Hitting fundamentals

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  1. 1. The Art of Hitting: Hitting Fundamentals in Field Hockey Derek Pappas
  2. 2. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 The questions Ever wonder why international teams hitting the ball during a shooting warmup cant consistently put the ball into the goal corners? Ever wonder why at the end of the game when a team needs a goal they lift the ball into the D when they hit it? Why payers cant hit the ball on the ground, without spin at a target consistently?
  3. 3. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 Fundamentals The are fundamentals that must be followed in order to hit a ball correctly The hitting fundamentals are not written down or coached on a regular basis Players are told to hit the ball at practice with little regard to the fundamentals Why?
  4. 4. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 Argentina WNT 2000-2008 Who taught the hitting fundamentals to the ARG WNT? Why was Soledad Garcia such a lethal forward? Why were Magdalenas hits so accurate? Who taught Aymar the biomechanics? It is obvious that these players were coached to hit the ball correctly. Their hitting skills were not developed accidentally
  5. 5. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 The course This presentation attempts to cover the fundamentals of the field hockey hit, hitting faults and the drills that can be practiced to learn the hit
  6. 6. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 Ball position relative to the feet The ball must be between the feet Players who rotate their hands to the right hit the ball outside of their left foot or if the ball is between the feet hit the top of the ball and raise the ball
  7. 7. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 Alignment to the target The heels of the feet should be parallel to the target or the right foot should be pulled back. The back is flat, the hips, knees, and ankles are bent substantially.
  8. 8. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 Ball position The ball should be positioned a few inches inside of the left foot.
  9. 9. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 The grip The hands face one another. The top of the grip is covered by the right hand and is not visible. The bottom pad next to the wrist of the right hand is on top of the stick. This can be checked by holding the stick with one hand and ensuring that there is an angle formed between the stick and the right arm. That angle must be maintained during the swing.
  10. 10. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 The grip (cont.) The two vs formed by the thumb and forefinger are aligned with one another The bottom of the left hand is touching the top of the right hand The back of the left hand faces the target
  11. 11. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 Bad habits Bending the left arm during the back swing Pushing the right elbow away from the body Not maintaining the front view shoulder/hands triangle Not maintaining the back view shoulder/hands/end of stick triangle Arching the back Swinging the right foot behind the left foot on the follow through Collapsing the arms/wrists during the follow through Straightening the left leg during the follow through Lifting the head up on the downswing/follow through collapsing/twisting/raising/lowering/rotating the wrists/stick at any point in the swing
  12. 12. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015
  13. 13. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 Hitting alignment During practice place a stick behind the shoes and another stick on the outside of the ball Align the sticks parallel to the path of the ball
  14. 14. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 The palm of the right hand The muscular part of the bottom part of the right hand next to the wrist is placed on top of the stick first Then the hand and fingers wrap around the stick
  15. 15. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 Right hand The right hand during the backswing. Make sure that the right hand does not rotate around the stick into a :"baseball grip" or that the right palm does not come off of the grip during the backswing. The right hand should be relaxed during the backswing.
  16. 16. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 Palms facing each other Definition: vertical hands mean that the palms are facing each other, palm to pam (touching), and that the palms are 90 degrees to the ground. The forearm and the palms are in a line. Why do the palms face each other at 90 degrees to the ground? so the hands work together during the swing So that when the big forearm muscles tighten during the downswing the hands and forearms for a line
  17. 17. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 No head movements The head should not move right or left or up during the swing. The head should be moving down at impact. The eyes should be focused on the ball until impact and then at the spot where the ball is located after impact until the stick is horizontal.
  18. 18. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 The active position The player should be up on the front of the right foot with the right heel a quarter inch off of the ground in an active position. It is very difficult to initiate a hockey swing with the correct weight transfer and foot work standing flat footed.
  19. 19. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 Arm position First of all the arms and hand must be in a neutral position. When the palms of the hands are facing up and touching a triangle is formed between the shoulders, arms and hands.
  20. 20. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 The address The player should place the stick on the ball prior to hitting it. The left foot is turned out 20 degrees. The right foot 10 degrees. Do not stand with the feet 90 degrees to the target line or turned in.
  21. 21. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 Left arm The left arm should remain straight during the backswing.
  22. 22. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 Take away Maintain the two triangles The triangle formed by the arms and grip when viewed from the front of the player The triangle formed by the arms and stick and imaginary line from the end of the stick to the shoulders when viewed from the rear of the player
  23. 23. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 Take away (cont.) The hands and arms Sweep the stick back Do not rotate the hands Pivot off of the end of the stick dont push the hands down, up or away from the body Do not twist the hands
  24. 24. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 The weight shift 80 percent of the player's weight starts onthe player's right foot. The weight distribution is retained during the backswing. During the downswing the weight shifts to the left foot.
  25. 25. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 Pivot point The pivot point is the left little finger. -watch that the right little finger or the right forefinger do not become the pivot piont
  26. 26. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 The toe of the stick The toe of the stick is 90 degrees to the ground @ setup When the stick is horizontal in the backswing When the stick is horizontal in the follow through
  27. 27. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 The backswing The player should sweep the stick back along the ground. The face of the stick should be in the same relative position as at address at all positions during the back swing.
  28. 28. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 The backswing (cont.) Grip Hands vertical/together Take away straight back Right elbow relaxed Triangle (maintain the relationships between the shoulders, arms and hands
  29. 29. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 Turn the shoulders around the spine on the backswing The body is a barrel Turn the barrel
  30. 30. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 Downswing The downswing is initiated by stepping down the line past the ball. The hips turn and the body uncoils into the ball. Power is generated with the torso and not with the upper body. The mistake the players make is that the left foot ends up right of the ball and not left of the ball. Set up a T on the ground. Place the ball on the line which meets the other line. The left heel should be on the line and left of the line pointing at the ball. The right foot should be on the line or behind it.
  31. 31. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 The right elbow on the backswing and downswing The right elbow Must touch the right side when the stick is around horizontal on the backswing The right elbow Must touch the right side when the right arm is around horizontal on the downswing The right elbow should be 45 degrees to the line of the ball path and not 90 when the stick is waist high on the downswing
  32. 32. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 The right elbow. The shoulders/arms/hands swing back in a triangle. The right elbow then moved into the right side which creates the angle between the stick and the arm. Note: a big mistake is to put the elbow on the side and then to cock the wrists. This results in pushing the left hand down and alters the backswing
  33. 33. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 Weight distribution At address the weight is evenly distributed The weight on the back swing is on the right foot The weight shifts to the left at the top of the downswing 90% of the weight is evenly distributed on the left foot at impact
  34. 34. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 Keep the head down The eyes are focused on the ball and the spot the ball occupies Looking up causes the ball to go right. Why? As the player looks up the hands are pulled away from the ball and the player adjusts by pushing the hands out to block the hit.
  35. 35. Derek E. Pappas Copyright 2015 The lunge position Unlike the golf swing which uses an upright position the hockey hit is best executed using a lunge position. The lunge position is used during Olympic weight lifting exercises. Top cricketers also use the lunge position when hitting the ball. Top golfers use a more upright lunge position. The lunge position at impact involv