Gospel of Barnabas - Truth, Lies and Historicity

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    Survey and Commentary: ranslation By :By Dr. Omar Zaid

    he Gospel Of Barnabas :

    ruth, Lies and Historicity

    Lonsdale and Laura Ragg

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    In the Name o Allah, Most Benecient, Most Merciul

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    Contents

    BOOK - T F S, G B S C. 9

    Introduction 11Te Schism, Part I 13Te Schism, Part II 20Te Gospel o Barnabas: Historicity and Criticism 28In Closing: Commentary on Te Kingdom o God 33Te Jesuit Menace: 41Bibliography ; In Addition to those cited in ootnotes or endnotes 45Appendix I - On the Myth o Apostolic Succession 48Appendix II - Te ribe o Dan oday 50

    Appendix III - 52Catalogue o the 60 Canonical Books 56Appendix IV. - Origin o the Nazarenes and Ebionites 57Appendix V - Te GoB Manuscripts 59Appendix VII - Te Mark O Cain 64Appendix VIII - Te Jesuit Oath 67Index 69

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    Contents (cont.)

    BOOK 2 - he Gospel according to Barnabas . 88

    Te Opening 89Chapter 1 - Glad idings From An Unlikely Source 90Chapter 2 - Warning and Suspicions 91Chapter 3 - Te Virgin Birth 92Chapter 4 : Te Messiah, Jesus, Son o Mary is born 93Chapter 5 - Circumcision 94Chapter 6 - Tree Wise Men 95Chapter 7 - Te Magi Warned 96Chapter 8 - Herod Hunting For Children 97Chapter 9 - Jesus at 12 98

    Chapter 10 - Te Gospel to Jesus at 30 99Chapter 11 - A Leper Cured 100Chapter 12 - Te First Sermon 101Chapter 13 - Gabriel Comorts Jesus 102Chapter 14 - Te welve Apostles 103Chapter 15 - Water Into Wine 104Chapter 16 - Te Sermon on the Mount 105Chapter 17 - rue Believers 106Chapter 18 - Persecution and Salvation 107Chapter 19 - Betrayal Foretold & Lepers Healed 108Chapter 20 - Walk on Water 109

    Chapter 21 - Swine Cast into the Sea 110Chapter 22 - Uncircumcised As Dogs 111Chapter 23 - Origin o Circumcision, and Gods Covenant 112Chapter 25 - Poverty and Riches 114Chapter 26 - Loving God 115Chapter 27 - Abrahams Prudence 117Chapter 28 - Abraham Escapes the Fire 118Chapter 29 - Ten Spake God 119Chapter 30 - Eternal Lie 120Chapter 31 - o Caesar Tat is Caesars 121

    Chapter 32 - Statues o Flesh 122Chapter 33 - Te Greatest Sin 123Chapter 34 - Humility 124Chapter 35 - Satan Rebels 125Chapter 36 - Te Signicance o rue Prayer 126Chapter 37 - A Prayer 127Chapter 38 - Ritual Ablution 128Chapter 39 - Te Creation o Adam 129Chapter 40 - Te First Sin 130Chapter 41 - Out o Paradise 131

    Chapter 42 - Who is the Messiah 132

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    BOOK 2 - he Gospel according to Barnabas . 88

    Chapter 43 - Te Promise to Ishmael 133Chapter 45 - Te Hypocrites 135Chapter 46 - Laborers in the Vineyard 136Chapter 47 - Te Widows son o Nain 137Chapter 48 - umult at Nain 138Chapter 49 - Preaching at Capernaum 139Chapter 50 - Divine Judgement 140Chapter 51 - Satans Salvation? 141Chapter 52 - Te Dreadul Day 142Chapter 53 - Te Last Age 143Chapter 54 - Sounding o the Horn 144Chapter 55 - Muhammads Intercession 145Chapter 56 - Te Book 146

    Chapter 57 - Judgement o the Reprobates 147Chapter 58 - Woe to the Evil-doers 148Chapter 59 - Hell 149Chapter 60 - Te Horrors o the Hell-re 150Chapter 61 - A Parable... 151Chapter 62 - Te Merchant 152Chapter 63 - Good and Evil 153Chapter 64 - Against Vengeance 154Chapter 65 - Te Probatica 155Chapter 66 - God Alone is Good 156

    Chapter 67 - Corrupted Sacrice 157Chapter 68 - Reward or Punishment 158Chapter 69 - Priests Who Preer Tis World 159Chapter 70 - Rebuking Peter 160Chapter 71 - Healings in Galilee 161Chapter 72 - Betrayal and Heartache 162Chapter 73 - Four Ways o Satan 163Chapter 74 - Sin in Tought 164Chapter 75 - A Recipe For Clean Toughts 165Chapter 76 - Tree Kinds o Husbandmen 166Chapter 77 - Knowledge In Practice 167Chapter 78 - Value o Learning 168Chapter 79 - Law Not For Love o Law 169Chapter 80 - Learn to Work Well 170Chapter 81 - A Woman o Samaria 171Chapter 82 - Woman- a ruth Seeker 172Chapter 83 - Te Other Food 173Chapter 84 - Purity in Prayer 174Chapter 85 - rue Companions 175Chapter 86 - Qualities o Companions 176Chapter 87 - Kingdom o heaven 177

    Chapter 88 - Forgiveness 178

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    BOOK 2 - he Gospel according to Barnabas . 88

    Chapter 89 - Repentance 179Chapter 90 - O Faith 180Chapter 91 - Disturbance Regarding Jesus 181Chapter 92 - Hailed as God near Jordan 182Chapter 93 I am but a man 183Chapter 94 - Prophetic Miracles 184Chapter 95 - Attributes o God 185Chapter 96 - A Mercy to the Worlds 186Chapter 97 - His Blessed Name Is Muhammad 187Chapter 98 - Decree o Roman Senate 188Chapter 99 - God is Jealous or His Honor 189Chapter 105 - God and the Universe 195

    Chapter 106 - Te Body, the Soul and the Senses 196Chapter 107 - Fast o Penitence 197Chapter 108 - Sleep o Body and Soul 198Chapter 109 - Never orget God 199Chapter 110 - Desire or good 200Chapter 111 - Weep, Fast and Watch 201Chapter 112 - A Secret Revealed to Barnabas 202Chapter 113 - Parable o a barren g tree 203Chapter 114 - Man is born to work 204Chapter 115 - Lust 205

    Chapter 116 - Te Lust o Eye may blind you 206Chapter 117 - Elijah and the Blind Man 207Chapter 118 - Guard the Eye 208Chapter 119 - Prayer is the Medicine o the Soul 209Chapter 120 - Vain talk weakens Intellect 210Chapter 121 - alk only as necessary 211Chapter 122 - Evils o Avarice 212Chapter 123 Te Composition o Man 213Chapter 124 - Te Faith is One 214Chapter 125 - Give or love o God 215Chapter 126 - Disciples preach throughout Judaea 216Chapter 127 - Jesus Preaches at Jerusalem 217Chapter 128 - Prayers o a pharisee and a publican 218Chapter 129 - Jesus at Simons house 219Chapter 130 Simon and a public sinner 220Chapter 131 - John at Herods table 221Chapter 132 - Sower and the tares 222Chapter 133 Unbelieving Parents and Faithul sons 223Chapter 134 - Regarding preachers 224Chapter 135 - Te Seven Centers o Hell 225Chapter 136 - Te Sight o Hell 227

    Chapter 137 - Faithul without Deeds 228

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    BOOK 2 - he Gospel according to Barnabas . 88

    Chapter 138 - Miracle o the Harvest 229Chapter 139 - Betrayal Foretold 230Chapter 140 Measure Lie by Death 231Chapter 141 - Remembrance o Death 232Chapter 142 - Judas Coners with Priests 233Chapter 143 - Disciples arrive at Damascus 234Chapter 144 - O Te Origin o Pharisees 235Chapter 145 - Te Little Book o Elijah 236Chapter 146 - Te Prodigal Son 238Chapter 147 - Te Prodigal Son ... 239Chapter 148 - Te wo Hermit-Pharisees 240Chapter 149 - Te wo Hermit-Pharisees... 241

    Chapter 150 - Te wo Hermit-Pharisees... 242Chapter 151 - Te Marks o a rue Pharisee 243Chapter 152 - Roman Soldiers 244Chapter 153 - Miracle Wrought on Soldiers 245Chapter 154 - Jesus and a Doctor 246Chapter 155 - On the Forbidden Fruit 247Chapter 156 A Man Born Blind Receives his sight 248Chapter 157 Te man born blind marvelled at their unbelie 249Chapter 158 - Te World o Tree Kinds 250Chapter 159 - Te Nature o Sin 251

    Chapter 160 - Ahab and Micaiah 252Chapter 161 - O Nature o Sin 253Chapter 162 - Predestination 254Chapter 163 - Muhammad- the White Cloud o Mercy 255Chapter 164 - No Predestination unto Reprobation 256Chapter 165 - Te Elect 257Chapter 166 - Predestination and Freedom 258Chapter 167 - Predestination Inscrutable 259Chapter 168 - Te Clear Mirror 260Chapter 169 - Te Glory o Paradise 261Chapter 170 - Wages Forever 262Chapter 171 - Abundance o Rewards in Paradise 263Chapter 172 - Grain o Sand to the Sea 264Chapter 173 - Abundance in Paradise 265Chapter 174 - Body without Putreaction 266Chapter 175 - God says this in Isaiah the prophet 267Chapter 176 - No Envy in Paradise 268Chapter 177 - Sun and Moon o Paradise 269Chapter 178 - Flawed Logic o Peter 270Chapter 179 - God thru Eye o Paradise 271Chapter 180 - Mans Merit 272

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    BOOK 2 - he Gospel according to Barnabas . 88

    Chapter 181 - Shun: I Merit 273Chapter 182 - Call me Brother not Lord 274Chapter 183 - rue Humility 275Chapter 184 - Le with False Pharisees 276Chapter 185 - Haggai and Obadiah 277Chapter 186 - Haggais Prayer 278Chapter 187 - Haggai and Hosea 279Chapter 188 - Hosea in Jerusalem 280Chapter 189 - Te Sun Stood Still or 12 Hours 281Chapter 190 - Do not Oend God at all costs 282Chapter 191 - Book o Moses on the Messiah 283Chapter 192 - God has not locked up his mercy in Israel alone 284

    Chapter 193 - Jesus at the tomb o Lazarus 285Chapter 194 - Lie is Death i no Perception o God 286Chapter 195 - Jesus in the house o Lazarus 287Chapter 196 - Lazarus has died once only 288Chapter 197 - Te Similitude o a good Axe 289Chapter 198 - On death and its teaching 290Chapter 199 - Worth o a single tear in repentence 291Chapter 200 - Jesus Entereth Jerusalem 292Chapter 201 - Te Woman taken in adultery 293Chapter 202 - Great is the number o the righteous unrighteous 294

    Chapter 203 - Gods Judgement on Jerusalem 295Chapter 204 - Judgement on Jerusalem (cont) 296Chapter 205 - In the House o Simon the Leper 297Chapter 206 - Jesus Conronts the high Priest 298Chapter 207 - Jesus Conronts the high Priest (cont.) 299Chapter 208 - Priests ry Stoning Jesus 300Chapter 209 - Gabriel Comorts Mary 301Chapter 210 - Te Search or Jesus 302Chapter 211- Jesus Consoles his Disciples 303Chapter 212 - Jesus Prays 304Chapter 213 - Jesus Washes Disciples Feet 305Chapter 214 - Betrayal 306Chapter 215 - Divine Intervention 307Chapter 216 - ransormation 308Chapter 217 - Crucixion 309Chapter 218 - Body o Judas Stolen 312Chapter 219 - Jesus Reappearance 313Chapter 220 - Jesus and the Four Angels 314Chapter 221 - Jesus Final Message to Barnabas 315Chapter 222 - Jesus Ascension 316

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    BOOK 1 - he Forgotten Saints,Gospel of Barnabas Survey and

    Commentary.

    By Dr. Omar Zaid, M.D.Research Fellow, ISAC,

    IIUM, KL, Malaysia.

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    F S()

    T G BSurvey and Commentary

    O Z, M.D.

    Research Fellow,ISAC, IIUM,KL, Malaysia.

    Jan. 2008

    Revision April, 2010

    All Rights Reserved

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    Introduction

    Little is known o Barnabas, the one time companion o Paul. It is said they journeyed as mis-sionaries to the island o Cyprus. In those days people believed their gods would visit them atwill, and there, in Lystra, the two men are reported to have perormed such astonishing mira-cles that the appreciative Lystrans prepared to sacrice a bull in their honor as touring deities.Barnabas was the elder and I suspect his demeanor prompted the Lystrans to mistake him or

    their chie god, Saturn, while they named the less imposing gure o Paul,1 Mercury, known asthe messenger o his rather austere and imposing sire.

    On pondering this New estament (N) anecdote, I queried why Paul is said to be responsibleor two-thirds o the N while Barnabas is barely known and none o his literature has reachedus... or has it? Te answer is not readily made with certainty as is so much o what is containedin the N since Constantines imposition o the spurious text.2 One thing is assured however:no sincere monotheist with knowledge o the prophetic monotheist history will be able to read

    the Gospel ascribed to Barnabas without a similar assessment as was made by the people o

    Lystra. Te works credited to Paul pale when compared to the singular gravity o the GoBs corecontent. Moreover, the man presented by both writers as Jesus (Prophet Isa) is hardly recog-

    nizable as the same person. Te truth o the matter remains in the realm o reasonably cogentspeculation, and otherwise with Allah swt.

    What this (rst) book attempts is to :

    1. Review the historicity o the Gospel o Barnabas (GoB);2. Discuss the core content o this work in light o the schism between James and Paul;

    3. Lay groundwork or urther discourse;

    4. Attempt to place the entire matter in perspective with a view to err on the side o caution bothor scholars and laymen who may enthusiastically misuse the work or errant polemics and / orDakwah.

    5. Provide commentary relevant to current events in light o the schism and polemics in whichBarnabas and later this Gospel played / play a pivotal role.

    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    1 Paul is described as a bit gnome-like in habitus hardly a model or the athletic mold o Mercury: ... a mano small stature, with a bald head and crooked legs, in a good state o body, with eyebrows meeting and the nose

    somewhat hooked, ull o riendliness ... rom: A description by Onesiphorus, Giuseppe Riciotti: Paul the Apostle,

    Milwaukee, Bruce, 1953, pp 153-159

    2 Constantine was the ruling spirit at Nicaea and he ultimately decided upon a new god or them. o involveBritish actions [his antecedents], he ruled that the name o the mighty Druid god, Hesus (crucied in Britain andlater restored to lie), be joined with the Eastern savior-god, Krishna (Krishna is Sanskrit or Christ), and thus a

    caricature, or the personication o an ideal, Hesus Krishna, would be the name o the new Roman god. A vote wastaken and it was with a majority show o hands that both divinities became one God . . . 161 votes to 157. Follow-ing longstanding heathen custom, Constantine used the ocial gathering and the Roman Apotheoses Decree to

    legally deiy two deities as one, and did so by democratic consent. A new god was proclaimed and ocially ratiedby Constantine (Acta Concilii Niceni, Colon, 1618)... [Krishnianity] ... and when the letterJ was introduced

    into alphabets around the Ninth Century, the linguistic relic o the name became Jesus Christ. [NB: the letter Jwas not introduced to English until the 16th Century.] Te Papal Billions, ony Bushby, (Queensland, Australia,

    Joshua Books, 2008) pp. 23-25. ISBN 978-0-9804101-1-2

    11

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    I owe a word o gratitude to Pro. Emeritus Osman Bakar or suggesting and then guiding thissurvey aer he named it Forgotten Saint. I added the s or reasons made clear below. I alsothank those who preceded us in taking serious interest in this work. May Allah reward them

    and guide us in our review o a chapter and work rom the theological chronicles that remainsin the many shadows o suspicion and ambiguity.

    Omar Zaid, M.D.

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    he Schism, Part I

    Te Apostle Barnabas is an important character in early Christian sources but what ew inde-pendent historical sources we have rom that period make no mention o him, nor o anyone

    like him... Given this small amount o inormation, and the act that he does not appear outsideo Christian sources, it must be admitted that we cannot say or certain that he was even a real,historical gure... Christian and even secular writers regularly assume that Lukes Acts o the

    Apostles is a reliable historical source. More objective ap...