Geriatric psychiatry â€‍Old ageâ€‌ psychiatry - E .Geriatric psychiatry What is â€‍Geriatricâ€‌?

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Geriatric psychiatry

Old age psychiatry

Zoltn Hidasi MD

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Geriatric psychiatry

What is Geriatric?

Physical, mental and social aspects

Mental disorders in general

Different disorders in the elderly

Psychiatric therapies in the elderly

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Old age?

Gladys Burrill 92 y

Honolulu Marathon 2010.

Fauja Singh 100 y

Toronto Marathon 2011

(Guinness record)

Getting older v. living longer

Physical changes somatic diseases

Musculosceletal

Cardiovascular

Metabolic

Endocrin

Gastrointestinal

Sensory deficits

Brain (vascular, degenerative, etc.)

Getting older v. living longer

Mental changes

Personality

amplification of character traits

Cognition, memory

mental slowing

transformed memory structure

summerised experiences

Emotional changes

Emotional maturity

Getting older v. living longer

Social changes

Retirement (financial difficulties)

Decrease in social status

Facing somatic and mental disfunctioning

Somatic diseases

Grief (loss of spouse, brothers or sisters, friends)

Social isolation

Moving to nursing/residential home

Mental disorders in elderly?

Questions

65+ ??

Prevalence? 10-25%

DSM? ICD?

Child adult geriatric psychiatry?

Geriatry psychiatry internal medicine?

Organic old age neuro-psychiatry?

GP?

Mental disorders in general

Biological, psychological, social factors

(bio-psycho-social model)

Internal medical, neurological, psychiatric

aspects

Multidimensonal approach

Polimorbidity!

Syndromatology (atypical) etiology

Cross-sectional long term course

Mental disorders in the elderly

Dementia Other organic mental disorders

Affective disorders (depression)

Delirium

Delusional disorders (psychosis)

Anxiety disorders

Substance abuse disorders

Psychiatric patients getting old

Dementia - Syndromatology

Chronic course (10% above 65 y, 16-25% above 85 y)

Multiple cognitive deficits incl. memory impairment (intelligence, learning, language, orientation, perception, attention, judgement, problem solving, social functioning)

No impairment of consciousness

Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD)

Progressive - static

Reversible (15%) - irreversible

Dementia - Classification

Severity Mild cognitive impairment (MCI)

Mild dementia

Moderate dementia

Severe dementia

Localization Cortical

Subcortical

Etiology

Dementia -Etiology

Alzheimers disease (60-70%)

Vascular dementia (10-20%)

Neurodegenerative disorders (Pick, Lewy body dis, Parkinson, Huntington, etc.)

Drugs and toxins

Intracranial masses

Anoxia

Trauma

Infections (JCD, HIV, etc)

Nutrition

Metabolic

Pseudodementia

Affective disorders (depression)

Major depression prevalence: 10-16%

(hospital, residential homes)

Minor depression: 47-53 %

Suicide in elderly

2-3 x average over 65

Major depression in 80%

Suicidal attempts in 5 years age groups in Hungary, 2002

(Hungarostudy: Kopp et al)

Suicidal attempts

Depression in old age

Dysthymic disorder, subthreshold depression

Atypical syndromatology

Cognitive symptoms (attention, concentration, memory problems) - pseudodementia

Somatic complaints somatoform symptoms (e.g. pain), hypochondriasis

negativism, inactivity, loss of energy, fatigue, insomnia

psychomotor agitation (or retardation), irritability, anxiety

Psychotic symptoms, paranoid symptoms

Comorbid somatic disorders

Increased suicidal risk

Delusional disorders (psychoses)

Late onset schizophrenia (over 40 y)

Very late onset schizophreniform disorder

(over 60 y)

Other delusional disorders

Organic delusional disorder

Delusional symptoms of dementia (BPSD)

Multiple etiology, multiple syndromatology (schizophreniform, persecutory, hallucinosis,

coenaesthesias, etc.)

Psychosocial

factors

Personality

Endogenous

origin

Organic (CNS)

background

Sensory

impairment

Other biological

factors

Delusional disorder in elderly

Anxiety disorders

High prevalence

Atypical symptoms

Somatoform/behavioural symptoms

Psychosocial stressors

Comorbidity

somatic

psychiatric

Substance abuse

Alcohol/medication abuse

Common comorbidity

somatic

psychiatric (anxiety, depression, etc.)

Psychiatric patients getting old

Schizophrenia / bipolar disorder

Personality disorder

Neurotic disorders

anxiety, somatoform, etc.

Changes in clinical picture, therapeutical

response, etc.

Bio-psycho-social changes

Multidimensional approach

Psychiatric therapies in the

elderly Pharamcotherapy

Other biological therapies (ECT)

Psychotherapies social therapies

Improving cognitive functioning

Rehabilitation

Treating primary or associated mood-anxiety

disorder

Pharmacotherapy

Aspects of pharmacotherapy

Mental status, neurological/somatic status

Social status

Etiology

Special aspects

Polimorbidity

Pharmacokinetics (interactions)

Dosage (low)

Side effects (cognitive, other)