THE GLORY OF ARUNACHALA
Translated byM. C. Subramanian
SRI RAMANASRAMAMTIRUVANNAMALAI TIRUVANNAMALAI 606 603 2004
Sri Ramanasramam Tiruvannamalai First Edition: 1999 - 1000 copies Second Edition: 2004 2000 Copies
CC No. 1098
ISBN: 81-88018-31-7Price: Rs. Published by President Sri Ramanasramam Tiruvannamalai 606 603 Tamil Nadu INDIATel: 91-4175-237292/237200 Fax: 91-4175-237491 Email: email@example.com Website: www.ramana-maharshi.org
Typeset at Sri Ramanasramam
Printed by Kartik Printers Chennai 600 015
Publishers NoteThe Tamil translation of Arunachala Mahatmyam (Sanskrit) done by Sri Munagala S. Venkataramiah (later Sri Ramanananda Saraswati, compiler of Talks with Sri Ramana Maharshi) is already published by Sri Ramanasramam. The English translation of this by Sri M. C. Subramanian was serialised in The Mountain Path. This has been reissued now and includes a few alterations and additions. A long-felt need of devotees has at last been realised with the publication of this in book form. An unavoidable feature of the original is the repetition of stories as compiled from various Sanskrit sources. This has been retained in translation in order to emphasise the glory of Arunachala as the main theme. Appended to the Arunachala Mahatmyam (English), which forms the main body of the text, is the Arunachala Puranam as vignettes, translated by Sri J. Jayaraman from the Tamil poetic work of Saiva Ellappa Navalar, often referred to by Sri Bhagavan. This too originally appeared as a serial in The Mountain Path.
TIRUVANNAMALAI 1st September 1999
V. S. RAMANAN PRESIDENT SRI RAMANASRAMAM
ContentsPagePublishers Note Contents iii v
ARUNACHALA MAHATMYAM (SANSKRIT)Invocation 3
PART IS KANDA M AHAPURANAM(Arunachala Mahatmyam) First Section 5
PART IIS KANDA M AHAPURANAM(Arunachala Mahatmyam) Second Section 85
PART IIIS IVA R AHASYA(Upamanyu Sivabhakta Vilasam: Arunachala Mahima) 157
PART IVS IVA M AHAPURANAM(Vidyeswara Samhita: Arunachala Mahatmyam) (Vidyasara Samhita) 187 200
PART VS KANDA U PAPURANAM(Kshetra Khandam) 205 208
Sri BhagavansArunachala Linga Pramana Vakyani
A RUNACHALA P URANAM ( TAMIL )Vignettes 216
RT P A RT - I
I N V O C AT I O N ATSiva Mahimna StotraO Hara! Even the words of Brahma and other Gods are inadequate to sing your Glory. It is therefore impossible for an ignorant man to speak of your greatness. Nevertheless, this, my deep desire to describe you as Indescribable, cannot be wrong. Even the Srutis could only indirectly describe you as not this, not that, and your greatness as being beyond words and thought. How can one say what you are and who can visualise you? Yet, how can one remain without thinking or speaking of your revealed form? I am inclined to speak of your Glory so that I may become pure. O Hill Supreme, when you stood as this Column of Effulgence, the utmost efforts of Brahma and Vishnu to realise your greatness were of no avail Later, full of devotion and faith, they praised you and you appeared before them! Can devotion fail to achieve anything?
I . TH E SI G N I F I C A N C E A R U N AC H A L A
N the Suta Samhita, it is said: Sivas very form is Linga, hence the term, Sivalinga. Later it will be found that the Supreme Being revealed Himself as this Linga of Fire.
SIVALINGA AS SUTA SAMHITA
TOLD IN THE
Linga is truly Siva. All is revealed by Siva who is the very essence of Consciousness and Knowledge. Nothing can reveal Him. Thus the Linga is the sole, Self-shining Reality. In brief, Siva is Consciousness Unmanifest, whereas Sivalinga is Consciousness Manifest. Again it is said, that unto which all merge is the Linga. Everything is resolved into Brahman, but the Supreme Brahman being the sole Eternal Reality cannot
merge into another. All but Siva merge into Siva. Therefore the Linga is Immortal Siva Himself. The whole universe is termed Linga, as the former is resolved and absorbed into and manifested from the latter. But the Linga is free from any emblem or characteristic mark. This Linga is unqualified, beyond darkness. It is the source of the sacred syllable Pranava (OM). It is neither an entity nor a nonentity; neither the pervader nor the pervaded, neither the knowledge, nor the knower or the known; neither the manifest, the existing nor the unmanifest; neither real nor unreal, or a mixture of the two. It is only the Self-Realised. It illuminates all by its light; neither decaying nor undecaying; neither moving nor inert; neither the proof nor the proven; neither the vital air nor the mind; neither the seer nor the seen; neither the image nor its reflection; neither visible nor invisible; it is beyond speech and thought; it is not the eye, the ear, the nose, the earth, the ether, the vital airs or any object of the senses to realise the Self, enquiring in this manner, is true worship. This Linga, though not the ether nor different from it, yet reveals it; though not light, reveals it; though not air, yet makes it move; though not water, yet gives it its nature. This Linga can be seen on a shining seat in the house of nine gates never installed there by anyone but having faces, hands, feet, heads and seats in all directions. It lies beyond darkness; nothing can be seen there. It is revealed as the Unqualified Being by Vedanta. From it emerges the
magnificent earth and is resolved into it. The three qualities namely, brightness, activity and darkness (sattva, rajas and tamas) of which the universe is made, manifests from it. Its size cannot be estimated, for it has no magnitude. It remains unbroken and unitary. All the spheres of the vast universe are located in it. It has no temple but contains all in itself. It is the inmost core of all beings. It is neither Isvara nor the jiva but the Inmost Conscious Self, Bliss, Non-dual Reality unrelated to Brahma, Vishnu, Rudra, Indra etc. It can be realised only by the Self. It is the Self, known to oneself and abides within. This is the Supreme Bliss; there is nothing apart from it. It is always worshipped by all. It is free from the three states of waking, dream and deep sleep. It is drik pure, beyond knowledge. Neither the ignorant nor the all-knowing individuals or gods in the power of the ego or maya, can see this Linga. As this cannot be understood by all, out of His spontaneous infinite mercy, Siva is here manifest as Arunachala which all can see and worship.
I I . TH E OR I G I N T H E HI L L
ERE at Arunachala, Siva shines forth as the Yogi Supreme, with his forehead smeared with three lines of sacred ashes and adorned by a patch of musk, clad in a loincloth, wearing a brilliant garland, the invincible serpent on his body and the crescent moon on his head. Vyasa said: The holy men of Naimisaranya asked Suta: We desire to know from you about the greatness of Arunachala, please tell us. Suta thereupon described it as follows: In former times Sanaka asked Brahma the same question. I shall repeat what Brahma narrated to Sanaka. Listen attentively. The sins of those who listen with faith to this narrative will be destroyed. Once upon a time Sanaka, with hands folded in salutation asked Brahma: O Creator of the Universe! Lord of the devas! Thou art
known through the study of the Vedas! Four-faced One! I have by Thy grace acquired the ability to know everything. Thou art the Universal Guru. By Thy grace the knowledge of Siva (Sivajnana), the essence of the Vedas, has become clear. Ocean of Mercy! The divine lingas of Siva on earth, installed by human beings or siddhas are all of a concrete form. Kindly tell me which of these lingas found in the Island of Jambu (one of the nine islands or land masses into which the earth is divided according to Hindu mythology. India, situated in this island, is the purest, the best, Self-created, full of Effulgence and has the virtue of destroying desire, anger, greed, delusion, pride and jealousy). Ocean of Compassion! Kindly tell me as to which of these can, by merely thinking of it, destroy all sins and grant the eternal state of Siva. Please enlighten me about that linga which is the primal cause of the world and which truly represents the imperishable splendour of Siva and the sight of which makes one feel that the supreme aim of life has been fulfilled. On hearing these eager words of Sanaka, Brahma was pleased. Sitting on the lotus he meditated on Sambhu (another name for Siva) for a long time and was immersed in bliss. In this state he had a vision of Siva as He had formerly revealed Himself as a Column of Light. The four-faced Brahma lost awareness of the surroundings. By Sivas Grace and on His instructions, Brahma emerged from his trance and noticed Kumara (literally the son, Sanaka) standing in a worshipful attitude. With hair standing on end and with tears of joy brought forth by
the vision of Siva, he spoke in a faltering voice: O Son! You have made me remember the ancient yoga of Siva. You have developed supreme devotion to Siva as a result of great austerities. Those pure souls who possess unceasing devotion to the Eternal Siva purify the entire world by their lives. To talk, associate or sport with devotees of Siva removes all sins; even mere remembrance or sight of them removes all sins. Now I shall describe how Siva, the Ocean of Grace, manifested as Arunachala, the Light of Consciousness. From the Supreme Effulgence which is the Eternal Siva, Narayana (Vishnu) and I were born in accordance with His desire. Both of us manifested spontaneously. Once, out of egoism, we engaged in an argument and started a fight. Seeing the terrible rage into which we had fallen while quarrel