Glossary of Nautical Terms: English – Vietnamese Vietnamese

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Text of Glossary of Nautical Terms: English – Vietnamese Vietnamese

  • Glossary of Nautical

    Terms:

    English Vietnamese

    Vietnamese English

  • 2

    Approved and Released by: Dalene G. Bailey, DIR-IC

    United States Coast Guard AuxiliaryInterpreter Corps

    http://icdept.cgaux.org/

    January 17th

    , 2013

    http://icdept.cgaux.org/

  • 3

    Index

    Glossary of Nautical Terms:

    English Vietnamese Vietnamese English

    A...pages 4 - 5

    B.. pages 6 - 8

    C.pages 9 - 11

    D....pages 12 -13

    E... page 14

    F....pages 15 - 16

    G... page 17

    H...pages 18 19

    I..... page 20

    J.... page 21

    Kpage 22

    L...pages 23 - 24

    M...... page 25

    N... page 26

    O... page 27

    P..... pages 28 - 29

    Q.. page 30

    R...... pages 31 - 32

    S...pages 33 36

    T....pages 37 - 38

    U... page 39

    V... page 40

    W..... pages 41 - 42

    Y... page 43

    A. page 44

    . page 45

    B... pages 46 47

    C pages 48 - 51

    D pages 52 - 53

    pages 54 - 56

    E. page 57

    . page 58

    F. page 59

    G. page 60

    H pages 61 - 62

    K. page 63

    L pages 64 - 65

    M.. pages 66 - 67

    N... pages 68 69

    . page 70

    page 71

    P pages 72 - 73

    Q. page 74

    R. page 75

    S. pages 76 - 77

    T pages 78 - 81

    V. page 82

    X. page 83

    Y. page 84

  • 4

    Nautical Terms

    English

    Nautical Terms

    Translated to Vietnamese

    A abaft sau; ng sau; pha sau

    abeam m ngang sn

    aboard ln tu; ln boong

    adrift ln nh tri dt; khng buc

    advection fog sng m ngang; sng m bnh lu

    aft cui tu, ui tu

    aground mc cn

    ahead pha trc

    aids to navigation (ATON) nhng bn hiu trn ng bin tr gip

    cho vic lu thng ; hi hiu ; thng hiu

    hng hi

    air draft phn tu t mt nc tr ln

    air intake kh ly vo

    air exhaust kh thot ra

    allision s n gn

    aloft trn cao; trn ct bum

    alternator my dao in

    amidships gia tu

    anchor ci neo, m neo

    anchorage area khu vc th neo; din tch th neo

    anchor's aweigh m neo thot khi y; m neo khng ng

    y

    anchor bend nt m neo

    fisherman's bend nt ng ph

    anchor light n th neo

    anchor rode dy th m neo

    anchor well khoang cha m neo

    aneroid barometer ci o kh p hp

    apparent wind gi r rng

    astern pha sau tu; pha li tu; li; git li

    athwartship ngang qua pha bn hng tu

    attidute v tr

  • 5

    automatic pilot dn li t ng

    auxiliary engine my ng c ph

  • 6

    B back and fill (through a tight channel) quay tu ti ch (qua con knh hp)

    backing plate ming bn h tr chi phi trng ti

    backing spring (line) dy buc thuyn li

    backstay dy no sau (no ct bum)

    ballast

    b; dn (vt nng gi cho tu, thuyn

    thng bng khi khng c hng)

    bar thanh, chn song

    barge s lan

    barograph my ghi kh p

    bathing ladder cu thang tm

    batten thanh g gi; thanh g lt (trong cnh

    bum, thi nay thng lm bng cht nha)

    batten down! ng ca hm li ( chun b cho sp c

    vn )

    batten pocket

    ti ng cc thanh trong cnh bum

    battery bnh in

    battery charger b np bnh in

    beacon mc hiu; ct mc

    beam sn ngang ca sn tu; sng neo

    beam reach hng thuym bum ngang vi chiu gi v

    cnh bum 45 degree

    bearing v tr; phng hng

    bear off i lch qua hng khc ( trnh chng

    ngi)

    beating quo p vo gi lin tc

    Beaufort Wind Scale a Bo-Pho o vn tc gi

    before the wind trc ln gi

    bell buoy phao chung; bu chung

    below pha di

    berth ch tu c th b neo, ch tu u bn

    belt dy ai

    bilge y tu; nc bn y tu

    bilge alarm system h thng bo ng mc nc y tu

    bilge drain ng dn thot nc ng y tu

    bilge pump ci bm/my bm gii nc ng y tu

    bimini top mi che bng vi bt ln khu vc sinh

    hot/li tu

    binnacle hp la bn

    binoculars ng nhm hai mt

    bitt tr rt chc trn tu ct dy vo

    ( th neo, hoc ko mt tu khc)

  • 7

    bitter end u dy ch ct vo tr th neo hoc tr ko

    block khi; tng; tm k

    boarding ladder cu thang bc ln tu

    boat hook cy mc (dng ko hoc y tu)

    bollar cc buc tu thuyn

    bolt rope ng may dc theo ra ca vi bum

    boom so cng bum

    boom vang (rigid) h thng dy ko iu chnh cnh bum

    chnh v chnh cong

    Bosuns chair (bosns chair) gh vng ko ln cao

    boundary layer lp ranh gii

    bow u tu, mi tu

    bow fitting lp rp khu vc u tu

    bowline nt gh n

    bow (lateral) navigation lights n hng hi u tu

    bowsprit rm no bum ( mi tu thu)

    bow thruster b phn y mi tu

    braided rope dy thng bm

    breakaway tch ra; ri ra

    breaker ci ngt in, ci cng tc

    breaker line tuyn ng ngc in; tuyn ca cng

    tc

    breaking strength (BS) sc v, sc t

    breakwater chn sng ( hi cng)

    breast line traversino

    dy u tu ct thng gc vi hng tu

    bridge (on a ship) i ch huy ca thuyn trng

    bridge markings cc bo hiu cu

    bridle dy ct thuyn

    broach quay (thuyn) v pha sng v gi

    (d dn ti lt thuyn)

    broadcast truyn ra; pht ra; truyn thng rng ri

    broadcast (to) thng tin n

    broadcast notice to mariners

    pht ra thng co cho cc thuyn nhn

    broad on the beam phng hng 90 v bn mn phi hoc

    270 v bn mn tri

    broad reach s i xin gi

    bulkhead vch ngn; bun, phng trn tu

    bullnose loi mi tu cng, ging nh mi b

    bunk ging trn xe r mt tu nm ln

    buoy phao im du

    buoy moorings phao neo tu vo

    buoy station ia v phao im du

    buoyage h thng phao nh du (trn cc tuyn

  • 8

    ng hng hi)

    buoyancy sc ni

  • 9

    C cabin cabin; bung ng

    call sign tn gi (ca mt tng s radio)

    cam cleat kha kp dy thng

    can (buoy) phao nh du hnh lon; bu hnh lon

    capsize lt p thuyn

    car xe

    carburator cacbuarat; b ch ho kh

    cardinal marks bn du ch ng i an ton nht

    cardinal system of buoyage h thng phao nh du li i an ton

    cast iron gang

    cast off cho i; tho dy ct cho tu i

    catamaran

    b g, b thuyn i (lm bng hai thuyn

    ghp li)

    catenary dy xch; cong ca dy th neo

    cavitation si bong bng

    celestial navigation i bin bng cch coi vo v tr cc ngi sao ;

    i bng ng sao

    center of gravity trung tm ca trng lc

    center point method, circular area (SAR)

    cch tm kim t im trung tm, khu vc

    i vng quanh (cho vic tm kim v cu

    ngi)

    center point method, rectangular area,

    bearing and distance (SAR)

    cch tm kim t im trung tm, khu vc

    i hnh ch nht, v tr phng hng v

    khon cch (cho vic tm kim v cu

    ngi)

    centerline ng chnh gia

    chafe ch x ra (si dy)

    chafing gear /vt liu chng x

    chain locker kha dy xch

    chainplate

    a ng vo hai bn ra tu chng dy

    cng mng bum

    change oil thay nht

    channel (nav.) con knh; eo bin

    characteristic (ATON)

    c im; c th (ca cc pho ni ch

    ng)

    chart bn i bin; hi

    chart reader my in t c hi

    chine gc ca y thn tu

    chock vt chn, con chn, vt chm, n k; n

    chng

    chop ln sng nh v c dc

    cleat cc u dy; kha cng u dy

  • 10

    clevis pin kha ghim xuyn; kha hnh cung

    close hauled

    ko st cnh bum cho vi bum tht cng

    ra v cho thuyn i vo st vi hng gi

    closeout loi sng v ra theo chiu di

    closing gn ti; ng li

    clove hitch nt thuyn chi

    clutch khp; khp ly hp; s git ly

    coach roof nc cabin, nc toa, vm

    coaming

    ming dng ng v bc quanh ch m ra

    trn bong tu (ming hm) nc khng

    vo c

    Coast Guard approved

    c T Chc Bo V Min Ven Bin chp

    thun

    cockpit bung li

    coil down xon/qun dy thng theo vng trn

    cold front frng lnh; mt ngoi lnh

    colors cc mu sc

    comber t sng ln cun cun; my chi

    combination buoy

    phao ng tng hp(gm c m thanh v

    chp n)

    combustion s t chy; s chy

    companionway

    ng xung khoang tu, cu thang xung

    khoang tu

    companionway hatch np ng ng xung khoang tu

    compartment ngn kn (nc khng r qua c)

    compass la bn

    conventional direction of buoyage

    chiu theo quy c ca phao ni cooling

    (water, air) lm mt (nc, kh)

    corner method (SAR)

    cch thc tm theo gc (cho vic tm kim v

    cu vt ngi)

    coordinate ta

    COSPAS-SARSAT

    System h thng quc t dng k thut v tinh

    pht hin c tn hiu tai ha, tm kim v cu vt

    cotter pin kim ghim kp xt

    course hng; chiu hng; ng li

    cove vm; vnh nh; vng

    coverage factor (C)

    yu t bao gm (C) (dng trong vic tm

    kim v cu vt)

    cowls

    cc ng thng kh (ging nh ci chp ng

    khi)

    coxswain thuyn trng

    crab con cua; co x; v qup; cng kch

    craft tu; thuyn

    crash stop ngng m sm vo; ngng sm li

    crest nh nc; chm; ngn;