How disruptive does disruptive change in the energy system need to be to save our planet?
Gary RadloffDirector of Midwest Energy Policy Analysis
University of Wisconsin-MadisonApril 25, 2015
Wisconsin Energy Institute
300 + FacultySeven Labs
Five Affiliated Labs
6 Affiliated Consortia
$110 M of UW-Research
Distributed Energy Resources are causing change in the energy system?
New technologies (DERs) and energy services Market growth of clean energy solutions Cheaper prices for wind and solar energy New supply and demand balance Advent of energy storage (changes dispatch for
intermittent clean energy) PV+storage market? Continuous opportunity for negawatts= energy
efficiency (flexiwatts=demand response) Prosumers/microgrids/transactive energy
Can We Invent Our Way Out of Climate Change?
We are advancing the theme that energy technology innovation, and the resultant cost reductions in energy technology, are ultimately the key to meeting our climate challenges, DOE Secretary Ernest Moniz at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (11/15)
Utilities Today Do Not Equal Innovation
Utilities are large organizations with enormous sunk costs and years of bureaucratic inertia, overwhelmingly focused on reliability, with returns protected by law and every move watched by regulators. This is not a recipe for entrepreneurial spirit. (David Roberts/Vox)
Coal, Oil, and Natural Gas Carbon Intensity (LCA) Source IPCC
Power Sector Carbon Emissions are Declining Now (EIA)future?
Capacity Additions 2015 (Wind, NG & Solar = 96%) (APPA)
Electric Generation Capacity Additions 2014-2015
U.S. Electric Energy Generation (Capacity by Fuel Type)(American Public Power Association)
We can only save our planet with disruptive social change, new energy technologies, disruptive new energy business models, and significant regulatory changes to empower markets. Therefore, yes, we need disruptive change in the U.S. energy system.
Utilities have little to no incentive to invest in research and development today
Electric utilities on average only spend about 0.1 percent to total revenues on research and development (R&D).
Biomedical, electronics, and semiconductor industries in the U.S. reinvest about 20 percent of revenues in R&D.
Read more about energy innovation in Foreign Affairs article, The Clean Energy Revolution: www.foreignaffairs.com
Utility Fork in the Road (source RMI)
States Leading the Charge: New York
New Yorks Renewing the Energy Vision (REV) Initiative. See NY PUC Case No. 14-M-0101 proceeding.
Department of Public Service Staff white paper from Jan. 2016 on NY Clean Energy Standard (Case 15-E-0302) 01/25/16
NYSERDA Microgrid Pilots and Studies
NY REV Market Change v. Status Quo(Source: Guiliani Center, NYU Law, GTM Research)
States Leading the Charge: California
Transactive energy is a system of economic and control mechanisms that allows the dynamic balance of supply and demand across the entire electrical infrastructure using value as a key operational parameter.
The term transactive energy is now being applied to the growth of DER as a reference to techniques for managing the generation, consumption or flow of electric power within an electric power system through the use of economic or market based constructs while considering grid reliability constraints, according to the DOE-formed industry group, the Gridwise Architecture Council.
Stages of Transactive EnergyAdoption for Industry (source: GridWise Council)
Transactive Energy Stakeholders (Source: GridWise Council)
Network Integrator model
Energy Company 2.0.artisanal locally-raised electrons
How far away is the Uber of energy? Artisanal locally-raised electrons quote from (Paul Brody of Ernest &
Young on The Energy Gang podcast 04/12/16) Consider: Yeloha partnership with Green Mountain Power in
Vermont with local peer-to-peer solar energy sharing. Sonnebatterie in Germany formed new company called
(sonneCommunity) marketing solar panels, energy storage systems, and digital software platform that monitors real-time energy usage and weather conditions to balance local supply and demand.
Vandebron in the Netherlands has 38,000 subscribers linked with DER technologies and a market exchange mechanism.
Blockchain technologies being used by LO3 Energy for a community microgrid in Brooklyn, NY with peer-to-peer trading mechanism.
Contact InformationGary Radloff
Wisconsin Energy InstituteUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison
Energy Efficiency Cheapest Option (beats building new plants) (AEEE/Lazards)
Levelized Cost of EE Savings Continues to Grow
Operable Utility-Scale Generating Units US (Dec. 2015)
Elements of Transactive Energy(Source: GridWise Council)
U.S. Capacity Additions by Fuel 2008-2015 (APPA)
A New Model for Regulators
Instead of command and control authority now used by a majority of the states Public Utility Commissions (PUCs) we need policies that ensure:
Total transparency on transactive energy markets; (blockchain technology?) Optimization of the market for producer and consumer (Prosumer) Contracts for the right to sell (into energy markets) and responsibility to provide
demonstration that you are capable of (through equipment, generation capacity and/or storage providing XX energy to the market when called.
Provide low cost conflict resolution Authority to govern resources at multiple levels Adaptability to unknown and changing conditions; including new technology change Enabling coordination of distributed and individual plans and actions Enabling for agents (nodes and functional cluster organizing with potential partnerships
for aggregator) of services and power delivery Reducing transaction costs that are barriers to market entry and continued participation Sources for above include: Elinor Ostrom (1990) Governing the Commons Lynne Kiesling Regulations Effect on Experimentation in Retail Electricity Markets Public Utility
Ideas: Transitional Policies such as performance-based incentives and/or
performance based rates Require all utilities to organize as benefit corporations (B-Corps) to
return to the original concept of a public utility in order to participate in transactive energy markets. Long-term societal sustainability policies too?