Hands-Only CPR Howard County Dept. of Fire and Rescue And Howard County Public Schools
Am I Protected? YES! Any bystander who uses an AED to help a cardiac arrest victim is protected from liability under Marylands Good Samaritan Law. Maryland Courts and Judicial Proceedings Code 5-603 An individual who is not [licensed in this state to provide medical care] is not civilly liable for any act or omission in providing assistance or medical aid to a victim at the scene of an emergency, if: (1) The assistance or aid is provided in a reasonably prudent manner; (2) The assistance or aid is provided without fee or other compensation; and (3) The individual relinquishes care of the victim when someone who is licensed or certified by this State to provide medical care or services becomes available to take responsibility.
Todays Goals: Learn about sudden cardiac arrest and its warning signs Learn compression-only CPR for adults and kids over the age of 8 (AHA) Hands-Only CPR practice session
What is cardiac arrest? The heart suddenly stops pumping blood through the body and the patient goes unconscious, losing his/her pulse Can happen without warning If cardiac arrest is not immediately treated, the victim will almost certainly die YOU need to act fast!
Cardiac arrest and heart attack are NOT the same! Cardiac Arrest vs. Heart Attack Unconscious/No pulse Conscious Abnormal breathing or Breathing/Talking Not breathing at all
250,000 people in the U.S. will die this year because they suffered a cardiac arrest outside of a hospital.
Think this doesnt affect YOU?! Anyone Anywhere Any Time
LOUIS ACOMPORA 14 yr. old Lacrosse goalie took a shot to the chest
Kaitlin Forbes 15 yr. old playing softball in gym class
Maggie OMalley Kaitlins best friend & teammate 14 mos. after Kaitlins CA, on a train coming back from NY City
Breanna Sudanno Perry Hall student (@ Catonsville High School) 14 yr. old field hockey player
Breanna Sudanos Success "The percentages of survival are very, very low for this type of thing. Coaches and parents not only saved her life, but because they did CPR, they did it so quickly, they didn't hesitate, they didn't wait... there's no brain damage, no complications from lack of oxygen. Perry Hall High School athletic director Robert Hruz
Who Else Will Help, If Not You?
Timing is crucial Every minute that passes without CPR decreases a victims chance of survival by 10%
The American Heart Associations Chain of Survival 1)Early Access- call 911! 2)Early CPR 3)Early Defibrillation 4)Early Advanced Care (Paramedics + hospital) You
The 3 Cs of Adult CPR 1)CHECK to see if the person is unresponsive 2)CALL 911 so help can arrive ASAP 3)COMPRESS- start chest compressions and dont stop until EMS arrives Call 911 and return to the person Check that the person is unresponsive Begin chest compressions, pushing down 2 inches on the persons chest, and continue this until emergency services arrive
About AEDs AED = Automatic External Defibrillator Found in public areas throughout Howard County AED kit contains a smart AED machine and 2 adhesive pads connected to the machine by wires
Someone who knows how to use an AED may ask you to go get it if a person goes into cardiac arrest! Even if you are not trained to use an AED, you should be aware of the AED locations in the buildings you enter! - Your Office - Schools - Church - Mall - Gym - Airport - Library - Senior Centers
Performing chest compressions 1)Place one hand on top of the other and press the heel of one hand in the center of the chest 2)Lock your elbows 3)Press down hard on the chest at least 100 times per minute, so that the chest is compressed about 2 inches with each press
American Heart Association Demo Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zuJkRpJ7Fxg
Hands-on practice of CPR and AED Ask the instructor if you have any questions!