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Graphing Polynomial Functions Goal: Evaluate and graph polynomial functions. Slide 2 CCSS: F.IF.4 Given a function, identify key features in graphs and tables including: intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity. Slide 3 Standards for Mathematical Practice 1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 4. Model with mathematics. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 6. Attend to precision. 7. Look for and make use of structure. 8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. Slide 4 Essential Question: How do I graph a polynomial function? Slide 5 Polynomial Function Function of the form: a n is the leading coefficient a 0 is the constant term n is the degree Polynomial is in standard form if its terms are written in descending order of exponents from left to right. Slide 6 E VALUATING P OLYNOMIAL F UNCTIONS A polynomial function is a function of the form f (x) = a n x n + a n 1 x n 1 + + a 1 x + a 0 Where a n 0 and the exponents are all whole numbers. A polynomial function is in standard form if its terms are written in descending order of exponents from left to right. For this polynomial function, a n is the leading coefficient, a 0 is the constant term, and n is the degree. a n 0 anan anan leading coefficient a 0a 0 a0a0 constant term n n degree descending order of exponents from left to right. n n 1 Slide 7 Common Types of Polynomials DegreeTypeStandard Form 0Constantf(x) = a 0 1Linearf(x) = a 1 x + a 0 2Quadraticf(x) = a 2 x 2 + a 1 x + a 0 3Cubicf(x) = a 3 x 3 + a 2 x 2 + a 1 x + a 0 4Quarticf(x) = a 4 x 4 + a 3 x 3 + a 2 x 2 + a 1 x + a 0 Slide 8 Identifying Polynomial Functions Decide whether the function is a polynomial function. If it is, write the function in Standard form and state its degree, type, and leading coefficient. Slide 9 Identifying Polynomial Functions Decide whether the function is a polynomial function. If it is, write the function in Standard form and state its degree, type, and leading coefficient. Slide 10 Evaluate the Polynomial Function Using Synthetic Substitution Slide 11 Evaluating a Polynomial Function in Real Life The time t (in seconds) it takes a camera battery to recharge after flashing n times can be modeled by: Find the recharge time after 100 flashes. Slide 12 6.2 Continued: Graphing Polynomial Functions Will use end behavior to analyze the graphs of polynomial functions. Slide 13 End Behavior Behavior of the graph as x approaches positive infinity (+) or negative infinity (-) The expression x+ : as x approaches positive infinity The expression x- : as x approaches negative infinity Slide 14 End Behavior of Graphs of Linear Equations f(x)+ as x+ f(x)- as x- f(x) = x f(x)- as x+ f(x)+ as x- f(x) = -x Slide 15 End Behavior of Graphs of Quadratic Equations f(x)+ as x+ f(x)+ as x- f(x) = x f(x)- as x+ f(x)- as x- f(x) = -x Slide 16 Investigating Graphs of Polynomial Functions 1. Use a Graphing Calculator to grph each function then analyze the functions end behavior by filling in this statement: f(x)__ as x+ and f(x)__ as x- a. f(x) = xc. f(x) = x 4 e. f(x) = x 5 g. f(x) = x 6 b. f(x) = -x d. f(x) = -x 4 f. f(x) = -x 5 h. f(x) = -x 6 Slide 17 Investigating Graphs of Polynomial Functions How does the sign of the leading coefficient affect the behavior of the polynomial function graph as x+? How is the behavior of a polynomial functions graph as x+ related to its behavior as x- when the functions degree is odd? When it is even? Slide 18 End Behavior for Polynomial Functions For the graph of If a n >0 and n even, then f(x)+ as x+ and f(x)+ as x- If a n >0 and n odd, then f(x)+ as x+ and f(x)- as x- If a n