History of women’s basketball

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History of womens basketball. HONR101: History and Culture of Basketball November 2, 2011. Womens basketball: The early days. December 29, 1891: Dr. James Naismith organizes the first basketball game - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • HONR101: History and Culture of BasketballNovember 2, 2011

  • December 29, 1891: Dr. James Naismith organizes the first basketball game1892: The first women's basketball team was organized by Senda Berenson at Smith College, adapting Naismith's rules to emphasize cooperation, with three zones and six players on each teamMarch 21, 1893: The first women's college basketball game played at Smith College; no men were admitted to the game

  • 1893: Women's basketball began at Iowa State College, Carleton College, Mount Holyoke College, and Sophie Newcomb College (Tulane) in New OrleansEach year, more schools added women's basketball to their sports offerings for girls1894: Senda Berenson published an article on women's basketball and its benefits in the Physical Education journalIn 1896, bloomers introduced as a playing costume at Sophie Newbomb College, New OrleansNext slide is from 1903 edition of Basket Ball for Women, Sendra Berenson is holding the ball

  • Stanford and the University of California at Berkeley played the first women's intercollegiate game; Stanford won, 2-1, and men were excluded, with women guarding the windows and doors to exclude menThe first known women's basketball game between two high schools was played in the Chicago area, with Chicago Austin High School against Oak Park High School

  • In 1895, Baer published rules for women's "Basquette"In 1901, Spalding issued women's basketball rules, edited by Senda Berenson, establishing 3 zones with 5-10 players per team; some teams used men's rules, some used Baer's rules, and some used Spalding's/Berenson's rulesIn 1938, three zones reduced to two in women's competition

  • In the early days, there were 9 players on a teamThe court was divided into 3 zones, with 3 players from each team per zoneThe game was designed to be ladylike and rough play was banned

  • In 1908, AAU (Amateur Athletic Union) took the position that women or girls should not play basketball in publicIn 1914, the American Olympic Committee declared its opposition to the participation of women in the Olympics competition In 1923, Women's Division of the National Amateur Athletic Federation (WDNAAF) held its first conference; over the next few years, it will take on women's extramural basketball and other sports as too competitive, working to get high schools, industrial leagues, and even churches to ban tournaments

  • In 1904, a Native American team played women's basketball at the St. Louis World's Fair, as an exhibitionIn the 1920s, industrial leagues -- teams sponsored by companies for their workers -- were established in many parts of the countryIn 1921, Jeux Olympiques Fminines held in Monaco, an all-women's sports competition for sports excluded from the Olympics; sports included basketball, track and field; Britain's team won the basketball event

  • In 1924, Olympics included women's basketball -- as an exhibition eventInternational Women's Sports Federation founded, hosted a women's event paralleling the Olympics, including basketballIn 1926, AAU held first national tournament for women's basketball, with six teams participatingIn 1927, AAU National Women's Basketball Tournament cancelled under pressure from the WDNAAF

  • In 1929, AAU selected the first AAU All-America teamAAU re-started national championship tournament; Sunoco Oilers won, defeating the Golden Cyclones; a beauty contest was part of the event1930 AAU national championship included 28 teams; Sunoco Oilers won, defeating the Golden CyclonesIn the 1930s, WDNAAF continued to pressure states to ban women's basketball tournaments, with success in many states

  • In 1953, international competition in women's basketball was reorganizedIn 1955, first Pan-American Games included women's basketball; USA won the gold medalIn 1969, Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (ICAW) held an invitational basketball tournament, the first national tournament not including AAU teams; West Chester State won the championshipWomen's basketball was included in the Paralympics

  • In 1970, five player full court game adopted for women's basketballIn 1972, Title IX enacted, requiring federally-funded schools to fund women's sports equitably, including teams, scholarships, recruitment, and media coverageAssociation for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) held first national intercollegiate championship in basketball; Immaculata defeated West Chester AAU established national basketball tournaments for girls younger than college age

  • In 1973, college scholarships offered to female athletes for the first timeAmateur Basketball Association of the United States (ABAUSA) established, replacing AAUIn 1974, the US Olympic Committee recognized the ABAUSABillie Jean King founded the Women's Sports Foundation, to promote sports and physical activity among girlsIn 1976, women's basketball became an Olympic sport; the Soviet team won the gold, USA won the silver

  • In 1978, the Wade Trophy established to honor a top collegiate player; first awarded to Carol BlazejowskiBill Byrne founded the 8-team Women's Basketball League (WBL)In 1979, WBL expanded to 14 teams In 1980, Ladies Professional Basketball Association founded with six teams; played for less than a month before failingThe first USA Basketball Female Athlete of the Year Award went to Carol BlazejowskiOlympics held but many nations boycotted, led by the USA

  • The WBL played its last seasonThe Women's Basketball Coaches Association (WBCA) beginsThe NCAA announced women's basketball tournaments; AIAW filed an antitrust suit in oppositionThe final AIAW tournament held; AIAW dropped the lawsuit against the NCAA and disbandedThe first NCAA women's basketball Final Four championship held

  • The Olympics women's basketball event won by USA team, with the USSR and some other nations boycotting Women's American Basketball Association (WABA) formed, with six teams; it was, like most of the women's professional basketball leagues, short-livedLynette Woodard began playing with the Harlem Globetrotters, the first woman to play with that team

  • In 1985, Senda Berenson Abbott, L. Margaret Wade, and Bertha F. Teague were inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, the first women to be so honoredIn 1986, National Women's Basketball Association (NWBA) founded; folded the same seasonIn 1987, Naismith Hall of Fame initiated Female High School Player of the Year awardIn 1988, Olympics women's basketball event won by USA team in Seoul, South Korea

  • In 1991, WBL disbandedLiberty Basketball Association (LBA) founded, and lasted one game, broadcast on ESPN1992 Howard University women's basketball coach became the first woman to win monetary damages under Title IX, for discriminationIn 1993, Women's Basketball Association (WBA) foundedIn 1995, Women's Basketball Association (WBA) failedAmerican Basketball League (ABL) founded with ten teams

  • In 1996, the NBA established the WNBA with eight teams; Sheryl Swoopes was the first player signed by the WNBAIn 1997, first WNBA game playedWNBA added two more teamsIn 1998, the ABL failedWNBA expanded by two teamsIn 1999 Women's Basketball Hall of Fame opened with 25 inducteesVideo: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kyy-UXHStiY

  • The 2011 WNBA consisted of 12 teams playing 34 games throughout the summerThe Minnesota Lynx were the 2011 championsThe WNBA offseason is at the same time as the NBA season, and vice versa

  • 1984 first college dunk: http://sports.espn.go.com/ncw/columns/story?columnist=garber_greg&id=43404582002 - first WNBA dunk: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-xjMFRfX4MY&feature=relatedHigh school girl dunking: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tuDfRzY2Vqw&feature=grec_indexTop WNBA 2008 plays: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5YrbWTL9hQw&feature=relLSSU women:

  • A few sources:http://www.womensbasketballmuseum.com/http://www.wnba.com/about_us/jenkins_feature.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women's_basketballhttp://www.hockeyarenas.com/womenbasketballintheus.htmhttp://womenshistory.about.com/od/basketball/a/timeline.htmhttp://womensbasketballonline.com/history/wbbtimeline.htmlhttp://www.wbhof.com/timeline.html

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