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GRAMATICA LIMBII ENGLEZE Lectiile cursului sunt: Lectia 1: Articolul Lectia 2: Numeralul Lectia 3: Pronumele Lectia 4: Verbul Lectia 5: Substantivul Lectia 6: Adjectivul Lectia 7: Adverbul Lectia 8: Prepozitia Lectia 9: Prezentul Simplu Lectia 10: Prezentul Continuu Lectia 11: Trecutul Simplu Lectia 12: Trecutul Continuu Lectia 13: Prezentul Perfect Simplu Lectia 14: Prezentul Perfect Continuu Lectia 15: Trecutul Perfect Simplu Lectia 16: Trecutul Perfect Continuu Lectia 17: Viitorul apropiat (Going To) Lectia 18: Viitorul Simplu Lectia 19: Viitorul Continuu Lectia 20: Future in the Past Lectia 21: Viitorul Perfect Simplu Lectia 22: Viitorul Perfect Continuu Lectia 23: Modurile verbelor Lectia 24: Propozitiile conditionale Lectia 25: Diateza pasiva Lectia 26: Vorbirea directa si vorbirea indirecta Lectia 27: Lista verbelor neregulate 1

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Page 1: Gramatica limbii engleze2

GRAMATICA LIMBII ENGLEZELectiile cursului sunt:Lectia 1: ArticolulLectia 2: NumeralulLectia 3: PronumeleLectia 4: VerbulLectia 5: SubstantivulLectia 6: AdjectivulLectia 7: AdverbulLectia 8: PrepozitiaLectia 9: Prezentul SimpluLectia 10: Prezentul ContinuuLectia 11: Trecutul SimpluLectia 12: Trecutul ContinuuLectia 13: Prezentul Perfect SimpluLectia 14: Prezentul Perfect ContinuuLectia 15: Trecutul Perfect SimpluLectia 16: Trecutul Perfect ContinuuLectia 17: Viitorul apropiat (Going To)Lectia 18: Viitorul SimpluLectia 19: Viitorul ContinuuLectia 20: Future in the PastLectia 21: Viitorul Perfect SimpluLectia 22: Viitorul Perfect ContinuuLectia 23: Modurile verbelorLectia 24: Propozitiile conditionaleLectia 25: Diateza pasivaLectia 26: Vorbirea directa si vorbirea indirectaLectia 27: Lista verbelor neregulate

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Lectia 1: Articolul

Definitie: - reprezinta un determinant substantival care contribuie la realizarea intelesului unui substantiv intr-o propozitie.

Tipuri de articole:Articolul Hotarat - THEArticolul Nehotarat - A / ANArticolul zero (forma implicita sau neexprimata)

Articolul hotarat THE:Cand folosim articolul hotarat?

- Inaintea unui substantiv care a mai fost mentionat in textul respectiv:Exemplu: A man knocked at the door and a girl opened it. The man was her father.- Inaintea substantivelor care sunt unice:Exemplu: the moon, the earth, the star, the sun, the air- Inaintea numeralelor ordinale:Exemplu: the first, the second, the third, the twenty-first, the seventeenth- In realizarea superlativului:Exemplu: the best year, the youngest girl, the most important, the fastest, the tallest- Inaintea substantivelor care reprezinta nume de colectivitati si institutii:Exemplu: the army, the crowd, the government, the police, the parliament- Inaintea unor nume proprii (nume de familie, muzee, teatre, ziare, hoteluri, etc):Exemplu: the Browns, the Johns, the National Theatre, the Marriott Grand Hotel, the New York Times, the Beatles- Inaintea substantivelor care indica nume de locuri geografice, munti, fluvii, oceane, mari etc:Exemplu: the Alps, the Atlantic, the Thames, the Danube, the Red Sea, the Sahara

Articolul nehotarat A / ANUtilizam articolul nehotarat A:Inaintea substantivelor care incep cu o consoana:Exemple: a girl, a boy, a teacher, a family, a classroom

Utilizam articolul nehotarat AN:Inaintea substantivelor care incep cu o vocala (a, e, i, o, u):Exemple: an elephant, an apple, an interview, an onion, an action- Folosim articolul nehotarat AN inaintea unui substantiv care incepe cu litera "h", doar atunci cand este vorba despre un "h mut".Exemple: an hour, an honour- Folosim articolul nehotarat A inaintea unui substantiv care incepe cu litera "u" sau grupul de litere "eu", doar atunci cand acestea se pronunta ca "you"Exemple: a European, a university, a unit

Cand folosim articolul nehotarat A/AN?

Articolul nehotarat - exceptii:

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- Inaintea unui substantiv concret nedeterminat si numarabil:Exemple: A boy entered into the classroom.The reporter took an interview.- Inaintea unui substantiv concret cu functia de nume predicativ:Exemplu: She is a teacher. Ronnie is an elephant.

Articolul zeroNu folosim articol in urmatoarele situatii:

- Inaintea substantivelor care indica nume proprii la singular:Exemplu: Paul is going to the school.- Inaintea substantivelor care indica nume de tari, orase si limba acestora:Exemple: France is a European country.You speak English fluently.Bucharest is the capital of Romania.- In unele expresii invariabile:Exemplu: by car, at school, in church, by train- Inaintea substantivelor abstracte, care indica nume de culori, stiinte, arte, materii etc:Exemplu: beauty, health, dinner, lunch, breakfast, truth, green, gold, silver, mathematics, physics

Exercitii1. Completati cu a / an / the acolo unde este cazul:

___ woman ___ unit ___ United States of America ___ Johnsons ___ elephant ___ beauty___ hour ___ Thames

2. Completati propozitiile din textul de mai jos cu a/an:

a) ___ old woman laughed at him. b) ___ cat and ___ dog were in the kitchen. c) I saw ___ elephant at the zoo. d) It was ___ excellent movie. e) She watched ___ TV show

3. Completati cu a / an / the acolo unde este cazul:

Daniel is ___ teacher. He likes ___ Physics very much. He teaches at ___ Theoretical Highschool from ___ Bucharest. ___pupils like him very much. One day, he decided to take ___ children to see ___ laboratory from another highschool. There, they made ___ experiment. All ___ children considered ___ experiment ___ most interesting they have ever made.

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Lectia 1: Articolul - raspunsuri

1. Completati cu a / an / the acolo unde este cazul:

a woman an unit The United States of America The Johnsons an elephant a beauty an hour The Thames

2. Completati propozitiile din textul de mai jos cu a/an:

a) An old woman laughed at him. b) A cat and a dog were in the kitchen. c) I saw an elephant at the zoo. d) It was an excellent movie. e) She watched a TV show

3. Completati cu a / an / the acolo unde este cazul:

Daniel is a teacher. He likes the Physics very much. He teaches at a Theoretical Highschool from the Bucharest. The pupils like him very much. One day, he decided to take the children to see a laboratory from another highschool. There, they made an experiment. All the children considered the experiment the most interesting they have ever made.

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Lectia 2: Numeralul

Numeralul cardinal

123456789

10

30405060708090

1002001000

10000

onetwo

threefourfivesix

seveneightnineten

thirtyfortyfiftysixty

seventyeightyninety

one hundredtwo hundred

one thousandten thousand

11121314151617181920

21222324

.......

31323334

.......

eleventwelve

thirteenfourteenfifteensixteen

seventeeneighteennineteentwenty

twenty-onetwenty-two

twenty-threetwenty-four

.......

thirty-onethirty-two

thirty-threethirty-four

.......

153     one hundred and fifty-three198     one hundred and ninety-eight203     two hundred and three405     four hundred and fifty1,000,000     one million12,000,000     twelve million13,632,521     thirteen million six hundred thirty-two thousand five hundred and                       twenty-one

Atentie!- se foloseste cratima intre numeralul zecilor si cel al unitatilorExemple: 21 twenty-one; 99 ninety-nine

- se pune virgula dupa fiecare grup care indica miileExemplu: 1,222,351

- mentionarea conjunctiei and este obligatorie inaintea grupului zecilor si unitatea finalaExemplu: 2,532 - two thousand five hundred and thirty-two

- cifrele zecimale se citesc astfel:2.4832 - two point four eight three two

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Numeralul ordinal

1st2nd3rd4th5th6th7th8th9th10th11th12th13th14th15th16th17th18th19th20th21st22nd23rd.......30th40th.......

100th1,000

1,000,000

firstsecondthird

fourthfifthsixth

seventheighthninthtenth

eleventhtwelfth

thirteenthfourteenthfifteenthsixteenth

seventeentheighteenthnineteenthtwentieth

twenty-firsttwenty-secondtwenty-third

.......thirtiethfortieth

.......hundredththousandthmillionth

primulal doileaal treilea

.......

Mod de formare:- prin adaugarea terminatiei "th" la numeralul cardinal corespunzator

Exceptii:one --- first (1st)two --- second (2nd)three --- third (3rd)five si nine, la care se suprima -e final, fifth (5th) si ninth (9th)zecile la care -y final se transforma in -ieforty --- fortieth (40th)

Alte numerale Data: in Marea Britanie se foloseste intotdeauna forma unui numeral ordinal pentru a indica data.Exemple:21st July (the twenty-first of July)

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June 4th (the fourth of June)23 April, 1989 (the twenty-third of April nineteen eighty-nine)December 29 (the twenty-ninth of December)

Fractii:1/2 se citeste one half3/4 se citeste three quarters7/8 se citeste seven eights

Ora:ten to one (unu fara zece)half past six (sase si jumatate)twelve and a quarter (douasprezece si un sfert)a quarter to two (doua fara un sfert)

Exercitii:1. Scrieti in litere urmatoarele cifre:123 - 1,450 - 58 - 33 - 1,024 - 985 - 24 - 48 -

2. Traduceti in limba engleza:a) Ziua mea de nastere este pe data de 22 mai.b) Am ajuns in Bucuresti pe data de 14 iunie.c) John este al patrulea elev din clasa.d) 4 Iulie este ziua nationala a Americii.e) Primul autobuz din parcare este al nostru.f) Sunt 14 elevi in aceasta clasa.

3. Scrieti in litere urmatoarele ore:10:45 - 11:25 - 12:40 - 13:30 - 14:05 -

Lectia 2: Numeralul – raspunsuri

1.Scrieti in litere urmatoarele cifre:

123 - one hundred and twenty-three1,450 - one thousand four hundred and fifty58 - fifty-eight33 - thirty-three

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1,024 - one thousand and twnty-four985 - nine hundred and eighty-five24 - twenty-four48 - forty-eight

2) Traduceti in limba engleza:

a) Ziua mea de nastere este pe data de 22 mai.My birthday is on 22nd of May.b) Am ajuns in Bucuresti pe data de 14 iunie.I arrived in Bucharest on 14th of June.c) John este al patrulea elev din clasa.John is the fourth pupil from his classroom.d) 4 Iulie este ziua nationala a Americii.4th of July is the National Day of the United States of America.e) Primul autobuz din parcare este al nostru.The first bus from the parking is ours.f) Sunt 14 elevi in aceasta clasa.There are fourteen pupils in this classroom.

3. Scrieti in litere urmatoarele ore:10:45 - a quarter to eleven11:25 - twenty-five minutes past eleven12:40 - twenty minutes to one13:30 - half past one14:05 - five minutes past two

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Lectia 3: Pronumele

1. Pronumele personal

a) cu functie de subiectb) cu functie de complement

a) Forma pronumelui personal cu functie de subiect:I --- euYou --- tu, dumneata, dumneavoastraHe --- elShe --- eaIt --- el, ea (neutru), pentru nume de obiecte, lucruri, animaleWe --- noiYou --- voi, dumneavoastraThey --- ei, ele, dumnealor

Exemple: I am a big girl.He lives near the school.We like chocolate very much.Do you like football?

b) Forma pronumelui personal cu functie de complement:me- mie, imi, mi (complement indirect)- pe mine, ma, m (complement direct)you- tie, iti, ti, dumitale, dumneavoastra (complement indirect)- pe tine, te, pe dumneata, pe dumneavoastra (complement direct)him- lui, ii, i (complement indirect)- pe el, il (complement direct)her- ei, ii, i (complement indirect)- pe ea, o (complement direct)it- lui, ei, ii, i (complement indirect)- pe el, il, pe ea, o (complement directus- noua, ne, ni (complement indirect)- pe noi, ne (complement direct)you- voua, va, vi, dumneavoastra (complement indirect)- pe voi, va, pe dumneavoastra (complement direct)them- lor, le, li (complement indirect)- pe ei, ii, i (complement direct)

Exemple:I watch my brother playing tennis.

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You gave me a nice gift.Give them a kiss from me!

2. Pronumele reflexive si de intarire

myself --- ma, insumi, insamiyourself --- te, insuti, insatihimself --- se, insusiherself --- se, insesiitself --- se, insusi, insasi (neutru)ourselves --- ne, insine, inseneyourselves --- va, insiva, insevathemselves --- se, insisi, insesi

Exemple:I found myself very smart.We did ourselves all the exercises.

3. Pronumele demonstrativ

this --- acesta, aceasta, asta, astathat --- acela, aceea, ala, aiathese --- acestea, acestia, astia, asteathose --- acelea, aceia, aia, alea

Exemple:This is my brother.Those are his parents.

4. Pronumele posesive

mine --- al meu, a mea, ai mei, ale meleyours --- al tau, a ta, ai tai, ale talehis --- al sau (a lui), a sa (a lui), ai sai (ai lui), ale sale (ale lui)hers --- al sau (a ei), a sa (a ei), ai sai (ai ei), ale sale (ale ei)its own --- al sau, a sa, ai sai, ale sale (neutru)ours --- al nostru, a noastra, ai nostri, ale noastreyours --- al vostru, a voastra, ai vostri, ale voastretheir --- al lor, a lor, ai lor, ale lor

Exemple:My brother is tall, but yours is taller.His car is old, but hers is older.I lost my pencil, can you lend me yours?

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5. Pronumele nehotarat

some + body, one, thingany + body, one, thingno + body, one, thing

Exemple:I want something from you.She didn't find anything in the fridge.There was no one in the room.

6. Pronumele relativ

who --- carewhom/who --- pe carewhose --- al (a, ai, ale) carui, careia, carorawhat --- ce, ceea cewhich --- care, pe care (pt. lucruri, obiecte ...)that --- care

Exemple:My brother, who is a doctor, lives in Bucharest.Tom, whose car was stolen, bought another one last week.I found a cat that was lost.I didn't like what I saw.

7. Pronumele interogativ

who? --- cine?whom? who? --- pe cine?whose? --- al (a, ai, ale) cui?what? --- care?, pe care,ce?which? --- (pe) care dintre?

Exemple:Whom did you see last Sunday?Whose shoes are those?What are you doing?Which do you like more?

Exercitii:1. Completati propozitiile urmatoare cu forma corecta a pronumelui reflexiv:1) I enjoyed _______ at the party2) My father didn't buy the book for _______3) The dog cut _______ while running in the street.4) Help _______ with some fruit, John and Mary.5) We saw _______ in the snow.2. Completati propozitiile de mai jos cu forma corecta a pronumelui posesiv:1) This is my cat. It is _______

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2) That is his lamp. It is _______3) These are our maps. They are _______4) Those are their shoes. They are _______5) This is her shirt. It is _______

3. Completati corect spatiile goale cu unul dintre pronumele din paranteze:1) I saw Mr. Thompson _______ is John's father. (that, who, which)2) _______ did you meet last week, John or Steve? (which, who, whose)3) Puffy, _______ is a big cat, is very lazy. (which, who, whose)4) _______ are you doing? (whom, what, that)5) _______ is going with you at the theatre? (who, that, whom)

Lectia 3: Pronumele – raspunsuri1. Completati propozitiile urmatoare cu forma corecta a pronumelui reflexiv:1) I enjoyed myself at the party2) My father didn't buy the book for himself3) The dog cut itself while running in the street.4) Help yourselves with some fruit, John and Mary.5) We saw ourselves in the snow.

2. Completati propozitiile de mai jos cu forma corecta a pronumelui posesiv:1) This is my cat. It is mine2) That is his lamp. It is his3) These are our maps. They are ours4) Those are their shoes. They are their5) This is her shirt. It is hers

3. Completati corect spatiile goale cu unul dintre pronumele din paranteze:1) I saw Mr. Thompson who is John's father. (that, who, which)2) Who did you meet last week, John or Steve? (which, who, whose)3) Puffy, which is a big cat, is very lazy. (which, who, whose)4) What are you doing? (whom, what, that)5) Who is going with you at the theatre? (who, that, whom)

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Lectia 4: Verbul

Verbul "TO BE" - a fiForma afirmativa:I am (I'm) - Eu suntYou are (You're) - Tu estiHe is (He's) - El esteShe is (She's) - Ea esteIt is (It's) - El/Ea esteWe are (We're) - Noi suntemYou are (You're) - Voi suntetiThey are (They're) - Ei/Ele sunt

Forma interogativa:Am I? - Sunt eu?Are you? - Esti tu?Is he? - Este el?Is she? - Este ea?Is it? - Este el/ea?Are we? - Suntem noi?Are you? - Sunteti voi?Are they? - Sunt ei/ele?

Forma negativa:I am not (I'm not) - Eu nu suntYou are not (You aren't) - Tu nu estiHe is not (He isn't) - El nu esteShe is not (She isn't) - Ea nu esteIt is not (It isn't) - El/Ea nu esteWe are not (We aren't) - Noi nu suntemYou are not (You aren't) - Voi nu suntetiThey are not (They aren't) - Ei/Ele nu sunt

Verbul "TO HAVE" - a aveaForma afirmativa:I have (I've) - Eu amYou have (You've) - Tu aiHe has (He's) - El areShe has (She's) - Ea areIt has (It's) - El/Ea areWe have (We've) - Noi avemYou have (You've) - Voi avetiThey have (They've) - Ei/Ele au

Forma interogativa:Have I? - Am eu?Have you? - Ai tu?Has he? - Are el?Has she? - Are ea?Has it? - Are el/ea?Have we? - Avem noi?Have you? - Aveti voi?Have they? - Au ei/ele?

Forma negativa:I have not (I haven't) - Eu nu amYou have not (You haven't) - Tu nu aiHe has not (He hasn't) - El nu areShe has not (She hasn't) - Ea nu areIt has not (It hasn't) - El/Ea nu areWe have not (We haven't) - Noi nu avemYou have not (You haven't) - Voi nu avetiThey have not (They haven't) - Ei/Ele nu au

Verbul "TO DO" - a faceForma afirmativa:I do - Eu facYou do - Tu faciHe does - El faceShe does - Ea faceIt does - El/Ea faceWe do - Noi facemYou do - Voi facetiThey do - Ei/Ele fac

Forma interogativa:Do I? - Fac eu?Do you? - Faci tu?Does he? - Face el?Does she? - Face ea?Does it? - Face el/ea?Do we? - Facem noi?Do you? - Faceti voi?Do they? - Fac ei/ele?

Forma negativa:I do not (I don't) - Eu nu facYou do not (You don't) - Tu nu faciHe does not (He doesn't) - El nu faceShe does not (She doesn't) - Ea nu faceIt does not (It doesn't) - El/Ea nu faceWe do not (We don't) - Noi nu facemYou do not (You don't) - Voi nu facetiThey do not (They don't) - Ei/Ele nu fac

Exercitii:1. Completati spatiile goale cu forma corecta a verbului TO BE:a) Forma afirmativa:I _______ in the classroom.He _______ in the garden.They _______ in the houseb) Forma negativa:You _______ in the office.She _______ in the bathroom.We _______ in the restaurant.

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2. Traduceti in limba engleza:1. Eu am 12 ani.2. Tu esti in casa cu tatal tau.3. Noi avem 2 buchete de flori.4. Voi sunteti in clasa a patra.5 El are un mar si doua portocale.6. Ea este in curtea scolii cu prietena ei.

3. Completati spatiile goale cu forma interogativa a verbului TO BE:1. _______ you a good friend?2. _______ he your father?3. _______ they your colleagues?4. _______ she in the living room?5. _______ we in the courtyard?

Lectia 4: Verbul – raspunsuri

1. Completati spatiile goale cu forma corecta a verbului TO BE:a) Forma afirmativa:I am in the classroom.He is in the garden.They are in the houseb) Forma negativa:You are in the office.She is in the bathroom.We are in the restaurant.

2. Traduceti in limba engleza:1. Eu am 12 ani.I have twelve years.2. Tu esti in casa cu tatal tau.You are in the house with my father.3. Noi avem 2 buchete de flori.We have two bunch of flowers.4. Voi sunteti in clasa a patra.You aren't in fourth class.5 El are un mar si doua portocale.He has un apple an two orange.6. Ea este in curtea scolii cu prietena ei.She is in the schoolyard with her friend.

3. Completati spatiile goale cu forma interogativa a verbului TO BE:1. Are you a good friend?2. Is he your father?3. Are they your colleagues?4. Is she in the living room?5. Are we in the courtyard?

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Lectia 5: Substantivul

A. Tipuri de substantive1. Substantive comune2. Substantive proprii

1. Substantivele comune desemneaza fiinte (oameni si animale) si obiecte / lucruri.Exemple:- fiinte: man, woman, grandmother, teacher, brother, pupil, doctor, nurse- obiecte (lucruri): pencil, school, car, hotel, medicine, shop, power, health

2. Substantivele proprii desemneaza nume de familie si prenume, nume de munti, orase, tari, ape etc.Exemple:- nume de familie si prenume: Ewing, Brown, Sawyer, John, Mary, Helen- nume de munti: Alps, Himalaya, Everest- nume de orase: Bucharest, Paris, Venice- nume de tari: France, Italy, Croatia- nume de ape: Mississippi, Danube, Thames

B. Genul substantivelor1. Genul masculin (care se inlocuiesc cu pronumele personal he)Exemple: man, doctor, driver, father, boy

2. Genul feminin (care se inlocuiesc cu pronumele personal she)Exemple: woman, mother, girl, actress, sister.

3. Genul neutru (nume de lucruri, obiecte si animale; se inlocuiesc cu pronumele personal it)Exemple: cat, dog, pencil, butterfly, car, notebook.

C. Numarul substantivelorSubstantivele pot fi la singular sau la plural.Formarea pluralului:a) pluralul cu "-s"Exemple:a dog ---> two dogsa school ---> two schoolsa car ---> two carsa book ---> two books

b) pluralul cu "-es" (pentru substantivele care au terminatia in -s, -x, -z, -ch, -sh)Exemple:a bus ---> two busesa fax ---> two faxesa church ---> two churches

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Atentie:a tomato ---> two tomatoesa potato ---> two potatoes

darradio ---> radiosphoto ---> photos

c) pluralul cu "-ies" (pentru substantivele care au terminatia in -y)Exemple:lady ---> ladiesbaby ---> babiesfly ---> fliesdar:day ---> daysboy ---> boys

Reguli:- pentru substantivele care se termina in y precedat de o consoana, pluralul se va face in -ies- pentru substantivele care se termina in y precedat de o vocala, pluralul se va face in –s

d) pluralul cu "-ves" (pentru substantivele care au terminatia in -f sau -fe)Exemple:leaf ---> leavescalf ---> calvesshelf ---> shelveswife ---> wiveswolf ---> wolves

Exceptii:chief ---> chiefsproof ---> proofsbelief ---> beliefs

e) pluralele neregulateExemple:child ---> childrenman ---> menwoman ---> womenfoot ---> feetgoose ---> geesemouse ---> micetooth ---> teeth

f) substantive invariabile care nu primesc "-s"Exemple:deer (cerb)duck (rata)sheep (oaie)trout (pastrav)

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fish (peste)fruit (fructe)

g) substantivele cu sens colectiv care nu au forma de plural

Exemple:advice (sfat)baggage (bagaj)luggage (bagaje)information (informatii)furniture (mobila)people (oameni)crowd (multime)police (politie)

h) pluralul substantivelor proprii

Exemple:the Brownsthe Johnsonsthe Thompsons

D. Substantive compuseExemple:classroomschoolboyschoolgirlblackboarddining-roombreakfast

Exercitii:1. Alcatuiti pluralul urmatoarelor substantive:table --->clock --->leaf --->gentleman --->baby --->tooth --->friend --->city --->life --->chief --->

2. Inlocuiti substantivele urmatoare cu pronumele personal potrivit:the girl ---the dog ---the actor ---

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the schoolboy ---the pencil ---the grandmother ---

3. Alcatuiti cat mai multe substantive compuse cu ajutorul urmatoarelor cuvinte:

dining, bird, school, class, kinder, mate, room, boy, father, black, book, girl, board, living, garden, note, exercise, parents, grand.

Lectia 5: Substantivul – raspunsuri

1. Alcatuiti pluralul urmatoarelor substantive:table ---> tablesclock ---> clocksleaf ---> leavesgentleman ---> gentlemenbaby ---> babiestooth ---> teethfriend ---> friendscity ---> citieslife ---> liveschief ---> chiefs

2. Inlocuiti substantivele urmatoare cu pronumele personal potrivit:the girl --- shethe dog --- itthe actor --- hethe schoolboy --- hethe pencil --- itthe grandmother --- she

3. Alcatuiti cat mai multe substantive compuse cu ajutorul urmatoarelor cuvinte:dining, bird, school, class, kinder, mate, room, boy, father, black, book, girl, board, living, garden, note, exercise, parents, grand.

dining-room; schoolgirl; classmate; kinder-garden; blackboard; grandfather; living-room; notebook; grandparents; schoolboy

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Lectia 6: AdjectivulAdjectivele in limba engleza au urmatoarele caracteristici:a) nu variaza dupa gen si numarb) se aseaza inaintea substantivelor

Exemplu:a good cake ---> good cakes

A. Tipuri de adjective• opinion adjectives (adjective de opinie): descriu ceea ce credem despre cineva sau ceva.Exemple: beautiful, great, nice, expensive, cheap, ugly etc.

• fact adjectives (adjective de fapt): descriu ceea ce fiintele sau obiectele determinate sunt cu adevaratExemple: short, large, long, green, round etc.

! Adjectivele de opinie stau inaintea adjectivelor de fapt

B. Adjectivul demonstrativDesemneaza fiinte sau lucruri pe care le aratam precizand in acelasi timp apropierea sau departarea in timp sau spatiu.Forme:• singular:- this (acest, aceasta)- that (acel, acea)• plural:- these (acesti, aceste)- those (acei, acele)

Exemple:This man is a doctor.That girl is a pupil.These children are small.Those boys are playing in the scoolyard.

C. Adjectivul posesivDesemneaza raportul de posesie dintre un posesor si ceea ce acesta poseda:

Forme:• singular: - my (meu, mea, mei, mele)- your (tau, ta, tai, tale)- his (lui, sau, sa, sai, sale)- her (ei, sau, sa, sai, sale)- its (lui, ei, sau, sa, sai, sale)

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• plural:- our (nostru, noastra, nostri, noastre)- your (vostru, voastra, vostri, voastre)- their (lor)Exemple:This is my house.It is his car.That is our shop.Those are your books.

D. Comparativul adjectivelora) Comparativul de egalitate / inferioritate:"as ... as" (tot atat de / la fel de)"not as ... as" (nu atat de / nu la fel de)"not so ... as" (nu atat de / nu la fel de)Exemple:She is as pretty as her mother.He is not as tall as his brother.

b) Comparativ de superioritate:- pentru adjective scurte (monosilabice) se adauga terminatia "-er" la finalul adjectivului respectiv- pentru adjective lungi, acestea sunt precedate de adverbul "more"

Exemple:tall ---> taller(inalt ---> mai inalt)slim ---> slimmer(slab ---> mai slab)fast ---> faster(rapid ---> mai rapid)big ---> bigger(man ---> mai mare)

beautiful ---> more beautiful(frumos ---> mai frumos)interesting ---> more interestinginteresant ---> mai interesantdifficult ---> more difficultdificil ---> mai dificil

E. Superlativul adjectivelor- pentru adjective scurte (monosilabice) se adauga terminatia "-est" la adjectivul precedat de "the"- pentru adjective lungi, acestea vor fi precedate de "the most"

Exemple:the tallest (cel mai inalt)the slimmest (cel mai slab)

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the fastest (cel mai rapid)the biggest (cel mai mare)

the most beautiful (cel mai frumos)the most interesting (cel mai interesant)the most difficult (cel mai dificil)

F. Comparative si superlative neregulate

badgoodfar

muchold

worsebetter

farther (further)more

older (elder)

the worstthe best

the farthest (the furthest)the most

the oldest (the eldest)

raubun

indepartatmult

batran

Exercitii:1. Traduceti in limba engleza urmatoarele propozitii:a) Aceasta masina este rosie.b) Acele fete sunt in clasa intai.c) Acei barbati sunt doctori.d) Aceasta este clasa mea.e) Acela este cainele ei.f) Acestea sunt caietele noastre

2. Completati spatiile libere de mai jos, cu forma corecta a adjectivelor, la gradul de comparatie indicat:

Adjectivbadfast

goodcheap

beautifulthinfat

Comparativworsefasterbetter

..................

..................thinner

..................

Superlativ......................................................

the cheapestthe most beautiful

..................the fattest

3. Potriviti adjectivele la substantivele respective:coldnice

beautifullong

delicioustraditional

blousehair

weathergirl

dancefood

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Lectia 6: Adjectivul - raspunsuri

1. Traduceti in limba engleza urmatoarele propozitii:a) Aceasta masina este rosie.This car is red.b) Acele fete sunt in clasa intai.Those girls are in the first grade.c) Acei barbati sunt doctori.Those men are doctors.d) Aceasta este clasa mea.This is my classroom.e) Acela este cainele ei.That is her dog.f) Acestea sunt caietele noastre.These are our notebooks.

2. Completati spatiile libere de mai jos, cu forma corecta a adjectivelor, la gradul de comparatie indicat:

Adjectivbadfastgoodcheapbeautifulthinfat

Comparativworsefasterbettercheapermore beautifulthinnerfatter

Superlativthe worstthe fastestthe bestthe cheapestthe most beautifulthe thinnestthe fattest

3. Potriviti adjectivele la substantivele respective:

cold ---> weathernice ---> blousebeautiful ---> girllong ---> hairdelicious ---> foodtraditional ---> dance

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Lectia 7: Adverbul

A. Adverbe de mod- arata modul in care se petrece o actiuneMod de formare:- de obicei, aceste adverbe se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ly la finalul unui adjective.

Exemple: beautiful ---> beautifullysad ---> sadlycapable ---> capablyslow ---> slowlyeasy ---> easily

B. Adverbe de loc- arata locul in care se petrece o actiuneExemple:here, there, upstairs, downstairs, anywhere, everywhere, outside, inside

C. Adverbe de timp - arata timpul in care se petrece o actiuneExemple: today, yesterday, tomorrow, Saturday, Monday, now, finally, later, soon, just, still

D. Adverbe de durata- arata perioada de timp a unei actiuniExemple: forever, shortly, long, permanently

E. Adverbe de comparatie- arata gradul de intensitate al unei actiuniExemple: extremely, greatly, hugely, partially, perfectly, strongly, totally, almost, very, entirely

F. Adverbe de frecventa- arata gradul de repetabilitate al unei actiuniExemple: always, constantly, often, rarely, regularly, seldom, sometimes, occasionally, rarely, never

G. Adverbe de probabilitate- arata gradul de probabilitate a unei actiuniExemple: certainly, perhaps, maybe, possibly, definitely

Exercitii:1. Cunoscand urmatoarele procente corespunzatoare adverbelor de frecventa, realizati propozitiile de mai jos, conform modelului.never ---> 0%

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rarely ---> 10%sometimes ---> 25%often ---> 50%usually ---> 75%always ---> 100%Exemplu:Sam / have / shower / evening (75%)Sam usually has shower in the evening.

a) I / eat / cake / afternoon. (25%)b) Tim / sleep / living - room (50%)c) I / go / school / Sunday (0%)d) Dennis / play / tennis / weekends (100%)e) She / run / park / morning (10%)

2. Transformati urmatoarele adjective in adverbe:horrible --->careful --->nervous --->desperate --->slow --->sudden --->bright --->proud --->

3. Subliniati termenul corect din urmatoarele propozitii:a) Denisa was wearing a pretty / prettily dress at the wedding.b) I had a terrible / terribly dream last night.c) Final / Finally, she passed the exam.d) She was walking rapid / rapidly.e) Sam is fluent / fluently in French.f) Was your grammar test easy / easily?g) They were talking loud / loudly so everybody could hear them.

4) Alegeti varianta corecta:1. Please don't talk so .................... . I'm trying to sleep.a) louder; b) loudest; c) loudly2. We .................... go on picnics on weekends. We love fresh air.a) never; b) usually; c) seldom3. The bouquet was .................... . She loved it.a) beautiful; b) beautifully; c) ugly.4. James .................... put the broken glass into the rubbish bin.a) careful; b) more carefully; c) carefully

Lectia 7: Adverbul - raspunsuri

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1. Cunoscand urmatoarele procente corespunzatoare adverbelor de frecventa, realizati propozitiile de mai jos, conform modelului.never ---> 0%rarely ---> 10%sometimes ---> 25%often ---> 50%usually ---> 75%always ---> 100%

a) I / eat / cake / afternoon. (25%)I sometimes eat cake in the afternoon.b) Tim / sleep / living - room (50%)Tim often sleeps in the living-room.c) I / go / school / Sunday (0%)I never go to school on Sunday.d) Dennis / play / tennis / weekends (100%)Dennis always plays tennis on weekends.e) She / run / park / morning (10%)She rarely runs in the park in the morning.

2. Transformati urmatoarele adjective in adverbe:horrible ---> horriblycareful ---> carefullynervous ---> nervouslydesperate ---> desperatelyslow ---> slowlysudden ---> suddenlybright ---> brightlyproud ---> proudly

3. Subliniati termenul corect din urmatoarele propozitii:a) Denisa was wearing a pretty / prettily dress at the wedding.b) I had a terrible / terribly dream last night.c) Final / Finally, she passed the exam.d) She was walking rapid / rapidly.e) Sam is fluent / fluently in French.f) Was your grammar test easy / easily?g) They were talking loud / loudly so everybody could hear them.

4) Alegeti varianta corecta:1. Please don't talk so loudly. I'm trying to sleep.2. We usually go on picnics on weekends. We love fresh air.3. The bouquet was beautiful. She loved it.4. James carefully put the broken glass into the rubbish bin.

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Lectia 8: Prepozitia

A. Prepozitii de miscare- arata miscareaExemple:to, through, across

to - utilizam "to" pentru a arata deplasarea catre o destinatie anume.Exemplu:I went to Chicago two years ago.

through - utilizam "through" pentru a sugera deplasarea dintr-o parte in alta a unui spatiu inchis.Exemplu:The cars went through the tunnel.

across - utilizam "across" pentru a sugera miscarea dintr-o parte in alta a unei suprafeteExemplu:She flew across the sea

Alte prepozitii de miscare:along, down, over, off, round, into

B. Prepozitii de loc- arata locul in care se situeaza obiectele definiteExemple:at, on, in

at - folosim "at" pentru a arata un anumit loc sau o anumita pozitie.Exemplu:Someone is at the door.

on - folosim "on" pentru a arata pozitia pe o suprafata verticala sau orizontala.Exemplu:The dog is on the roof.

in - folosim "in" pentru a arata ca un anumit obiect este imprejmuit sau inchis.Exemplu:The parrot is in the cage.

Alte prepozitii de loc:after, among, behind, between, in front of, next to, beside, by, over, above, under, below

C. Prepozitii de timp- pentru a specifica timpul unei actiuniExemple:at, on, in

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at - pentru a arata timpul exact.Exemplu:She left at 7.00 a.m.

on - pentru anumite date sau zileExemple:She arrived on Monday.Her birthday is on 23rd of October.

in - pentru o perioada de timp nespecificata, necunoscuta din timpul unui an, zi, luna, anotimp.Exemple:It is very cold in Winter.I left Romania in 1989.

Alte prepozitii de timp:after, by, since, during, for, throughout

Exercitii:1. Completati cu prepozitia corecta:of, on, at, to, with, in, for, along

1) His t-shirt has a picture ______ it.2) The queen ______ England wanted to wear golden dress at her wedding.3) I went ______ Brussels last week.4) She spent the afternoon ______ her friends.5) We walked ______ the banks of River Seine.6) She's been waiting ______ me for about four hours.7) What's the weather like ______ Paris?8) She was ______ the cinema last evening.

2. Traduceti in limba engleza:

1) Mihaela a plecat la munte la ora 8 dimineata.2) Statuia este in fata stadionului.3) In spatele operei se afla un hotel.4) Trenul a trecut prin tunel foarte rapid.5) Lui Philip ii place sa zboare deasupra oceanului.

3. Completati spatiile libere cu prepozitia corecta:in, on, at, to

1) They live ____ Dubai.2) We are staying ____ a nice hotel.3) Philip always plays tennis ____ the afternoon.4) They where very close ____ their cat.5) We got ____ the first train to Sibiu.6) Romania is ____ Europe.7) You are going ____ a city tour tomorrow.

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Lectia 8: Prepozitia - raspunsuri

1. Completati cu prepozitia corecta:of, on, at, to, with, in, for, along

1) His t-shirt has a picture on it.2) The queen of England wanted to wear golden dress at her wedding.3) I went in Brussels last week.4) She spent the afternoon with her friends.5) We walked along the banks of River Seine.6) She's been waiting for me for about four hours.7) What's the weather like in Paris?8) She was at the cinema last evening.

2. Traduceti in limba engleza:

1) Mihaela a plecat la munte la ora 8 dimineata.Mihaela went to the mountain at 8 o’clock in the morning.2) Statuia este in fata stadionului.The statue is in front of the stadium.3) In spatele operei se afla un hotel.Behind the opera there is a hotel.4) Trenul a trecut prin tunel foarte rapid.The train passed through the tunnel rapidly.5) Lui Philip ii place sa zboare deasupra oceanului.Philip likes flying across the ocean.

3. Completati spatiile libere cu prepozitia corecta:in, on, at, to

1) They live in Dubai.2) We are staying at a nice hotel.3) Philip always plays tennis in the afternoon.4) They where very close to their cat.5) We got on the first train to Sibiu.6) Romania is in Europe.7) You are going on a city tour tomorrow.

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Lectia 9: Prezentul Simplu

A. Mod de formareAfirmativ:Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv(la persoana a III-a singular se adauga terminatia „-s" sau „-es")Exemple:1. I go to school every day. 2. He reads a book every month. 3. She lives in Bucharest.

Interogativ:Do / Does (pers.III, sg.) + Subiect + Verbul la infinitivExemple:1. Do you go to school every day? 2. Does he read a book every month? 3. Does she live in Bucharest?

Negativ:Subiect + do / does (pers.III, sg.) + not + Verbul la infinitiv Se folosesc adesea contractiile don't (do + not) si doesn't (does + not)Exemple:1. I don't go to school every day. 2. He doesn't read a book every month. 3. She doesn't live in Bucharest.

B. Reguli pentru adaugarea terminatiei „-s" sau „-es" la afirmativ pentru persoana a III-a singular ! La majoritatea verbelor se adauga terminatia „-s" la persoana a III-a singular la afirmativExemple: I talk – He talks I work – He works I sleep – He sleeps

! Verbelelor care se termina in –ss, -sh, -ch, -x, -o li se adauga terminatia „-es"Exemple: I kiss – He kisses I wish – He wishes I catch – He catches I mix – He mixes I go – He goes

! La verbele care se termina in litera y precedata de o consoana, se inlocuieste litera y cu litera i, iar apoi se adauga terminatia „-es"Exemple: I fly – He fliesI study – He studiesI cry – He cries

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! La verbele care se termina in litera y precedata de o vocala, se adauga terminatia „-s"Exemple: I pay – He paysI stay – He stays I play – He plays

C. Folosim Prezentul Simplu pentru:• activitati zilnice, saptamanale, lunare, anualeExemple: I go to the mountains every month. We have breakfast at 7.30 every morning.

• obiceiuri, hobby-uri Exemple: She plays tennis in her free time. In the summer, they go to the seaside.

• situatii permanente Exemplu: He lives in Paris. I work as a manager.

• a exprima actiuni care respecta un anumit program Exemple: The bus for Bucharest lives at 12.15 on Monday. I have Maths Friday at 11.30.

• situatii emotionale Exemple: I love my girlfriend very much. He hates cats.

• adevaruri generale Exemple:The earth moves around the sun. Water boils at 100°C.

D. Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Prezentul Simplu:every day/ week/ month/ year etc., every morning/ evening/ afternoon/ night, usually, always, sometimes, often, never, in the morning/evening/night etc.

Exemple:1. He goes to the gim every day. 2. I play football every week. 3. We go to the dentist every year.4. She watches TV every evening. 5. She usually studies hard for her exams. 6. I always do my homework.

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7. He sometimes goes shopping. 8. I often play pool with my friends.9. She never go to school by bus.10. In the evening we play Monopoly.

Exercitii:1. Puneti propozitiile urmatoare la persoana a III-a singular. Consultati mai intai exemplul:Exemplu:They live in Craiova. (He) He lives in Craiova, too.1. I fly from Bucharest to Rome every week. (Mary) 2. We usually play in the park. (John) 3. They like their jobs very much. (He) 4. I want a new car. (She) 5. You wake up at 7 o'oclock. (Paul) 6. You always wash the dishes. (Angela) 7. We watch TV every afternoon. (Tom) 8. I go to school by bus. (My brother) 9. You cook every Saturday. (My mother) 10. We study hard for our exams. (Mark)

2. Scrieti forma interogativa a urmatoarelor propozitii: Exemplu:You like swimming. Do you like swimming?

1. He lives in Bucharest. 2. You wear an uniform at school. 3. My father drives very well. 4. Mr. Smith teaches English. 5. You like pizza and hamburgers. 6. My neighbour works as an engineer. 7. Your father repairs the car every month. 8. We drink coffee every morning. 9. Mary pays her bills every month. 10. He goes to bed very early every evening.

3. Folositi forma negativa pentru propozitiile urmatoare, folosind cuvintele din paranteze, la fel ca in exemplul de mai jos:Exemplu:I like Maths. (Physics) I like Maths, but I don't like Physics

1. Mary writes postcards. (letters) 2. I go to the cinema. (theatre) 3. They read newspapers. (books) 4. You study French. (English)

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5. Mr. Brown works in an office. (at home) 6. I like football. (rugby) 7. He drives a car. (a lorry) 8. Dan and John travel by train. (plane) 9. We drink tea. (coffee) 10. She plays chess every day. (tennis)

4. Formulati propozitii folosind conjunctia but: Exemple:I watch TV every evening. (John) I watch TV every evening, but John doesn't. He doesn't speak French. (they) He doesn't speak French, but they do.

1. Julia washes the dishes. (I) 2. He doesn't want to go to the seaside. (his girlfriend) 3. I go to the cinema every week. (they) 4. She doesn't swim. (her sister) 5. We have breakfast early in the morning. (Paul) 6. I don't play football. (my best friend) 7. Me and my brother play on the computer. (Michael) 8. John doesn't read the newspaper every day. (we) 9. My mother likes to go shopping. (I) 10. You don't travel by plane. (she)

5. Adauga propozitiilor de mai jos adverbele din paranteze: Exemplu:I have lunch at 12 o'clock. (always) I always have lunch at 12 o'clock.

1. My sister gets up at 10 o'clock. (usually) 2. We play football on Sundays. (sometimes) 3. I go out with a stranger. (never) 4. She listens to music in the evening. (always) 5. He goes to school by bus. (often) 6. I eat a hamburger in the morning. (never) 7. I read the newspaper in the evening. (usually)8. In the morning I play on the computer. (sometimes)9. Mother washes the dishes in the evening. (always) 10. They go skiing in the winter. (often)

Lectia 9: Prezentul simplu - raspunsuri

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1. Puneti propozitiile urmatoare la persoana a III-a singular:

1. I fly from Bucharest to Rome every week. (Mary) Mary flies from Bucharest to Rome every week, too.2. We usually play in the park. (John)John usually plays in the park, too.3. They like their jobs very much. (He)He likes his job very much, too.4. I want a new car. (She)She wants a new car, too.5. You wake up at 7 o'oclock. (Paul)Paul wakes up at 7 o’clock, too.6. You always wash the dishes. (Angela)Angela always washes the dishes, too.7. We watch TV every afternoon. (Tom)Tom watches TV every afternoon, too.8. I go to school by bus. (My brother)My brother goes to school by bus, too.9. You cook every Saturday. (My mother)My mother cooks every Saturday, too.10. We study hard for our exams. (Mark)Mark studies hard for his exams, too.

2. Scrieti forma interogativa a urmatoarelor propozitii:

1. He lives in Bucharest. Does he live in Bucharest?2. You wear an uniform at school.Do you wear an uniform at school?3. My father drives very well. Does your father drive very well?4. Mr. Smith teaches English. Does Mr Smith teach English?5. You like pizza and hamburgers.Do you like pizza and hamburgers?6. My neighbour works as an engineer. Does your neighbour work as an engineer?7. Your father repairs the car every month.Does your father repair the car every month?8. We drink coffee every morning. Do we drink coffee every morning?9. Mary pays her bills every month. Does Mary pay her bills every month?10. He goes to bed very early every evening. Does he go to bed very early every evening?

3. Folositi forma negativa pentru propozitiile urmatoare, folosind cuvintele din paranteze:

1. Mary writes postcards. (letters)Mary writes postcards, but she doesn’t write letters.

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2. I go to the cinema. (theatre)I go to the cinema, but I don’t go to the theatre.3. They read newspapers. (books)They read newspapers, but they don’t read books.4. You study French. (English)You study French, but you don’t study English.5. Mr. Brown works in an office. (at home)Mr. Brown works in an office, but he doesn’t work at home.6. I like football. (rugby)I like football, but I don’t like rugby.7. He drives a car. (a lorry)He drives a car, but he doesn’t drive a lorry.8. Dan and John travel by train. (plane)Dan and John travel by train, but they don’t travel by plane.9. We drink tea. (coffee)We drink tea, but we don’t drink coffee.10. She plays chess every day. (tennis)She plays chess every day, but she doesn’t play tennis.

4. Formulati propozitii folosind conjunctia but:

1. Julia washes the dishes. (I)Julia washes the dishes, but I don’t.2. He doesn't want to go to the seaside. (his girlfriend)He doesn't want to go to the seaside, but his girlfriend does.3. I go to the cinema every week. (they)I go to the cinema every week, but they don’t.4. She doesn't swim. (her sister)She doesn’t swim, but her sister does.5. We have breakfast early in the morning. (Paul)We have breakfast early in the morning, but Paul doesn’t.6. I don't play football. (my best friend)I don't play football, but my best friend does.7. Me and my brother play on the computer. (Michael)Me and my brother play on the computer, but Michael doesn’t.8. John doesn't read the newspaper every day. (we)John doesn't read the newspaper every day, but we do.9. My mother likes to go shopping. (I) My mother likes to go shopping, but I don’t.10. You don't travel by plane. (she)You don't travel by plane, but she does.

5. Adauga propozitiilor de mai jos adverbele din paranteze:

1. My sister gets up at 10 o'clock. (usually)My sister usually gets up at 10 o'clock.2. We play football on Sundays. (sometimes)We sometimes play football on Sundays.3. I go out with a stranger. (never)I never go out with a stranger.

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4. She listens to music in the evening. (always)She always listens to music in the evening.5. He goes to school by bus. (often)He often goes to school by bus.6. I eat a hamburger in the morning. (never)I never eat a hamburger in the morning.7. I read the newspaper in the evening. (usually)I usually read the newspaper in the evening.8. In the morning I play on the computer. (sometimes)In the morning I sometimes play on the computer.9. Mother washes the dishes in the evening. (always)Mother always washes the dishes in the evening.10. They go skiing in the winter. (often)They often go skiing in the winter.

Lectia 10: Prezentul Continuu

A. Mod de formareAfirmativ:Subiect + to be (conjugat in functie de persoana) + Verbul la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing"Exemple:1. I'm writing an article now.2. They are playing football.3. She is having lunch at this moment.

Interogativ:To be (conjugat in functie de persoana) + Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing"Exemple:1. Am I writing an article now?2. Are they playing football?3. Is she having lunch at this moment?

Negativ:Subiect + to be (conjugat in functie de persoana) + not + Verbul la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing" Se folosesc adesea contractiile isn't (is + not) si aren't (are + not)Exemple:1. I'm not writing an article now. 2. They aren't playing football. 3. She isn't having lunch at this moment

B. Reguli pentru adaugarea terminatiei „-s" sau „-es" la afirmativ pentru persoana a III-a singular ! La majoritatea verbelor se adauga terminatia „-ing" fara nici o modificare:Exemple:play – playing

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try – tryingdrink – drinkingsing - singinggo - goingdraw - drawingcook - cookinglearn - learningsend - sendingwash – washing

! La verbele care se termina in litera e precedata de o consoana, se renunta la litera e si se adauga terminatia "-ing"Exemple:make – makingcome – comingleave – leaving

! La verbele formate dintr-o singura silaba (monosilabice) care se termina intr-o consoana precedata de o vocala, se dubleaza consoana si apoi se adauga terminatia "-ing"Exemple:get – getting sit – sittinghit – hitting

C. Folosim Prezentul Continuu pentru:• activitati care se petrec in momentul vorbirii Exemple: She is watching TV now.Mother is washing the dishes at this moment.

• actiuni care se desfasoara pe o perioada mai mare de timp, incluzand si momentul vorbirii Exemple: John is studying Maths for his exam.My brother is writing a book.

• a vorbi despre o intalnire sau despre un aranjament din viitorul apropiat Exemple: He is flying to New York next week.I'm meeting Susan next Sunday.

D. Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Prezentul Continuu:now, at this moment, these days, this week, today, tonight etc.Exemple:1. Paul is repairing his car now.2. I'm having lunch at this moment.3. He is working hard for a project these days.4. They are going to the basketball game this week.

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5. I'm writing a letter today.6. I'm watching TV tonight.

Exercitii:1. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Prezentul Continuu:Exemplu:Diana (play) with Tim now.Diana is playing with Tim now.

1. Everybody (wear) blue T-shirts today.2. I (listen) to classic music at this moment.3. What (do) mother in the kitchen?4. We (organize) a study trip this week.5. Our colleagues (plan) a surprise party for John's birthday these days.6. I (meet) with my best friend at the cinema tonight.7. My father (work) in the garage now.8. This week, you (go) to the theatre with your geography teacher.9. At this moment, in Bucharest, it (rain).10. My friends (travel) to Egypt this week.

2. Corectati afirmatiile false ca in exemplul urmator:Exemplu:Jim is playing basketball. (watch TV)No, Jim is not playing basketball. Jim is watching TV.

1. Mother is cooking at this moment. (iron)2. My brother is learning English now. (study French)3. All my colleagues are working hard for their final exams these days. (plan their holiday)4. The cat is climbing the tree now. (eat a mouse)5. I am taking some photos for my album. (read a book)6. You are drinking Coke Cola now. (drink a coffee)7. Joana is swimming in the pool. (play voleyball on the beach)8. I am making an apple-pie now. (do my homeworks)9. It is raining today. (snow)10. We are riding by bycicle to school. (go by bus)

3. Scrieti forma interogativa a urmatoarelor propozitii:Exemplu:I am having lunch at this moment.Am I having lunch at this moment?

1. We are playing cards.2. Mother is washing dishes.3. My brother is reading a newspaper.4. We are serving breakfast.5. They are decorating the Christmas tree.6. My family is planning a trip to Maldive Islands these days.7. Father is sleeping in the bedroom.

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8. You are watching a horror movie.9. Your sister is doing her homeworks.10. I am sending a postcard in France now.

4. Alegeti varianta corecta la Prezentul Continuu:1. We ............... basketball in the schoolyard.a) play; b) prepare; c) ski2. They ............... a movie in the dining-room.a) watch; b) play; c) eat3. My friends and I ............... some flowers in the garden.a) read; b) water; c) travel4. I ............... my homeworks at Maths.a) do; b) make; c) give5. You ............... a novel to your little brother.a) read; b) create; c) put6. The poet ............... a poem about love at this moment.a) create; b) give; c) look7. I ............... after my lost cat.a) look; b) search; c) spend8. ........ we ............... to the cinema tonight?a) go; b) watch; c) eat9. The sun ............... brightly.a) show; b) shine; c) rain10. My friends ............... on a picnic without me.a) go; b) play; c) read

5. Corectati forma gresita a verbului:1. I am makeing an apple-pie.2. Mary is comeing from Italy today.3. We are siting in the living-room.4. He is geting off the bus at the first station.5. My brother isn't writeing poems.6. You aren't plaing with kids.7. They are leaveing Bucharest tomorrow evening.8. He is comeing tonight to see me.9. She is haveing lunch at this moment.10. Are you flyng to New York next week?

Lectia 10: Prezentul Continuu - raspunsuri

1. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Prezentul Continuu:1. Everybody (wear) blue T-shirts today.Everybody is wearing blue T-shirts today.2. I (listen) to classic music at this moment.I am listening to classic music at this moment.3. What (do) mother in the kitchen?What is mother doing in the kitchen?4. We (organize) a study trip this week.We are organizing a study trip this week

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5. Our colleagues (plan) a surprise party for John's birthday these days.Our colleagues are planning a surprise party for John's birthday these days.6. I (meet) with my best friend at the cinema tonight.I am meeting with my best friend at the cinema tonight.7. My father (work) in the garage now.My father is working in the garage now.8. This week, you (go) to the theatre with your geography teacher.This week, you are going to the theatre with your geography teacher.9. At this moment, in Bucharest, it (rain).At this moment, in Bucharest, it is raining.10. My friends (travel) to Egypt this week.My friends are travelling to Egypt this week.

2. Corectati afirmatiile false:1. Mother is cooking at this moment. (iron)No, mother is not cooking at this moment.Mother is ironing.2. My brother is learning English now. (study French)No, my brother is not learning English now. My brother is studying French.3. All my colleagues are working hard for their final exams these days. (plan their holiday)No, all my colleagues are not working hard for their final exams these days. All my colleagues are planning their holiday.4. The cat is climbing the tree now. (eat a mouse)No, the cat is not climbing the tree now. The cat is eating a mouse.5. I am taking some photos for my album. (read a book)No, I am not taking some photos for my album. I am reading a book.6. You are drinking Coke Cola now. (drink a coffee)No, you are not drinking Coke Cola now. You are drinking a coffee.7. Joana is swimming in the pool. (play voleyball on the beach)No, Joana is not swimming in the pool. Joana is playing volleyball on the beach.8. I am making an apple-pie now. (do my homeworks)No, I am not making an apple-pie now. I am doing my homeworks.9. It is raining today. (snow)No, it is not raining today. It is snowing.10. We are riding by bycicle to school. (go by bus)No, we are not riding by bycicle to school. We are going by bus to school.

3. Scrieti forma interogativa a urmatoarelor propozitii:1. We are playing cards.Are we playing cards?2. Mother is washing dishes.Is mother washing dishes?3. My brother is reading a newspaper.Is my brother reading a newspaper?4. We are serving breakfast.Are we serving breakfast?5. They are decorating the Christmas tree.Are they decorating the Christmas tree?6. My family is planning a trip to Maldive Islands these days.Is my family planning a trip to Maldive Islands these days?7. Father is sleeping in the bedroom.

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Is father sleeping in the bedroom?8. You are watching a horror movie.Are you watching a horror movie?9. Your sister is doing her homeworks.Is your sister doing her homeworks?10. I am sending a postcard in France now.Am I sending a postcard in France now?

4. Alegeti varianta corecta la Prezentul Continuu:1. We are playing basketball in the schoolyard.2. They are watching a movie in the dining-room.3. My friends and I are wateringsome flowers in the garden.4. I am making my homeworks at Maths.5. You are readinga novel to your little brother.6. The poet is creating a poem about love at this moment.7. I am looking after my lost cat.8. are we going to the cinema tonight?9. The sun is shining brightly.10. My friends are going on a picnic without me.

5. Corectati forma gresita a verbului:1. I am makeing an apple-pie.I am making an apple-pie.2. Mary is comeing from Italy today.Mary is coming from Italy now.3. We are siting in the living-room.We are sitting in the living-room.4. He is geting off the bus at the first station.He is getting off the bus at the first station.5. My brother isn't writeing poems.My brother isn’t writing poems.6. You aren't plaing with kids.You aren’t playing with kids.7. They are leaveing Bucharest tomorrow evening.They are leaving Bucharest tomorrow evening.8. He is comeing tonight to see me.He is coming tonight to see me.9. She is haveing lunch at this moment.She is having lunch at this moment.10. Are you flyng to New York next week?Are you flying to New York next week?

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Lectia 11: Trecutul Simplu

A. Mod de formareAfirmativ:Subiect + Vb.II (terminatia "-ed" pentru verbele regulate)Exemple:1. I wrote a book last year.2. He went to a football game last week.3. We played in the park yesterday

Interogativ:Did + Subiect + Vb.I?Exemple:1. Did you write a book last year?2. Did he go to a football game last week?3. Did you play in the park yesterday?

Negativ:Subiect + didn't + Vb.IExemple:1. I didn't write a book last year. 2. He didn't go to a football game last week. 3. We didn't play in the park yesterday.

B. Folosim Trecutul Simplu pentru:• activitati terminate care s-au petrecut in trecutExemple:She was in France 2 years ago.We bought a new washing machine 2 weeks ago.

• actiuni incheiate care s-au petrecut la un moment determinat in trecutExemple: They were in England in 1981.I left Bucharest in april 1994.

C. Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Trecutul Simplu:yesterday, at this time yesterday, 2 days ago, 2 months ago, last year, last week, the day before yesterday

Exemple:1. Diana went in Belgium 3 years ago.2. I was having lunch at this time yesterday.3. They played football 2 hours ago.4. Paul taught English and French 3 months ago.5. She left town the day before yesterday.

Exercitii:1. Scrieti forma corecta a verbului din paranteza la Trecutul Simplu:

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1. I (watch) a horror movie yesterday evening.2. Mary (play) in the garden with her dog yesterday morning.3. Two days ago, John (go) with his mother at the doctor. 4. Mary (talk) a lot during the French lesson.5. My mother (wash) many clothes yesterday evening.6. I (do not enjoy) the movie from last night.7. I (solve) the Math problem very quickly.8. I (prepare) my luggage yesterday.9. I (be) at school when you called me.10. When you were young, you (live) in the countryside.

2. Folositi cuvintele din paranteze pentru a realiza propozitii negative precum in exemplu:Exemplu:Mary liked the apple pie. (the soup) Mary liked the apple pie, but she didn't like the soup.

1. I played in the schoolyard. (in the garden) 2. My friend went to the mountain. (to the seaside) 3. I travelled abroad 2 days ago. (1 month ago) 4. Yesterday I visited Mr. Peterson. (Mrs Smith) 5. During lunch, I listened a football game on the radio. (music) 6. You called me at 10 o'clock a.m. (12 o'clock) 7. I arrived at home early in the morning. (in the afternoon) 8. You received a computer on your birthday. (a car) 9. It rained 2 days ago. (last week) 10. Mike repaired his car. (bicycle)

3. Treceti la Trecutul Simplu verbele neregulate de mai jos, precum in exemplu:Exemplu:I leave school at 2 o'clock yesterday.I left school at 2 o'clock yesterday.

1. I eat a delicious soup at the restaurant 2 days ago.2. My family buy a new car 3 months ago.3. I read a very interesting novel yesterday evening.4. Mary speak with her English teacher last week, about her exams.5. Last Monday, John write to his mother a letter.6. Last winter, I make a beautiful snowman in front of the house.7. You give your sister a necklace for her birthday.8. Last year, Tim become a doctor.9. Mrs. Thompson teach Spanish and English every Monday and Wednesday.10. Father come from the office late at noon.

4. Treceti urmatoarele verbe la Trecutul Simplu:Exemple:I seeI sawI watch I watched

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1. I sleep2. He plays3. He run4. You speak 5. They don't read 6. He doesn't feel 7. I meet 8.He catches 9. You wake up10. They leave

5. Raspundeti la urmatoarele intrebari conform precizarilor din paranteze (vezi exemplu) Exemplu:When did she leave Bucharest? (2 years ago)She left Bucharest 2 years ago.

1. Where did you sleep last night? (at Cathy's) 2. When did you read this book? (3 weeks ago) 3. When did you find out about Susan's problems? (last Monday)4. Where did you meet your friends? (in the park) 5. When did she study French (2 years ago) 6. Where did he work last year (in a bank) 7. When did they divorce? (4 years ago) 8. How did she die? (in a train accident) 9. Who was Mihai Eminescu? (a Romanian poet) 10. When was he born? (in 1973)

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Lectia 11: Trecutul Simplu - raspunsuri

1. Scrieti forma corecta a verbului din paranteza la Trecutul Simplu:1. I watched a horror movie yesterday evening.2. Mary played in the garden with her dog yesterday morning.3. Two days ago, John went with his mother at the doctor. 4. Mary talked a lot during the French lesson.5. My mother washed many clothes yesterday evening.6. I didn’t enjoy the movie from last night.7. I solved the Math problem very quickly.8. I prepared my luggage yesterday.9. I was at school when you called me.10. When you were young, you lived in the countryside.

2. Folositi cuvintele din paranteze pentru a realiza propozitii negative:1. I played in the schoolyard, but I didn’t play in the garden.2. My friend went to the mountain, but he didn’t go to the seaside.3. I travelled abroad 2 days ago, but I didn’t travel abroad 1 month ago.4. Yesterday I visited Mr. Peterson, but I didn’t visit Mrs Smith.5. During lunch, I listened a football game on the radio, but I didn’t listen to music.6. You called me at 10 o'clock a.m, but you didn’t call at 12 o’clock.7. I arrived at home early in the morning, but I didn’t arrive at home early in the afternoon.8. You received a computer on your birthday, but you didn’t receive a car.9. It rained 2 days ago, but it didn’t rain last week.10. Mike repaired his car, but he didn’t repair his bicycle.

3. Treceti la Trecutul Simplu verbele neregulate de mai jos:1. I ate a delicious soup at the restaurant 2 days ago.2. My family bought a new car 3 months ago.3. I read a very interesting novel yesterday evening.4. Mary spoke with her English teacher last week, about her exams.5. Last Monday, John wrote to his mother a letter.6. Last winter, I made a beautiful snowman in front of the house.7. You gave your sister a necklace for her birthday.8. Last year, Tim became a doctor.9. Mrs. Thompson taught Spanish and English every Monday and Wednesday.10. Father came from the office late at noon.

4. Treceti urmatoarele verbe la Trecutul Simplu:1. I sleep / I slept2. He plays / He played3. He run / He ran4. You speak / You spoke5. They don't read / They didn’t read6. He doesn't feel / He didn’t feel7. I meet / I met8.He catches / He caught9. You wake up / You woke up10. They leave / They left

5. Raspundeti la urmatoarele intrebari conform precizarilor din paranteze:

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1. Where did you sleep last night? (at Cathy's) I slept at Cathy’s.2. When did you read this book? (3 weeks ago)I read this book 3 weeks ago.3. When did you find out about Susan's problems? (last Monday)I found out about Susan’s problems last Monday.4. Where did you meet your friends? (in the park)I met my friends in the park.5. When did she study French (2 years ago)She studied French 2 years ago.6. Where did he work last year?(in a bank)He worked in a bank last year.7. When did they divorce? (4 years ago)They divorced 4 years ago.8. How did she die? (in a train accident)She died in a train accident.9. Who was Mihai Eminescu? (a Romanian poet)Mihai Eminescu was a Romanian poet.10. When was he born? (in 1973)He was born in 1973.

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Lectia 12: Trecutul Continuu

A. Mod de formareAfirmativ:Subiect + was (pers.I/III sg) / were (restul pers.) + Verbul la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing"Exemple:1. I was learning a poem at this time yesterday.2. You were watering the flowers at this time yesterday.3.They were mending the radio at this time yesterday.

Interogativ:Was (pers.I/III sg) / Were (restul pers.) + Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing"Exemple:1. Was I learning a poem at this time yesterday?2. Were you watering the flowers at this time yesterday?3. Were they mending the radio at this time yesterday?

Negativ:Subiect + was (pers.I/III sg) / were (restul pers.) + not + Verbul la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing" Se folosesc adesea contractiile wasn't (was + not) si weren't (were + not)

Exemple:1. I wasn't learning a poem at this time yesterday.2. You weren't watering the flowers at this time yesterday.3.They weren't mending the radio at this time yesterday.

B. Folosim Trecutul Continuu pentru:• a exprima o actiune in desfasurare ce a avut loc in trecutExemple: She was playing in her room at this time yesterday.They were listening music at this time last Saturday.

• a exprima o actiune repetata de-a lungul unei perioade de timp Exemple: Did she ask any questions?Oh, she was asking questions all the time.Did he buy any sweets?.Oh, he was buying sweets all the time.

C. Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Trecutul Continuu:at this time yesterday, from ... to ..., all day, for ...Exemple:1. Tom was typing some letters at this time yesterday .2. She was playing quitar from 6 to 8 o'clock.

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3. They were laughing all day.4. She was living in an old building for 6 years.

Exercitii:1. Spune ce facea fiecare pe vremea aceasta, martea trecuta:Exemplu:Father was in the living-room. (watch) Father was watching TV.1. My mother was in the kitchen. (cook) 2. Daniel was in the garden. (water flowers)3. Grandma was in the bedroom. (sleep) 4. Their friends were at the disco. (dance) 5. Aunt Mary and uncle John were in the garage. (repair car)

2. Ieri dimineata, toti elevii din clasa a sasea erau in clasa si se pregateau pentru testul de la matematica. Spune ce facea fiecare cand a intrat profesorul. Exemplu:Ana and Mary / clean the blackboard. Ana and Mary were cleaning the blackboard.

1. Christian / talk to his deskmate. 2. Victor / repeat some geometry formulas.3. Diana and Helen / look at some exercises. 4. George / read the math lesson. 5. Andreea / write her homework.

3. Treceti verbele la Trecutul Continuu:Exemplu:We are reading Shakespeare now.We were reading Shakespeare at this time yesterday, too.

1. Father is fixing the car in the garage.2. Timothy is painting the wall now.3. Granpa and Grandma are watching a movie now.4. Students are learning new Spanish words now.5. The boys are trying to fix a bicycle now.

4. Treceti verbele din paranteze la Trecutul Continuu:Exemplu:She (sing) for 2 hours yesterday.She was singing for 2 hours yesterday.

1. Tom (practice) in the language lab from 1 p.m. to 3 p.m. yesterday.2. Mother (cook) all day yesterday.3. My friends (watch) TV for 6 hours yesterday.4. Pupils (study) Spanish from 9 a.m. to 11 a.m..5. From 3 to 5 I (play) tennis yesterday afternoon

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5. Treceti verbele din paranteze la Trecutul Continuu. Aceste verbe exprima o actiune trecuta care a avut loc o perioada mai lunga de timp.Exemplu:I (work) in a restaurant in the centre of the city.I was working in a restaurant in the centre of the city.

1. I (live) in an old building.2. Mother (visit) me twice a week.3. I (share) my room with 2 girls.4. I (work) on Saturdays twice a month.5. I had a very good friend, Tom, and he (work) in the same restaurant with me.

Lectia 12: Trecutul Continuu - raspunsuri

1. Spune ce facea fiecare pe vremea aceasta, martea trecuta:1. My mother was in the kitchen. (cook)My mother was cooking.2. Daniel was in the garden. (water flowers)Daniel was watering flowers.3. Grandma was in the bedroom. (sleep)Grandma was sleeping.4. Their friends were at the disco. (dance)Their friends were dancing.5. Aunt Mary and uncle John were in the garage. (repair car)Aunt Mary and uncle John were repairing the car.

2. Ieri dimineata, toti elevii din clasa a sasea erau in clasa si se pregateau pentru testul de la matematica. Spune ce facea fiecare cand a intrat profesorul.1. Christian was talking to his deskmate. 2. Victor was repeating some geometry formulas.3. Diana and Helen were looking at some exercises. 4. George were reading the math lesson. 5. Andreea was writing her homework.

3. Treceti verbele la Trecutul Continuu:1. Father is fixing the car in the garage.Father was fixing the car in the garage at this time yesterday, too.2. Timothy is painting the wall now.Timothy was painting the wall at this time yesterday, too. 3. Granpa and Grandma are watching a movie now.Granpa and Grandma were watching a movie at this time yesterday, too.4. Students are learning new Spanish words now.Students were learning new Spanish words at this time yesterday, too.5. The boys are trying to fix a bicycle now.The boys were trying to fix a bicycle at this time yesterday, too.

4. Treceti verbele din paranteze la Trecutul Continuu:1. Tom was practicing in the language lab from 1 p.m. to 3 p.m. yesterday.2. Mother was cooking all day yesterday.

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3. My friends were watching TV for 6 hours yesterday.4. Pupils were studying Spanish from 9 a.m. to 11 a.m..5. From 3 to 5 I was playing tennis yesterday afternoon.

5. Treceti verbele din paranteze la Trecutul Continuu. Aceste verbe exprima o actiune trecuta care a avut loc o perioada mai lunga de timp.1. I was living in an old building.2. Mother was visiting me twice a week.3. I was sharing my room with 2 girls.4. I was working on Saturdays twice a month.5. I had a very good friend, Tom, and he was working in the same restaurant with me.

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Lectia 13: Prezentul Perfect Simplu

A. Mod de formareAfirmativ:Subiect + have / has (pers. a III-a sg.) + vb. la forma a III-aExemple:1. I have washed her blouse.2. He has written his homework.3. We have learnt our English lesson.

Interogativ:Have / has (pers. a III-a sg.) + Subiect + vb. la forma a III-aExemple:1. Have I washed her blouse?2. Has he written his homework?3. Have we learnt our English lesson? Negativ:Subiect + have/has (pers. a III-a sg.) + not + vb. la forma a III-aSe folosesc adesea contractiile haven't (have + not) si hasn't (has + not) Exemple:1. I haven't washed her blouse.2. He hasn't written his homework.3. We haven't learnt our English lesson.

B. Folosim Prezentul Perfect Simplu pentru:• a exprima o actiune incheiata de curand, dar nu se cunoaste cu exactitate momentul incheierii acesteiaExemple: I have cooked a delicious steak.They have finished their homeworks.• a exprima o actiune inceputa in trecut care se continua si in prezent; efectele actiunii se resimt si in prezentExemple: I have lived here since 1994.We have started classes for 3 hours.

C. Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Prezentul Perfect Simplu:already, just, yetExemple:1. He has already finished his classes.2. Tom has just spoken on the phone with Mary.3. They haven't written the exercise yet.

never, ever, oftenExemple:1. I have never heard such a thing.

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2. Have you ever read this news?3. I have often travelled by car to the countryside.

ever and beforeExemplu:Have you ever heard this song before?

for and sinceExemple:1. I've had my own car for four years.2. She has been ill since yesterday.

until now, so far, up to nowExemple:1. I haven't had any Math problems up to now.2. So far, he hasn't complained about his wage.3. Until now, I haven't heard about this English singer.

Exercitii:1. Pune verbele din paranteza la Prezentul Perfect Simplu, ca in exemplul de mai jos:Exemplu:Tom .......... (write) .......... his homework.Tom has just written his homework.

. I .......... (fix) .......... my car.2. Father .......... (leave) .......... home.3. They .......... (arrive) .......... to the theatre.4. We .......... (see) .......... our Math teacher.5. He .......... (begin) .......... to cry.

2. Construieste propozitii la timpul Prezent Perfect Simplu, cu ajutorul expresiilor din paranteza, ca in exemplele de mai jos:Exemple:I .......... arrive .......... home. (just)I have just arrived home.He .......... paint .......... this picture. (never)He has never painted this picture.They .......... do .......... their homeworks. (yet)They haven't done their homeworks yet.

1. Mary .......... cook .......... the soup. (already)2. John and Tom .......... watch .......... TV. (just)3. We .......... close .......... this window. (never) 4. Pupils .......... miss .......... the English class. (never)5. You .......... lie .......... to your mother. (often)

3. Raspunde la urmatoarele intrebari folosind timpul Prezent Perfect Simplu, ca in exemplele de mai jos:Exemple:

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Have you ever heard this song before? (never)We have never heard this song before.Have you ever eaten this food before? (often)We have often eaten this food.

1. Has he ever spoken to his cousin before? (never)2. Have they ever played football? (often)3. Have you ever lied to your mother? (never)4. Has she ever skated before? (often)5. Have you ever drunk whisky? (never)

4. Construieste intrebari si raspunsuri ca in exemplul de mai jos:Exemplu:drive the carHave you driven the car yet?I'm afraid I haven't driven it yet.

1. have breakfast2. buy the buster3. send the letter4. clean the bathroom5. wash the dishes

5. Completeaza urmatoarele propozitii ca in exemplul de mai jos, folosind timpul Prezent Perfect Simplu:Exemplu:This is the most beautiful girl I .......... (see)This is the most beautiful girl I have ever seen.

1. That is the most interesting movie he .......... (see)2. This is the best book she .......... (read)3. This is the biggest mall they .......... (visit)4. These are the most attractive souvenirs they .......... (buy)5. Those are the most wonderful monuments they .......... (see)

Lectia 13: Prezentul Perfect Simplu - raspunsuri

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1. Pune verbele din paranteza la Prezentul Perfect Simplu:1. I have just fixed my car.2. Father has just left home.3. They have just arrived to the theatre.4. We have just seen our Math teacher.5. He has just begun to cry.

2. Construieste propozitii la timpul Prezent Perfect Simplu, cu ajutorul expresiilor din paranteza:1. Mary has already cooked the soup. (already)2. John and Tom have just watched TV. (just)3. We have never closed this window. (never) 4. Pupils have never missed the English class. (never)5. You have often lied to your mother. (often)

3. Raspunde la urmatoarele intrebari folosind timpul Prezent Perfect Simplu:1. Has he ever spoken to his cousin before? (never)He has never spoken to his cousin before.2. Have they ever played football? (often)They have often played football.3. Have you ever lied to your mother? (never)I have never lied to my mother.4. Has she ever skated before? (often)She has often skated before.5. Have you ever drunk whisky? (never)I have never drunk whisky.

4. Construieste intrebari si raspunsuri:1. have breakfastHave you had breakfast yet?I'm afraid I haven't had breakfast yet.2. buy the busterHave you bought the buster yet?I'm afraid I haven't bought it yet.3. send the letterHave you sent the letter yet?I'm afraid I haven't sent it yet.4. clean the bathroomHave you cleaned the bathroom yet?I'm afraid I haven't cleaned it yet.5. wash the dishesHave you washed the dishes yet?I'm afraid I haven't washed them yet.

5. Completeaza urmatoarele propozitii folosind timpul Prezent Perfect Simplu:1. That is the most interesting movie he has ever seen.2. This is the best book she has ever read.3. This is the biggest mall they have ever visited.4. These are the most attractive souvenirs they have ever bought.5. Those are the most wonderful monuments they have ever seen.

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Lectia 14: Prezentul Perfect Continuu

A. Mod de formareAfirmativ:Subiect + have / has (pers. a III-a sg.) + vb. la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing"Exemple:1. I have been waiting for your reply since yesterday.2. He has been sending me letters for 3 months.3. We have been crying for 3 hours.

Interogativ:Have / has (pers. a III-a sg.) + Subiect + been + vb. la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing"Exemple:1. Have I been waiting for your reply since yesterday?2. Has he been sending me letters for 3 months?3. Have we been crying for 3 hours?

Negativ:Subiect + have / has (pers. a III-a sg.) + not + vb. la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing"Se folosesc adesea contractiile haven't (have + not) si hasn't (has + not)Exemple:1. I haven't been waiting for your reply since yesterday.2. He hasn't been sending me letters for 3 months.3. We haven't been crying for 3 hours.

B. Folosim Prezentul Perfect Continuu pentru:• a exprima o actiune inceputa in trecut si care nu s-a incheiat incaExemple: She has been eating for ten minutes.They have been working for several hours.• a descrie stari sau sentimente care au inceput in trecut si au continuat de-a lungul unei perioade de timp si sunt inca prezente in momentul vorbiriiExemple:I have lived here since 1994.We have started classes for 3 hours.

C. Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Prezentul Perfect Continuu:sinceExemplu:You have been living in Paris since 1996.

forExemplu:They have been watching TV for 3 hours.

so farExemplu:So far, there have been arriving 10 passengers from London.

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everExemplu:Have you ever been listening to the radio?

neverExemplu:I have never been travelling to France until now.

Exercitii:1. Pune verbele din paranteza la timpul Prezentul Perfect Continuu, ca in exemplul de mai jos:Exemplu:I (travel) abroad for 2 weeks.I have been travelling abroad for 2 weeks.

1. He (write) poems since 1997.2. The children (draw) this map for half an hour.3. The pupil (recite) the poem for ten minutes.4. I (study) English for 4 years.5. Sarah (do) her homework for 2 hours.

2. Reformuleaza urmatoarele propozitii folosind FOR + the last + Prezentul Perfect Continuu, ca in exemplul de mai jos:Exemplu:He began watching TV 2 hours ago.He has been watching TV for the last 2 hours.

1. We began watering the flowers 2 days ago.2. Paul and Jim began writing their homework half an hour ago.3. Mother began going to the doctor 3 months ago.4. Father began cooking for his family 10 minutes ago.5. The poet began composing that poem 1 month ago.

3. Pune la forma interogativa a timpului Prezent Perfect Continuu, propozitiile de mai jos:Exemplu:He has been listening to the radio for 1 hour.Has he been listening to the radio for 1 hour?

1. Children have been staying in the bus for 10 hours.2. Pupils have been playing in the schoolgarden since noon.3. The detective has been investigating this case since 2000.4. The theatre show has been starting for 3 hours.5. I have been watching "Young & Restless" since 2001.

4. Completeaza spatiile goale cu "FOR" si "SINCE". Pune verbele din paranteza la Prezentul Perfect Continuu:Exemplu:Helen (study) English .......... last summer.

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Heleng has been studying English since last summer.

1. We (talk) about that horrible accident .......... half an hour.2. She (cook) a chicken soup .......... 1 hour.3. They (phone) the manager .......... the last five minutes.4. Mary (live) in Manhattan .......... June 1998.5. It (rain) .......... morning.

5. Reformuleaza urmatoarele propozitii folosind "SINCE" si Prezentul Perfect Simplu, ca in exemplul urmator:Exemplu:It is raining. It started on Wednesday.It has been raining since Wednesday.

1. He is crying. He began at noon.2. Father is sleeping. He went to bed at 9 o'clock in the evening.3. We are travelling by train. We left Bucharest yesterday evening.4. The artist is drawing. He started his work in January.5. We are watching the football game. It began at 8 o'clock.

Lectia 14: Prezentul Perfect Continuu - raspunsuri

1. Pune verbele din paranteza la timpul Prezentul Perfect Continuu:1. He has been writing poems since 1997.2. The children have been drawing this map for half an hour.3. The pupil has been reciting the poem for ten minutes.4. I have been studying English for 4 years.5. Sarah has been doing her homework for 2 hours.

2. Reformuleaza urmatoarele propozitii folosind FOR + the last + Prezentul Perfect Continuu:1. We began watering the flowers 2 days ago.We have been watering flowers for the last 2 days.2. Paul and Jim began writing their homework half an hour ago.Paul and Jim have been writing their homework for the last half an hour.3. Mother began going to the doctor 3 months ago.Mother has been going to the doctor for the last 3 months.4. Father began cooking for his family 10 minutes ago.Father has been cooking for his family for the last 10 minutes.5. The poet began composing that poem 1 month ago.The poet has been composing that poem for the last 1 month.

3. Pune la forma interogativa a timpului Prezent Perfect Continuu, propozitiile de mai jos:1. Children have been staying in the bus for 10 hours.Have been children staying in the bus for 10 hours?2. Pupils have been playing in the schoolgarden since noon.Have been pupils playing in the schoolgarden since noon?

3. The detective has been investigating this case since 2000.Has the detective been investigating this case since 2000?

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4. The theatre show has been starting for 3 hours.Has the theatre show been starting for 3 hours?5. I have been watching "Young & Restless" since 2001.Have I been watching "Young & Restless" since 2001?4. Completeaza spatiile goale cu "FOR" si "SINCE". Pune verbele din paranteza la Prezentul Perfect Continuu:1. We have been talking about that horrible accident for half an hour.2. She has been cooking a chicken soup for 1 hour.3. They have been phoning the manager for the last five minutes.4. Mary has been living in Manhattan since June 1998.5. It has been raining since morning.

5. Reformuleaza urmatoarele propozitii folosind "SINCE" si Prezentul Perfect Simplu:1. He is crying. He began at noon.He has been crying since noon.2. Father is sleeping. He went to bed at 9 o'clock in the evening.Father has been sleeping since 9 o'clock in the evening.3. We are travelling by train. We left Bucharest yesterday evening.We have been travelling by train since yesterday evening.4. The artist is drawing. He started his work in January.The artist has been drawing since January.5. We are watching the football game. It began at 8 o'clock.We have been watching the football game since 8 o'clock.

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Lectia 15: Trecutul Perfect Simplu

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Lectia 27: Lista verbelor neregulate

Lista verbelor neregulateIn aceasta lectie vom vedea care sunt verbele neregulate, care sunt formele lor la infinitiv, trecut si participiu trecut, precum si traducerea lor.

Lista verbelor neregulate 

Infinitiv Trecut Participiu trecut Traducere

to abide abode abode a astepta, a sta, a locui

to arise arose arisen a se ridica

to awake awoke awoke a se trezi

to be was, were been a fi

to bear bore born a se naste

to beat beat beaten a bate

to become became become a deveni

to begin began begun a icepe

to behold beheld beheld a zari, a vedea

to bend bent bent a idoi

to beseech besought besought a implora

to bear bore born a se naste

to bet bet bet a paria

to bid bade bidden a oferi, a licita

to bind bound bound a lega

 

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to bite bit bitten a musca

to bleed bled bled a sangera

to bless blest blest a binecuvanta

to blow blew blown a sufla

to break broke broken a sparge

to breed bred bred a creste

to bring brought brought a aduce

to broadcast broadcast broadcast a transmite prin radio

to burn burnt (burned) burnt (burned) a arde

to burst burst burst a izbucni

to buy bought bought a cumpara

to can could been able to a putea, a fi posibil

to cast cast cast a arunca

to catch caught caught a prinde

to choose chose chosen a alege

to cleave cleft cleft a despica

to cling clung clung a se lipi

to come came come a veni

to cost cost cost a costa

to creep crept crept a se tara

to cut cut cut a taia

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to deal dealt dealt a se ocupa, a trata afaceri

to dig dug dug a sapa

to do did done a face

to draw drew drawn a desena

to dream dreamt (dreamed)

dreamt (dreamed)

a visa

to drink drank drunk a bea

to drive drove driven a conduce masina

to dwell dwelt dwelt a locui, a ramane, a insista

to eat ate eaten a manca

to fall fell fallen a cadea

to feed fed fed a hrani

to feel felt felt a simti

to fight fought fought a lupta

to find found found a gasi

to fly flew flown a zbura

to forbid forbade forbidden a interzice

to forecast forecast forecast a prevedea

to foresee foresaw foreseen a prevedea

to foretell foretold foretold a prezice

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to forget forgot forgotten a uita

to forgive forgave forgiven a ierta

to forgo forwent forgone a renunta la, a da uitarii

forsake forsook forsaken a parasi

to freeze froze frozen a igheta

to get got got a primi

to give gave given a da

to go went gone a merge

to grind ground ground a macina

to grow grew grown a creste

to hang hung (hanged) hung (hanged) a spanzura

to have had had a avea

to hear heard heard a auzi

to hide hid hidden a ascunde

to hit hit hit a lovi

to hold held held a tine

to hurt hurt hurt a rani

to keep kept kept a pastra

to kneel knelt knelt a igenunchia

to knit knit knit a tricota

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to know knew known a sti, a cunoaste

to lay laid laid a aseza

to lead led led a conduce

to lean leant leant a se sprijini de

to learn learnt (learned) learnt (learned) a ivata

to leave left left a lasa, a parasi

to lend lent lent a împrumuta (cuiva)

to let let let a permite

to lie lay lain a fi culcat

to light lit lit a aprinde

to lose lost lost a pierde

to make made made a face

to mean meant meant a isemna

to meet met met a italni

to misgive misgave misgiven a inspira neicredere

to mislead misled misled a induce i eroare

to mistake mistook mistaken a itelege gresit

to outdo outdid outdone a itrece

to overcome overcame overcome a ivinge

to overdo overdid overdone a face exces

to pay paid paid a plati

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to put put put a pune

to read read read a citi

to rend rent rent a sfasia, a rupe

to ride rode ridden a calari

to ring rang rung a suna

to rise rose risen a se ridica

to run ran run a alerga

to say said said a spune

to see saw seen a vedea

to seek sought sought a cauta

to sell sold sold a vinde

to send sent sent a trimite

to set set set a fixa, a regla

to sew sewed sewn (sewed) a coase

to shake shook shaken a scutura, a clatina

to shave shaved shaven a se barbieri

to shed shed shed a varsa (lacrimi)

to shine shone shone a straluci

to shoe shod shod a icalta, a potcovi

to shoot shot shot a împusca

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to show showed shown a arata

to shrink shrank shrunk a se strange

to shut shut shut a ichide

to sing sang sung a canta

to sink sank sunk a se scufunda

to sit sat sat a sta (pe scaun)

to slay slew slain a ucide

to sleep slept slept a dormi

to slide slid slid a aluneca

to sling slung slung a azvarli

to slit slit slit a crapa, a despica

to smell smelt (smelled) smelt (smelled) a mirosi

to smite smote smitten a lovi

to sow sowed sown a semana

to speak spoke spoken a vorbi

to speed sped sped a accelera, a goni

to spell spelt (spelled) spelt (spelled) a pronunta litera cu litera

to spend spent spent a petrece, a cheltui

to spill spilt spilt a varsa

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to spin spun spun a toarce, a se roti

to spit spat spat a scuipa

to split split split a despica

to spoil spoilt spoilt a strica

to spread spread spread a itinde

to spring sprang sprung a sari, a tasni

to stand stood stodd a sta i picioare

to steal stole stolen a fura

to stick stuck stuck a ifige, a se lipi

to sting stung stung a itepa

to stink stank stunk a mirosi urat

to strike struck struck a lovi

to string strung strung a isira, a icorda

to strive strove striven a se stradui

to swear swore sworn a jura

to sweep swept swept a matura

to swim swam swum a inota

to swing swung swung a se legana

to take took taken a lua

to teach taught taught a ivata, a preda

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to tear tore torn a rupe, a sfasia

to tell told told a spune

to think thought thought a gandi, a crede

to throw threw thrown a arunca

to thrust thrust thrust a îmbranci

to tread trod trodden a calca

to underlie underlay underlain a sustine

to understand

understood understood a itelge

to upset upset upset a supara

to wake woke woken a se trezi

to wear wore worn a purta

to weave wove woven a tese

to wet wet wet a uda

to win won won a castiga

to wind wound wound a se rasuci

to wring wrung wrung a frange, a smulge

to write wrote written a scrie

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