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THE BASICS OF ISLAMIC RELIGIOUS EDUCATION CREATED BY: 1. Citra Lestari Puriana A. 0110150078 2.Eka Yuliani 0110150084 3. Endang Setiyowati 0110150086 4. Evi Safitri 0110150098 ENGLISH DEPARTEMENT TEACHER TRAINING AND DUCATION FACULTY

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THE BASICS OF ISLAMIC RELIGIOUS EDUCATION

CREATED BY:

1. Citra Lestari Puriana A.01101500782. Eka Yuliani01101500843. Endang Setiyowati01101500864. Evi Safitri0110150098

ENGLISH DEPARTEMENT TEACHER TRAINING AND DUCATION FACULTYMUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF PURWOKERTO2011

THE BASICS OF ISLAMIC RELIGIOUS EDUCATION

Every business, activities and actions in deliberately to achieve a goal must have a good foundation footing and strong. Therefore, Islamic religious education as a form of human effort, must have a basis for all activities didalamya. Basic Islamic Education in outline there are three, namely: Al-qur `an, As-Sunnah, and regulations in our country.Al- Quran Complete al-qur `andidefenisikan as the word of God revealed to the heart of the Prophet, Muhammad Ibn Abdillah, through the spirit of al-Amin with the pronunciation of Arabic-speaking, pronunciation and meaning are correct, in order to become hujjahbagi Apostle that he is the Messenger of Allah, and as a law-legislation for people and gives guidance to them, as well as a means to approach and worship God by reading it. And he gathered in a Mushaf, beginning with the letter of Al-Fatihah and ends with the letter al-Hoodoo, told by mutawatir good to us orally and in writing of kegenerasi generation, and he preserved from alteration or replacement, according to the word of Allah.

Education According to the KoranAl-Quran has repeatedly explained the importance of knowledge. Without knowledge of human life will undoubtedly be a misery. Not only that, al-Qur'an even meto be people who have a high degree of knowledge on. al-Qur'an al-Mujadalah letter of verse 11 states:

"... Allah will exalt those who believe among you and those who were given some degree of knowledge ...".

Al-Qur'an have also warned people to seek knowledge, as in the Koran letter at-Tawbah verse 122 states:

"Why not go from each group among them some of the people to deepen their knowledge of religion and to give warning to his people when they have returned to him, so they can maintain themselves".

.Islam is a religion of kindness, truth, justice, common good and true progress. Because that people should explore the symbolic gesture of religious and educational thinking and we spend the basics and principles of our Islamic philosophy and theory in life including educational theory. Because of where we can address the principles and the principles of the most correct. Allah SWT says:

Verily, this is My way, leading straight: follow it: follow not (other) paths: they will scatter you about from His (great) path: thus doth He command you. that ye may be righteous.( surah al anam153)

"If not Him, ye worship nothing but names which ye have named,- ye and your fathers,- for which Allah hath sent down no authority: the command is for none but Allah: He hath commanded that ye worship none but Him: that is the right religion, but most men understand not.( surah yusuf 40).

Among the principles that may be contained in the philosophy of Islamic education on the key issues in philosophy are:1. The principles of Islamic View Of Basis for the Natural Universea. Believe that human education, and depraved behavior is not only influenced by the social environment, but also by the physical environment. Man himself is a part of the natural universe around it, it is impossible to apply their education if humans do not interact with the natural elements of the universe to another, with the objects surrounding them and the environment in which he lived. Through its interaction with the environment, humans acquire knowledge, skills, attitudes, and way of life.

b. What is meant by the natural universe, nature, or the universe is anything other than God which consists of material beings and not as matter. Nature or the natural universe that includes everything that made the spirit, objects, time and place also includes all the systems and laws that govern nature.

c. Nature there are two types: natural material object that is the reality we experience, and the supernatural and the spirit of natural goodness, beauty, and ideal which men escape from the influence of material reality to get the spirit of peace, real happiness and spiritual nourishment. People should avoid using them pembazirandalm turned into a tool that may dissipate, duress, coercion and destruction in accordance with the Word of God Almighty :

O Children of Adam! wear your beautiful apparel at every time and place of prayer: eat and drink: But waste not by excess, for Allah loveth not the wasters. (Surah al araf 31).

d. Believe that the natural universe or nature with all material, elements, and elements-elements are changing and always moving in accordance with the law, and the goals outlined by the creator and their God.

e. Believing that nature with all its elements and their parts running under the laws, rules and laws are smooth and precise, according to the relationships that regularly shows no unity of organization and make people who see faced with absolute harmony. The verses of the Koran to show the unity of form and passage of a statutory basis and made too much. Among them are:Word of God s.w.t. :

1.

Verily, all things have We created in proportion and measure.( Surah al qomar 49.)

2.

The sun and the moon follow courses (exactly) computed;And the herbs and the trees - both (alike) prostrate in adoration.( Surah ar rahman 5-6)

3.

Nay, verily for thee is a Reward unfailing:(Surah al qalam 3)

4.

(Such was) the practice (approved) of Allah among those who lived aforetime: No change wilt thou find in the practice (approved) of Allah. (Al ahzab 62.)

f. Muslims when he accepted the laws of cause and effect in terms of absolute principle is not accepted there, but the inclusion of various linkages and exceptions that cause it more in line with the spirit of the Islamic Aqeedah. Like the word al-Imam Muhammad Abduh (1972: 479-503) "It is not all that strange extraordinary, but the remarkable thing is that do not fit in the prevailing power and the possibility can not be created unless capable of breaking something that has been arranged. He is God ". In the Qur'an many verses that contain the endorsement of this principle. As His words: He created the heavens without any pillars that ye can see; He set on the earth mountains standing firm, lest it should shake with you; and He scattered through it beasts of all kinds. We send down rain from the sky, and produce on the earth every kind of noble creature, in pairs. (Al luqman 10.)

g. If he is able to take advantage of the results and use it wisely for the good of himself and others without excessive, aggressive, arrogant, and mayhem. As word of God s.w.t. :

Say: "Shall I take for my protector any other than Allah, the Maker of the heavens and the earth? And He it is that feedeth but is not fed." Say: "Nay! but I am commanded to be the first of those who bow to Allah (in Islam), and be not thou of the company of those who join gods with Allah." (Al anam 14.)

And the word of God s.w.t. :

Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for Allah loveth not transgressors.( Al baqarah 190.).

"And be moderate in thy pace, and lower thy voice; for the harshest of sounds without doubt is the braying of the ass." (Luqman 19.)

h. Believing that nature is entirely new, not old (qadim): principal and its branches; elements, and accident-jisim and their accident; the ceiling, the firmament, the stars, sea and land; animals, plants, and the objects.

i. The great Creator is God s.w.t. almighty one and single in the creation and divinity, and nature with all its perfection and clear of any imperfection.

2. The principles of Islamic View Elementary to be Against Human

a. Believe that man is the noblest creature in nature. Gave the best form of appointment as a Caliph on earth to the earth's prosperity, enforce kadilan there. And others again of God's blessings for man who described al-Qur'an in many verses of the Koran, which are:Word of God s.w.t. :

He Who taught (the use of) the pen,-Taught man that which he knew not. (Al alaq 4-5.)

(Allah) Most Gracious!It is He Who has taught the Qur'an.He has created man:He has taught him speech (and intelligence). (Arrahman 1-4.)

We have indeed created man in the best of moulds,( at tin 4.)b. Believe that the glory and virtue humans aginst other creatures, pengankatannya as caliph on earth to memakmurkannya, weighed and taklif trust, freedom and responsibility to choose and maintain the values.

c. Believe that humans are animals that talk, able to converse and use language as a tool to think and communicate. So is he able to give the terms and member names to objects and distinguish them. So is he able to think consciously.

d. Human nature has a dimension, namely the isosceles triangle. His legs are the body, aqal, and spirit. This is the basic dimensions of human nature and his personal point of view of Islam.

e. Humans in every moment of his life and all aspects of personal, and the symptoms of growth is the result of hereditary factors and the environment began to operate and interact since the beginning of the process of formation, then continue to operate and interact until the end of human life.

f. Character has a high flexibility and willingness to change shape in a variety of types, changing and exchanging, acquire knowledge, habits, values, and leave the customs, values, and attitudes lama.Ini through interaction with the environment and through education, teaching and exercise.

3. The principles of the Islamic view of the Basis for Community

a. Community in its simplest sense is a group of individuals from a collection that is bound by kasatuan homeland, culture, and religion, the relations contained in the union that includes emotional reciprocity and common good.b. Islamic society has a characteristic that menbedakannya of other human beings is that human society where Islam is the Islam that is applied as aqeedah, worship, morals, behavior, and the shari'ah system, where Allah is the only one who is worshiped and supreme authority.

4. The underlying principles of Islamic View Of Human Knowledge

a. The importance of knowledge as one of progress and elevation tools for individuals and society. Therefore, Islam considers it a high degree of science and science experts. Word of Allah (Q.S. 58: 11) and (Q.S. 39:9).

O ye who believe! When ye are told to make room in the assemblies, (spread out and) make room: (ample) room will Allah provide for you. And when ye are told to rise up, rise up Allah will rise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those of you who believe and who have been granted (mystic) Knowledge. And Allah is well-acquainted with all ye do. (Al mujadilah 11.)

Is one who worships devoutly during the hour of the night prostrating himself or standing (in adoration), who takes heed of the Hereafter, and who places his hope in the Mercy of his Lord - (like one who does not)? Say: "Are those equal, those who know and those who do not know? It is those who are endued with understanding that receive admonition.( Az zumar 9).b. Knowledge is the key to opening or know and believe in what Allah has created and what is already being on the science of his semanjak ever. Allah SWT says: (Q.S. 2:255). Allah! There is no god but He,-the Living, the Self-subsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize Him nor sleep. His are all things in the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permitteth? He knoweth what (appeareth to His creatures as) before or after or behind them. Nor shall they compass aught of His knowledge except as He willeth. His Throne doth extend over the heavens and the earth, and He feeleth no fatigue in guarding and preserving them for He is the Most High, the Supreme (in glory).( Al baqarah 255).

5.The principles on which the view of Islam Against Morals

a. Morals is one of the fruits of faith and worship where no one's perfect faith and worship of faith and worship if it does not come out noble spirit and good treatment with morals that. Because it mambari praise Allah on His prophet : Which of you is afflicted with madness.( Al qalam 6).

b. Believe that morality on the whole is obtained and studied. Morals are not maintained. May be changed and exchanged through environmental factors such as time, place, situation, and the condition of society. Allah SWT says: (Q.S 13:12)

It is He Who doth show you the lightning, by way both of fear and of hope: It is He Who doth raise up the clouds, heavy with (fertilising) rain!( Ar rad 12.)

c. Believe that everything must be done through the conscience of the pious to Allah and should be useful to others. Allah SWT says: (Surah 40: 19) and (Sura 2: 115) (Allah) knows of (the tricks) that deceive with the eyes, and all that the hearts (of men) conceal.( Al mumin 19).

To Allah belong the east and the West: Whithersoever ye turn, there is the presence of Allah. For Allah is all-Pervading, all-Knowing.(Al baqarah 115).

d. Tanggungjaab adalha believe that the essence of charity Morals, where responsibilities are things that do not conflict with Islam. Word of Allah (Q.S. 53:21) and (Q.S. 53:39). What! for you the male sex, and for Him, the female?(An najm 21).

That man can have nothing but what he strives for.(An najm 39.).

Islam is a religion that brought the mission of education and teaching his people. Al-Qur `an is the most basic foundation referenced the legal basis of the Islamic Religious Education. God's Word on Islamic Education in Al-qur `an Surat Al-alaq paragraph 1 to paragraph 5, which reads as followsMeaning:"Read the (calling) the name of your Lord who created. He has created man from a clot. Read and your Lord is most generous. Who taught (man) with the mediation of kalam. He taught man what is not knew. "

A good education is education that has a clear foundation or base. If education does not have a clear basis, then education will fail. Thus the foundation of education has an important role in achieving the goals of education.Al-Quran is one among the many educational foundation.Education According to the KoranAl-Quran has repeatedly explained the importance of knowledge. Without knowledge of human life will undoubtedly be a misery. Not only that, al-Qur'an even memposisikan people who have a high degree of knowledge on. al-Qur'an al-Mujadalah letter of verse 11 states:

"... Allah will exalt those who believe among you and those who were given some degree of knowledge ...".Al-Qur'an have also warned people to seek knowledge, as in the Koran letter at-Tawbah verse 122 states:

"Why not go from each group among them some of the people to deepen their knowledge of religion and to give warning to his people when they have returned to him, so they can maintain themselves".From here it is understood that the importance of knowledge for human survival. Due to human knowledge will know what is good and bad, right and wrong, which brings benefits and that brings Awliyaa '.In a Prophet. described:

"Seeking knowledge is the duty 1. Dengan menyebut nama Allah yang Maha Pemurah lagi Maha Penyayang[1].

[1] Maksudnya: saya memulai membaca al-Fatihah Ini dengan menyebut nama Allah. setiap pekerjaan yang baik, hendaknya dimulai dengan menyebut asma Allah, seperti makan, minum, menyembelih hewan dan sebagainya. Allah ialah nama zat yang Maha suci, yang berhak disembah dengan sebenar-benarnya, yang tidak membutuhkan makhluk-Nya, tapi makhluk yang membutuhkan-Nya. Ar Rahmaan (Maha Pemurah): salah satu nama Allah yang memberi pengertian bahwa Allah melimpahkan karunia-Nya kepada makhluk-Nya, sedang Ar Rahiim (Maha Penyayang) memberi pengertian bahwa Allah senantiasa bersifat rahmah yang menyebabkan dia selalu melimpahkan rahmat-Nya kepada makhluk-Nya. of every Muslim". (Narrated by Ibn Majah)The hadith indicates that Islam requires its followers to get to all knowledge. Namely, the obligation for them to seek knowledge.Islam emphasizes the importance of knowledge in human life. Because without the knowledge of the human will undoubtedly go through life is like a person lost, the implications of which will make people more and Ramanujan are displaced later in the hereafter.Imam Shafi'i has stated:

"Whoever wants the world, it must be with the science. Whoever wants the hereafter, it must be with the science. And whoever wants both, then it must be with the science ".From here, it's a human should always strive to increase the quality of science by continuing to try to find him until death.In al-Quran verse 114 Thahaa letter stated:

"Say: 'My Lord, add science to me.'"HASANRIZAL.WORDPRESS.COMTRANSLATION IN ENG

The Quran has repeatedlyexplainedthe importanceof knowledge. Withoutknowledgeof humanlifewillundoubtedlybe a misery. Notonly that, al-Qur'an evenpeoplewhohave apositionona high degreeof knowledge. al-Qur'anal-Mujadalahletter ofverse 11states:"... Allahwillexaltthosewho believeamong youand givensomedegreeof knowledge thosewho were the resource persons ...".

Al-Qur'an have alsowarnedpeople toseek knowledge, as inthe Koranletterat-Tawbahverse122states:"Why not go from each group Them Among some of the people to deepen Their knowledge of religion and to give warning to his people Pls They have returned to him, so They can maintain themselves".

From here it is understood That the importance of knowledge for human survival. Due to human knowledge will from know what is good and bad, right and wrong, the which benefits and That Brings Brings Awliyaa '.