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France Musicologie

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  • 1Major Research AreasHistorical musicology and French musical heritageThis area of scholarship deals primarily with western music andmusical phenomena using a diachronic approach. Historicalmusicology may focus on composition, performance, criticism,or the popularity of a musical genre, or on an individualcomposer or musical style (secular music, religious music,music of the royal court, etc.) in a given period.French historical musicology employs various methods to studyand analyze musical sources. These include historiographybased on musical or stylistic analysis, iconography, linguistics,paleography and philology.In France, special importance is given to the study of thenational musical heritage, such as the body of work of Frenchlutenists and the monumental publication of the works of Lully.

    EthnomusicologyEtymologically, ethnomusicology refers to the music of othercultures. Thus it is sometimes known as musical ethnography ormusical anthropology, depending on the subject and themethods employed in a given study.Although it is often considered to be the study of non-Europeanmusic, ethnomusicology may take as its object of study awestern musical phenomenon, seen from a sociological oranthropological point of view.French ethnomusicology studies multicultural musical andchoreographic expressions in urban and suburban settings, aswell as in Frances overseas territories and other parts of theFrench-speaking world

    Sociology of MusicThe sociology of music combines musicology and sociology toexamine the social aspects of music and its role in society.Therefore it sometimes resembles ethnomusicology in itsmethods, although it emphasizes the observation of musicalbehaviors and interactions in society, often using questionnairesand economic data. The sociology of music generally focuseson musical phenomena in contemporary industrializedsocieties.

    Popular and commercial musicThis area of musicology studies recorded music and, byextension, the musical, technical, and social processesassociated with recording. Scholars in this field grapple with thequestion of music in the making, a task that encompassesmusical performance and interpretation in the studio, inrehearsal, and before a live audience.Among other things, this field deals with the history, sociology,and practice of current popular music such as jazz, rock, pop,hip-hop, and electronic.

    Musical theory, analysis and compositionMusical theory focuses on musics internal operations, primarilymusical language and notation. The goal is to identify the mo-dels and structures at work in the techniques of individual com-posers, genres, styles, or historical periods. Generally speaking,musical theory analyzes the basic components of music: rhythm,harmony, melody, structure, form, texture, tone, and so on.

    Musical psychology, cognition, and learningThe psychology of music is the scientific investigation of therelations between music and the human mind. It encompassesseveral cognitive disciplines dealing with emotion, learning,perception, language, and modeling.Historically, this branch of musicology has centered on studiesof perfect pitch, tests of musical aptitude, tonal memory,musical creativity in children, the psychological function ofcortical stimulation, and other facets of psychoacoustics andauditory perception.

    Acoustics and musical computingMusical acoustics is a branch of acoustics and musicology thatstudies the role and use of sound in musical creativity andperception. Scholars study the physical description of music,that is, how sound functions as musical sound. They examinedifferent types of musical sound and sound-producinginstruments and devices, including the human voice (spokenand sung), as well as computer analysis of melody and even theclinical use of music as therapy.

    MusicologicalResearch

    in FranceIt was in the nineteenth century that the term musicologie appeared in the French language to denote a scientific discipline devotedto musical theory, esthetics, history, creativity, and criticism. Musical researchars musica in the medieval lexicon, orMusikwissenschaft in Germanhas developed its own methods of research and scholarship derived from the humanities (literatureand linguistics), the social sciences (anthropology and ethnology), and exact sciences (physics and mathematics)The French tradition of theoretical and scientific study of music is long, comprising Ren Descartes (Abrg de musique, 1618), Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Dictionnaire de musique, 1767), Jacques Chailley (Historical Treatise of Harmonic Analysis, 1951), Pierre Boulez(On Music Today, 1963). Music scholarship has developed alongside intense musical activity. In 2010, Frances 139 conservatoriesenrolled 140,000 students; 1,500 professional classical musicians gave 2,000 concerts; and 40,000 popular music concerts attractednearly 20 million listeners. Emblematic of research tied to musical practiceas exemplified by the recently established Doctorate ininterpretationorganizations such as the Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique (IRCAM, institute for acousticaland musical research and coordination) and the Cit de la Musique bring together musicians, composers, and scholars to collaborateon exploring and advancing the French ars musica.

  • Major laborator ies andMusicological research is carried out in university settings bor specialized in musicology. Research is also carried out in sev

    Universit Paris-Sorbonne (Paris 4)OMF : Observatoire Musical Franais (EA 206)http://www.omf.paris-sorbonne.frThis team studies all musicological topics between the 19th centuryand the contemporary periodjazz, song, and popular music; com-puters and new technologies; music and the plastic arts, music andsociety, learning and cognition, musicological languagesin their es-thetic and theoretical dimensions.PLM : Patrimoines et Langages Musicaux (EA 4087)http://www.plm.paris-sorbonne.frThis team concentrates on the study of musical institutions and repre-sentations, and on the analysis of musical performance and icono-graphy. Members of the team are also working on questions ofreligious anthropology with ethnomusicologists and on semio-stylis-tics, musical practice, and critical studies of sources with musicolo-gists specializing in musical history and analysis.cole Doctorale Concepts et langages (ED 433)http://www.paris-sorbonne.fr>La recherche>Les coles Doctorales

    Universit Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris 7)Institut Jean Le Rond d'Alembert (UMR 7190)http://www.dalembert.upmc.fr/ijlrda/The institutes string-instruments team treats sound and music ascultural objects and from dual perspective: that of the engineer(physics, acoustics, signal processing) and the humanist(psychology, cognition, linguistics).cole Doctorale Sciencesmcaniques, acoustique et lectronique de Paris (ED 391)http://www.ed391.upmc.fr

    Universit Paris 8 Saint-DenisEsthtique, musicologie et cration musicale (EA 1572)http://www.univ-paris8.fr>Recherche>Les quipes de recherche>Les quipesdaccueil (EA)This team performs research in musical creation and creativity,focusing on understanding musical works and processes and on therelation between music and other forms of art. With an emphasis onthe modern and contemporary periods, the team includes musicalscholars from several disciplinesanalysis, interpretation, history,estheticsand from various sectors (written music, jazz, musicalcomputing, ethnomusicology, dance, and musical dramaturgy).cole Doctorale Esthtique, sciences et technologies des arts (ED 159)http://www-edesta.univ-paris8.fr

    Universit de PoitiersCESCM : Centre dtudes Suprieures de Civilisation Mdivale(UMR 6223)http://www.mshs.univ-poitiers.fr/cescm/This team maintains the Fontes Musicae database (digital images ofmusical fragments and of the same piece of music taken from differentmanuscript sources) and concentrates on musical iconography (no-tably Roman wall paintings), epigraphy, and medieval writing.cole Doctorale Lettres, pense, arts et histoire (ED 525)http://lpah.ed.univ-poitiers.fr

    Universit Franois Rabelais de ToursCESR : Centre dtudes Suprieures de la Renaissance (UMR 6576)http://cesr.univ-tours.frWithin a cross-disciplinary team, a cluster of researchers specializingin musicology is studying various aspects of musical productionduring the Renaissance: Franco-Flemish writing, musicalfoundations, motets, and song (especially French spiritual song).Team members are also studying the diffusion and reception ofmusical studies and texts, as well textmusic relations within themusical theory of the Renaissance and cultural transfers fromantiquity to the Renaissance, particularly in France and Italy.Recherches transversales en musicologie (EA 3252)http://rtm.univ-tours.frAnother team at Universit de Tours engages in cross-disciplinaryscholarship on historical periods (from the Baroque to the 20thcentury), musical genres (written for or arising from ethnomusicology,jazz, or opera), and scientific approaches in musicology (historical,social, anthropological, acoustical, and pedagogical).cole Doctorale Sciences de lhomme et de la socit (ED 240)http://www.univ-tours.fr>Recherche>coles doctorales

    Research on music and musicology

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  • Interdisciplinary research: music, arts, and sciences

    d research centersby host teams (EAs) and mixed research units (UMRs) affiliated with doctoral departments (EDs) that may be interdisciplinaryveral laboratories of CNRS, the French national center for scientific research.

    Universit Aix-Marseille 1LSA : Laboratoire d'tudes en Sciences des Arts (EA 3274)http://gsite.univ-provence.fr>La recherche>La recherche l'UP>Lettres etSciences Humaines> tudes en sciences de l'artThis laboratory deals chiefly with esthetics applied to poetics and arttheory. It also grapples with the question of the meaning of the work inmusicology fr

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