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GEOGRAFIJA ANGLOAMERIKE

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  • PREDDIPLOMSKI ISTRAIVAKI STUDIJ GEOGRAFIJE

    DIPLOMSKI NASTAVNIKI STUDIJ GEOGRAFIJE

    INTEGRIRANI NASTAVNIKI STUDIJ GEOGRAFIJE I POVIJESTI

    Skripta iz kolegija

    GEOGRAFIJA ANGLOAMERIKE prema predavanjima prof.dr.sc. Laure akaje

    Zagreb, 2013.

    Emersion

  • 1

    SADRAJ

    POJAM I PODJELA AMERIKE TE PROSTORNI OBUHVAT ANGLOAMERIKE ...................................................................... 3

    RELJEF ANGLOAMERIKE............................................................................................................................................... 4

    OBLIKOVANJE RELJEFA ............................................................................................................................................ 4

    Geoloka struktura kao imbenik oblikovanja reljefa ........................................................................................... 4

    Pleistocenska glacijacija kao imbenik oblikovanja reljefa .................................................................................... 4

    RELJEFNE CJELINE ANGLOAMERIKE ......................................................................................................................... 5

    Obalne ravnice Atlantika i Meksikog zaljeva ....................................................................................................... 6

    Sustav Apalaa i Ozark-Ouachita platoa ............................................................................................................... 7

    Kanadski tit ........................................................................................................................................................ 7

    Sredinje nizine ................................................................................................................................................... 8

    Velike ravnice ...................................................................................................................................................... 8

    Sustav Kordiljera.................................................................................................................................................. 9

    KLIMA ANGLOAMERIKE ............................................................................................................................................. 10

    KLIMATSKI ELEMENTI U ANGLOAMERICI ............................................................................................................... 11

    Prostorna raspodjela temperatura zraka u Angloamerici ................................................................................... 11

    Prostorna raspodjela padalina u Angloamerici ................................................................................................... 11

    Vremenske nepogode u Angloamerici ............................................................................................................... 12

    KLIMATSKE REGIJE ANGLOAMERIKE ...................................................................................................................... 12

    TLA ANGLOAMERIKE ................................................................................................................................................. 14

    POVIJESNI PREGLED NASELJENOSTI ANGLOAMERIKE ................................................................................................. 15

    PRVE ZNAAJNIJE CIVILIZACIJE U ANGLOAMERICI .................................................................................................. 15

    EUROPSKO OTKRIE AMERIKE ............................................................................................................................... 16

    KOLONIZACIJA ANGLOAMERIKE............................................................................................................................. 16

    RAZVOJ EUROPSKIH KOLONIJA I IRENJE TERITORIJA SAD-A .................................................................................. 16

    panjolska, francuska i nizozemska naselja i kolonije u Angloamerici ................................................................. 17

    Britanske kolonije na prostoru u Angloamerici ................................................................................................... 17

    RAZVOJ I IRENJE TERITORIJA KANADE .................................................................................................................. 19

    STANOVNITVO ANGLOAMERIKE .............................................................................................................................. 19

    PREGLED IMIGRACIJE U SAD I KANADU KROZ PROLOST ....................................................................................... 19

    Doseljenici iz Azije i Pacifikih otoka .................................................................................................................. 20

    Hispanoamerikanci ............................................................................................................................................ 21

    Afroamerikanci .................................................................................................................................................. 21

    Kanadska frankofona populacija ........................................................................................................................ 22

    OBILJEJA NASELJENOSTI ...................................................................................................................................... 22

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    UKUPNA PROMJENA BROJA STANOVNIKA ............................................................................................................. 23

    RELIGIJSKA STRUKTURA STANOVNITVA SAD-A I KANADE ..................................................................................... 23

    POLITIKI I IZBORNI SUSTAV U SAD-U ........................................................................................................................ 24

    IZBORNI SUSTAV U SAD-U ..................................................................................................................................... 25

    GOSPODARSTVO ANGLOAMERIKE ............................................................................................................................. 25

    OBILJEJA POLJOPRIVREDE ANGLOAMERIKE.......................................................................................................... 25

    Poljoprivredne regije u Angloamerici ................................................................................................................. 26

    OBILJEJA RIBARSTVA U ANGLOAMERICI ............................................................................................................... 28

    OBILJEJA UMARSTVA U ANGLOAMERICI............................................................................................................. 28

    OBILJEJA ENERGETIKE I RUDARSTVA U ANGLOAMERICI ....................................................................................... 28

    Proizvodnja ugljena ........................................................................................................................................... 28

    Proizvodnja nafte .............................................................................................................................................. 29

    Proizvodnja prirodnog plina ............................................................................................................................... 29

    Proizvodnja elektrine energije.......................................................................................................................... 30

    Eksploatacija ruda ............................................................................................................................................. 30

    OBILJEJA INDUSTRIJE ANGLOAMERIKE ................................................................................................................. 30

    Obiljeja amerike industrije.............................................................................................................................. 31

    Razmjetaj angloamerike industrije.................................................................................................................. 31

    PROMETNA OBILJEJA ANGLOAMERIKE .................................................................................................................... 33

    CESTOVNI PROMET U ANGLOAMERICI................................................................................................................... 33

    Putniki cestovni promet ................................................................................................................................... 34

    Teretni cestovni promet .................................................................................................................................... 34

    ELJEZNIKI PROMET ............................................................................................................................................ 34

    Teretni eljezniki promet ................................................................................................................................. 35

    Putniki eljezniki promet ................................................................................................................................ 35

    ZRANI PROMET ................................................................................................................................................... 36

    Putniki