Grammar Enrichment - Mr. Standring's ?· Grammar Enrichment 8.5 Compound Subjects and Compound Predicates…

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  • Grammar and Composition

    Grammar EnrichmentGrade 6

  • Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is granted to reproduce material contained herein on the condition that such material bereproduced only for classroom use; and be provided to students, teachers, and familieswithout charge; and be used solely in conjunction with Writers Choice. Any other reproduction, for use or sale, is prohibited without written permission of the publisher.

    Printed in the United States of America.

    Send all inquiries to:Glencoe/McGraw-Hill8787 Orion PlaceColumbus, Ohio 43240

    ISBN 0-07-823331-3

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 045 04 03 02 01 00

    ii

    Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

  • Subjects, Predicates, and Sentences8.12 Sentences and Sentence Fragments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.3 Subjects and Predicates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28.4 Finding Subjects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38.5 Compound Subjects and Compound Predicates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48.6 Simple, Compound, and Complex Sentences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

    Nouns9.1 Common and Proper Nouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69.2 Singular and Plural Nouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79.3 Possessive Nouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

    Verbs10.1 Action Verbs and Direct Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 910.2 Indirect Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1010.3 Linking Verbs and Predicate Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1110.4 Present, Past, and Future Tenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1210.5 Main Verbs and Helping Verbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1310.6 Present and Past Progressive Forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1410.7 Perfect Tenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1510.89 Irregular Verbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

    Pronouns11.12 Using Pronouns Correctly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1711.3 Pronouns and Antecedents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1811.4 Possessive Pronouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1911.5 Indefinite Pronouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

    Adjectives12.1 Adjectives and Proper Adjectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2112.2 Articles and Demonstratives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2212.3 Adjectives That Compare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2312.4 Special Adjectives That Compare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

    Adverbs13.12 Adverbs Modifying Verbs, Adjectives, and Adverbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2513.3 Adverbs That Compare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2613.4 Telling Adjectives and Adverbs Apart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2713.5 Avoiding Double Negatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

    Unit 13

    Unit 12

    Unit 11

    Unit 10

    Unit 9

    Unit 8

    iii

    Contents

  • Prepositions, Conjunctions, and Interjections14.12 Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2914.3 Pronouns After Prepositions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3014.4 Prepositional Phrases as Adjectives and Adverbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3114.67 Conjunctions and Interjections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

    Subject-Verb Agreement15.1 Making Subjects and Verbs Agree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3315.2 Problems with Locating the Subject . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3415.3 Agreement with Compound Subjects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

    Glossary of Special Usage Problems16.12 Using Troublesome Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

    Capitalization18.1 Capitalizing Sentences, Quotations, and Salutations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3718.2 Capitalizing Names and Titles of People . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3818.3 Capitalizing Names of Places . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3918.4 Capitalizing Other Proper Nouns and Adjectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

    Punctuation19.1 Using the Period and Other End Marks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4119.2 Using Commas I-A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4219.2 Using Commas I-B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4319.3 Using Commas Il-A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4419.3 Using Commas Il-B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4519.4 Using Commas Ill-A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4619.4 Using Commas Ill-B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4719.5 Using Semicolons and Colons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4819.6 Using Quotation Marks and Italics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4919.7 Using Apostrophes and Hyphens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5019.8 Using Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5119.9 Writing Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

    Answers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

    Unit 19

    Unit 18

    Unit 16

    Unit 15

    Unit 14

    iv

    Contents

  • Writers Choice: Grammar Enrichment, Grade 6, Unit 8 1

    Name ...................................................................................... Class .................................................. Date ................................

    A. Identifying Sentences and Sentence Fragments

    Decide whether each group of words below is a sentence or a sentence fragment.If it is a sentence, write whether it is declarative, interrogative, exclamatory, or impera-tive. If it is a fragment, write fragment and explain what is missing (subject, predicate,or both).

    1. What did you have for breakfast? _____________________________________________

    2. Wash the car. ____________________________________________________________

    3. The full moon. ___________________________________________________________

    4. What a day she had! _______________________________________________________

    5. Was jogging through the park. _______________________________________________

    B. Writing Complete Sentences

    Use the subject or predicate provided to write a complete sentence. Make sure that youhave written at least one declarative, one interrogative, one exclamatory, and one imper-ative sentence.

    1. My pet__________________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________

    2. The store manager ________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________

    3. announced the shocking news _______________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________

    4. Hawaii__________________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________

    5. buy pickles ______________________________________________________________

    Grammar Enrichment

    8.12 Sentences and Sentence Fragments

    Co

    pyr

    igh

    t

    Th

    e M

    cGra

    w-H

    ill C

    om

    pan

    ies,

    Inc.

  • 2 Writers Choice: Grammar Enrichment, Grade 6, Unit 8

    A. Identifying Subjects and Predicates

    For each sentence below, underline each complete subject and complete predicateonce. Underline each simple subject and simple predicate twice.

    1. My friend is an excellent swimmer.

    2. The new librarian is from Mexico City.

    3. A sudden rainstorm delayed the game.

    4. The Independence Day parade was fun even in the rain.

    5. The sound of laughter made us happy.

    B. Using Complete Subjects and Predicates

    Write one sentence on each of the topics below. Draw a vertical line between yourcomplete subject and your complete predicate.

    1. My favorite food __________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________

    2. The most interesting subject I study ______