# Fractions and Decimals Grades 2-5

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MSP Nov. 16 and 18 KCS. Fractions and Decimals Grades 2-5. A brand of cereal has Loony Tunes figurines inside each box. There are six different figurines available to collect. How many boxes of cereal should you buy in order to collect all six figurines? How did you arrive at your answer? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

### Text of Fractions and Decimals Grades 2-5

• MSP Nov. 16 and 18KCS

• A brand of cereal has Loony Tunes figurines inside each box. There are six different figurines available to collect. How many boxes of cereal should you buy in order to collect all six figurines?

How did you arrive at your answer?How could you "model" or "simulate" this experiment?

• Here is a dice... how could we model this situation?What would each number dice represent? Model and keep track of how many rolls (boxes) it takes to get each figurine.Repeat the experiment three times. Do your results change? Why? Graph the number of figurines in each box afterwards.

• What did you find?

What math concepts were embedded in the task?

• Using 1 of each of the 6 different pattern blocks on your table, create a "Funky" Cookie using these rules:1. They have to share at least a side2. You need to use all the different pattern blocks.

• After you have made your cookie, can you share it equally among:2 people3 people 4 people

• Can you build a funky cookie that you can share equally among:2 people?3 people?Can you make a cookie using 3 different types of pattern blocks?Can you make a cookie using 4 different types of pattern blocks?

• By doing this activity with students, what topics can be discussed or unpacked with your students?

What are some questions that you could pose to students to facilitate the discussion of this task?

What misconceptions could you see students having with this task?

How could you help students address those misconceptions?

• List fractions topics that are covered in elementary school.Put grade levels by each of the topics.

Put stars by the topics that are "really hard" for students.

Put dots by the topics that are "somewhat hard" for students.

Put hyphens by the topics that are "somewhat easy" for students.

• Finding parts of a group (set model) (e.g., 1/3 of 24)Splitting a region into equal parts (area model) (e.g., rectangles)Number line modelsSharing equally without remaindersSharing equally with remaindersEven and odd numbersSplitting (decomposing) shapes into smaller shapesAdding and subtracting fractions with like denominatorsAdding and subtracting fractions with unlike denominatorsProbability as a fractionReading DecimalsConverting fractions decimals Adding/subtracting decimalsMultiplying decimals

• What similarities do you see across grade levels?What gaps exist do you see?Is there one grade level that seems more "top heavy"?

• http://math.rice.edu/~lanius/Patterns/

• Find equivalent fractions for: 1/2

2/3

3/7

• How did you do to find equivalent fractions?How can you prove that they are equivalent? With manipulatives? With an area model (circle or rectangle) With an equation?With words?

• Two pizzas are on the counter. The pepperoni pizza is cut into 5 slices. The cheese pizza is cut into 8 slices.If you take two pieces from the pepperoni pizza and four pieces from the cheese pizza, which pizza has more left?How do you know?

• What did you to solve the task?Can you prove your answer with:A circular shaped pizzaA rectangular shaped pizzaIndividual pieces of pizza-A number line Cross multiplication (butterfly) Finding equivalent fractions with common denominators

• For each work sample:What do you notice?What do students' understand?What misconceptions do students have?What grade would you give?

• There are 30 chocolate chips to be distributed among 6 chocolate chip pancakes.How many chocolate chips will be in each pancake? How do you know?How could we model or simulate this situation?

• Here is a dice....Keep track of how many chocolate chips end up in each pancake.

Repeat 3 times. Do your results vary? Why?

• What did you bring?

• Represent each decimal grid as a:Fraction (in simplest form)DecimalPercent

• Easiest. Hardest What did you need to know to be successful?

• Problem #2 34/80 is the fraction since there are 80 squares and 34 are shaded34/80 is equal to 0.425 and 42.5%T: how did you get your answer?N: used the calculator and did 34 divided by 80.T: anyone do this another way?Deanna: multiplying both the numerator and denominator by 10 means the fraction is equal to 340/800 and then divide both by 8. You get 42.5/100 or 0.425 or 42.5 percent.What do these strategies show about both students? How have they used the diagram to support their answer?

• Teacher asks: Is each of the 80 squares going to be more than, less than or equal to 1%?Students shout: all.Teacher asks for explanationRashid: We have 100% to shade across 80 squares, so if each square gets 1% there is still 20% leftover.Teacher: So how much of that 20% does each of the 80 squares get?Bonnie: I think of a percent since 20 is of 80.Teacher: So how much percent of the whole grid is in one square?Bonnie: 1 and or 1.25% percent.What do these students know?How have they connected the diagram to the mathematical concepts?

• Teacher: So what was Natalies answer as a percentage?Sam: 42.5 percent. Teacher: How much percent is in one square?Sam: 1.25 percent.Teacher: So if 34 boxes are squared what percent is shaded?Sam (uses overhead calculator): 34 * 1.25 = 42.5Sam: 42.5 percent

• Pick a fraction card from the deckMove a chip or a few chips the equivalent value of the card

For example:If you pick 1/2, you can either move:the chip on the 1/2 line a distance of 1/2 ORthe chip on the 1/4 line a distance of 2/4 ORthe chip on the 1/8 line a distance of ___ eighths?

Play the entire game....keep a tally of how many "moves" it takes to move all of your beans.

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