Global Ocean Biodiversity Initiative (GOBI) Global Ocean Biodiversity Initiative (GOBI) Workingtowards

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  • Global Ocean Biodiversity Initiative (GOBI) Working towards high seas conservation

    Kristina Maria Gjerde

    IUCN High Seas Policy Advisor

    UNICPOLOS 11 June 21, 2010

    Credit: John Weller, john@lastocean.com Credit: Robert L. Pitman (NOAA)

    Credit: Sarah Gotheil, IUCN

    Credit_Deep Atlantic Stepping Stones Science

    Team_IFE_URI_NOAA_no3

    Credit: Imène Meliane, IUCN Photo Library Credit: John Weller, john@lastocean.com Credit: John Weller, john@lastocean.com

    Credit: John Weller, john@lastocean.comCredit: John Weller, john@lastocean.comCredit: John Weller, john@lastocean.com

  • DEEP SEA, OPEN OCEAN

    Credit: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, NOAA

  • 95% of the planet, less than 1% explored…. Institute of Marine Reserach, Bergen, Norway

  • CRUCIAL ROLE OF HEALTHY OCEANS IN CLIMATE CHANGE

    • Absorbed 95% of sun’s radiation

    • Removed 25% of CO2 between 2000- 2007

     Main buffer to climate change and will likely bear greatest burden of impacts

     Ocean health influences the capacity of oceans to absorb carbon

    FAO, CBD, UNEP, UNDP, World Bank et al.,

    2009, Fisheries and Aquaculture in our

    Changing Climate

    ftp://ftp.fao.org/FI/brochure/climate_change

    /policy_brief.pdf hanging Climate

  • HIGH SEAS, THE SEABED “AREA”

  • CBD COP9 Decision 20 (2008) Annex I: Site Criteria

    “Ecologically or Biologically Significant Areas” (EBSAs)

    1. Uniqueness / rarity

    2. Special importance for life history of species

    3. Importance for threatened, endangered or declining species / habitats

    4. Vulnerability, fragility, sensitivity, or slow recovery

    5. Biological productivity

    6. Biological diversity

    7. Naturalness Credit: Deep Atlantic Stepping Stones Science Team_IFE_URI_NOAA

  • CBD COP9 Decision 20 (2008) Annex II: MPA Network Guidance

    1. EBSAs (site criteria)

    2. Representativity

    3. Connectivity

    4. Replication

    5. Adequacy / viability

    Credit: Deep Atlantic Stepping Stones Science Team_IFE_URI_NOAA

  • UN WORKING GROUP February 2010:

    on Area-based Management

    • Recognize the importance of establishing MPAs consistent with international law and based on scientific information, including representative networks by 2012;

    • Call upon states to work through competent international organizations towards the development of a common methodology for the identification and selection of marine areas that may benefit from protection based on existing criteria, with a view to facilitating achievement of the 2012 MPA target

  • UN WORKING GROUP February 2010:

    on Environmental Impact Assessments

    • Recognize the importance of EIA, in particular for the implementation of the ecosystem and precautionary approaches;

    • Request information on EIA undertaken for planned activities in ABNJ, including capacity-building needs,

    • Recognize the importance of further developing scientific and technical guidance on the implementation of EIA on planned activities in ABNJ, including consideration of assessments of cumulative impacts.

  • CBD SBSTTA RECOMMENDATIONS to the 10th Conference of Parties

    May 2010

    • Prepare guidelines on EIAs and SEAs

    • Adopt guidance on identification of significant areas

    • Urge cooperation to identify and protect significant areas

    • Outline process to create global inventory of significant areas

    • Convene /sponsor regional workshops

    • Build capacity development tools

  • ©Larry Madin

    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

    LINKING SCIENCE TO POLICY

  • 12

    INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE

    Credit: Lisa Morse, Marine Photobank

    LINKING COASTS TO HIGH SEAS

  • New ways of observing the living ocean

    Tagging and tracking large predators across the Pacific (www.TOPP.org)

  • EBSA ILLUSTRATIONS

    Credit: Pat Halpin, MGEL

  • GLOBAL OCEAN BIODIVERSITY INITIATIVE

  • INITIATIVE BACKGROUND

     International partnership advancing the scientific basis for conserving biological diversity in the deep seas and open oceans

     Builds on the CBD scientific criteria adopted at CBD COP 9 in 2008

     Helps to identify ecologically or biologically significant marine areas (EBSA) in need of protection beyond national jurisdiction

     Supported by the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)

     Funded by the German Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety (BMU) during the German Presidency of the CBD

  • INITIATIVE STRUCTURE

    IUCN

    Coordination

    Advisory Board

    SCBD FAO GEF IMO

    IOC ISA UNEP UNDP

    Science Board

    AquaMaps BirdLife International Census of Marine Life

    CenSeam CSIRO

    Duke University, MGEL IOC/UNESCO

    MCBI OBIS TOPP

    UNEP-WCMC UNU-IAS

    Data,

    Research,

    EBSA

    Analyses &

    Meta-analyses

    EBSA ANALYSES and MAPS

    To be presented at:

    - CBD SBSTTA 14 (2010)

    - CBD COP 10 (2010)

    - CBD COP 11 (2012)

  • GOBI BROCHURE « Working Towards High Seas Conservation »

  • Robert Pitman, NOAA

    THANK YOU!

    kgjerde@eip.com.pl

    www.iucn.org/marine

    www.GOBI.org

    mailto:kgjerde@eip.com.pl http://www.gobi.org/ http://www.gobi.org/ http://www.gobi.org/

  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

    • Carole Durussel

    • Patricio Bernal

    • Anna Rulska-Domino

    • And the many GOBI partners

    • Supported by the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) with funds from the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU)