FM 4-65 Seacoast Artillery Service of the Piece 10-Inch Gun (Disappearing Carriage) 1940

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Text of FM 4-65 Seacoast Artillery Service of the Piece 10-Inch Gun (Disappearing Carriage) 1940

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    MHI FM 4-65Copy 3...

    WAR DEPARTFXv

    COAST ARTILLERYFIELD MANUALSEACOAST ARTILLERY

    SERVICE OF THE PIECE10-INCH GUN

    (DISAPPEARING CARRIAGE)

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    FM 4-65COAST ARTILLERY

    FIELD MANUAL

    SEACOAST ARTILLERYSERVICE OF THE PIECE

    I0-INCH GUN DISAPPEARING CARRIAGE)

    Prepared under direction of theChief of Coat Artillery

    UNITED STATESGOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

    WASHINGTON: 1940

    For sale by the Superintendent of l)ocument Washington. D.C. Price 15 entas

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    WAR DEPARTMENT,WASHINGTON, April 10, 1940.FM 4-65, Coast Artillery Field Manual, Seacoast Artillery,

    Service of the Piece-10-inch Gun (disappearing carriage),is published for the information and guidance of all con-cerned.

    [A. G. 062.11 (3-8-40).]BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

    G. C. MARSHALL,Chief of Staff.

    OFFICIAL:E. S. ADAMS,Major General,

    The Adjutant General.(II)

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    SECTION I. GENERAL. Paragraph PageScope _ 1References 2 1II ORGANIZATION OF THE GUN SECTIoN.Composition ____-_ 3 1Gun squad ____ ____ 4 1Ammunition squad--.------ __-__ 5 2Formation _ _..-.___.______.._ 6 2III. DUTIES OF PERSONNEL.Battery executive ... ._________ 7 2Assistant battery executive . 8 4Chief of section- . ________-____ 9 4Gun pointer .-____-__-_-________0 7Range setter ___ __-__________1 7Chief of breech _______---_-___ 12 7Display board operators . 3 7Recorders . . ... ...................4 8Chief of ammunition..- . ....._- 15 8Ammunition squad -.-- _________ 16 9Artillery mechanics 17 10IV. NOTEs ON THE SERVICE OF THE PIxCE.General- .----------- ____ 18 10The command STAND FAST 19 10The command RELAY --...--.-. -20 10Firing mechanism- . .___ 21 11Operation of the breech. M1895 .... 22 11Operation of the breech, M1888 23 12Loading_ ________-___._ . ........24 12Tripping the gun ----- _..______ 25 13Retracting the gun by hand ---- 26 14Retracting the gun by power __.-- 27 14Adjustment of shot trucks 28 15V. SAFErT PRECAUTIONs.General ___-_._-.___-_______-__ 29 15The command CEASE FIRINGC------ 30 15Firing mechanism . _...___ ._____._ 31 15Lanyard- .---------------__ 32 15Primers- _.------------ 33 16F u zes ___--________..___- _______- _ 34 17Powder charges- ._----------- 35 17Sponging powder chamber . 36 17Cover for gun section 37 17Poor visibility -________________ 38 17Misfires ___..__..____.___ _____- _ 39 18VI. CARE AND ANDJUSTMENT OF MATtRIEL.General----- ____-_____.__ _ _____ 40 18Firing mechanism __-__.__.____.___ 41 18Care of the carriage __- . _________. 42 19Refilling recoil cylinders . 43 21Obturator . _______.____________. 44 21Sponging solution -___--__--_______ 45 22Care of the bore- . 6 22Slip friction adjustment --.-- ---- 47 23VII. DRILL TABLE o------____.............. _ 24APPENDIX. LIST OF REFERENrES ..._ _ _--.--------- 25

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    FM 4-65

    COAST ARTILLERY FIELD MANUALSEACOAST ARTILLERY

    SERVICE OF THE PIECE10-INCH GUN (DISAPPEARING CARRIAGE)(The matter contained herein supersedes TR 435-265, May 7, 1924,including C 1, January 2. 1929.)

    SECTION IGENERAL

    1. ScoPE.--a. Guns, carriages, and batteries differ in type,arrangement, and design, and for this reason the serviceof the piece as prescribed herein is intended only as a guidefor the battery commander in the assignment of individualsand duties. Changes in the details of the service of the pieceto meet local conditions may be made.b. The duties of the members of the gun section in theservice of the piece, which are not covered in the body of thismanual, are shown in the drill table in section VII.* 2. REFERENCES.-See appendix.

    SEcnoN IIORGANIZATION O THE GUN SECTION

    E3 COMPOSITION.-a. Each emplacement of one gun ismanned by a gun section consisting of a chief of section, a gunsquad, and an ammunition squad.

    b. Under war strength organization, the gun section con-sists of 43 enlisted men. Under peace strength organization,it consists of 39 enlisted men. 4. GuN SQUAD.-The gun squad, under both peace and warstrength organization (25 enlisted men), consists of the guncommander (chief of section), the gun pointer, the rangesetter, two display board operators, two recorders, the chief ofbreech, and 17 cannoneers, numbered from 1 to 17, inclusive.

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    5 7 COAST ARTILLERY FIELD MANUAL 5. AMMUNITION SQUAD.--a. Under war strength organiza-tion, the ammunition squad (18 enlisted men) consists of thechief of ammunition and 17 cannoneers, numbered from 18to 34, inclusive.b. Under peace strength organization, the squad (14 en-listed men) consists of a chief of ammunition and 13 can-noneers, numbered from 18 to 30, inclusive.c, The squad is divided by the chief of ammunition intodetails for the service of powder and projectiles.* 6. FRMATION.-Each section assembles in two ranks with 4inches between files and 40 inches between ranks. The postof the chief of section (gun commander) is in the front rank1 pace to the right of his section. The artillery mechanics,who are members of the maintenance section, normally formwith the firing section and take Post in the front rank onthe left of the first and last gun sections. (See fig. 1.)

    SEcTION mDUTIES OF PERSONNEL

    7. BATTERY EXECUTIVE.-a. The battery executive commandsthe firing section of the battery and is in charge of the gunemplacements and accessories.b. He is responsible to the battery commander for thetraining and efficiency of the personnel of the firing section,for the condition of the mat6riel and ammunition under hischarge, for the observance of all safety precautions pertainingto the service of the piece, and for the police of the emplace-ments.c. He inspects the mat6riel and ammunition under hischarge, and personally verifies the adjustment of all pointingdevices as frequently as necessary to insure accuracy. Hetests all circuits and firing devices before each drill or firing,paying special attention to the safety features.d. He receives the reports of the assistant executive or chiefsof sections and reports to the battery commander, Sir, firingsection in order, or reports defects which he is unable toremedy without delay.

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    10-INCH GUN (DISAPPEARING CARRIAGE)

    a

    -. ilefo Ameuich ion

    -i' @

    O

    O Chief of BreechRange Recorder 0 0 Del.(Az.) Recorder

    Ran e Display O O DOefl. Ax.) Disploy oard peramrT oard OperatorRange 5etter Gun Pointer30

    Chief of SectionCTun Commander

    louRes I. Fornatlon of gun section.NoT. Cannoneers Nos. 31 to 34, inclusive, are included in thewar strength organization only.

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    7-9 COAST ARTILLERY FIELD MANUALe. When firing on time interval signal, he is responsiblethat the guns are fired immediately upon receipt of the proper

    firing signal, safety precautions permitting. If it becomesnecessary to suspend fire for a time interval, he commands:RE-LAY, and reports his action to the battery commander.i. At the conclusion of drill or firing, the battery executivecommands: REPLACE EQUIPMENT, inspects the emplace-ments, and reports to the battery commander.* 8. ASSISTANT BATTERY ExEcUTIve.-The assistant batteryexecutive performs the duties of the battery executive inso-far as they pertain to the emplacement or emplacements towhich he is assigned. 9. CHIEF OF SECTION.--a. The chief of section (gun com-mander), a noncommissioned officer, is in command of thegun section and gun squad. He supervises the service of thepiece and the service of ammunition, and personally directsthe work of care and preservation at the emplacement towhich his section is assigned. He is responsible to the officerin charge of the emplacement for the training and efficiencyof the personnel of his section, for the condition of themateriel and ammunition under his charge, for the observ-ance of all safety precautions at the emplacement, and forthe police of the emplacement.

    b. He commands: 1. DETAILS, 2. POSTS, when the sectionarrives in rear of the emplacement, and supervises the pro-curing of equipment. After all details have reached theirposts (fig. 2), he commands: EXAMINE GUN. He thenmakes an inspection of the gun, carriage, and other mat6-riel, paying special attention to the recoil and counterrecoilsystems, firing mechanism, safety devices, and the oiling ofthe various bearings. He receives the reports of the chiefof ammunition and from the various details of the gunsquad, and reports to the officer in charge of the emplace-ment, Sir, No. in order, or reports defects whichhe is unable to remedy without delay.

    c. When necessary to verify the section he commands:CALL OFF. The cannoneers in each squad call off theirtitles or numbers, beginning with the unnumbered membersof the section, followed by the numbered members in order.

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    10 INCH GUN (DISAPPEARING CARRIAGE) 9

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