Forum members: Ellen Ellwanger, Lauralee Holsing, Anna Melendez, Laura Kotalik, Barbara Wellenstein, Teresa Kragel, Michelle Henrich Portraits of 4 Exceptional Individuals and an Examination of our own Extraordinariness by Howard Gardner
Four Forms of ExtraordinarinessMasterWolfgang Amadeus MozartMakerSigmund FreudIntrospectorVirginia WolffInfluencerMahatma Gandhi
Anachronistic View-Not a Single EntityPsychologically-There are differing intellectual faculties which are independent of each otherBiologically-Impossible to separate out genetics from environmentAnthropologically-Cultures make very different assumptions about human learning and motivation
Examining our own ExtraordinarinessFirst, all of us possess in some form the potential to occupy each of the roles: we can all master a domain, vary that domain in a significant way, introspect about ourselves, and influence other persons (Gardner,1997). Second, the extraordinary minds that have emerged in the millennium belong to us. They are our minds both in the sense that they have contributed to the life of the broad human community and in the sense that they have been made by the evaluations of earlier generations of their respective fields (Gardner, 1997).
Where do we go from here?If we all have different minds, then it is simply inappropriate to teach us all as if our minds were simple variations along a solitary bell curve. [Gardner,1997]Therefore, as teachers, we need to teach to our students strengths, incorporating joy in learning and life-long problem solving skills.
We want our students to be well-rounded individuals.What are some ways we can do that?
Logical-Mathematical IntelligenceMath Smart CharacteristicsEasily finds number patternsLikes to explain problemsLikes rational explanationsFollows an order when problem solvingEnjoy working with numbersPeople Like:Albert Einstein, John Dewey, Susanne Langer
Math Smart ActivitiesBody/KinestheticHands-on AlgebraMaking GraphsInterpersonalWork GroupPeer TeachingVisual/SpatialHands-on AlgebraGraphs/diagramsVerbal/LinguisticWork GroupsPreviewing & explainingMath Journals IntrapersonalPreviewing lessonsMusical/RhythmicFacts songs/rap
Bodily/Kinesthetic - Body SmartCharacteristicsDanceAthleticUsing toolsActingCrafts
Body SmartLikes to: Move around Touch and talk Body languageLearns best through: Touching, moving Processing through bodily sensationsFamous people: Michael Jordan, Charlie Chaplin, Martina Navratilova
Bodily/Kinesthetic IntelligenceCenter Activities Hands-on center with clay, blocks, crafts Drama center with an area for performances or puppet theater Tactile learning with relief maps, different textures such as sandpaper letters Books on famous athletes, dancers and actors Students create scavenger hunts with a specific curriculum Twister game with spelling words taped onto color circles Juggling center with soft objects and a how-to book
Interpersonal IntelligencePeople Smart CharacteristicsThe ability to discern and respond accurately to moods, temperaments, and motivations of others.Famous examples: Ghandi, Reagan, Mother TeresaHas friends Talks to people Joins groupsLearns best through sharing, comparing, relating, interviewing, and cooperating.
People SmartUse of the Project Approach works well with students who possess people smarts. In the Project Approach, students plan, research, and develop an in-depth study of a topic of their choosing. Through this method, students access their dominant intelligence and use their own preferences in learning to construct knowledge which has personal meaning and contextual links.
People Smart Enhancing ActivitiesUse of round table group discussions of learning topicsBoard games which promote cooperationInterviewing to find out informationStudent becomes an expert about a subject and then teaches the other students Write a classmates biographyChoose an historical figure and write out a conversation they would have had with themAll activities would promote life-long skills
Musical IntelligenceMusic Smart Characteristics
Notices background and environmental soundsKeeps beatsMakes up their own songsEnjoys listening to musicRemembers melodiesMoves body to music when playingMimics beat and rhythm
Retains information longer when presented through musicGood sense of rhythmEnjoy singing as part of the classroom day
Moods are sensitive to music
tends to learn information longer when presented through music
Musical Enhancing Center ActivitiesCreating repetitive booksExploring with musical instrumentsCreate songs on the computerCategorize loud and soft soundsCategorize long and short soundsName or match the soundName or match the song
Intrapersonal IntelligenceSelf Smart CharacteristicsDefinition: The ability to form an accurate model of oneself, and to use that model to operate effectively in life.Characteristics:w Thinkerw Insightful w Inventivew Reflective w Independentw Philosophical w Self-awarew Daydreamer
Self SmartExamples of some Famous Folks:w Gandhi w Mother Teresa w Martin Luther King, Jr. w Henry Ford w Winston ChurchillGardner refers to these extraordinary individuals as Influencers. He states that an Influencer possesses an Intrapersonal Intelligence which is demonstrated as a shrewd sense of oneself--ones sometimes changing goals, strengths, weaknesses, and needs.
Self Smart ActivitiesActivities that foster Intrapersonal Intelligence:w Allow time for self-reflectionw Offer instruments for self-assessment, including strengths and weaknessesw Encourage the study of oneself and ones worldw Support the use of daily journalsw Allow for goal-setting, both short-term and long-termw Provide lead-ins that promote higher level thinking skillsw Teach PMI method of evaluation (P=Plus, M=Minus, I=Interesting
Spatial IntelligencePicture Smart CharacteristicsSpatial IntelligencePicture Smart CharacteristicsReadingMaps, charts and puzzlesVisualizationImagining things
Picture SmartPicture SmartEnjoys:Design, draw, buildCreate, daydreamLook at picturesLearns successfully through:
Working with colors and picturesEnvisioningDrawing
Picture Smart Center Activities Art area with paints, pencils, paper Maps, graphs, and visual puzzles Pictionary game Architectural center with pencils, rulers, large paper Create sculptures using clay Make map of the neighborhood, school or city Design a new playgroundArt history center with books and artwork from famous artistsBuild chess pieces while learning the game
Naturalist IntelligenceDefinition: an individual who demonstrates expertise in therecognition and classification of their environment.Famous people: Charles Darwin, E.O. Wilson, John James Audubon,Roger Torrey Paterson, Rachel CarsonGeermat Ermi
Nature Smart CharacteristicsLikes to categorize organismsDistinguishes among members of a speciesRecognizes existence of other speciesChart relationships among several species
Nature Smart ActivitiesClassification of plants, animals, rocks, fossils, countries, cities, presidentsCreate stories using animals as the main charactersCategorize body parts of groupsClassify dance and music
Barbara Wellenstein: Gardner & Examining ExtraordinarinessAnna Melendez: Math-Logic SmartLauralee Holsing: Intrapersonal-Self SmartEllen Ellwanger: Bodily-Kinesthetic & Spatial-Picture SmartTeresa Kragel: Music SmartMichelle Henrich: Interpersonal-People SmartLaura Kotalik: Naturalistic - Nature Smart
References:Gardner, H., (1997). Extraordinary Minds. New York: Basic Books. Nicholson-Nelson, Kristen (1998). Developing Students Multiple Intelligences. Jefferson City, MO.: Scholastic Professional Books. Davis, J. (2000). Multiple Intelligences in the Early Childhood Classroom. [On-Line]. Available: http://www.galstar.com/~davii/mi.htm Wilkens, D. (1996). Multiple Intelligence Activities. Huntington Beach, CA: Teacher Created Materials.