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Horror genre research

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  • 1.Famous Examples

2. Psycho relies heavily on the generic conventions of a horror film:- An isolated setting is used where no one else is staying apart fromour key protagonist Relies heavily on sound effects to build up the tension and fearwithin the audience Uses shadows and silhouettes frequently throughout especially inthe famous shower scene. Brutal weapons and blood is used Fits into the slasher horror sub genre by the brutal murders thattake place. However it does not rely as heavily on them as recentfilms such as Saw who base the shock on torture and terror. The split personality towards the end of the film mixes the sub genresof horror. This puts a more psychological twist on the film. The killing hedoes creates the tension and fright within the audience. 3. Psycho was released in 1960. Psycho was the first slasher horror to be introduced Before Psycho horror films were extremely gothic andrelied heavily on science fiction. Ghosts and monsters stillremained the heavy feature in horror films instead of ahuman playing the antagonist or murder. This was seen infilms such as The innocents and Zombies. Psycho wasone of the first films that played on the idea of someonesmind driving them to kill other people. Psycho was only one of the few films that used awoman as they key protagonist and this influenced thehorror genre dramatically. Women were used to expresstheir vulnerability and fears more since the release ofPsycho and the role of women in the horror genrechanged dramatically. 4. A convention I would use from Psycho would by thepsychological horror side to the film. The idea of the splitpersonality is very interesting and would be fun to playwith in my own trailer. In my trailer I would avoid the conventions of brutalweapons and murders that are seen within the film. This isbecause it would be hard to film and these scenes wouldalso not feature in a trailer for a film. They are built up tofor the actual film rather than the trailer. The conventional isolated setting would be interesting touse in my own trailer as it established the scene andcreates the ideas of isolation and vulnerability. The use of sound effects within the film is also Iconvention I would use within my trailer. The sounds helpto build up the tension and create the fear within theaudience. 5. Saw relies heavily on the conventions of blood and brutal weapons to create the genre ofa horror. Saw is a splatter/slasher horror as it deliberately focuses on the gore and graphic violenceas well as using a particular psychopath killer. In this case he is known as Jigsaw Saw lacks in psychological mind games and instead concentrates on brutal violence toplay on audience fears and make them feel uncomfortable. Saw does not rely on setting the mood or meeting the conventions of setting the scenebefore an incident happens. Instead it jumps straight into the action and shocks theaudience straight away. Audiences are intrigued and fascinated by horror films such as Saw as it meets therequirements of the Maslows Hierarchy Theory. The audience watches the film in shockbut in an unusual way it is comforting to know that there normal lives are not like the filmand when they leave the film, it will not happen to them. It is a horror movie that is relying heavily on the shock and reaction from the audiencethan keeping the high amounts of tension and building up to the horror moments likepsychological horrors. Saw does not rely on the audience getting to know characters and protagonists well andcreating a connection. They shock does not come from what is happening to thecharacters they have got to know, but by the brutal deaths that different people face. 6. The first Saw movie was released in 2004. Early in the 2000s the return of the sub genre of zombie horrors were brought back in filmssuch as 28 days later and The return of the living dead. Saw was one of the first films inthe 2000s to bring back the return of extreme and graphic violence into horror films. Saw concentrated on the emphasis on depictions of torture, suffering and violentdeaths which had not been previously been used before. This saw the emergence of thisparticular genre and saw many films similar to it follow. These included The Torture andHostel. Before Saw the release of films such as Scream had created a chain of horrorsconcentrating on the teenage market. Saw moved away from concentrating horrorfilms on teenage protagonists and influenced the genre into more extreme violence andtorture of all ages. This played of many different age ranges fear rather than just theteenage market. The success of the sub genre Saw started was confirmed by the six sequels that weremade in the same way. The Saw film series holds the Guinness World Record of the highest-grossing horrorfranchise in history. Many people however criticized the Saw movies as being a copy of the film Sevenwhich was released in 1995. Entertainment Weeklys Owen Gleiberman compared the plotto Seven saying, "In a blatant imitation of Seven, Saw features a lunatic sadist whoseghoulish crimes are meant, in each case, to mirror the sins of his victims. The twist here isthat the psycho doesnt do the killing" 7. The concentration of extreme violence and terror is a convention Iwould challenge within my own trailer as I want to concentrate moreon a physiological horror where aspects like this are not as important. Iwould also avoid this convention of Saw movies as it limits the targetaudience that could see my trailer and therefore the market for thefilm. Within in my own trailer I would also challenge the convention thatSaw uses by not setting the scene and getting a connection withthe key protagonists. I believe it is very important in a trailer to see lifebefore the horror event takes place to show the extreme contrast,especially in the short time frame a trailer allows. I also believe it isimportant to gain a connection with the key protagonists so I canplay with the audiences fears and emotions more within my traileronce they get to know them and guess how they would react tocertain situations. This would help to keep the audience on edge andconstantly frightened. A convention I would like to use within my trailer is the huge elementsof shock that the Saw movies create. Although I would like to buildthe tension more than these movies, the huge element of terror andshock created by the scenes in this movie is something I would like toincorporate in my trailer. 8. Paranormal Activity uses found footage and is mostly filmed by hand heldcameras to give the effect that the supernatural activity is more realistic andwe are realizing their fate at the same time that they are. It is a supernatural horror film which plays of psychological horrors. The film works by creating and building up tension throughout out the day andthe action happening at night. This creates fear and worry within the audienceevery time we see the footage being filmed at night. The film does not heavily rely on blood and gore to be a horror film, instead itplays of the audience psychological fears and builds the tension slowly toreach the climax point. The tension and fear is built in the film by the paranormal activity getting worseand worse every night. This builds on the audiences fear of the night and darkas well as them expecting something worse to happen each night. The film still uses the convention of blood at the very end but this is not whathas created the shock and fear within the audience throughout the film. The film does not use the conventional isolated dark setting and instead uses amodern house in America. I believe this plays of the audiences fears evenmore and makes the situation seem more realistic and relatable. 9. Paranormal Activity had the influence on the horror genre by cleverlycreating a low budget horror and showing the effect of how cleverly you canbuild tension and play on the audiences fear. Paranormal Activity also showed the effect of the home filmed videofootage instead of trying to convey professional filming to create the fear. Theterror and anxiety in this film was created by the realism the home videoscreated. Many films towards the end of the 2000s were becoming remakes of olderhorror films such as Friday the 13th and A Nightmare on Elm Street.Paranormal Activity moved away from this and created a genre of horrorthat played heavily on psychological fears and relied on no blood or brutalweapons at all. Paranormal Activity however is never bland, and tends to make viewersbelieve what theyre seeing is plausible, such that every creak, groan, andbump in their own homes just might not be what they think it is. That is the trueeffect of this sub-genre of horror movie; the injection of possibility into theviewers psyche. Often, the thought of something happening, whether positive or negative, ismore impactful than the actual event. This is why moviegoers will (for better orfor worse) probably see an influx of movies like this. Better, because hack-and-slash is tired, and worse, because the suspension of disbelief only has so long ofa shelf life. To be more specific, most of what the viewer experiences aresounds - bumps, keys falling, etc - which allows the imagination even more towork with. We hear the thumps, hear them getting closer; the anticipation forwhat we might see works its magic.http://voices.yahoo.com/paranormal-activity-strikes-home-horror-genre-gets-5168571.html?cat=40 10. A convention from Paranormal Activity that I would use would bethe use of the hand held camera and footage. I think this makes thefilm look more realistic as the protagonists are filming all the actionthemselves and it looks as if they are wanting to find out what is goingon rather than them being filmed. The hand held camera also createsthe effect of fear within the audience and for the key protagonist. I would also use the conventions and same techniques that the filmuses to build tension and play psychological mind games with theaudience. I want to avoid the brutal violence and torture and buildon the audience fears through the tension built. I want to explore the ideas of a supernatural horror like ParanormalActivity I would use these conventions and build tension by slamming doorsand lights switching off as they are easy to create with the cameraand resources that I have available. These conventions will be able toappear more professional than if I tried to convey a torture scene. Ido not have the equipment, actors or settings to make my horror lookbelievable. This would be the easiest sub genre to convey. 11. An audience can be described as a temporary collective (McQuail 1972) Iwould disagree with McQuail with the idea that audiences change all the timebecause an audience that is interested in watching a horror genre areattracted back to the same codes and conventions. The target audience for ahorror varies between ages but all are attracted to watch a horror film due tothe generic conventions that it includes. Though there are different sub genresof horror, the same audience continues to watch them and each horror filmdoes not attract a different audience. the tendency to concentrate solely on why audience consume the mediarather than extending the investigation to discover what meanings andinterpretations are produced and in what circumstances i.e how the mediaare received (OSullivan, Dutton &Rayner 1994) I believe this theory to betrue for the horror genre. We watch a horror film for the fright and terror of itand not to receive a moral message at the end. In most horror films, the issue isnot resolved at the end meaning there is no satisfaction or moral messagetaken away from it. Audiences watch horror films for the anxiety and the thrillsthey receive from it and then walk away at the end and forget about it. It doesnot leave them pondering with moral issues. For example , the cultivationtheory does not relate to the horror genre as it does not make you takeanything in particular away from the film or affect the way you learn and thinkabout the world.