Hablando del Pasado Pretrito Presente Perfecto Imperfecto Slide 2 Her name was Selena. She sang Tejano music. She had many fans. Many people liked her. Descriptions of People/Situations with no resulting action She lived in Texas. Selena was sing ing at age nine. Ongoing Actions She used to sing in their family-operated restaurant. Habitual Actions She would sing/sang often for quinceaeras, weddings, and fairs. Repeated Actions Slide 3 She started singing at age three. She died at age 23. Events that Started or Ended in the past Selena was growing in popularity when the president of her fan club murdered her. Actions that Interrupted another action When I heard her song Amor Prohibido, I liked it. Reactions to something. I never met Selena, but Gloria Estefan and Madonna knew her. (Conocer preterit to meet; Conocer imperfect to know) Verbs with Different Meanings in the preterit Slide 4 ANOTHER WAY TO TALK ABOUT THE PAST is to tell what people HAVE or HAVE NOT done. Slide 5 Slide 6 Slide 7 REGULAR Past Participles are formed by: Dropping theAR from the infinitive and adding ADO or Dropping theER/IR and adding IDO EXAMPLE: The Past Participle of Hablar hablado = spoken Comer comido = eaten Recibir recibido = received Slide 8 Careful *The Past Participle of Ir (to go) ido (gone): I have gone to Cuba. Yo he ido a Cuba. *Dont translate word for word. In other words, in Spanish you NEVER put anything between the 2 parts of the Present Perfect Conjugation like we do in English: I have never gone to Panam. Yo nunca he ido a Panam. Slide 9 *Although past participles & the preterit tense sometimes translate the same, you cannot interchange them. I read that book. Yo le (NOT ledo) ese libro. I heard a noise. Yo o (NOT odo) un ruido. *You will need an accent on the I of do if you are adding it to a strong vowel (a, e, o). Leer LedoCaer CadoOr Odo (have/has) read fallen heard Careful Slide 10 Common IRREGULAR Past Participles: (sung to the tune of All Around the Mulberry Bush) DICHO, HECHO, ESCRITO PUESTO, MUERTO, ABIERTO VUELTO, ROTO, VISTO DESCUBIERTO! Spoken: LEDO, FRITO, IMPRESO, CUBIERTO Slide 11 Remember: Only the conjugation of HABER changes to agree with the subject. Yo heNosotros hemos T hasVosotros habis l haEllos han Slide 12 Remember: The Present Participle does NOT change. It always ends in O Yo he visitado Mxico. T has visitado Mxico. Ella ha visitado Mxico. Nosotros hemos visitado Mxico. Ellos han visitado Mxico. Slide 13 You try 1.Selena has sung in Texas, but she has never sung in China. 1.Selena ha cantado en Tejas, pero nunca ha cantado en la China. 2. She has sold a lot of albums. 2. Ella ha vendido muchos lbumes. 3. We have not heard all her songs yet. 3. Nosotros no hemos odo todas sus canciones todava. Slide 14 You try 4. She has made a lot of money. 4. Ella ha hecho mucho dinero. 5. Many people have said that she was the best Latin singer of the 90s. 5. Muchas personas han dicho que ella era la mejor cantante latina de los 90s. OR Mucha gente ha dicho 6. We have not seen the movie about her life yet. 6. No hemos visto la pelcula de su vida todava.