Grover Cleveland Papers
A Finding Aid to the Collection in the Library of Congress
Manuscript Division, Library of CongressWashington, D.C.
2007Revised 2010 April
Additional search options available at:http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.mss/eadmss.ms008094
LC Online Catalog record:http://lccn.loc.gov/mm79016188
Prepared by Wilhelmina Curry, David Mathisen, and Nan Thompson ErnstRevised and expanded by Karen Linn Femia with the assistance of Brian McGuire and Nicholas Newlin
Collection SummaryTitle: Grover Cleveland PapersSpan Dates: 1743-1945Bulk Dates: (bulk 1885-1908)ID No.: MSS16188Creator: Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908Extent: 108,200 items ; 627 containers plus 1 oversize ; 235.8 linear feet ; 164 microfilm reelsLanguage: Collection material in EnglishLocation: Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.Summary: President of the United States, governor of New York, and lawyer. Correspondence, diaries, messages toCongress, speeches, writings, printed matter, and other papers primarily relating to the Cleveland presidency andpresidential campaigns.
Selected Search TermsThe following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Library's online catalog. They aregrouped by name of person or organization, by subject or location, and by occupation and listed alphabetically therein.
PeopleAltgeld, John Peter, 1847-1902--Correspondence.Arthur, Chester Alan, 1829-1886--Correspondence.Bayard, Thomas F. (Thomas Francis), 1828-1898--Correspondence.Benedict, Erastus Cornelius, 1800-1880--Correspondence.Bissell, Wilson Shannon, 1847-1903--Correspondence.Carlisle, John Griffin, 1835-1910--Correspondence.Choate, Joseph Hodges, 1832-1917--Correspondence.Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908.Curtis, George William, 1824-1892--Correspondence.Dickinson, Donald McDonald, 1846-1917--Correspondence.Dole, Sanford B. (Sanford Ballard), 1844-1926--Correspondence.Endicott, William Crowninshield, 1826-1900--Correspondence.Evans, Robley D. (Robley Dunglison), 1846-1912--Correspondence.Fuller, Melville Weston, 1833-1910--Correspondence.Gilder, Richard Watson, 1844-1909--Correspondence.Gresham, Walter Quintin, 1832-1895--Correspondence.Hamlin, Charles, 1861-1938--Correspondence.Harmon, Judson, 1846-1927--Correspondence.Harrison, Benjamin, 1833-1901--Correspondence.Hewitt, Abram S. (Abram Stevens), 1822-1903--Correspondence.Hill, David B. (David Bennett), 1843-1910--Correspondence.Jefferson, Joseph, 1829-1905--Correspondence.Lamar, L. Q. C. (Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus), 1825-1893--Correspondence.Lamont, Daniel Scott, 1851-1905--Correspondence.Manning, Daniel, 1831-1887--Correspondence.Olney, Richard, 1835-1917--Correspondence.Parker, Alton B. (Alton Brooks), 1852-1926--Correspondence.Powderly, Terence Vincent, 1849-1924--Correspondence.Rice, William Gorham, 1856-1945--Correspondence.Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919--Correspondence.Seymour, Horatio, 1810-1886--Correspondence.Shepard, Edward Morse, 1850-1911--Correspondence.Smith, Hoke, 1855-1931--Correspondence.Straus, Oscar S. (Oscar Solomon), 1850-1926--Correspondence.
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Watterson, Henry, 1840-1921--Correspondence.Weaver, James B. (James Baird), 1833-1912--Correspondence.Whitney, William C. (William Collins), 1841-1904--Correspondence.
OrganizationsDemocratic Party (U.S.)
PlacesUnited States--History--1865-1921.United States--Politics and government--1865-1933.United States--Politics and government--1885-1889.United States--Politics and government--1893-1897.
OccupationsGovernors--New York (State).Lawyers.Presidents--United States.
The papers of Grover Cleveland, lawyer, governor of New York, and president of the United States, were deposited in theLibrary of Congress in 1915 by Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston through John H. Finley. The Library received additionalletters through the efforts of Preston and Robert McNutt McElroy and occasionally by purchase during the years1920-1923. In 1923 the papers on deposit were converted to a gift. Smaller additions have since come to the Librarythrough purchase and gift exchange.
The principal portion of the Cleveland Papers was organized in 1929-1931. A microfilm edition of series 1-9G wasproduced in 1960, and the Index to the Grover Cleveland Papers was published by the Library in 1965. An addition wasorganized and a finding aid created in 1997. The finding aid was revised in 2005 when a sizable addition to the collectionwas organized and revised again in 2007 with the addition of material previously withheld for conservation treatment.
The microfilm edition of these papers (not including additions) is indexed in the Index to the Grover Cleveland Papers(Washington: 1965), prepared as part of the President's Papers Index Series. The index is available online in PDF and pageview versions.
Photographs have been transferred to the Library's Prints and Photographs Division where they are identified as part ofthese papers.
The status of copyright in the unpublished writings of Grover Cleveland is governed by the Copyright Law of the UnitedStates (Title 17, U.S.C.).
Access and Restrictions
The papers of Grover Cleveland are open to research. Researchers are advised to contact the Manuscript Reading Roomprior to visiting. Many collections are stored off-site and advance notice is needed to retrieve these items for research use.
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A microfilm edition of part of these papers is available on 164 reels. Consult reference staff in the Manuscript Divisionconcerning availability for purchase or interlibrary loan. To promote preservation of the originals, researchers are requiredto consult the microfilm edition as available.
Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: Container or reel number, GroverCleveland Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Biographical NoteDate Event1837, Mar. 18 Born Stephen Grover Cleveland, Caldwell, N.J.
1841 Moved with family to western New York state
1853-1854 Teacher, New York Institute for the Blind, New York, N.Y.
1855 Assistant to uncle, Lewis F. Allen, on American Shorthorn HandbookAssistant in law firm Rogers, Bowen, and Rogers in Buffalo, N.Y.; began study of law
1859 Admitted to the bar, Buffalo, N.Y.Appointed managing clerk, Rogers, Bowen, and Rogers, Buffalo, N.Y.
1863 Appointed assistant district attorney, Erie County, N.Y.
1865 Defeated in election for district attorney, Erie County, N.Y.Formed law firm with Isaac K. Vanderpoel
1869 Established law firm of Lanning, Cleveland, and Folsom, Buffalo, N.Y.
1870-1873 Elected sheriff, Erie County, N.Y.
1874 Established law firm of Bass, Cleveland, and Bissell, Buffalo, N.Y.
1881-1882 Mayor of Buffalo, N.Y.
1882-1885 Governor of New York
1885-1889 President of the United States
1886 Married Frances Folsom (died 1947) in the White House
1888 Defeated for re-election as president of the United States
1893-1897 President of the United States
1897 Retired to "Westland," Princeton, N.J.
1899 Lecturer in public affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, N.J.
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1900-1908 Published numerous articles and lectures
1901 Member, Board of Trustees, Princeton University, Princeton, N.J.
1906 Reorganized the Equitable Life Assurance Co. of America
1907 President, Association of Life Insurance Presidents
1908, June 24 Died, Princeton, N.J.
Scope and Content NoteThe papers of Stephen Grover Cleveland (1837-1908) span the years 1743-1945, with the bulk of the material dating from1885 to Cleveland's death in 1908. Most of the collection relates to Cleveland's first presidential administration(1885-1889) and includes correspondence, diaries, messages to Congress, speeches, writings, printed matter, and otherpapers. The collection is divided into eleven series, the first nine of which are reproduced on microfilm. A detaileddescription of the arrangement and content of the original part of the Cleveland Papers is contained in the published guideto the microfilm edition, Index to the Grover Cleveland Papers. The index provides a list of names of writers and recipientsof letters, but not a subject index. Annual and veto messages, inaugural addresses, and diaries are indexed underCleveland's name. Series 10, Printed Matter, was not filmed. The introduction to the index also provides a history of thecollection.
The Additions series of the Grover Cleveland Papers, designated as Series 11 of the collection, is also unfilmed. Itcomprises previously undescribed parts of the original collection and material received by the Library from 1970 to 2002and is organized in subseries according to the year each addition was processed.
The 1970-1979 Addition consists almost entirely of correspondence dated 1882-1906, most of it original documents withsome transcriptions and photo reproductions. Correspondents include Norval B. Bacon, August Belmont, John T. Carey,Alonzo B. Cornell, L. Clarke Davis, Donald McDonald Dickinson, Robert Dosia, John H. Finley, James A. Gibson,Thomas Nelson Haskell, Robert P. Hayes, Robert Underwood Johnson, Edward B. Pond, Willia