From Students to Learners: New Learning Environments for 21st Century SkillsPowerPoint Slides and Resources at http://www.bobpearlman.org/21learningsummit.htm Bob Pearlman firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.bobpearlman.org21st Century Learning SummitRosemont, IL October 13, 2010
So what does 21st Century Learning Look Like?And how do you get there?New LearningEnvironmentsHow kids work in schoolPedagogyand practice21stCenturySkills
Four Imperatives for 21st Century LearningCompete GloballyKids are different and learn differentlyKids are bored, not engagedThe Creativity Crisis
Compete Globally Who?Its not just about us -- the U.S.A. or CanadaIts about our studentsIts about my daughter or son!
Kids are bored, not engaged
Creativity Producing something original and usefulKim found creativity scores had been steadily rising, just like IQ scores, until 1990. Since then, creativity scores have consistently inched downward."Whats common about successful programs is they alternate maximum divergent thinking with bouts of intense convergent thinking, through several stages," the authors write, and cite schools like the new National Inventors Hall of Fame Middle School in Akron, Ohio:"With as much as three fourths of each day spent in project-based learning, principal Buckner and her team actually work through required curricula, carefully figuring out how kids can learn it through the steps of Treffingers Creative Problem-Solving method and other creativity pedagogies. The creative problem-solving program has the highest success in increasing childrens creativity, observed William & Marys Kim."
Partnership for 21st Century Skillshttp://www.21stcenturyskills.org Assessment of 21st Century Skills
21st Century Skills DefinedLearning & InnovationCreativity and innovationCritical thinking and problem-solvingCommunication and collaborationLife & CareerFlexibility and adaptabilityInitiative and self-directionSocial and cross-cultural skillsProductivity and accountabilityLeadership and responsibilityInformation & TechnologyInformation literacyMedia literacyICT literacyPartnership for 21st Century Skillshttp://www.21stcenturyskills.org
The four Cs Critical thinking and problem solving Communication Collaboration Creativity and innovationAs the three Rs serve as an umbrella for other subjects, the four Cs do for other skills.The three Rs and the four CsWe must fuse the three Rs with the four Cs.
New Technology High School Learning OutcomesNapa 8 Learning OutcomesTechnology literacyCollaborationCritical thinkingOral communicationWritten communicationCareer preparationCitizenship and ethicsCurricular literacy (Content standards)Sacramento 10 Learning OutcomesContent proficientAble to write proficientlyOrally proficientAble to think criticallyTechnologically proficientAble to collaboratePrepared for a careerSolid citizens with ethical behaviorAble to analyze and deal with data Possessing a solid work ethic
What learning curricula, activities, and experiences foster 21st Century Learning? And what does schooling look like?
World GeoLit Integrated class at Manor New Technology High School, Manor, TX (Photo by Les Simpson)Manor New Technology High School, Manor, TX Watch video and list key elements of this teaching and learning practice.
Manor New Tech 1http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-klc2KijMG8
At the core is a student-centered, project- and problem-based teaching strategy that is tied to both content standards and schoolwide learning outcomes.
Project- and Problem-Based LearningKeys to 21st Century LearningTo learn collaboration, work in teams.To learn critical thinking, take on complex problems.To learn oral communication, present.To learn written communication, write.To learn technology, use technology.To develop citizenship, take on civic and global issues.To learn about careers, do internships.To learn content, research, and do all of the above.NTHS teachers start each unit by throwing students into a realistic or real-world project that both engages interest and generates a list of things the students need to know. Projects are designed to tackle complex problems, requiring critical thinking. New Techs strategy is simple:
Each unit begins when students are presented with a complex, standards-based problem.Students form a team, develop a work contract, and build a work plan.
Students get to work!Students are provided an online briefcase specific to the project with information, resources, links, and assessment criteria that help guide them.
Students need to know.Student questions and need to knows drive classroom lectures and activities. Sometimes for the whole class, sometimes for just one student.
Students experiment and apply learning.Students test their ideas and experiment to find solutions and breakthroughs while receiving ongoing feedback from instructors.
Students get back to work!Students work and collaborate in a business-like environment, where they know their deliverables and have the technology tools to do their jobs.
Students prepare to present.Students work on building presentations to represent their work and defend their solutions.
Students present their solutions!Students present ideas through debates, skits, panels, presentations where their work is evaluated by peers, teachers, parents, and community.
The New Language of School DesignClassrooms are out! No more classrooms! Dont build them! Roger Schank, Institute for Learning Sciences
Manor New Tech 2
Figure 2: Learning studio for integrated interdisciplinary class at Columbus Signature Academy, Columbus, INColumbus Signature Academy, Columbus, IN
Columbus SignatureAcademyPrimary student work areaLearning studioPresentation spacePresentation roomLarge group spaceMulti-purpose roomExtended learning spacesBreakout areaProject conference roomSpecialty labsGraphic media lab Science labFurnitureRolling tables and chairs Flip-up tables
Figure 4. Student project teams at work in double-sized classroom at New Tech High @ Coppell, Coppell, TX. Photo by Kate JenkinsNew Tech High @ Coppell, Coppell, TX
Extended Learning Spaces
Student collaborative project teams working in the digital media library, in the corridor, and a project planning room, some of the many extended learning spaces at New Tech High, Coppell, Coppell, TX. Photos by SHW Group, Plano, TX, and Kate Jenkins
New Tech High,@ CoppellPrimary student work areaDual subject matter learning environmentPresentation spaceLarge multi-group collaboration zonesLarge group spaceLarge multi-group collaboration zonesExtended learning spacesCorridor alcoves Project planning roomsMedia libraryOutdoor benchesSpecialty labsScience labFurnitureMix and match tables, office chairs, lounge chairs, and sofas in extended learning spaces
The Met, Providence, RIFigure 7: Students in advisory room at the Met, Providence, RI
At the Met, the curriculum is Learning Through Interests or Internships (LTIs). To the Met, LTI sites are part of its facilities.And the school site is designed to support students working on their LTIs.
Figure 8: Floor plan of Met East, Providence, RI, showing advisory rooms, project labs, and commons area
The MetPrimary student work areaAdvisoryproject roomPresentation spaceCommonsLarge group spaceCommonsExtended learning spacesConference rooms Meeting rooms CommonsSpecialty labsFabricationFurnitureSoft, cushioned seats, contour chairs, flexible tables
Figure 9: Cluster area studio surrounded by four flexible classrooms at High Tech High, San Diego, CAHigh Tech High, San Diego, CA
High Tech HighPrimary student work areaClustered classroomCommon studioPresentation spaceCommonsLarge group spaceCommonsExtended learning spacesSmall and large conference rooms Common studiosCommonsSpecialty labsBiotech, engineeringArt, musicMultimedia, digital artsFurnitureBenches in extended learning spaces
Figure 10: Learning Plaza prototype at New Line Learning Academy, Maidstone, Kent, England, shows Learning Plaza divided in multiple ways for large groups, small groups, and individual learningNew Line Learning Academy, Maidstone, Kent, England
Figure 11: Ground Floor, Learning Plaza prototype at New Line Learning Academy, Maidstone, Kent, England
Figure 12: Mezzanine, Learning Plaza prototype at New Line Learning Academy, Maidstone, Kent, England
New Line Learning AcademyPrimary student work areaLearning PlazaPresentation spaceLearning PlazaLarge group spaceLearning PlazaExtended learning spacesLearning Plaza watering holes and cavesSpecialty labsArtTechnologyScienceFurnitureModular tables and mobile lecture-style amphitheater seating
ColumbusSignatureAcademyNew Tech High @ CoppellThe MetHigh Tech HighNew Line Learning AcademyPrimary student work areaLearning studioDual subject matter