Finishing Textile

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<p>Latest development in textile finishing. Click to edit Master subtitle style</p> <p>By</p> <p>Imraul kaise</p> <p>BGMEA UNIVERCITY OF FASHION&amp;TECNOLOGY BATCH:092 KMT</p> <p>6/22/12</p> <p>Aims Questioning latest development ! Global market in fiber - finishing consumption The beauty of textile materials and Click to edit Master subtitle style finishing The origin of textile chemical finishing Guiding pillars in textile finishing The development areas in textile finishing How to identify the development areas 6/22/12Some demanding areas in textile</p> <p>What to talk in this presentation</p> <p>AimsAn introduction to the recent advancement in textile chemical finishing -Emphasizing the relationship of development with local needs - Identifying the areas Click to edit Master subtitle of interest for the style latest development in textile finishing-</p> <p>6/22/12</p> <p>Questioning latest development!finishing?</p> <p> Few questions in latest development: What are the latest development in textile What should be the latest development in</p> <p>textile finishing?Should the latest development in textile</p> <p>finishing should be stereotype in all around the world?6/22/12</p> <p>Figures in textile finishing development- IThe global market for fibres totalled</p> <p>64million tonnes in 2004 (moved up from 60 MT). (24million tonnes). The breakdown is polyester (40%), cotton (36%), polypropylene/other olefins (7%), polyamide (6%), acrylic (4%), regenerated cellulosic fibres (4%) and wool (2%). textiles (18%) and technical textiles (17%)</p> <p>Synthetic fibres (40MT), natural fibres</p> <p>Main end-uses- apparel (65%), household6/22/12</p> <p>Figures in textile finishing development- IISoftly the textile chemical auxiliaries sold are</p> <p>assumed to be 1/10th of global fiber production in one year, that stands to 6.4 MT.</p> <p>Distribution to textile chemical auxiliaries:</p> <p>Finishing- 40%, Dyeing and printing- 20%, Pretreatement- 17%, Weaving- 14%, Spinning9%.</p> <p>In special finishing, the major finishing</p> <p>products areas (by value) are softeners-20%, Repellant types- 15.2, Flame retardatns- 13.9, Durable press- 7.9%. (Schindler and 6/22/12</p> <p>The beauty of textile materials and finishing The accelerated expansion in the utilizationStrength, softness, permeability, opacity,</p> <p>textiles materials is coming from the fascinated combination of properties offered: pliability, light weight, formability, modifiable. plastic, paper, wood, concrete etc.</p> <p>All these together are not present in metals, Textile finishing provides extensive</p> <p>opportunities to modify a given textile for a desired application.</p> <p>6/22/12</p> <p>The chain of development in textile finishing..I</p> <p>6/22/12</p> <p>The chain of development in textile finishing..II</p> <p>6/22/12</p> <p>The chain of development in textile finishing..III Silver 1. Silica 2. Gold 3.</p> <p>6/22/12</p> <p>Recent subjects in textile finishingMost of the recent more advanced version of</p> <p>finishing development have origin in 1990s.</p> <p>Nanofinishing (why not microfinishing?) Microencapsulation Phase change materials Plasma treatment Application specific technical textiles Composites structures6/22/12 Non- aqeous or low water finishing</p> <p>Drivers in the development- IIndustrial processors</p> <p>Manufacturers and suppliers Research, development and innovation</p> <p>organizations</p> <p>University researchers Third party research providers Environmental and funding agencies Govt.- university- industry partnerships6/22/12</p> <p>Drivers in the development- II</p> <p> Commercial forces are</p> <p>faster in introducing the development: Waterless finishing CO2The Yeh Group will be the first textile mill to implement the new 6/22/12 waterless dyeing process</p> <p>Development ----IIIRopes made with Dyneema are proving a safe</p> <p>and secure alternative to steel wire rope for connecting barges and vessels in push combinations working on inland waterways.</p> <p>TenCate Grass has substantially expanded the</p> <p>production capacity of its most sustainable synthetic turf product, TenCate XP Blade. The start-up of an additional production line in Dayton, Tennessee, USA, will enable the company to meet the sharp increase in global demand for these wear-resistant synthetic turf 6/22/12 fibres.</p> <p>6/22/12</p> <p>Drivers in the development- IV</p> <p>Bone generation- A Stevens Institute of</p> <p>Technology scientist aims to establish a family of biomedical nanofibres containing collagen and calcium phosphate, to support the phenotype of bone forming cells. new technology to produce bio-based materials from renewable plant sources to reduce the cost of photovoltaic (PV) solar modules.</p> <p> BioSolar, the California-based developer of</p> <p>A flexible, honey-impregnated dressing for 6/22/12</p> <p>Medical and non- wovenJapans Daio Paper has established a joint</p> <p>venture with Thailand-based Saha Pathanapibul to produce baby diapers in Thailand. The US$36 million manufacturing facility in Chonburi province, the groups first overseas plant, is planned to begin production in the first quarter of 2012. Initial monthly output is expected to be 1618 million units, which could eventually be increased to 90 100 million units. Daio Paper owns 85% of the joint venture, which is called Elleair Interna; Saha Pathanapibul holds 10% and another 6/22/12</p> <p>Drivers in the development- V</p> <p>Nanotechnology developed by Vestagen</p> <p>Technical Textiles (USA) can help prevent the formation of potentially dangerous microorganisms on hospital and healthcare textiles, such as scrubs, uniforms, laboratory coats, privacy curtains and gowns. the first MA (Master of Arts)/MFA (Master in Fine Arts) Smart Clothes and Wearable Technology courses in October.</p> <p>The University of Wales, Newport, is launching</p> <p>6/22/12</p> <p>Textile Nanofinishing- INanosphere finish- from Clariant and</p> <p>Schoeller Technologies AG. Textile materials finished with Nanosphere repel liquids and dirt, and stains from kethch up; oil and red wine run off the surface. Japan. This imparts water- repellant characteristics and color resilience to nylon and polyester fabrics, and Terylene/ wool blends.</p> <p>Nano- Plem technology is claimed by Toray,</p> <p>Mincor TX TT, a nanofinish from BASF, is a</p> <p>composite material consisting of nanoparticles 6/22/12 embedded in a carrier matrix. This finish may</p> <p>Textile Nanofinishing- IINanometals and nanometal oxide based</p> <p>finishes</p> <p>Properties of metal nanoparticles and metal</p> <p>oxide nanoparticles to interact light and microorganisms have potential to offer substantial desired effects in textile materials. The subject is under exploration in textile and fiber finishing. Particular considerations are required to use the nanoparticles that are riskfree during their life cycle (production, application, consumption, and disposition).</p> <p> Metal based nanofinishes Nanosilver particles can impart antimicrobial properties, 6/22/12</p> <p>Textile Nanofinishing- IIIMetal oxide nanofinishes- Organic</p> <p>embedded metal oxide; ZnO nanoparticles, the average size was estimated to 38 3 nm using TEM, dispersed into soluble starch matrix using water- based technique were investigated. The treated cotton fabric exhibited significant improvement in antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae cultures and UV radiation. For clothing textiles a concentration of nano- ZnO of 0.6 wt. % for UV protection, and for antimicrobial textiles 1.0 wt. % concentration were recommended. Nanograde TiO2 was included during the melt extrusion of nylon 6.6 to study the mechanical properties. In an exposure to artificial day 6/22/12 light up to 750 hours; TiO2- nylon composite</p> <p>Microencapsulation finishes potential areasThermoregulation (PCM) Aromatherapy, fragrance release Deodorising finishes, biocides Antisoiling agents Insect resisting finishing UV abosrbers, antistatic agents, FR, water repellants Cross- linking agents, softeners, chemical6/22/12 protection,</p> <p>etc., etc.,</p> <p>Clay finishing</p> <p> Polymers reinforced with 2-5 wt% of nanoclays may exhibit</p> <p>significant improvement in thermal- mechanical properties, flame retardancy, barrier properties, dimensional stability, and modified electrical conductivity. reinforced with 5 wt % of nanoclay resulting in 40% increase in tensile strength, 68% in tensile modulus, 60% in flexural strength, and 126% flexural modulus. The heat distortion temperature increases from 65 0C to 152 0C. polypropylene thermoplastics using functionalized nanoclays had received significant research interest, however in the form of fiber, filament or fabric, this polymer had received little or no attention. In general, the literature on flame retardant finishing of textile fabrics using nanoclays is not significant. producing nanoclay- based finishes.</p> <p> An interesting example is seem in nylon-6 nanocomposite</p> <p> Improving the tensile properties and fire performance of</p> <p> Montmorillonite is one type of clay minerals mainly used in6/22/12 The commercial viability of nanoclays is mainly credited to</p> <p>Questioning the latest development!- IWhat should be the latest development! Should be the development all around the</p> <p>world same!</p> <p>The principal drivers of research,</p> <p>development and innovation are:Society, Common people development Environment Industry6/22/12</p> <p>Questioning the latest development!- IILocal waste utilization Natural waste utilization More natural material development Reduced energy and utility consumption</p> <p>through modified finishing processes.Existing industrial processing technologies Industry is more prompt to adopt the</p> <p>development in existing process technology than to replace them.</p> <p>6/22/12</p> <p>The endAny comments Contact details: Faheem Uddin, Ph. D, C. Text.</p> <p>FTI</p> <p>Professor, BUITEMS, Quetta. Pakistan. Emails. 1. dfudfuca@yahoo.ca , 2. Faheem.Uddin@buitms.edu.pk6/22/12 THANKS</p>

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