Glossary of Produced Water and Fracking Terms - .Term Definition Reference Link Glossary of Terms

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  • CONFERENCE GLOSSARY

    Produced Water Fracking Water Treatment Energy Production

  • Term Definition Reference Link

    16/30 sand Frac sand (proppant) with particle sizes of600 m 1180 .http://www.horiba.com/scientific/products/particl

    e-characterization/applications/frac-sand/

    20/40 sand Frac sand (proppant) with particle sizes of 420 m - 840 m.http://www.horiba.com/scientific/products/particl

    e-characterization/applications/frac-sand/

    30/50 sand Frac sand (proppant) with particle sizes of 300 m 600m.http://www.horiba.com/scientific/products/particl

    e-characterization/applications/frac-sand/

    40 CFRDischarge to a surface water or tributary groundwater 40 CFR 435

    40/70 sand Frac sand (proppant) with particle sizes 212 m - 420 m.http://www.horiba.com/scientific/products/particl

    e-characterization/applications/frac-sand/

    70/140 sand Frac sand (proppant) with particle sizes 106 m - 212 m.http://www.horiba.com/scientific/products/particl

    e-characterization/applications/frac-sand/

    activated carbon

    Activated carbon is carbon riddled with microscopic pores so that it is useful in

    removing impurities such as hydrocarbons or chlorine from water. Delta Pure Filtration

    manufactures filters containing activated carbon.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Activated_carbon

    AFS

    The American Filtration Society is an organization for filter professionals in all aspects of

    filtration serving many industries. The organization helps members to network and

    learn about technical advances. Produced Water has been a major focus of several

    papers presented at recent meetings, and will be a focus of the upcoming March 25-26,

    2014 meeting in Houston, TX USA.

    http://www.afssociety.org/

    aliphaticAliphatic combounds are organic molecules that are not aromatic and do not have a

    "ring structure." These compounds are comprised of straight chains.

    AMENDED SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL

    501 PASSED IN 1985

    The AMENDED SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL

    501PASSED IN 1985, 1)eliminated evaporation pits as of July 1, 1986

    2)Established lawful disposal options deep well

    injection or surface spreading and 3) Established registration and reporting

    requirements for brine haulers

    http://www.ohgeosoc.org/presentations/201111/

    Tomastik_ShalePlays_ClassIIWells.pdf

    amine

    Amine is often used to sweeten (remove H2S from) natural gas in a gas plant. "Foam

    outs" can disrupt the effectiveness of the amine sweetening process and are an "upset

    condition". Particulate contamination can stablize foam and contribute to foam outs.

    This is one of many reaons why amine is filtered. Many gas plants use string wound

    filters or melt blown filters from Delta Pure Filtration.

    Antrim Shale A shale gas play in the State of Michigan - lower peninsula.

    Glossary of Terms for Produced Water, Fracking, Energy Production, Filtration, and Water Treatment

    www.deltapure.com Page 1 of 39 phone: 804-798-2888

    http://www.horiba.com/scientific/products/particle-characterization/applications/frac-sand/http://www.horiba.com/scientific/products/particle-characterization/applications/frac-sand/http://www.horiba.com/scientific/products/particle-characterization/applications/frac-sand/http://www.horiba.com/scientific/products/particle-characterization/applications/frac-sand/http://www.horiba.com/scientific/products/particle-characterization/applications/frac-sand/http://www.horiba.com/scientific/products/particle-characterization/applications/frac-sand/http://www.horiba.com/scientific/products/particle-characterization/applications/frac-sand/http://www.horiba.com/scientific/products/particle-characterization/applications/frac-sand/http://www.horiba.com/scientific/products/particle-characterization/applications/frac-sand/http://www.horiba.com/scientific/products/particle-characterization/applications/frac-sand/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Activated_carbonhttp://www.afssociety.org/http://www.ohgeosoc.org/presentations/201111/Tomastik_ShalePlays_ClassIIWells.pdfhttp://www.ohgeosoc.org/presentations/201111/Tomastik_ShalePlays_ClassIIWells.pdf

  • Term Definition Reference Link

    Glossary of Terms for Produced Water, Fracking, Energy Production, Filtration, and Water Treatment

    APB Acid producing bacteria. See also SRB.

    APGAssociated gas is natural gas that resides in the same formations as oil. Synonyms are

    "flare gas" and "associated petroleum gas" (APG).

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Associated_petroleu

    m_gas

    API

    The American Petroleum Institute (API) has broad interests from exploration to

    pipelines. API funds scientific research regarding clean water and has formed a number

    of issue-specific task groups that are working closely with industry, governmental and

    other groups to address a broad range of water quality issues.

    http://www.api.org/environment-health-and-

    safety/clean-water

    API gravity

    American Petroleum Institue (API) gravity is the reciprocal of specific gravity. A

    petroleum grade with a higher API gravity will float on top of the grade with the lower

    API gravity.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/API_gravity

    aquifer

    An aquifer is an underground layer of water - often within highly porous rock . Fresh

    water aquifers are often sources of drinking water, or potential future sources. Drilling

    companies often must drill well bores through aquifers to reach shale gas layers. Many

    people are concerned about actual or potential contamination of drinking water

    aquifers with fracking chemicals and with methane shale gas. There is disagreement

    about the extent of such contamination, as well as controversy about the level of risk.

    There is also disagreement about whether providing affordable energy requires

    environmental risk.

    aromaticOrganic compounds (containing carbon and hydrogen) whose structure includes at least

    one ring. These are cyclic molecules.

    associated gasAssociated gas is natural gas that resides in the same formations as oil. Synonyms are

    "flare gas" and "associated petroleum gas" (APG).

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Associated_petroleu

    m_gas

    ATEX

    The ATEX directive consists of two EU directives describing what equipment and work

    environment is allowed in an environment with an explosive atmosphere. ATEX derives

    its name from the French title of the 94/9/EC directive: Appareils destins tre utiliss

    en ATmosphres EXplosibles.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ATEX_directive

    autogenic produced from withinAWWA American Water Works Association

    bacteriophage

    Bacteriophage (or phage) are viruses that attack bacteria. Employing bacteriophage as

    a natural predator for SRB (bacteria that cause corrosion problems in production

    operations) is the latest attempt to replace chemical biocides in fracking fluids.

    www.deltapure.com Page 2 of 39 phone: 804-798-2888

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Associated_petroleum_gashttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Associated_petroleum_gashttp://www.api.org/environment-health-and-safety/clean-waterhttp://www.api.org/environment-health-and-safety/clean-waterhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/API_gravityhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Associated_petroleum_gashttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Associated_petroleum_gashttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ATEX_directive

  • Term Definition Reference Link

    Glossary of Terms for Produced Water, Fracking, Energy Production, Filtration, and Water Treatment

    BAF

    biological aerated filter - A system whereby water is purified biologically with biofilm

    grown on a media such as rocks or plastic surfaces. BAF can reduce oil, suspended

    solids, ammonia, and nitrogen, chemical oxygen

    demand, biological oxygen demand, iron, manganese, heavy metals, solubleorganics,

    trace organics, and hydrogen sulfide.

    http://www.usbr.gov/research/AWT/reportpdfs/r

    eport157.pdf

    Bakken ShaleThe Bakken Shale gas play underlies Montana, North Dakota, Saskatchewan and the

    southwest corner of Manitoba.barite Barite is a type of mineral often used in drilling muds.

    Barnett ShaleA tight gas play in northern Texas, which underlies 17 counties and the Dallas-Fort

    Worth area. It may be the largest natural gas reservoir in the United States.

    barrel

    A barrel is a unit of volume. In the United States and Canada, a barrel is equal to 46 US

    gallons. The abbreviation for barrel is bbl. Other units of volume used in the petroleum

    industry are cubic meters and metric tonnes.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barrel_(unit)

    BAT Best available techniques

    Baxter Shale The Baxter Shale plays are in northwestern Colorado and southwestern Wyoming.

    bbl Barrel - equal to 46 US gallons

    bbl/MCF barrels per million cubic feethttp://www.usbr.gov/research/AWT/reportpdfs/r

    eport157.pdf

    beneficial use

    Rather than injected into disposal wells, waste water might be re-purposed for

    "beneficial use" after propper treatment. Some examples are irrigation, water for

    livestock, cooling of popwerplants.BHA Bottom Hole Assembly

    biochemical oxygen demand

    Biochemical oxygen demand, or BOD, measures the amount of oxygen consumed by

    microorganisms feasting on organic matter in water or waste water. If bacteria are

    depleting oxygen in the process of consuming organic matter, then fish and aquatic life

    can suffocate.

    http://www.gaepd.org/Files_PDF/techguide/wpb/

    devwtrplan_b.pdf

    www.deltapure.com Page 3 of 39 phone: