Evolution Jeopardy Before Darwin’s Theory Evolution Definitions (Ch. 15) Evidences of Evolution (Ch. 16) Gene-Evolution Definitions Biotechnology Review

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  • Slide 1
  • Evolution Jeopardy Before Darwins Theory Evolution Definitions (Ch. 15) Evidences of Evolution (Ch. 16) Gene-Evolution Definitions Biotechnology Review 20 40 60 80 100
  • Slide 2
  • 20 pts The idea that organisms gained adaptations as a result of natural selection was formulated by: a. Charles Darwin. b. Gregor Mendel c. Jean-Baptiste Lamarck. d. Charles Lyell.
  • Slide 3
  • 40 pts Charles Darwin made many observations while traveling on the HMS Beagle. At which location were the most important observations made? a.England b.Seychelles Islands c.Galapagos Islands d.Hispaniola
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  • 60 pts On the Galpagos Islands, Charles Darwin observed a.completely unrelated species on each of the islands. b.species exactly like those found in South America. c.somewhat similar species, with traits that suited their particular environments. d.species completely unrelated to those found in South America.
  • Slide 5
  • 80 pts Which is a major concept included in Darwins theory of evolution? a.Change is the result of survival of the fittest. b.Body structure can change according to the actions of the organism. c.Population size decreases the rate of evolution. d.Artificial selection is the basis for evolution.
  • Slide 6
  • 100 pts Darwins concept of evolution was NOT influenced by a.the work of fellow scientists. b.knowledge about the structure of DNA. c.his collection of specimens. d.his trip on the H.M.S. Beagle.
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  • 20 pts A non-poisonous frog in the rainforest evolves to look similar to a poison dart frog, so that predators do not attempt to eat the frog. This is an example of _____________. a.adaptive radiation b.Mimicry c.Camouflage d.artificial selection
  • Slide 8
  • 40 pts Which of the following is an adaptation of the dark variety of Peppered moth in a polluted habitat? a.camouflage b.exoskeleton c.mimicry d. wings
  • Slide 9
  • 60 pts Darwin proposed that natural selection took place as individuals best suited to the ____________________ survived and reproduced.
  • Slide 10
  • 80 pts When lions prey on a herd of antelopes, some antelopes are killed and some escape. Which part of Darwins concept of natural selection might be used to describe this situation? a.acquired characteristics b.survival of the fittest c. reproductive isolation d.descent with modification
  • Slide 11
  • 100 pts The two main sources of genetic variation are a.genotypes and phenotypes. b.crossing-over and mutations. c.single-gene traits and polygenic traits. d.directional selection and disruptive selection.
  • Slide 12
  • 20 pts Certain animal structures have different functions in different species but are included in related animals with a common ancestor and are genetically similar. These structures are called _____________ structures.
  • Slide 13
  • 40 pts The oldest and longest era that saw the evolution of organic molecules to prokaryotes to eukaryotes is _____________ a.Cenozoic b.Mesozoic c. Paleozoic d.Precambrian.
  • Slide 14
  • 60 pts Mimicry is an example of __________. a.convergent evolution. b.homology. c.divergent evolution. d.different phenotypes.
  • Slide 15
  • 80 pts Which statement about the members of a population that live long enough to reproduce is consistent with the theory of natural selection? a.They transmit characteristics acquired by use and disuse to their offspring. b.They tend to produce fewer offspring than others in the population. c.They are the ones that are best adapted to survive in their environment. d.They will perpetuate unfavorable changes in the species.
  • Slide 16
  • 100 pts Which of the following gives evidence of the endosymbiont theory? a. Eukaryotic organelles like mitochondria have their own DNA. b.Eukaryote are simpler than prokaryotes. c.All living things use the same organic molecules. d.Early cells worked together in colonies.
  • Slide 17
  • 20 pts When individuals at only one end of a bell curve of phenotype frequencies have high fitness, the result is a.directional selection. b.disruptive selection. c. stabilizing selection. d.genetic drift.
  • Slide 18
  • 40 pts The many different Galpagos finch species that evolved from a single finch species are an excellent example of a.adaptive radiation. b.stabilizing selection. c.genetic equilibrium. d.selection on single-gene traits.
  • Slide 19
  • 60 pts A sparrow mates in the spring, while a blue-footed booby mates in the fall. This is an example of _________ between the two species. a.Behavioral isolation b.Geographic isolation c. Temporal isolation d. Adaptive radiation
  • Slide 20
  • 80 pts A fowlers toad has a different mating call than an American toad. Which mode of evolution is illustrated here? a. disruptive selection c. convergent evolution b. geographic isolation d. behavioral isolation
  • Slide 21
  • 100 pts In the environment, natural selection interacts directly with a. alleles. c.phenotypes. b. genes. d.mutations.
  • Slide 22
  • 20 pts A picture of all 46 chromosomes within a human cell is called a _________.
  • Slide 23
  • 60 pts One function of gel electrophoresis is to a.separate DNA fragments. b.recombine DNA. c.cut DNA. d.extract DNA.
  • Slide 24
  • 80 pts A DNA molecule produced by combining DNA from different organisms is known as a.a mutant. b.a polyploid. c.a hybrid. d.recombinant DNA.
  • Slide 25
  • 100 pts What has been an advantage of producing transgenic plants? a.increasing the food supply b.producing clones c.using more pesticides d.studying human genes
  • Slide 26
  • 40 pts The process of polymerase chain reaction is similar to the process of _________________________, which occurs in cells. (The only difference is that PCR occurs much more rapidly.)