Florea Maria IMPM

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    Methanol

    FLOREA MARIA

    Anul I IMPM

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    Tema Nr.5

    Sa se determine si sa se reprezinte efetele fizie si risul indi!idual pornind de la

    urmatoarele informatii"

    ◮ inendiu datorat aprinderii metanolului dintr#o u!a de retentie

    ◮ antitatea de ompus este de 5$ tone

    ◮ suprafata u!ei de retentie este de %$$ m&

    ◮ date atmosferie"

    ' !iteza !antului este de ( m)s din diretia E* masurata la +$ m fata de sol

    ' temperatura e,terioara este de %5-

    ' er aoperit u nori 5$ /

    ' in!ersiune la +.$$$ m

    ' umiditate 5$ /

    ◮ zona ur0ana.

    Se onsidera"

    ◮ zona u mortalitate ridiata" 1 2 +%*5 34)m&

    ◮ zona u leziuni ire!ersi0ile" 1 2 5 34)m&

    are este ni!elul radiatiei termie 1 la distanta de ($ m de la sursa aidentului pe a,a

    !antului Se onsidera loatia sursei" 678$9:%9*%$;N si %(85(:5

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    Methanol

    Systematic name=hide>

    Methanol=+>

    Identifiers

    AS num0er  ?7#5?#+ 

    Properties

    Moleular formula @6O

    Molar mass (%.$6  molB+

    Appearane olorless li1uid

    CensitD $.79+< )m(

    Meltin point #97.? -* +7? 3* #+66 -F

    oilin point ?6.7 -* ((< 3* +6< -F

    lo P #$.?9

    apor pressure +(.$% GPa Hat %$ -

    AiditD Hp K a +5.5 =%>

    isositD 5.9J+$B6 Pa s Hat %$ -

    Cipole moment +.?9 C

    Hazards=(>

    MSCS E,ternal MSCS

    EK Inde, ?$(#$$+#$$#

    EK lassifiation

     F  T

    R#phrases R++* R%()%6)%5*R(9)%()%6)%5

    S#phrases HS+)%* S7* S+?* S(?)(7*S65

     NFPA 7$6

    (

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IUPAC_nomenclature http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methanol http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methanol#cite_note-1 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CAS_registry_number http://www.commonchemistry.org/ChemicalDetail.aspx?ref=67-56-1 http://www.commonchemistry.org/ChemicalDetail.aspx?ref=67-56-1 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molecular_formula http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molar_mass http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Density http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melting_point http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boiling_point http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Partition_coefficient http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vapor_pressure http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acid_dissociation_constant http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methanol#cite_note-2 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viscosity http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dipole#Molecular_dipoles http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methanol#cite_note-3 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Material_safety_data_sheet http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methanol_(data_page)#Material_Safety_Data_Sheet http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dangerous_Substances_Directive_(67/548/EEC) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_R-phrases http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R11:_Highly_flammable http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R23/24/25:_Toxic_by_inhalation,_in_contact_with_skin_and_if_swallowed http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R23/24/25:_Toxic_by_inhalation,_in_contact_with_skin_and_if_swallowed http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R23/24/25:_Toxic_by_inhalation,_in_contact_with_skin_and_if_swallowed http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R39/23/24/25:_Toxic:_danger_of_very_serious_irreversible_effects_through_inhalation,_in_contact_with_skin_and_if_swallowed http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_S-phrases http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/(S1/2):_Keep_locked_up_and_out_of_the_reach_of_children http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S7:_Keep_container_tightly_closed http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S16:_Keep_away_from_sources_of_ignition_-_No_smoking http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S36/37:_Wear_suitable_protective_clothing_and_gloves http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S36/37:_Wear_suitable_protective_clothing_and_gloves http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S45:_In_case_of_accident_or_if_you_feel_unwell_seek_medical_advice_immediately_(show_the_label_where_possible) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S45:_In_case_of_accident_or_if_you_feel_unwell_seek_medical_advice_immediately_(show_the_label_where_possible) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NFPA_704 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methanol http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methanol#cite_note-1 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CAS_registry_number http://www.commonchemistry.org/ChemicalDetail.aspx?ref=67-56-1 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molecular_formula http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molar_mass http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Density http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melting_point http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boiling_point http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Partition_coefficient http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vapor_pressure http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acid_dissociation_constant http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methanol#cite_note-2 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viscosity http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dipole#Molecular_dipoles http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methanol#cite_note-3 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Material_safety_data_sheet http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methanol_(data_page)#Material_Safety_Data_Sheet http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dangerous_Substances_Directive_(67/548/EEC) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_R-phrases http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R11:_Highly_flammable http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R23/24/25:_Toxic_by_inhalation,_in_contact_with_skin_and_if_swallowed http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R39/23/24/25:_Toxic:_danger_of_very_serious_irreversible_effects_through_inhalation,_in_contact_with_skin_and_if_swallowed http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_S-phrases http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/(S1/2):_Keep_locked_up_and_out_of_the_reach_of_children http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S7:_Keep_container_tightly_closed http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S16:_Keep_away_from_sources_of_ignition_-_No_smoking http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S36/37:_Wear_suitable_protective_clothing_and_gloves http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S45:_In_case_of_accident_or_if_you_feel_unwell_seek_medical_advice_immediately_(show_the_label_where_possible) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NFPA_704 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IUPAC_nomenclature

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    +

    $

    Flash point +++% -

    Autoinition

    temperature

    (

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    fration of methanol !apor in the atmosphere. O!er the ourse of se!eral daDs* atmospheri

    methanol is o,idized ith the help of sunliht to ar0on dio,ide and ater.

    Methanol 0urns in o,Den inludin open air * formin ar0on dio,ide and ater "

    % @(O@ Q ( O%  % O% Q 6 @%O

    Methanol inested in lare 1uantities is meta0olized to formi aid or formate salts*

    hih is poisonous to the entral ner!ous sDstem* and maD ause 0lindness* oma* and death.

    eause of these to,i properties* methanol is fre1uentlD used as a denaturant additi!e for

    ethanol manufatured for industrial uses. This addition of methanol e,empts industrial ethanol

    HommonlD Gnon as denatured alohol or methDlated spirit from li1uor e,ise

    ta,ation in the KSA and some other ountries.

    CAM! Chemicals

    Reacti"ity Alerts

    @ihlD Flamma0le

    Air # $ater Reactions

    @ihlD flamma0le. Solu0le in ater in all proportions.

    Fire Hazard

    eha!ior in Fire" ontainers maD e,plode. HKS* +999

    Health Hazard

    E,posure to e,essi!e !apor auses eDe irritation* head# ahe* fatiue and drosiness.

    @ih onentrations an produe entral ner!ous sDstem depression and opti ner!e damae.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxidized http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxidized http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxygen http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxygen http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbon_dioxide http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formic_acid http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formate http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formate http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denatured_alcohol http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Excise_tax_in_the_United_States http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Excise_tax_in_the_United_States http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxidized http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxygen http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbon_dioxide http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formic_acid http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formate http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denatured_alcohol http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Excise_tax_in_the_United_States http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Excise_tax_in_the_United_States

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    5$*$$$ ppm ill pro0a0lD ause death in + to % hrs. an 0e a0sor0ed throuh sGin.

    Salloin maD ause death or eDe damae. HKS* +999

    Reacti"ity Profile

    MET@ANOL reats !iolentlD ith aetDl 0romide =MerG ++th ed. +9. Mi,tures

    ith onentrated sulfuri aid and onentrated hDdroen pero,ide an ause e,plosions.

    Reats ith hDpohlorous aid either in ater solution or mi,ed ater)ar0on tetrahloride

    solution to i!e methDl hDpohlorite* hih deomposes in the old and maD e,plode on

    e,posure to sunliht or heat. i!es the same produt ith hlorine. an reat e,plosi!elD ith

    isoDanates under 0asi onditions. The presene of an inert sol!ent mitiates this reation

    =4ishmeDer +9?9>. A !iolent e,othermi re