Experience in Using Handheld Computers for Data Collection ... €¢ to make the enumerator¢â‚¬â„¢s work easier

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  • Les recensements après 2001, Paris , 20 et 21 novembre 2000 1

    STATE STATISTICAL OFFICE

    OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

    Experience in Using Handheld ComputersExperience in Using Handheld Computers for Data Collection in thefor Data Collection in the

    Test Census of Population, Households and Test Census of Population, Households and Dwelling in Republic of Macedonia, 2000Dwelling in Republic of Macedonia, 2000

    INSEE/Eurostat SeminarINSEE/Eurostat Seminar “The Censuses After 2001”“The Censuses After 2001”

    20 20 -- 21 November, 2000, Paris21 November, 2000, Paris

  • Les recensements après 2001, Paris , 20 et 21 novembre 2000 2

    STATE STATISTICAL OFFICE

    OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA BACKGROUNDBACKGROUND

    •• Since 1948 Since 1948 -- 7 censuses in the Republic of 7 censuses in the Republic of Macedonia (1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 1994Macedonia (1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 1994))

    •• Traditional census Traditional census -- field data collection with field data collection with interview done by enumerators and the answers interview done by enumerators and the answers were recorded on paper questionerswere recorded on paper questioners

    •• Data processing Data processing -- in accordance with available in accordance with available technology and equipment in the statistical officetechnology and equipment in the statistical office

    •• 1994 Census was realized on mainframe (UNISYS 1994 Census was realized on mainframe (UNISYS -- 12). First, the answers were coded on the paper 12). First, the answers were coded on the paper questioners and than the data were entered questioners and than the data were entered manuallymanually

  • Les recensements après 2001, Paris , 20 et 21 novembre 2000 3

    THE 2001 CENSUS THE 2001 CENSUS OF THE POPULATION, HOUSEHOLDS AND OF THE POPULATION, HOUSEHOLDS AND

    DWELLINGS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIADWELLINGS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

    •• The next, respecting the UN Recommendation The next, respecting the UN Recommendation in 2001in 2001

    •• Reference date: 2001, March 31, at 12:00 PMReference date: 2001, March 31, at 12:00 PM

    •• Field operation 1Field operation 1-- 15 April 15 April

    •• Main goal: full coverage of definited census Main goal: full coverage of definited census units and complete quality and international units and complete quality and international comparative data on all definited topicscomparative data on all definited topics

    STATISTICAL OFFICE

    OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

  • Les recensements après 2001, Paris , 20 et 21 novembre 2000 4

    Motives for TestingMotives for Testing Handheld ComputersHandheld Computers

    •• Use of new techniques for data collection Use of new techniques for data collection and/or data processing and/or data processing ⇒⇒ shorter period of shorter period of processingprocessing

    •• Directions referring the instruments for data Directions referring the instruments for data collectionscollections •• qualitative final data in as shorter as possible qualitative final data in as shorter as possible

    period after the field data collectionperiod after the field data collection •• to make the enumerator’s work easierto make the enumerator’s work easier •• to make uniform enumeration procedure to make uniform enumeration procedure •• to introduce more controls in the phase of to introduce more controls in the phase of

    data collectiondata collection

    STATISTICAL OFFICE

    OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

  • Les recensements après 2001, Paris , 20 et 21 novembre 2000 5

    STATISTICAL OFFICE

    OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA TESTSTESTS

    •• Considering the offered products on our market Considering the offered products on our market and taking in account our financial possibilities and taking in account our financial possibilities ⇒⇒ Handheld computers (“Psion, Workabout” Handheld computers (“Psion, Workabout” -- second generation of handheld computers from second generation of handheld computers from “Workabout” range)“Workabout” range)

    •• June 1999 June 1999 -- appears idea to test the handheld appears idea to test the handheld computers for field data collectioncomputers for field data collection

    •• End of July 1999 starts the preparation of the End of July 1999 starts the preparation of the application for hand computersapplication for hand computers

  • Les recensements après 2001, Paris , 20 et 21 novembre 2000 6

    STATISTICAL OFFICE

    OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA Test CensusesTest Censuses

    I.I. October 1999 October 1999 -- 6 ed6 ed-- 450 households450 households

    II. April 2000 II. April 2000 -- 20 ed20 ed-- 1500 households1500 households

    •• Used techniques of data collectionsUsed techniques of data collections

    •• Paper QuestionnairesPaper Questionnaires •• Handheld computersHandheld computers

    •• First test was plan just to examine how the First test was plan just to examine how the population will accept this type of population will accept this type of enumeration enumeration ⇒⇒ few questions on personsfew questions on persons

  • Les recensements après 2001, Paris , 20 et 21 novembre 2000 7

    I. TESTTEST

    Wider Aims than in the beginningWider Aims than in the beginning

    •• How the population will react on computersHow the population will react on computers

    •• How the HC application will workHow the HC application will work •• Needed time for enumeration with HCNeeded time for enumeration with HC •• How the transfer from HC will be doneHow the transfer from HC will be done

    •• In order to obtain data for comparisonIn order to obtain data for comparison-- paper paper questionnairesquestionnaires

    •• New way of data processing from paper New way of data processing from paper questionnairesquestionnaires

    STATISTICAL OFFICE

    OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

  • Les recensements après 2001, Paris , 20 et 21 novembre 2000 8

    TEST CENSUSESTEST CENSUSES

    •• AimsAims •• Test of methodology and census Test of methodology and census

    questionnairesquestionnaires •• HC for data collectionsHC for data collections •• New way of data processingNew way of data processing

    •• Preparation for the I Test Preparation for the I Test -- within two monthswithin two months

    STATISTICAL OFFICE

    OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

  • Les recensements après 2001, Paris , 20 et 21 novembre 2000 9

    Technical characteristics of HCTechnical characteristics of HC

    •• Designed for work on the field (lightweight, Designed for work on the field (lightweight, rugged on hits, drop and environmental rugged on hits, drop and environmental extremities)extremities)

    •• RAM 2 MB and expandable memoryRAM 2 MB and expandable memory

    •• Able to handle complex processing and Able to handle complex processing and programming task simultaneouslyprogramming task simultaneously

    STATISTICAL OFFICE

    OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

  • Les recensements après 2001, Paris , 20 et 21 novembre 2000 1 0

    Technical characteristics of HCTechnical characteristics of HC

    •• Contemporary and fast operative system EPOK Contemporary and fast operative system EPOK which is designed in direction of mobile computer which is designed in direction of mobile computer workwork

    •• Fast and save transfer of data with help of SS Fast and save transfer of data with help of SS drives which enable loading of data and drives which enable loading of data and applications on one places and transferapplications on one places and transfer on the on the other location for a short period of timeother location for a short period of time

    •• Development of applications with visual toolsDevelopment of applications with visual tools

    STATISTICAL OFFICE

    OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

  • Les recensements après 2001, Paris , 20 et 21 novembre 2000 1 1

    HC APPLICATIONHC APPLICATION

    •• Requirement from the statistical officeRequirement from the statistical office

    •• Elements which should be built up in the Elements which should be built up in the applicationapplication

    •• The way how the application should be functionThe way how the application should be function

    •• Measures for data protectionMeasures for data protection

    •• Program was made by the firm which rent us HCProgram was made by the firm which rent us HC

    (oval)(oval)

    STATISTICAL OFFICE

    OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

  • Les recensements après 2001, Paris , 20 et 21 novembre 2000 1 2

    Elements in the applicationElements in the application

    •• Questions, i.e. enumeration units and topics for Questions, i.e. enumeration units and topics for which the data should be collectedwhich the data should be collected

    •• List of possible answers and classifications were List of possible answers and classifications were the answers can be selected fromthe answers can be selected from

    •• Controls, those that are possible to be built up in Controls, those that are possible to be built up in the application (not all)the application (not all)

    STATISTICAL OFFICE

    OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA