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How-to Guide: Preparing Teachers for Inclusive Education

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This guide aims to help CRS and partner education programs prepare teachers to implement successful models of inclusive education at the school level.

Text of How-to Guide: Preparing Teachers for Inclusive Education

  • Preparing Teachers for Inclusive Educationby CRS Vietnam

  • How-to Guide Series

    Preparing Teachers for Inclusive Education

    by CRS Vietnam

    Written by Dinh Thi Nguyet and Le Thu Ha

  • 2 Preparing Teachers for Inclusive Education

    How-To Guides: Child Participation in Education Initiatives, CRS Zimbabwe Inclusive Education for Children with Disabilities, CRS Vietnam Integrated Community Literacy for Development, CRS Guatemala Student Dropout Prevention and Response, CRS KosovoChild-led School Health Education Programs, CRS Ghana How to Use the Cluster Approach for Capacity-Building in Schools, CRS India School Improvement Plans, CRS Ecuador A Guide to Values-Building Education, CRS JWBGPreparing Teachers for Inclusive Education, CRS Vietnam

    2010 Catholic Relief Services Any reproduction, translation, derivation, distribution or other use of this work is prohibited without the express permission of Catholic Relief Services (CRS).

  • 3Table of Contents

    Letter from CRS Education Technical Advisors ........................................................................ 4

    Letter from CRS Vietnam Country Representative ................................................................ 5

    1. Introduction: What is this guide about and who is this guide for? ........................... 6

    2. Inclusive Education in Developing Countries ...................................................................... 6

    3. Three Essential Components for Capacity Building in Inclusive Education .......... 73.1 Attitudinal Changes and Awareness Raising ............................................................... 83.2 Pre-Service Training Programs ........................................................................................... 93.3 In-Service Training Programs ............................................................................................ 10

    4. Pre-Service Approaches: Working with Teacher Training Institutions ................. 114.1 Focusing on the Preschool and Primary School Levels ......................................... 114.2 Targeting Local Needs .......................................................................................................... 124.3 Creating a Network of Key Training Institutions ..................................................... 15

    5. In-Service Approaches: School-Based Teacher Training ............................................... 165.1 Developing a Network of Key Teachers ....................................................................... 165.2 Capacity Building for Key Teachers ............................................................................... 235.3 Using Observation and Reflection as Critical Tools for In-Service Capacity Building ........................................................................... 275.4 Monitoring Teachers Learning and Progress ........................................................... 28

    6. Inclusive Education as Systemic Change ............................................................................. 286.1 Educational Management and School Initiatives ..................................................... 296.2 Role of Ministries in Curriculum Development and Policy Change ................ 29

    7. Applying Lessons Learned: Inclusive Education in Laos ............................................... 30

    8. Summary ............................................................................................................................................. 31

  • 4 Preparing Teachers for Inclusive Education

    Letter from CRS Education Technical Advisors

    Dear friends and colleagues,We are pleased to present this latest edition in our CRS education How-to series, Preparing Teachers for Inclusive Education, created by CRS Vietnam.The How-to guide series was created as an opportunity for CRS country programs and their local implementing partners to highlight and share an aspect of their work that has been particularly successful. Instead of presenting a detailed description of their program history and accomplishments, however, the focus of the guides is on the practical steps that CRS country programs and partner organizations can take to adopt similar activities.The recommendations will need to be interpreted for each particular context, but the topics addressed in each guide are ones that would strengthen and improve any existing program: how to establish child-led school health education programs; how to utilize a cluster approach for capacity-building in schools; how to develop effective school improvement plans.This guide from CRS Vietnam addresses teacher preparation for inclusive education. It is the second guide produced by CRS Vietnam; the first, Inclusive Education for Children with Disabilities, provides background and a more general introduction to inclusive education. This guide focuses more specifically on how to prepare teachers to work with children with disabilities. Teachers are a critical component to creating inclusive classrooms that allow children with disabilities to learn and thrive. Careful attention to teacher preparation is therefore a must if we are to continue to ensure that this marginalized group has access to quality education today. This guide presents many useful suggestions for ways to do this. Some are simple and others require extensive collaboration with national level policy makers. We hope that the lessons provided here will assist you in improving the quality of teacher preparation within your own context.

    Best wishes,Anne Sellers Michael PozniakCRS Education Technical Advisor Education Consultant

  • 5Letter from CRS Vietnam Country Representative

    Dear friends and colleagues,CRS Vietnam is pleased to present the second Howto Guide on Inclusive Education for Children with Disabilities, concentrating on preparing teachers and improving their overall teaching skills and methods for inclusive education.CRS Vietnam has been supporting children and youth with disabilities for more than twelve years with continuous assistance from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) via the Leahy War Victims Fund and Displaced Children and Orphans Fund. One of the key lessons learned from our work on inclusive education in Vietnam has been the importance of involving relevant ministries, universities and education administrators. The involvement of these important actors has helped to ensure that national level policies are enacted which ultimately benefit children with disabilities and their families and teachers. Working closely with local partners, CRS has contributed to a series of Vietnamese government legal documents, including the National Action Plan to Support People with Disabilities 2006-2010, the Inclusive Education Strategy 2006-10 with a Vision to 2015, and a draft Law on Disability (2009), which was officially passed by the National Assembly in 2010. CRS Vietnam is committed to responding to traditional as well as emerging needs of the country, supporting education, health and HIV-AIDS care, and emergency relief in ten provinces in all three regions. Inclusive education will remain the priority for our education program as people with disabilities and their families comprise one of the largest groups in Vietnamese society who are not yet benefiting significantly from the countrys economic growth. We look forward to working with our partners towards innovative solutions, improved support and full social inclusion of children and youth with disabilities. We also look forward to sharing more lessons learned and best practices with other CRS country programs with similar experiences. Most of all, we look forward to seeing a new generation of successful school graduates who work and study hard to overcome their impediments and bravely embrace new life opportunities despite their disabilities. As one of our students said at her graduation ceremony, I believe that when you try to live a useful life, happiness will smile with you.

    Sincerely,Sanda Richtmann

  • 6 Preparing Teachers for Inclusive Education

    1. Introduction: What is this guide about and who is this guide for?

    Inclusive education has been internationally recognized as a philosophy for attaining equity, justice and quality education for all children, especially those who have been traditionally excluded from mainstream education for reasons of disability, ethnicity, gender or other characteristics. While inclusive education has been implemented successfully in many countries, other countries are still in the process of achieving this goal. This How-to Guide is the second produced by CRS Vietnam. The first guide, Inclusive Education for Children with Disabilities, provides background and a more general introduction to inclusive education. This guide aims to help CRS and partner education programs prepare teachers to implement successful models of inclusive education at the school level. It builds upon the previous publication while focusing more specifically on issues relating to teacher training and human resource development. Though the Vietnamese experience may not be universally applicable in all country contexts, it is hoped that the examples provided will serve as a reference of core themes that can be tailored to suit individual country needs.

    2. Inclusive Education in Developing CountriesInclusive education is defined by UNESCO as a process of addressing and responding to the diverse needs of all learners by increasing participation in learning and reducing exclusion within and from education1. This means that all children have the right to a

    quality education that caters, to the extent possible, to their individual needs. Some countries have been successful in promoting