Film and Editing Techniques

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    07-Jan-2016

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Film and Editing Techniques

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<p>Film and Editing Techniques180 Degree RuleIts a basic rule that means that two characters should always have the same left and right relationship to each other. When a camera crosses the axis connecting to two subjects, it is called crossing the line. The 180 degree rule is then broken.Breaking the rule has the disruptive effect of confusing the viewer, making them stop and think. This that they may break away from the film to try and readjust. It also breaks the continuity and the disconcerting effect it can have on the viewer which would upset the illusion of reality as the perspective is disrupted. Therefore it is important not to break the rule </p> <p>Film and Editing TechniquesDepth of Field</p> <p>The area within the depth of field appears sharp, while the areas in front of and beyond the depth of field appear blurry. In optics, particularly as it relates to film and photography, depth of field (DOF) is the distance between the nearest and farthest objects in a scene that appear acceptably sharp in an image.</p> <p>Film and Editing TechniquesMatch-On-ActionMatch on action (or cutting on action) is an editing technique for continuity editing in which one shot cuts to another shot portraying the action of the subject in the first shot. This creates impression of a sense of continuity the action carrying through creates a visual bridge which draws the viewers attention away from slight cutting or continuity issues. This is not a graphic match or match cut, it portrays a continuous sense of the same action rather than matching two separate things.</p> <p>Film and Editing TechniquesRule of Thirds</p> <p>The Rule of Thirds is a concept in which the shot is divided into nine sections, which acts as a guide to filmmakers on where to position objects/characters within the shot. (As seen to the left).When there is one main character in a shot they are normally placed in the middle of the frame with their eyes being centred on the top horizontal line.</p> <p>This is important as it helps to centre the characters correctly and place emphasis on specific people. The Rule of Thirds helps the audience decide who/what to focus on.</p> <p>Film and Editing TechniquesContinuity EditingContinuity editing primarily suggests guiding an audience through a sequence of events, and, in the process, showing them what they want to see when they want to see it. In the end, youve told a story or logically traced a series of events to their conclusion. The purpose of continuity editing is to smooth over the inherent discontinuity of the editing process and to establish a logical coherence between shots.Aspects of Continuity Editing: Establishing shot Shot/reverse shot 180-degree rule Crosscutting Match on Action Eye line MatchThe benefit of continuity editing allows the narrative to have a strong structure. The shot sequences flow seamlessly into each other, making it easier to watch.</p>