce Mac OS X startup Press and hold X during startupSelect startup operating system Press and hold during startupStart up in Safe Boot mode and temporarily disable login items and non-essential kernel extension files (Mac OS X 10.2 and later)Press and hold during startupStart up in Single-User mode (command line) Press and hold S during startupStart up in Verbose mode Press and hold V during startupClear NV RAM Press and hold NV during startupBoot into open firmware Press and hold OF during startupZap PRAM (hold down until second chime) Press and hold PR during startupBypass primary startup volume and seek a differentstartup volume (such as a CD or external disk)Press and hold during startupWhen System is RunningForce Quit (Application) Quit all applications and restart Force shutdown computer Press and hold the power button on the computer for six secondsTroubleshooting Keys19Chapter 1 - OS X | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved1OS X20 Chapter 1 - OS X | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedOrganise your Mac with Finder, execute commands from any application and utilise special OS X features including The Dock, Dashboard, Spotlight, Universal Access and VoiceOver.OS X21Chapter 1 - OS X - Getting around in OS X | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedGetting around in OS XLearn to navigate windows, folders and files, perform important operating system tasks, instantly take screen snapshots and enable Full Keyboard Access, Universal Access and VoiceOver.22 Chapter 1 - OS X - Getting around in OS X | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedGetting around in OS XRestart, Sleep, Shutdown pop-up box Quit all applications and restart Switch to that application and hide previousapplication(in another application)Sleep or Show pop-up box for Restart, Sleep or Shutdown Cycle through windows in application or Finder(if more than one window is open)`Show Colors palette in application CShow pop up menu with path to current folder or document (the application window title)Fast shutdown or Unconditionally reboot(warning rebooting this way may corrupt disk)Put late model PowerBooks & Desktops to sleep Bring up debugger (if debugger installed) New NOpen OClose WSave SSave As... SPrint PTake a picture (screenshot) of the screen 3Take a picture (screenshot) of the screen, but place it in the Clipboard instead if making a file3Take a picture (screenshot) of the selection 4Take a picture (screenshot) of the selection, but place it inClipboard instead if making a file4 then press whileselectingTake a picture (screenshot) of the selected window 4 then space then Note: Screenshots are saved to the Desktop as a PNG fileShow Font palette in application TSwitch application Move or remove item from toolbar (at the top of the window) Drag item with mouseOpen Sidebar item in a new window the Sidebar itemCancel a drag-and-drop action while in the midst of dragging whilst dragging a file or folder25Chapter 1 - OS X - Special Features | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedSpecial FeaturesLearn to use special OS X features including The Dock, Dashboard, Expos, Spaces, Spotlight and Dictionary. These unique system features provide efficient and creative access to your Mac.26 Chapter 1 - OS X - Special Features | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedThe DockShow contextual (pop up) menu any Dock iconor and hold Dock iconNote: When you click and hold a Dock icon, pressing changes Quit to Force QuitReveal dock application, file or folder in the Finder any Dock iconFreeze current dock items from moving so icon can be dropped onto an application Drag into DockOpen a file in a specific application Drag into DockForce a file to open in a specific application Drag into DockMove a Dock item to somewhere else on the hard drive Drag the icon from the Dock to a new destination in the Finder windowActivate application/file and hide all other applica-tions/windows (does not work in all applications) any Dock iconResize the Dock Drag Dock separator to sizeForce the Dock to only resize to non-interpolated icon sizesHold while dragging Dock separatorMove Dock to left, bottom, right side of screen Hold and drag Dock divider to the left right or bottom of screenShow/Hide Dock DDashboardDelete widget without having to open widget menu Hover over Widget Show/Hide Widget Dock =Cycle to next/previous page of widgets in widget dock or Reload/refresh a widget RExpos & SpacesShow/Hide SpacesTo activate this shortcut, check the Enable Spaces box in System Preferences>Expos & SpacesF8Switch between Spaces or Show All Windows(Expose)F9Show All Windows of Current Application(Expose)F10Clear Desktop(Expose)F11Open Dashboard F1229Chapter 1 - OS X - Finder | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedFinderView and manage folders, customise and add favourite items to the Finder window, view detailed information about files and folders and fast preview documents and images with Cover Flow.30 Chapter 1 - OS X - Finder | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedGetting around in FinderOpen Preferences ,Empty Trash Empty Trash (skip pop-up box) New Finder Window NOpen OOpen in this Window OAlways Open With (from the Finder menu) OAlways Open WIth(from the desktop or from within a Finder Window) file, hold then select the applicationClose Window WClose All W or the red dot at the top left of any standard windowMove to Trash or Get Info IGet Summary Info IShow/Hide Inspector(a single, live refreshing Info window)ICycle Through Windows Eject EMinimise MMinimise All MHide Finder HHide Others HWorking with Files & FoldersNew Folder NNew Smart Folder NRename the selected file/folder or Quick Look/Close Quick Look YSlideshow/Close Slideshow Y or Undo/Redo ZCut XCopy CCopy file to new location DragMove to new location without copying Drag file or folder with mousePaste V35Chapter 2 - Mail | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved2Mail36 Chapter 2 - Mail | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedSend and receive emails, attach documents and pictures to messages, send group emails, create mailboxes, store multiple email accounts, and customise message text.Mail37Chapter 2 - Mail | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedGetting around in MailOpen Preferences ,Close Preferences .Get All New Mail NNew Message NNew Note NNew To Do YOpen Message O or double-click the message or press (when the message is highlighted)Close (window) WClose All (windows) WSave (as Draft) SSave As... SAttach File AQuick Look Attachments YPrint PDelete (highlighted message) or Minimise MMinimise All MHide Mail HHide Others (applications) HQuit Mail QViewingNew Viewer Window NShow/Hide Activity Viewer 0Show/Hide Address Panel AView Message Long Headers / Default Headers HView Message Raw Source /Original Content UPlain Text Alternative PPrevious Alternative [Next Alternative ]Select All Messages in this Thread KMailbox Search FFind... (text in a single message body) F41Chapter 3 - Address Book | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved3Address Book42 Chapter 3 - Address Book | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedStores names, phone numbers, emails and addesses, create email groups, make address labels and print a pocket-sized address book. Emails stored here are available in Apple Mail.Address Book45Chapter 4 - Safari | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved4Safari46 Chapter 4 - Safari | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedBrowse the internet, bookmark favorite webpages, store login passwords and use tabbed browsing.Safari51Chapter 5 - iTunes | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved5iTunes52 Chapter 5 - iTunes | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedStore and play music from cds, downloads, internet radio stations, movies and podcasts. Buy music and movies from the iTunes Store. Create your own playlists and burn audio cds. Synchronise your music photos and films to your iPod and iPhone.iTunes57Chapter 6 - iLife | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved 6iLife 0858 Chapter 6 - iLife | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedThe iLife 08 suite consists of iPhoto, iWeb, iMovie, iDVD and GarageBand.iLife 0859Chapter 6 - iLife - iPhoto | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservediPhotoImport photos to create your own albums, slideshows, cards and calendars. Edit and resize images, email pictures and upload photos to the web.63Chapter 6 - iLife - iWeb | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservediWebUse iWeb to create and publish websites and blogs. iWeb comes installed with professionally designed website templates. Learn to create complex web pages and build your own professional looking site.69Chapter 6 - iLife - iMovie | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservediMovieCreate your own personally designed motion pictures. Learn to edit, play and export your movie into iDVD. Add music, text, special effects and pictures to your video footage.73Chapter 6 - iLife - iDVD | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservediDVDCreate your very own DVDs using a range of attractive Apple-designed themes. Insert your choice of text, movies, pictures and mu-sic from various Mac applications.77Chapter 6 - iLife - GarageBand | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedGaragebandRecord and create your own music for cd, radio, movies and podcasts. Choose from thousands of samples (loops) to complete your own masterpiece.81Index | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights ReservedA accents & special characters, 11-16 accent codes (for vowels), 11 character palette, 14-15 currency symbols, 12-13 mathematical symbols, 12 miscellaneous characters, 13-14 other foreign characters, 11-12 punctuation symbols, 13 acknowledgements, 2 Address Book, 43-44 creating & editing cards, 43 getting around in Address Book, 43 help menu, 44 services, 44 viewing, 43-44 albums (iPhoto), 60 alt, 5 apple menu, 23 arranging (GarageBand), 80 arrow, 6 arrow keys, 5-6B back-tab, 7 bookmarks (Safari), 48-49C caps lock, 5 character explanation, 14-15 foreign, 11-12 keys, 3-4 miscellaneous, 13-14 palette, 14-15 picture 1, 15 clear, 4 command, 5 commands - miscellaneous (Mail), 40 controls iTunes, 53-54 iPhoto (Slideshow), Index82 Index | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved62 Chapters Chapter 1 OS X, 19-34 Chapter 2 Mail, 35-40 Chapter 3 Address Book, 41-44 Chapter 4 Safari, 45-50 Chapter 5 iTunes, 51-56 Chapter 6 iLife 08, 57-80 creating cards (Address Book), 43 currency symbols, 12-13 custom shortcuts (Safari), 49D dashboard, 26 delete, 4 dock (the), 26E editing Address Book, 43 Finder, 30-31 GarageBand, 79-80 iDVD, 74-75 iMovie, 71-72 iPhoto, 61-62 iTunes, 55 iWeb, 64-67 Mail, 39 Safari, 47-48 eject, 7 end, 6 enter, 4 escape, 4 expos & spaces, 26F features (special), 25-28 files Finder, 30-31 Finder, 29-33 getting around in Finder, 30 services, 32-3383Index | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved using the Finder window, 32 viewing & navigating, 31-32 workingwithfiles&folders, 30-31 fn, 7 folders Finder, 30-31 iPhoto, 60 fonts (Mail), 39 foreign characters, 11-12 formatting Address Book, 43 Finder, 30-31 GarageBand, 80 iDVD, 74-75 iMovie, 71-72 iPhoto, 61-62 iTunes, 55 iWeb, 64-65 Mail, 39 Safari, 47-48 forward delete, 6 full keyboard navigation, 24 function keys, 6-8G GarageBand, 77-80 editing, arranging & recording, 80 getting around in GarageBand, 78 help menu, 80 in notation view, 79 playback & navigation, 80 services, 80 track info pane, 78-79 tracks, 78 viewing windows & editors, 79 getting around in Address Book, 43 Finder, 30 GarageBand, 78 iDVD, 74 iMovie, 7084 Index | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved iPhoto, 60 iTunes, 53 iWeb, 64 Mail, 37 Safari, 47 Getting around in OS X, 21-24 help menu, 23 full keyboard navigation, 24 getting around in OS X (table), 22-23 mouse keys, 23 pop-up windows, 23 special features, 25-28H help Address Book, 44 Finder, 23 GarageBand, 80 iDVD, 75 iMovie, 72 iPhoto, 62 iTunes, 56 iWeb, 67 Mail, 40 Safari, 50 help key, 6 home, 6I iDVD, 73-76 editing, 74-75 getting around in iDVD, 74 help menu, 75 services, 75 viewing, 74 working on a project, 75 iMovie, 69-72 editing, 71-72 getting around in iMovie, 70 help menu, 72 navigating, 70 viewing, 70-7185Index | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved included in this guide, 2 info pane (GarageBand), 78-79 intoduction, 1-10 iPhoto, 59-62 albums & folders, 60 editing a photobook, 62 getting around in iPhoto, 60 help menu, 62 rating photos, 62 services, 62 slideshow controls, 62 viewing, 60-61 working with photos, 61-62 iPod, 56 iLife 08, 59-80 iTunes, 53-56 controls, 53-54 editing, 55 getting around in iTunes, 53 help menu, 56 iPod, 56 iTunes store, 56 library & playlist, 55-56 services, 56 viewing, 54-55 with visualiser on, 55 iWeb, 63-68 formatting text, 64-65 getting around in iWeb, 64 help menu, 67 manipulating objects, 65-66 selecting and editing, 66-67 services, 67 viewing, 64K keyboard shortcuts, 1 keyboard symbols, 9 keys/keyboard alt, 5 arrow, 5-686 Index | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved back-tab, 7 caps lock, 5 character, 3 clear, 4 command, 5 control, 5 delete, 4 descriptions, 3 eject, 7 end, 6 enter, 4 escape, 4 fn, 7 full keyboard navigation, 24 forward delete, 6 function, 6,7 help, 6 home, 6 modifer, 4 mouse click, 8 num lock, 8 option, 5 page down, 7 page up, 7 power, 7 return, 4 shift, 4-5 space bar, 3 symbols (table), 9 tab, 3 toggling, 8 troubleshooting, 17 types, 3L laptop keyboard (picture 1), 8 library (iTunes), 55-56M Mail, 37-40 getting around in Mail, 37 help menu, 4087Index | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved mailboxes, 38 miscellaneous commands, 40 receiving messages, 38 sending messages, 38-39 services, 40 viewing, 37-38 working with fonts, formatting & spelling, 39 mailboxes, 38 mathematical symbols, 12 messages (Mail), 38-39 miscellaneous characters, 13-14 miscellaneous commands (Mail), 40 miscellaneous shortcuts, 27-28 modifierkeys, 4-5 mouse click, 8 mouse keys, 23N navigating/navigation Finder, 31-32 full keyboard, 24 GarageBand, 80 iMovie, 70 Safari, 48-49 notation view (GarageBand), 79 num lock, 8O option, 5 OS X getting around in Mail, 37 getting around in OS X, 21-24 getting around in OS X (table), 22-23 introduction, 1 theory (some quick), 1P page down, 7 page up, 7 photobook (iPhoto), 62 photo ratings (iPhoto), 6288 Index | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved picture 1 (laptop keyboard), 8 picture 2 (character palette), 14 playback (GarageBand), 80 playlist (iTunes), 55-56 pop-up windows, 23 power, 7 projects (iDVD), 75 punctuation symbols, 13R rating photos (iPhoto), 62 receiving messages (Mail), 38 recording (GarageBand), 80 return, 4S Safari, 47-50 bookmarks & navigation, 48-49 custom shortcuts, 49 editing & searching, 47-48 getting around in Safari, 47 help menu, 50 in bookmarks view, 49 services, 50 viewing, 47 searching (Safari), 47-48 sending messages (Mail), 38-39 services Address Book, 44 Finder, 32-33 GarageBand, 80 iDVD, 75 iPhoto, 62 iTunes, 56 iWeb, 67 Mail, 40 Safari, 50 shift, 4 slideshow controls (iPhoto), 62 space bar, 3 special characters, 11 special features, 25-2889Index | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved dashboard, 26 dock (the), 26 expos & spaces, 26 miscellaneous shortcuts, 27-28 spotlight, 27 spelling iPhoto, 61-62 iWeb, 64-65 Mail, 39 Safari, 47-48 spotlight, 27 symbols, 2, 9T tab, 3 table of contents, iii-iv theory, 1 toggling a key, 8 tracks (GarageBand), 78 troubleshooting keys, 17 types of keys, 3U understanding symbols, 1-2V viewing Address Book, 43-44 Finder, 31-32 GarageBand, 79 iDVD, 74 iMovie, 70-71 iPhoto, 60-61 iTunes, 54-55 iWeb, 64 Mail, 37-3 Safari, 47, 49 visualiser iTunes, 55W window Finder, 32 GarageBand, 79 Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reservedwww.osxkeyboardshortcuts.comThis book shows you how to use the keyboard instead of the mouse to quickly execute tasks on your Mac. Over 1,000 quick shortcuts Shortcuts for iLife 08 Descriptions of all keys and symbols Clear precise information tables Move instantly between applications Easy navigation to save time and money Mac OS X troubleshooting keys Access accents and special characters Access currency and mathematics symbols Access punctuation and foreign charactersHow to Use Mac OS X Keyboard Shortcuts is the most comprehensive shortcuts reference guide of its kind - a great book for any Mac user.How to Usekeyboard shortcutsMac OS Xhttp://www.osxkeyboardshortcuts.comAbout This BookIntroductionKeyboard ShortcutsSome Quick TheoryUnderstanding SymbolsIncluded In This Guide AcknowledgementsKey DescriptionsTypes of Keys Character Keys Modifier Keys Arrow Keys Function Keys Keyboard SymbolsAccents & Special CharactersAccent Codes (for vowels)Other Foreign Characters Mathematical Symbols Currency Symbols Punctuation Symbols Miscellaneous Characters Character Palette Troubleshooting KeysOS XGetting around in OS XSpecial FeaturesFinderMailAddress BookSafariiTunesiLife 08iPhotoiWebiMovieiDVDGaragebandIndex