Giving Highly Effective Presentations 2017-11-10آ  Giving Highly Effective Presentations Ryan Kraemer

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  • Giving Highly Effective

    Presentations

    Ryan Kraemer MD

  • Inspiration

     Present Like a Pro: Tips on giving a killer

    talk to any audience

     Scott C. Litin

  • Opening Task

  • What presentations do you

    give?

  • Goal of an Effective Lecture?

    Memory

  • Promoting Retention

  • Goal of an Effective Lecture?

    Forming Memories

    Changing Thought Processes

    Memory

  • Goal of an Effective Lecture?

  • Roadmap

     Planning/Organizing to enhance memory

     Powerpoint slide design

     Delivery

  • Roadmap

     Planning/Organizing to enhance memory

     Powerpoint slide design

     Delivery

  • Planning Your Talk

     What do I hope to achieve?

     What does the audience already know?

     What are my 3 most important points?

     How can I get them to remember those

    points?

     Opening? Closing?

     Use Andragogy

  • Andragogy

     Methods or techniques to teach adults

    effectively

  • Andragogy

     1. The Need to Know - Adults need to know the reason for learning

    something

     Adults prioritize what they are going to

    learn

  • Andragogy

     2. “The adult learner learns most effectively if the new

    learning is presented in the context of applications to

    real life situations—that is task or problem centered

    learning.”

     Cases allow learners to process that they may be faced with

    this scenario in the future

     Cases make the knowledge seem practical

  • Andragogy

     3. Adults are self-directing learners

     4. Adult learners bring prior experiences and

    prior knowledge

  • Andragogy

  • Hook Them Early

     Tell them what you are going to accomplish

    with your talk

     Establish relevance

     Show importance

  • Use Cases to Teach

     Cases are problem centered learning

     Start with a case … a great hook

     Use cases to reinforce a concept

     Use cases to check understanding

  • The more anecdotes the better

    Ambrose S. How Learning Works: 7 Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching.

    San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2010. Print (pp. 57-58)

  • Advanced Organizers

     Strategy to promote learning and retention

    of material

     AKI: prerenal, instrinsic, postrenal

     Anemia: factory production of RBCs

     HD: AEIOU

    Ambrose S. How Learning Works: 7 Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching.

    San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2010. Print (p. 53)

    Wiese J. Teaching in the Hospital. Philadelphia: ACP Press, 2010. Print (p. 18)

  • Teaching the Complex/Abstract

     For complex, new, or abstract concepts

    1. Concept

    2. Example

    3. Concept

  • Compare/Contrast

     Syncope vs seizure

     Gout vs pseudogout

     Crohn’s vs ulcerative colitis

    Ambrose S. How Learning Works: 7 Research-Based Principles for Smart

    Teaching. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2010. Print (p. 58-61)

  • Questions as Organizers

     Bell’s Palsy

     Who is Bell Anyway?

     Case

     How do I tell Bell’s Palsy from a Stroke?

     What is the differential diagnosis?

     Are labs or imaging helpful?

     How do I treat it?

     What’s the prognosis?

  • Adults Need Variety

    Mills, H.R. (1977) Techniques of Technical Training, 3rd Ed. Macmillan, London

  • Examples of Variety

     Cases

     Videos

     A personal story or anecdote

     A demonstration

     An audience task

  • Adults Need Variety

  • Take Home Messages

     Have take home points (1-3)

     Repeat them, repeat them, repeat them

     Have an anecdote or story about each

  •  Alabama ACP Meeting May 2013

     Keys to success:

     Talks were cased based

     Utilized audience response system

  • Roadmap

     Planning/Organizing

     Powerpoint slide design

     Delivery

  • Powerpoint Rules

  • Powerpoint Rules

     One of the things that you should never do

    it put a paragraph of text on the slide and

    then read word for word from the text. The

    audience will read in their heads faster

    than you, but your talking will mess up

    their reading. They will think, “Why is he

    talking when I can just read this myself?”

  • Laser Pointer Rules

     Not for use on TEXT slides

     Speaker may only use on:

     Graphs

     Pictures

     Diagrams

  • Powerpoint Rules

     Use short bulleted phrases

     Use them as memory prompts

     Key words and phrases

     Pictures or graphs

  • Powerpoint Rules

    Title: 36-44 Font Text: 24-32 Font

    http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=zt2n1w4GxcajyM&tbnid=-ujK3AcgZDZSIM:&ved=0CAYQjRw&url=http://maconprinting.com/serif-versus-san-serif-fonts&ei=MYYgU6ilLsSqkQfSiYGwBw&bvm=bv.62788935,d.eW0&psig=AFQjCNFQ0njX7J2hTV3drhB2fxyCfUCEjQ&ust=1394726792861987

  • White background

    • Can be harsh on the eyes

  • Ahh… That’s Better

     Highlight in yellow

     Do not highlight in red or green on blue

     Red is actually harder to see

    Heudebert GR, et al. The 35mm slide-Is blue better? JGIM 1990;5:273.

  • Animation

     Use “appear” to focus attention

     Do not use:

     spinning

     Flying

     Bouncing

     They are just distracting

  • Use Images

  • Effects of Opioids on Pregnancy and Babies

    • Opioid use during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes.

    • Currently, pregnant women with opioid dependence are referred for

    opioid-assisted therapy with methadone and even buprenorphine

    • Medically supervised tapered doses of opioids during pregnancy

    often result in relapse to former use.

    • Abrupt discontinuation of opioids in an opioid-dependent pregnant

    woman can result in preterm labor, fetal distress, or fetal demise.

    • Patient stabilization with opioid-assisted therapy is compatible with

    breastfeeding.

    • Neonatal abstinence syndrome (withdrawal from substance used) is

    expected and treatable

    http://www.acog.org/Resources_And_Publications/Committee_Opinions/Committee_on_Health_Care_for_Underserved_

    Women/Opioid_Abuse_Dependence_and_Addiction_in_Pregnancy

  • Opioids in Pregnancy

     Increased risk of adverse outcomes.

     But:

     Opioid taper often = relapse to former use.

     Abrupt discontinuation of opioids = preterm labor,

    fetal distress, or fetal demise.

    http://www.acog.org/Resources_And_Publications/Committee_Opinions/Committee_on_Health

    _Care_for_Underserved_Women/Opioid_Abuse_Dependence_and_Addiction_in_Pregnancy

  • Opioids in Pregnancy

     Refer for methadone or buprenorphine

     Neonatal withdrawal is expected and treatable

     Opioid-assisted therapy is compatible

    with breastfeeding.

    http://www.acog.org/Resources_And_Publications/Committee_Opinions/Committee_on_Health_Care_for_Underserved_Women/Op

    ioid_Abuse_Dependence_and_Addiction_in_Pregnancy

  • Graphs and Charts

  • Charts

  • Charts

    Or make new bigger chart

  • TACE

    γ-secretase NRIF

    NRIF

    Gene transcription

    APOPTOSIS

    U

    U

    U

    TRAF6

    ↑ROS

    ↑ROS

  • TACE

    γ-secretase NRIF

    NRIF

    Gene transcription

    APOPTOSIS

    U

    U

    U

    TRAF6

    ↑ROS

    ↑ROS

  • Complex Slides

     Use to show complexity

     Cut out & blow up the

    important part

     Animate in piece by piece

  • Roadmap

     Planning/Organizing

     Powerpoint slide design

     Delivery

  • The Lovely Lavalier

     Remove phone and pager from pocket

     Don’t let clothes or hair touch microphone

     Don’t ignore problems

  • It