Governance and Information Technology

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  1. 1. Governance and Information Technology
    Eds, Viktor Mayer-Schonbergerand David Lazer
    For LIS 2186 by Katie Ingersoll, Bryan Carnes, and Brian Taylor
  2. 2. Global Perspectives on E-Government Chapter 2 by Darrell M. West
    The most optimistic vision is that the integration of new ICT into governmentwill result in aradical disjuncture of business as usual
    The reality falls short of theseutopian visions.-
    - Darrell M. West, p. 30
    Photo by: flickr user edge211 ;
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/nn_sf/3157497627
  3. 3. Compares global E-government in terms of :
    Online Information
    Online Government Services
    Obstacles include:
    Internet connectivity
    Citizens privacy concerns
    Government resources
    North America and Asia have the most extensive e-government development
    Photo by flickr user Ed Bierman,
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/edbierman/2858105794/
  4. 4. Case Study: Firstgov.gov, the United States web portal (now USA.gov)
  5. 5.
  6. 6. Challenges to Organizational Change : Multi-Level Integrated Information Structures (MIIS) Chapter 4- by Jane E. Fountain
    It is now eminently clear that the chief challenge for government is not the implementation of new technologies; it is organizational change required to develop more productive workflows.
    -Jane Fountain, p 64
  7. 7. Multi-level Integrated Information System
    Adapted from figure on p. 82
  8. 8. Case Study: E-government in Singapore
  9. 9. eCitizen Singapores portal for citizens
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Weak Democracy Strong Information: The Role of Information Technology in the Rulemaking ProcessChapter 5- by Cary Coglianese
    Direct strategies to Legitimize rulemaking by unelected bodies:
    Strong Democracy
    Interest Group Pluralism
    Photo by Flickr user pasukaru76
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/pasukaru76/3629601725/
    Technology is more likely to bring about pluralism than true strong democracy
  12. 12. Case Study : The EPAs EDOCKET site
  13. 13. Now regulations from all agencies are at: regulations.gov
  14. 14. Freedom of Information and Electronic Government Chapter 6 by Herbert Berkert
    Transparency is:
    -Essential to democracy
    - At odds with current e-commerce paradigm in e-government
    Focusshould shift to general transparency and information available in a variety of forms
  15. 15. Requirements for Freedom Information Legislation
    Generalpublics access is the rule, not the exception.
    Clearly defined privacy policies and protection
    Clearly defined time limits for the government to answer request
    Information holders must be held responsible for making their information accessible to the citizenry
    Broad technical definitions of information objects, access facilitated by technology
    If a document has portions that are exempt from access, citizens should still be able to access the nonexempt portions
    The requester chooses the format
    Costs are based solely on operational administration
    Refusalof access subject to judicial review
    Centralized monitoring of administrations
  16. 16. Other Obstacles:
    Pendulum swing of societal desired for public secrecy
    Necessity of vibrant civil organizations requesting and presenting information
    Movement of public data into the private sector.
    EFF lawyers Marcia Hoffman and Nate Cardozo celebrate the arrival of two large boxes full of government documents relating to telecom immunity.
    Photo by Flickr user hughelectronic
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/hughelectronic/4095694755/
  17. 17. Case Study Marc Rotenberg and the Electronic Privacy Information Center
  18. 18. Socio-Technologies of Assembly: Sense Making and Demonstration in Lower Manhattan Chapter 7 by Monique Girard and David Stark
    Collaborative projects aided by technology:
    -Rebuilding and development of lower Manhattan
    -Information about air quality health issues in Manhattan after 9/11
    New Yorkers deployed new technologies not only to increase the flow of information among a greater number of nodes but to build communities of interpretation.-p. 171