Parts of Speech
Eight Parts of SpeechNounsAdjectivesAdverbsConjunctionsInterjections
Word that namesA PersonAn IdeaA ThingA Place
Kinds of NounsCommon Nouns boy girl
Proper Nouns John Mary
Singular and Plural NounsSingular Nouns boy girl
Plural Nouns boys girls
Singular Possessive Nouns Singular Possessive Noun The boys toy. The girls new dog.
Plural Possessive Noun The boys toy. The girls new dog.
A word that expresses action or otherwise helps to make a statementLinkingbe verbs&tastefeelsoundlookappearbecomeseemgrowremainstaySubjectpredicate
Every sentence must havea
Kinds of VerbsAction verbs express mental or physical action.
Linking verbs make a statement by connecting the subject with a word that describes or explains it.He rode the horse to victory.He has been sick.
The pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns.It may stand for a person, place, thing, or idea.Personal PronounsI, me, mineyou, your, yoursshe, her, hers,it, itswe,us, our, oursthey, them, their, theirsmyselfyourselfIndefinite Pronounsanybodyeacheithernonesomeone, one, etc.Interrogative Pronounswhowhomwhatwhichwhose
Modifies or describes a noun or pronoun.Is that a wool sweater?Just give me five minutes.Did you lose your addressbook?Answers these questions:
Modifies or describesa verb, an adjective,or another adverb.Answers the questions:How?He ran quickly.She left yesterday.When?We went there.Where?It was too hot!To what degree or how much?
InterrogativeAdverbsintroduce questionsHow did you break your leg?When does your plane leave? How often do you run?Where did you put the mouse trap?
A preposition introduces a noun or pronoun or a phrase or clause functioning in the sentenceas a noun. The word or word group that thepreposition introduces is its object.They received a postcard from Bobby telling
about his trip to Canada.
The preposition never stands alone!prepositionnounpronounobject ofprepositionprepositionobjectcan have more thanone objectobject can have modifiersYou can press those leaves under glass.Her telegram to Nina and Ralph brought good news.It happened during the last examination.
Some Common Prepositions
aboardaboutaboveacrossafteragainst alongamongaround atbefore
behindbelowbeneathbesidebetweenbeyondbydown during except forfrominintolikeofoffonoverpastsincethrough
The conjunctionA conjunction is a word that joins wordsor groups of words.and
The interjectionis an exclamatory word that expressesemotionGoodness! What a cute baby!Wow! Look at thatsunset!