Heremeneutics & Biblical Prophecy 1
Interpreting Daniels Prophecy
A Seminar Presented byTim Hegg
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Table of Contents
A Study of the Book of Daniel
Outline 33Chapter 1 34Chapter 2 36Chapter 3 38Chapter 4 39Chapter 5 41Chapter 6 43Chapter 7 45Chapter 8 49Chapter 9 52Chapter 10 59Chapter 11 61Chapter 12 66
Studying the Book of Daniel
A General Outline of Daniel
I. Chapter One Setting the Scene Historical BackgroundA. Historical background of the exile to BabylonB. Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and AzariahC. The Torah Integrity of Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah
II. Chapter Two Nebuchadnezzars dream of the ImageA. Dream revealed to Daniel by GodB. Image represents 5 kingdoms
1. Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, Rome2. The eternal kingdom of God = fulfillment of Abrahamic Covenant
III. Chapter Three Nebuchadnezzars Golden StatueA. Command that all worship the StatueB. Refusal by Hananiah, Mishael, and AzariahC. God rescues them from the furnace of fireD. The appearance of a fourth person in the fire = Son of God
IV. Chapter Four Nebuchadnezzars Second DreamA. Great tree that reached to the heavens, gave fruit to allB. Great tree chopped down; stump remains bound by iron & bronzeC. Daniel interprets the dream:
1. Tree and stump represent Nebuchadnezzar2. He will be as a animal in the field for seven periods of time
D. Dream fulfilledV. Chapter Five Belshazzars Great Feast Writing on the Wall
A. Mene, Mene, Tekel, uPharsinB. Babylonian Empire to be taken over by Medes and PersiansC. Invasion by Medes and Persians; Belshazzar killed that very night
VI. Chapter Six King Darius, His Statue, Daniel in the Lions DenA. Darius erects a statue; requires all to worship himB. Daniel refuses and thrown into the lions denC. Daniel is rescued by GodD. The sovereignty and majesty of Daniels God is proclaimed
VII. Chapter Seven Daniels Vision in the 1st year of BelshazzarA. Four Beasts parallel with Nebuchadnezars first dreamB. Gives additional details of the Roman Empire & Gods eternal King-
dom: little horn grows out of one 10 hornsC. Little horn end-times Anti-MessiahD. Vision of the heavenly thrones & the Son of Man
VIII. Chapter Eight Vision of the Ram, Goat, Little hornA. Gives additional details re: Medo-Persian & Roman EmpiresB. Little horn = ruler as foreshadow of end-times Anti-MessiahC. 2300 evenings & days and the Holy Place is restored
Interpreting Daniels Prophecy34IX. Chapter Nine 70 Sevens & 69 Sevens
A. 70 sevens brings in complete righteousnessB. Coming of Messiah proclaimed 7 + 62 = 69 sevens
X. Chapter Ten Vision of a TheophanyA. Man dressed in linen & Daniels reactionB. Disclosure of what will happen to Israel in the latter daysC. Preparation for the revelation given in Chapter 11
XI. Chapter 11 Vision Pertaining to the Latter DaysA. The demise of the Medo-Persian EmpireB. The rise of Alexander the GreatC. The death of Alexander and division of his kingdom into fourD. War between the Ptolemies and the Selucids (two of Alexanders
four generals)E. The rise of Antiochus Epiphanes as the foreshadow of the end-times
Anti-Messiah1. His campaigns against Egypt (the land of the South)2. His campaign against the Holy Land3. His fight against the kings of the North & the South
XII. Chapter 12 The Final Deliverance of Israel & EternityA. The coming great distress, greater than any previous distressB. The deliverance of the righteous (living and dead)C. Final vision: two men and the Man dressed in linen
1. seal up the vision2. blessing to those who wait: 1290 days; 1335 days
Daniel 1 Faith & Faithfulness
1 In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. 2 The Lord gave Jehoia-kim king of Judah into his hand, along with some of the vessels of the house of God; and he brought them to the land of Shinar, to the house of his god, and he brought the vessels into the treasury of his god. 3 Then the king or-dered Ashpenaz, the chief of his officials, to bring in some of the sons of Is-rael, including some of the royal family and of the nobles, 4 youths in whom was no defect, who were good-looking, showing intelligence in every branch of wisdom, endowed with understanding and discerning knowledge, and who had ability for serving in the kings court; and he ordered him to teach them the literature and language of the Chaldeans. 5 The king appointed for them a daily ration from the kings choice food and from the wine which he drank, and appointed that they should be educated three years, at the end of which they were to enter the kings personal service. 6 Now among them from the sons of Judah were Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah. 7 Then the commander of the officials assigned new names to them; and to Daniel he assigned the name Belteshazzar, to Hananiah Shadrach, to Mishael Meshach and to Azariah Abed-nego.
Interpreting Daniels Prophecy 35
Hebrew Name Meaning
Babylonian Name Meaning
Daniel El is my Judge Belteshazzar Bel protects the king
Hananiah Yah has shown Grace ShadrachThe command
Mishael Who is what El is? MeshachWho is what
Azariah Yah is (my) Helper Abed-negoServant of
8 But Daniel made up his mind that he would not defile himself with the kings choice food or with the wine which he drank; so he sought permission from the commander of the officials that he might not defile himself. 9 Now God granted Daniel favor and compassion in the sight of the commander of the officials, 10 and the commander of the officials said to Daniel, I am afraid of my lord the king, who has appointed your food and your drink; for why should he see your faces looking more haggard than the youths who are your own age? Then you would make me forfeit my head to the king. 11 But Daniel said to the overseer whom the commander of the officials had appointed over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah, 12 Please test your servants for ten days, and let us be given some vegetables to eat and water to drink. 13 Then let our appearance be observed in your presence and the appearance of the youths who are eating the kings choice food; and deal with your servants according to what you see. 14 So he listened to them in this matter and tested them for ten days. 15 At the end of ten days their appearance seemed better and they were fatter than all the youths who had been eating the kings choice food. 16 So the overseer continued to withhold their choice food and the wine they were to drink, and kept giving them vegetables.
Lessons for the soulA. The victory of Nebuchadnezzar over Jehoiakim was orchestrated by
God as punishment for Jehoiakims idolatry (cf. 2Chr 33:67, etc.)B. When God punishes a nation, even the righteous within that nation
suffer. But there is no need to fear. God is with those who cling to Him.
C. Even in great hardship, we must strive to obey God.D. Wisdom knows how to appeal to authorities.E. God blesses obedience to Him.
Lessons in Interpreting Prophetic TextsA. The primary purpose of the Prophetic texts is to teach us how we
should be living for God now and how we can grow strong in faith in order to face the challenges of the future.
B. The structure of prophetic texts is often done to highlight this fact.
Interpreting Daniels Prophecy36
Daniel 2 Nebuchadnezzars Dream1 Now in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuchadnezzar had dreams; and his spirit was troubled and his sleep left him. 2 Then the king gave orders to call in the magicians, the conjurers, the sorcerers and the Chaldeans to tell the king his dreams. So they came in and stood before the king. 3 The king said to them, I had a dream and my spirit is anxious to understand the dream. 7 They answered a second tim