Click here to load reader

GAMBAR TEKNIK OTOMOTIF · PDF file 2020. 6. 22. · Bodi Otomotif, Teknik Ototronik, Teknik dan Manajemen Perawatan Otomotif, serta Otomotif Daya dan Konversi Energi. Buku ini ditulis

  • View
    24

  • Download
    3

Embed Size (px)

Text of GAMBAR TEKNIK OTOMOTIF · PDF file 2020. 6. 22. · Bodi Otomotif, Teknik Ototronik,...

  • GAMBAR TEKNIK OTOMOTIF

    (C2) KELAS X

    Syaifi Abdurrahman

    PT KUANTUM BUKU SEJAHTERA

  • GAMBAR TEKNIK OTOMOTIF SMK/MAK Kelas X © 2020 Hak cipta yang dilindungi Undang-Undang ada pada Penulis. Hak penerbitan ada pada PT Kuantum Buku Sejahtera.

    Penulis : Syaifi Abdurrahman Editor : Ahmad Thoriq Hadiyanto Desainer Kover : Achmad Faisal Desainer Isi : Agista Dwi Reviana Tahun terbit : 2020 ISBN : 978-623-7216-88-9

    Diterbitkan oleh PT Kuantum Buku Sejahtera Anggota IKAPI No. 212/JTI/2019 Jalan Pondok Blimbing Indah Selatan X N6 No. 5 Malang - Jawa Timur Telp. (0341) 438 2294, Hotline 0822 9951 2221; Situs web: www.quantumbook.id

    Dilarang memperbanyak atau memindahkan sebagian atau seluruh isi buku ini dalam bentuk apapun, baik secara elektronis maupun mekanis, termasuk memfotokopi, merekam atau dengan sistem penyimpanan lainnya, tanpa izin tertulis dari PT Kuantum Buku Sejahtera.

  • iii

    Daftar Isi

    Prakata ..................................................................................................................... v Bab 1 Peralatan dan Kelengkapan Gambar Teknik ................................................... 1 A. Mengenal Gambar Teknik ............................................................................................... 2 B. Fungsi Gambar Teknik ...................................................................................................... 2 C. Peralatan Gambar Teknik ................................................................................................. 5 Uji Kompetensi .............................................................................................................................. 30

    Bab 2 Garis Gambar Teknik ......................................................................................... 35 A. Definisi Garis ........................................................................................................................ 36 B. Jenis Garis ............................................................................................................................. 37 C. Penggunaan Garis .............................................................................................................. 39 D. Contoh Penggunaan Garis .............................................................................................. 41 E. Kesalahan Menggaris ........................................................................................................ 46 Uji Kompetensi .............................................................................................................................. 49

    Bab 3 Huruf, Angka, dan Etiket Gambar Teknik ........................................................ 53 A. Definisi Huruf dan Angka ................................................................................................ 54 B. Standarisasi Huruf dan Angka dalam Gambar Teknik ........................................... 54 C. Tinjauan Etiket ..................................................................................................................... 58 Uji Kompetensi .............................................................................................................................. 61

    Bab 4 Konstruksi Geometri ......................................................................................... 65 A. Tinjauan Konstruksi Geometri ....................................................................................... 66 B. Bentuk-Bentuk Geometris dengan Garis ................................................................... 66 C. Bentuk-Bentuk Geometris dengan Lingkaran. ........................................................ 74 D. Bidang Geometris dengan Garis-Garis Lengkung .................................................. 76 Uji Kompetensi .............................................................................................................................. 85

    Bab 5 Proyeksi Piktorial (3D) ...................................................................................... 91 A. Mengenal Proyeksi Piktorial ........................................................................................... 92 B. Macam-Macam Proyeksi Piktorial ................................................................................. 92 C. Contoh Aplikasi Proyeksi Piktorial ................................................................................ 93 Uji Kompetensi .............................................................................................................................. 101

    Bab 6 Proyeksi Ortogonal ........................................................................................... 105 A. Mengenal Proyeksi Ortogonal ....................................................................................... 106 B. Sistem Kuadran Proyeksi Ortogonal ........................................................................... 107 C. Pembentukan Proyeksi Ortogonal dari Suatu Bidang .......................................... 109 D. Penentuan/Pemilihan Pandangan pada Proyeksi Ortogonal............................. 117 E. Macam-Macam Proyeksi Ortogonal ............................................................................ 120 F. Perbedaan Proyeksi Sudut ke-1 dan Sudut ke-3 ..................................................... 123 Uji Kompetensi .............................................................................................................................. 125

  • iv

    Bab 7 Gambar Potongan ............................................................................................. 129 A. Mengenal Potongan (Section View) ............................................................................ 130 B. Fungsi Gambar Potongan atau Gambar Irisan ........................................................ 130 C. Prinsip-Prinsip Pemotongan ......................................................................................... 131 D. Ilustrasi Gambar Potongan atau Gambar Irisan ...................................................... 131 E. Tanda Pemotongan ........................................................................................................... 132 F. Pandangan pada Gambar Potongan ........................................................................... 133 G. Benda-Benda yang Tidak Boleh Dipotong ................................................................ 134 H. Jenis-Jenis Gambar Potongan ....................................................................................... 135 I. Jenis-Jenis Arsiran dalam Potongan ............................................................................ 143 J. Ketentuan dalam Menggambar Potongan (Penampang) ................................... 145 Uji Kompetensi .............................................................................................................................. 151

    Bab 8 Penunjukan Ukuran Sesuai dengan Fungsi dan Pandangan Utama ............ 157 A. Mengenal Pemberian Ukuran ..................................................................................... 158 B. Prinsip Menetapkan Ukuran ........................................................................................... 159 C. Aturan Dasar Pemberian Ukuran ................................................................................. 160 D. Letak Ukuran ....................................................................................................................... 161 E. Kesalahan Penunjukan Ukuran .................................................................................... 162 Uji Kompetensi .............................................................................................................................. 167

    Bab 9 Pemberian Ukuran Berantai, Sejajar, Kombinasi, Berimpit, Koordinat, dan Ukuran Khusus ........................................................................................... 171 A. Macam-Macam Pemberian Ukuran ............................................................................. 172 B. Kaidah Umum Penunjukan Ukuran ............................................................................. 177 Uji Kompetensi .............................................................................................................................. 182

    Bab 10 Hasil Sketsa Gambar Benda 2D dan 3D Standar Proyeksi Ortogonal ........... 185 A. Gambar Sketsa Gambar Teknik...................................................................................... 186 B. Gambar Isometrik 3D ........................................................................................................ 187 C. Proyeksi Ortogonal dalam 2D ........................................................................................ 189 D. Evaluasi Sketsa Gambar Benda 2D dan 3D ............................................................... 193 Uji Kompetensi .............................................................................................................................. 195

    Glosarium.......... ................................................................................................................. 199 Daftar Pustaka ................................................................................................................... 201 Biodata Penulis .................................................................................................................. 204 Biodata Konsultan ............................................................................................................. 205 Tim Kreatif.......... ....