Healthy Cities / Healthy Communities
Healthy Cities/Healthy Communities A theoretical framework for a process by which citizens can create healthy communities.Communities where all systems work well and together and where all citizens enjoy a good quality of life.Loosely-defined strategy that involves all community members addressing issues that are important to them.
Two Premises of Healthy Cities/Healthy Communities A comprehensive view of healthA commitment to healthy promotion
Prerequisites for Health in Communities PeaceShelterEducationFoodIncomeStable ecosystemSocial justiceEquitySustainable resources
How to Promote Community Health Build public policyCreate supportive environmentsStrengthen community actionDevelop personal skillsRe-orient services
Community Environments NaturalEconomicLeisurePoliticalWorkBuiltSocial
Why use Healthy Cities/Healthy Communities? Community perspectiveParticipatory planning and community ownershipRange of ideasKnowledge of the communityCommunity-wide ties
Why use Healthy Cities/Healthy Communities? Achievable and measurable goalsIdentification and use of community assets and resourcesCommunity commitment to the long-term processCommunity self-image
Who should participate? Elected and appointed officialsThose most affected by the issuePeople who will carry out the initiative or those whose lives will be affected by itAgencies and groups involved in implementing the effortCommunity opinion leaders
Components of Healthy Cities/Healthy Communities Create a compelling vision based on shared values.Embrace a broad definition of health and well-being.Address quality-of-life for everyone.Engage diverse citizen participation and be citizen-driven.Seek multi-sectoral membership in widespread community ownership.
Components of HC/HC (cont.) Acknowledge the social determinants of health and the interrelationship of health and other issues.Address issues through collaborative problem-solving.Focus on system change.Build capacity using local assets and resources.Measure and benchmark progress and outcomes.
Three Social Determinants of Health Socio-economic equalitySocial connectednessSense of personal efficacy
Potential Local Assets and Resources Impassioned individuals with talent, skills, and leadershipThose with material resources: money, space, etc.Institutions (libraries, schools, houses of worship) that can be resourcesOrganizations whose mission is to work for a better community
Potential Local Assets and Resources Official government support along with legal and regulatory powers human resourcesskills and work ethicNatural and other environmental resourcesThe potential for these parts to coordinate
Steps to Implement a Healthy Community Strategy Assemble a diverse and inclusive groupGenerate a visionAssess the assets and resources in the community that can help you realize your vision, and the issues that act as barriers to it
Steps to Implement a Healthy Community Strategy (cont.) Choose a first issue to focus onDevelop a community-wide strategy, incorporating as many organizations, levels, and sectors as possibleImplement the plan
Steps to Implement a Healthy Community Strategy (cont.) Monitor and adjust your initiative or interventionEstablish new systems that will maintain and build on the gains youve madeCelebrate benchmarks and successesTackle the next issues