Glossary of Nautical Terms: English – Japanese

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  • Glossary of Nautical Terms:

    English Japanese

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    Approved and Released by: Dal Bailey, DIR-IdC United States Coast Guard Auxiliary Interpreter Corps

    http://icdept.cgaux.org/ 6/29/2012

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    IndexGlossaryofNauticalTerms:

    EnglishJapanese

    A.....pages46

    B..pages718

    C....pages1926

    D....pages2732

    E...pages3335

    F....pages3641

    G....pages4243

    H....pages4948

    I.......pages4950

    J.......page51

    K....page52

    L.....pages5358

    M.......pages5962

    N.............................................................................pages6364

    O.............................................................................pages6567

    P..............................................................................................................pages6874

    Q......page75

    R......pages7785

    S.....pages86105

    T......pages106112

    U.....page113

    V....page114

    W....pages116120

    Y............................page121

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    Nautical Terms English

    Nautical Terms Translated to Japanese

    AAbaft

    Abeam

    Aboard

    Adrift

    Advection fog

    Aft

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    Aground

    Ahead

    Aids to navigation (ATON)

    Air draft

    Air intake

    Air exhaust

    Allision (action of one boat hitting against another but one of the objects was fixed)

    Aloft

    Alternator

    Amidship

    Anchor

    Anchorage area

    Anchors aweigh (pull out/lift anchor)

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    Anchor bend (fishermans bend)

    Anchor light

    Anchor rode

    Anchor well

    Aneroid barometer

    Apparent wind

    Astern

    Athwartship

    Attitude (position by bearings; orientation of a craft relative to its direction of motion)

    Automatic pilot

    Auxiliary engine

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    BBack and drill

    Backing plate

    Backing spring (line) A spring line from the stern of a boat to mid ships to stop forward movement.

    Backstay

    Ballast

    Bar

    Barge

    Barograph

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    Barometer

    Bathing ladder (swim ladder)

    Batten

    Batten down!

    Batten pocket

    Battery

    Battery charger

    Beacon Or; Device operating on 121.5, 243, or MHz intended solely for distress signaling

    Beam

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    Beam reach (90 degrees to the apparent wind, sailing with the wind on the beam. Point of sail when the apparent wind comes from directly abeam). Sailing on a point of sail such that the apparent wind is coming from the beam side of the boat at about a 90 degree angle. A beam reach is usually the fastest point of sail. A beam reach is a point of sail between a broad reach and a close reach.

    Bearing

    Bear off

    Beating

    Beaufort wind scale

    Before the wind

    Bell buoy

    Below

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    Berth

    Belt

    Bilge

    Bilge alarm system

    Bilge drain

    Bilge pump

    Bimini top (Bimini A weather protection covering, usually mounted on a frame over a portion of the cockpit).

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    Binnacle

    Binocular

    Bitt

    Bitter end

    Block

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    Boarding ladder

    Boat hook

    Bollard

    Bolo line

    Bolt rope

    Boom

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    Boom vang (rigid)

    Bosuns chair (bosns chair)

    Bottlescrew

    Boundary layer

    Bow

    Bow fitting

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    Bow line

    Bowline

    Bow (lateral) navigation lights

    Bowsprit

    Bow thruster

    Braided rope

    Breakaway Emergency procedures, where the ships will separate in less-than-optimal situations

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    Breaker

    Breaker line

    Breaking strength (BS)

    Breakwater

    Breast line

    Bridge (on a ship)

    Bridge markings

    Bridle

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    Broach

    Broadcast

    Broadcast (to)

    Broadcast notice to mariners

    Broad on the beam In the direction of one of the sides of the vessel. Abeam. The position of an object that lies off to one side of the vessel. Broad on: In the general direction of. Ex: broad on the port bow describes the general direction forward of the beam on the port side.

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    Broad reach (22.5 degrees away from directly downwind sailing). A point of sailing in which the wind is within a few points of the beam, either forward of the beam (close reach), directly abeam (beam reach), or abaft of the beam (broad reach). A point of sail when the wind comes from either quarter. Broadside to the sea

    Bulkhead

    Bullnose

    Bunk

    Buoy

    Buoy moorings

    Buoy station

    Buoyage

    Buoyancy

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    Burdened vessel

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    CCabin

    Call sign

    Cam cleat

    Can (buoy)

    Capsize

    Car The slider on a track to which blocks or other hardware is attached to allow adjustment. A sliding fitting that attaches to a track allowing for the adjustment of blocks or other devices attached to the car.

    Carburetor

    Cardinal marks Cardinal marks Primary compass points (North, South, East, West).

    Cardinal system of buoyage

    Cast iron

    Casting

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    Cast off

    Catamaran

    Catenary

    Cavitation

    Celestial navigation Center of gravity

    Center point method, circular area (SAR) Circular point method Irregular search areas; quickly transmitted, this method gives latitude and longitude of the center point and the search radius, if circular, or the direction of the major axis and applicable dimensions, if rectangular.

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    Center point method, rectangular area (SAR)

    Center point method, rectangular area, bearing and distance (SAR)

    Centerline

    Chafe Chafing gear Chain locker

    Chainplate

    Change oil

    Channel (nav.)

    Characteristic (ATON) Chart

    Chart reader

    Chart table

    Chine

    Chock

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    Chop

    Cleat

    Clevis pin (a locking pin through which a split ring is passed to prevent accidental withdrawal)

    Clew

    Close-hauled

    Closeout

    Closing (situation where two ships are getting closer)

    Clove hitch

    Clutch

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    Coach roof

    Coaming

    Coast Guard - approved

    Coastal

    Cockpit

    Coil down

    Cold front

    Colors

    Comber

    Combination buoy Combustion

    Come about

    Companionway

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    Companionway hatch

    Compartment

    Compass

    Conventional direction of buoyage

    Cooling (water, air)

    Corner method (SAR) Corner point method- this can be used for any area (except circular areas) that can be described by stating the latitude and longitude, or geographic features, of each corner, in sequence. COSPAS-SARSAT system A satellite system designed to detect distress beacons transmitting on the frequencies 121.5 MHz and 406 MHz.

    Cotter pin (soft, metal pin folded back on itself to form an eye)

    Course

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    Cove

    Coverage factor (C) measure of search thoroughness. Ratio of the search effort (Z) to the area searched (A). C=Z/A. For parallel sweep searches, it may be computed as the ratio of sweep width (W) to track spacing (S). C=W/S Cowls

    Coxswain

    Crab

    Craft

    Crash stop

    Crest

    Cringle

    Crossing situation Crossing- the situation when the course of two vessels intersect in the danger zone, from nearly dead ahead to two points abaft of the beam.

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    Crucifix

    Current (ocean)

    Cutter (type of sailboat)

    Cylinder

    Cylinder head

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    DDamage control

    Datum A geographic point, line, or area used as a reference in search planning.

    Davit

    Day mark

    Daybeacon

    Dayboard

    Dayshape A geometrical marker (black ball, cylinder or cone) hung aloft to show a vessels occupation, state or type. For example, one black ball is at anchor, three black balls is aground. Black diamond, ball, and cone shapes hoisted on vessels during the day to indicate restricted movement ability or type. For example three balls means aground.

    Deck stepped mast A mast that is stepped placed on the deck of a boat rather than through the boat and keel stepped. The mast of a deck stepped boat is usually easier to raise and lower and are usually intended for lighter conditions than keep stepped boats.

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    De-watering

    Dead in the water

    Dead reckoning

    Dead man's stick (static discharge wand)

    Deck

    Deck fitting

    Deck scuttle

    Deep V hull

    Depth finder (sounder)

    Desmoking

    Destroyer turn

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    Deviation

    Diesel (fuel)

    Diesel engine

    Digital selective calling (DSC) A technique using digital codes which enables a radio station to establish contact with, and transfer information to, another station or group of stations. Dinghy

    Direction of current Direction toward which a current is flowing.

    Direction o