Hampton Webb Joe Hampton

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Islamic Literature. Hampton Webb Joe Hampton. History - Pre Islamic. Basis for later Arabic literature came from bedouin poetry This poetry was passed down orally between generations Many of these poems were qasida (odes) Transition from oral to writing by the late 7 th century CE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Literature

Hampton WebbJoe Hampton

Islamic LiteratureBasis for later Arabic literature came from bedouin poetry This poetry was passed down orally between generationsMany of these poems were qasida (odes)Transition from oral to writing by the late 7th century CEMost celebrated poems from this early period called muallaqatHistory - Pre IslamicPoetry passed down orally between generations (about 500 CE)Many of these poems were qasida (odes) which is the standard Arabic verse formMost celebrated poems from this early period called muallaqat which means (the suspended) because they were good enough to be hung on the walls of the kaba

The Quran replaced the Arabic poetry as the central focus of study and recitingPoetry regained some prestige under UmayyadsAl-AkhtalAl-FarazdaqPersian was the most common language used in literature, but the caliph Abdul-Malik made Arabic the official languageHistory - After Islam/During Umayyad

QuranThose guys lyric poetryGolden age of Islamic Literature under AbbasidsMany works in other languages translated into ArabicGreat writers under Abbasid include:Al-JahizAbu Al-FarajMutanabbiAl-HamadhaniAl-HaririIbn KhaldunAl-FaralsiIbn BattutaArabic language used for many things including: philosphy, mathematics, law, interpretations of the Quran, history, science, medicine, politics, poetry, prose etc.History - Abbasid

Picture = some of Mutanabbis work, qasidas4Ibn al-Muqaffa: convert to Islam who translated classical Persian works into ArabicMany forms of writing: satire, biography, poetry, maqamat, etc.History - AbbasidAl-Jahiz: greatly developed Arabic Prose, more than 200 books on various subjectsAl-Faraj: wrote Kitab al-Aghani ("The Book of Songs")Al-Mutanabbi: one of the greatest Arabic poets, very complex styleAl-Hamadhani: invented the maqamat (assemblies) genreFamous Writers

Book of Songs - view of Arab culture and society, collection of songs and poems popular under the rule of Harun al-RashidMutanabbi one of the earlier pictures was of his qasidasMaqamat - anecdotes narrated by a witty rogue which poke fun at all levels of society. Elaborately written in rhyming prosePicture=from one of al-Jahizs many books the Book of Animals, its a lion eating a cow6Al-Hariri: greatly improved and expanded maqamatIbn Khaldun: The Muqaddimah; attempted to treat history as a science and outlined a philosophy for history in his writingsAl-Faralsi: wrote philosophical and musical theoryIbn Battuta: wrote about the world based on his travels

Famous Writers

Ibn BattutaThe Muqaddimah = name of Ibn Khalduns book7Ibn Battuta wrote about almost all of the Muslim worldShows vastness of Islamic influence over WorldMaqamat influenced the Spanish picaresque style of writingEuropean fabliaux were influenced by Arabic writingSome tales, like The Thousand and One Nights illustrated the social classes, especially the elite

InfluenceAllowed for expansion in all types of Islamic learningHelped spread and preserve many writings from many different languages and culturesInfluenceIbn Khalduns writings greatly influenced the way historians view eventsTales from the One Thousand and One Nights are still told today even in Western culture and influenced the writing of some famous stories such as Gullivers Travels and Robinson Crusoe.Modern Arabic Literature still shows traits developed in the early stages of its growthToday

Ibn Khaldun history: used to be looked at just with big battles, specific rulers, etc. Ibn Khaldun took into account things like geography, climate, cultures, etc. 10Many works from other cultures were translated into Arabic. This allowed them to be preserved.TodayWhile Europe was in Dark Ages, Arabic Literature preserved all of this work that would have otherwise been lost11Info"Arabic Literature." Islam and Islamic History in Arabia and the Middle East. Islamicity. 6 Oct. 2008 .Yule, Henry. "Ibn Battuta." 6 Oct. 2008 ."Arabic Literature." Encyclopedia.com. 2008. The Columbia Encyclopedia. 7 Oct. 2008 ."Arabic Literature." Al-Bab.com. 30 Aug. 2005. 7 Oct. 2008 .Pictures"Arabic Literature." Wikipedia. 6 Oct. 2008. 7 Oct. 2008 . "Al Mutanabbi." Alshindaga.com. 7 Oct. 2008 . "Muslim Heritage." Picasa.com. 7 Oct. 2008 . Sources

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