Factual Information About Ancient Rome

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    WELCOME TO THE WORLD

    OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE

    Thousand years ago Roman most important cities

    Legend - formed by Romulus and Remus abondoned at birth raised by wolf

    Romules in a rage killed Remus

    City named Rome ruled by Romulus

    753 B.C. Rome small city farming

    509 B.C. no longer ruled by King 2 consuls

    250 B.C Romans ruled by Italy

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    410 A. D. destroy Rome

    476 a barbarian become the ruler ofItaly

    Constantinople hold off the barbariansuntil captured by Turks in 1453

    Empire great influence of Romansstill be seen today

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    THE ROMAN MEAL

    Prepare by mother or female slave

    Family sat on stools around a table

    Children wait for their parents Food prepared in small bite sized pieces

    Wealthy Romans bought food from open

    air markets Every week, farmers & fishermen sell

    fruits, vege, fish & meat at towns

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    1st meal at dawn

    This meal was small & usually consisted of

    bread, salad, olives, cheese, fruit, nuts, and cold

    meat left over form dinner the night before.

    At noon ate a small quick meal

    After lunch take 2 3 hour nap

    Evening meal was served at sunset & usually

    consisted of a large meal with the entire family

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    A typical meal consisted of soup with legumes,

    milk, cheese, fresh and dried fruit and lard

    Later meat and bread was added to this meal

    Wealthy homes slaves spent large part of theday preparing food

    Dinner parties given by men wealthy families

    Women and children dined separately

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    Dining room finest room

    Parties start with salads, eggs, and shellfish,wine which had been sweetened with honey

    Meal could be up to 7 dishes

    Slaves served the guests and wiped the fingersof the guests between courses

    Cheese made from goat and sheep milk couldbe served

    Main course might include boiled and roasted

    meat

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    Favorite meat included mutton ( sheep meat ),goat meat, pork, ham, and bacon, chicken,

    goose and duck, and fish especially tuna

    Meat sliced by the slaves

    Foods were seasoned with herbs like dill, thyme,basil and mint

    Final course may consist of fruit, dates, andcakes sweetened with honey

    Yogurt mixed with fruit

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    Walnuts, chestnut and acorns were also mixedwith the foods

    Poor families eat a meal of foods they couldgrow

    Grew beans, vege, and fruits

    Common fruits apples, pears and figs

    Common vege onions, cucumbers, carrots,garlic and cabbage

    Often ate porridge made from vege

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    Had a program called annona help poor

    to buy food

    Preserved food by smoking, dehydrating,

    spreading honey on fresh fruits or bysalting

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    The Baths

    Enjoyed going to public bathhouse.

    Children not allowed in.

    Cheap Different time for male and female.

    Not only a place for washing.

    The baths also had towels, slaves to waiton you, steam rooms, saunas, exercise

    rooms, and hair cutting salons.

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    No soap but oil.

    Use strigil. Enjoyed several pools.

    Ancient Rome had as many as 900 public

    baths. Small baths held about 300 people.The largest bath held 1500 people.

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    Baths of Caracalla Tepidarium with Aida scenery

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    Baths of Diocletian - North palaestra from E -This was the largest of all baths.

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    Baths of Diocletian - S. Maria d. Angeli 1 -This was completed in A.D. 305.

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    Entertainment

    Free 3 main types: theatrical performances, chariot

    races, and gladiator fights.

    theatrical performances

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    chariot races and the Circus

    Maximus

    gladiator fights and the Colosseum in

    Rome

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    Men gathered at the Campus to play They participated in foot racing, jumping,

    archery, wrestling and boxing, riding,

    fencing, wrestling, throwing, and

    swimming.

    The bath was a place to socialize, relax,

    exercise, and play games.

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    Games:

    - scooters, jump ropes, kites, yo-yos, andswings

    - dice, marbles

    - games similar to checkers- Ball games

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    Clothing- What cloth they wear?

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    Togas

    Early Romans cloth 9 yards long

    Hard to wear

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    Tunic- made of linen andwool depending onthe season.

    - Different coloredstripes on the tunic

    indicated the wealth

    of its owner

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    Stola

    Women wore longertunics than the men.

    Over the tunics, theywore long pleated

    robes called stola The stola decorated

    along the bottom with

    a band of red fabricor embroidery.

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    Lacerna

    Closer to Rome the peoplewore short, dark, woolencoverings called lacernae.

    Made from bright coloredfabrics and decorated withembroidery or fringe.

    Simple coats called paenula

    (traveling) Most paenulae were made

    from animals skins.

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    Boys wore knee-length tunics. They were white with a redborder. When the boy reached manhood his tunic changed to

    all white.

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    Footwear

    Both men and women wore

    sandals around the house.

    Brightly colored. (women) They were sometimes decorated with pearls.

    When going outside both

    the men and womenwore boots.

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    Jewelry

    Bulla

    Rings

    Necklaces

    Pins Earrings

    Bracelets

    Pearls

    Headdresses or jeweled crowns intheir hair.

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    Makeup

    The style was to have very white skin.

    Used white creams made from powdered

    chalk or lead.

    Eyeliner was used to darkened the

    eyebrows.

    Cheeks and lips were colored with a red

    iron ore called ocher.

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    Hairstyles

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    The Life of a Roman Child

    School

    ~ Who can go to school?~ How many people in a class?

    ~ Who is the teacher?

    ~ Facilities?

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    Toys

    rattles scooters jump rope yo-yo seesaws swings

    kites dolls made from wax or clay - Some had jointed legs andarms.

    balls board games hobbyhorses

    carts hitched to goats, ponies, or dogs models of animals and people hoops with pieces of metal on them like bells stilts weight lifting

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    - tic-tac-toe

    - knucklesbones - similar to jacksexcept with bones

    - boys played war with woodenswords

    - leapfrog- odd or even - One child held

    stones in a closed hand. The other

    guessed if the objects were anodd or even number.

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    Pets

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    Family

    ~ Who was the head?~ How about woman?

    Marriage

    ~ When?~ What are the conditions?~ Engagement ring~ Knot of Hercules~ "When and where you are Gaius, I then

    and there am Gaia."

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